List of equipment of the Vietnam People's Ground Forces

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Vietnam People's Army
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Ministry of Defence
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Military history of Vietnam

During the Vietnam War (1965–1975) and the Cambodian–Vietnamese War (1977–1989), Vietnam People's Ground Forces relied almost entirely on the weapons and equipment systems derived from the Soviet Union. Since the Soviet collapse in 1991, the period of cheap military equipment for Vietnam ended and Vietnam began the use of hard currency and barter to buy weapons and equipment.

Vietnam prioritizes economic development and growth while maintaining defense spending in a trickle. Vietnam does not conduct the procurement phase or major upgrade of weapons. From the end of the 1990s the Government of Vietnam has announced the acquisition of a number of strategic systems equipped with modern weapons. Accordingly, Vietnam has been slow to develop naval and air forces to control shallow waters and exclusive economic zone.

Currently most defense procurement programs are primarily made to remedy this priority. For example, Vietnam has purchased a number of combat aircraft and warships that have the ability to combat in high seas. Vietnam also plans to develop the defense industry, with priority for the Navy, combined with its former communist allies and India.[1][2]

In 2006, Israel reported to the United Nations Register Organization of Conventional Arms (UNROCA) that two light armored vehicles had been sold to Vietnam. A number of Israeli companies won a bid to modernize and upgrade T-54/55 tanks. Israel's program includes upgrading armor, night vision system and a fire control system upgrade (produced in Poland).

On May 2002, Vietnam and Ukraine reached an agreement of military technical cooperation which extended to 2005. Accordingly, Ukraine will support Vietnam primarily to upgrade armor and artillery, weapons co-production and repair.

In February 2005, the Ministry of Defense of Finland ceded to Vietnam about 70 tanks T-54 and T-55 from the Soviet era.

In early March 2005, Poland signed a contract to sell to Vietnam 150 T-72 tanks which would've been used to support training, ammunition, equipment maintenance and repair but this contract was canceled in 2006 because Vietnam wanted to investment more on its Navy and Air Force .

In addition to upgrading tanks, the Ministry of Defense of Vietnam signed a military cooperation agreement with Russia.

The Vietnamese have also developed the capacity to produce their own equipment and repaired existing equipment.


In storage

Self-Propelled Artillery[edit]

In storage

  • M107 Self-Propelled Artillery 175 mm (5)

IFV / APCs[edit]

  • M-113 Tracked armored personnel carrier (200)[7]
  • Type 63 Tracked armoured personnel carrier (100)[6][7]
  • BMP-1 Infantry fighting vehicle (150)[6]
  • BMP-2 Infantry fighting vehicle (150)[6]
  • BTR-50 Tracked armoured personnel carrier (400)[6]
  • BTR-60 (8x8) Wheeled armoured personnel carrier (500)[6]
  • V-150 (4x4)Wheeled armoured personnel carrier (300)
  • BRDM-1 Reconnaissance vehicle (50)[6][7]
  • BRDM-2 Reconnaissance vehicle (50)[6][7]
  • RAM MkIII Armored Mine Protected Vehicle (200)


BM-21 (Russian: БМ-21 "Град"), (Grad) Soviet truck-mounted 122 mm multiple rocket launcher

Phased out/In storage

Infantry weapons[edit]

Vietnamese troops on Spratly Island
  • Pistols
    • TT-33 Pistols Militia force
    • PMM Pistols Standard issue service pistol.
    • APS Pistols Standard issue
    • Type-54 Pistols (Chinese copy of TT-33) Militia Force
    • CZ-52 Pistols (used by Special Force (a.k.a. Dac Cong))
  • Rifles
    • AK-47 Assault rifle (Replaced by locally produced AKM)
    • Type-56 Assault rifle (Replaced by locally produced AKM)
    • AKM Assault rifles Standard issue
    • AK-74 Assault rifle (In limited service with the Vietnamese Naval Infantry)
    • AKS-74U Compact Assault rifles (used by Special Force (a.k.a. Dac Cong))
    • XM-177E2 Carbines Used by Special Force and marine police
    • SKS-45 Carbines (Militia force, Military police)
    • Type 56 Carbines (Militia force, Military police)
    • IMI Tavor TAR-21 Assault rifle (Used by Naval Special Force)
    • Galil ACE Assault rifles (Gradually replacing older AK-47s with certain units.)[8]
    • SVD Sniper rifles Standard issue
    • SVU Sniper rifles (used by Special Force (a.k.a. Dac Cong)
    • vz. 58 Assault rifle Standard Issue[9]
  • Submachine Guns
    • PM-63 Submachine guns (used by Special Force (a.k.a. Dac Cong)
    • MP-5A4 Submachine guns (used by the Police Force)
    • Uzi Submachine guns (used by Special Force (a.k.a. Dac Cong)
    • MiniUzi Submachine guns (used by Special Force (a.k.a. Dac Cong)
    • MicroUzi Submachine guns (used by Special Force (a.k.a. Dac Cong)
  • Machine Guns
    • IMI Negev Light Machine Gun (Used by Naval Special Force)
    • RPD-44 Light Machine Guns Standard issue
    • RPK Light Machine Guns Standard issue
    • PKM General purpose machine Guns Standard issue
    • DShK-38/DShKM Heavy machine guns Standard issue
    • NSV Heavy Machine Guns Standard issue
  • Explosives
    • GP-25 under barrel grenade launchers (used by Special Force (a.k.a. Dac Cong)
    • M203 under barrel grenade launchers (used on the Tavor by naval infantry)
    • AGS-17 Automatic grenade launchers Standard issue
    • M-79 Grenade Launchers Standard issue (Has been locally self-produced)
    • MGL Mk-1 40 mm Grenade Launcher (In limited use)
    • M-72 Light Anti-Tank Weapon, improved for more durable launchers and thermobaric rockets, used as flame throwers
    • Type 69 RPG rocket propelled grenade system (Chinese version of RPG-7, now being replaced by RPG-7V due to lack of accuracy and penetration (Chinese ammo)).
    • RPG-7 rocket propelled grenade system Standard Issue
    • RPG-29 rocket-propelled grenade system
    • AT-4 Spigot Anti-tank missile system
    • AT-3 Sagger Anti-tank missile system
    • AT-5 Spandrel Anti-tank missile system
    • MD-82 mine Anti-personnel blast mine

Phased out/In storage

  • P-64 CZAK Pistol (phased out after Vietnam War)
  • M16 Assault rifles (decommissioned due to lack of ammo). In storage
  • M16A1 Assault rifles (decommissioned due to lack of ammo) In storage
  • Kbkg wz. 1960 Carbine-grenade launcher (status unknown)
  • M14 Battle Rifle (decommissioned due to lack of ammo) In storage
  • AMD 65 Assault rifle In storage
  • M1919 Medium machine gun (In storage)
  • M2HB Heavy Machine Guns (decommissioned due to lack of parts) In storage
  • M-60 Machine Guns (decommissioned due to lack of parts) In storage


Vietnam has already self-produced Scud-B tactical ballistic missiles [10]
  • B-10 82 mm Recoilless gun (700)
  • SPG-9 73 mm Recoilless gun (900)
  • 82-PM-41 82mm infantry mortar (200)
  • M1938 107mm infantry mortar (200)
  • 120-PM-43 mortar 120 mm infantry mortar (200)
  • M-160 mortar 160 mm infantry mortar (100)
  • 2S1 122 mm Self-propelled artillery gun (300)
  • 2S3 152 mm Self-propelled artillery gun (200)
  • D-20 152 mm howitzer gun (700)
  • D-30 122 mm howitzer gun (900)
  • M-46 130 mm towed field gun (500)
  • BM-14 16tubes 140 mm multiple rocket launchers (400)
  • BM-21 40tubes 122 mm multiple-launch rocket system (700)
  • SS-1 Scud B/C/D Tactical ballistic missiles (two brigades, 24 launchers)
  • M-114 155 mm howitzer gun (100)
  • 9K720 Iskander Tactical ballistic missiles (10 systems orders in 2012, will deliver in 2015)

Phased out/In storage

  • B-11 107 mm Recoilless gun (900)
  • BM-13 16tubes 132 mm multiple rocket launchers (200)
  • M-40 106 mm Recoilless gun (100)
  • M-107 175 mm howitzer self-propelled gun (100)

See also[edit]


  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^
  3. ^ a b c d
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h". SIPRI Arms Transfers Database Information generated: 04 December 2013
  7. ^ a b c d e "". Vietnam Army Equipment
  8. ^
  9. ^ "Czech Defense Minister talks up high-tech arms sales to Vietnam | Czech Position". 2012-03-29. Retrieved 2012-08-17. 
  10. ^