List of eukaryotic picoplankton species

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List of eukaryotic species that belong to picoplankton, i.e. which have one of their cell dimensions smaller than 3 µm.

Autotrophic species[edit]

Chlorophyta[edit]

Chlorophyceae[edit]

  • Stichococcus cylindricus (Butcher), 3 - 4.5 µm, brackish

Pedinophyceae[edit]

  • Marsupiomonas pelliculata (Jones et al.), 3 - 3 µm, brackish-marine
  • Resultor micron (Moestrup), 1.5 - 2.5 µm, marine

Prasinophyceae[edit]

  • Bathycoccus prasinos (Eikrem et Throndsen), 1.5 - 2.5 µm, marine
  • Crustomastix stigmatica (Zingone), 3 - 5 µm, marine
  • Dolichomastix lepidota (Manton), 2.5 - 2.5 µm, marine
  • Dolichomastix eurylepidea (Manton), 3 µm, marine
  • Dolichomastix tenuilepis (Throndsen et Zingone), 3 - 4.5 µm, marine
  • Mantoniella squamata (Desikachary), 3 - 5 µm, marine
  • Micromonas pusilla (Manton et Parke), 1 - 3 µm, marine
  • Ostreococcus tauri (Courties et Chrétiennot-Dinet), 0.8 - 1.1 µm, marine
  • Picocystis salinarum (Lewin), 2 - 3 µm, hypersaline
  • Prasinococcus capsulatus (Miyashita et Chihara), 3 - 5.5 µm, marine
  • Prasinoderma coloniale (Hasegawa et Chihara), 2.5 - 5.5 µm, marine
  • Pseudoscourfieldia marina (Manton), 3 - 3.5 µm, marine
  • Pycnococcus provasolii (Guillard), 1.5 - 4 µm, marine
  • Pyramimonas virginica (Pennick), 2.7 - 3.5 µm, marine

Trebouxiophyceae[edit]

  • Chlorella nana (Andreoli et al.), 1.5 - 3 µm, marine
  • Picochlorum oklahomensis (Henley et al.), 2 - 2 µm, hypersaline
  • Picochlorum atomus (Henley et al.), 2 - 3 µm, brackish
  • Picochlorum eukaryotum (Henley et al.), 3 - 3 µm, marine
  • Picochlorum maculatus (Henley et al.), 3 - 3 µm, brackish

Cryptophyta[edit]

Cryptophyceae[edit]

  • Hillea marina (Butcher), 1.5 - 2.5 µm, marine

Haptophyta[edit]

Prymnesiophyceae[edit]

  • Chrysochromulina tenuisquama (Estep et al.), 2 - 5 µm, marine
  • Chrysochromulina minor (Parke et Manton), 2.5 - 7.5 µm, marine
  • Chrysochromulina apheles (Moestrup et Thomsen), 3 - 4 µm, marine
  • Dicrateria inornata (Parke), 3 - 5.5 µm, marine
  • Ericiolus spiculiger (Thomsen), 3 - 3.8 µm, marine
  • Imantonia rotunda (Reynolds), 2 - 4 µm, marine
  • Phaeocystis cordata (Zingone), 3 - 4 µm, marine
  • Phaeocystis pouchetii (Lagerheim), 3 - 8 µm, marine
  • Trigonaspis minutissima (H.A.Thomsen), 2 - 3.6 µm, marine

Heterokontophyta (Stramenopiles)[edit]

Bacillariophyceae[edit]

  • Minidiscus comicus (Takano), 2 - 7 µm, marine
  • Minidiscus trioculatus (Hasle), 2.5 - 3.8 µm, marine
  • Minidiscus spinulosus (Gao, Chang et Chin), 3 - 5 µm, marine
  • Minidiscus chilensis (Rivera), 3 - 7.5 µm, marine
  • Minutocellus polymorphus (Hasle, von Stosch et Syverstsen), 2 - 30 µm, marine
  • Minutocellus scriptus (Hasle, von Stosch et Syverstsen), 3 - 36 µm, marine
  • Skeletonema menzelii (Guillard, Carpenter et Reimann), 2 - 7 µm, marine
  • Skeletonema pseudocostatum (Medlin), 2 - 9 µm, marine
  • Skeletonema japonicum (Zingone et Sarno), 2 - 10 µm, marine
  • Skeletonema grethae (Zingone et Sarno), 2 - 10.5 µm, marine
  • Skeletonema marinoi (Sarno et Zingone), 2 - 12 µm, marine
  • Thalassiosira pseudonana (Hasle et Heimdal), 2.3 - 5.5 µm, marine

Bolidophyceae[edit]

  • Bolidomonas pacifica (Guillou et Chrétiennot-Dinet), 1 - 1.7 µm, marine
  • Bolidomonas mediterranea (Guillou et Chrétiennot-Dinet), 1 - 1.7 µm, marine

Chrysophyceae[edit]

  • Ollicola vangoorii (Conrad (Vors)), 2.5 - 5 µm, marine
  • Tetraparma pelagica (Booth et Marchant), 2.2 - 2.8 µm, marine
  • Tetraparma insecta (Bravo-Sierra et Hernández-Becerril), 2.8 - 3.8 µm, marine
  • Triparma laevis (Booth), 2.2 - 3.1 µm, marine
  • Triparma columacea (Booth), 2.3 - 4.7 µm, marine
  • Triparma retinervis (Booth), 2.7 - 4.5 µm, marine

Dictyochophyceae[edit]

  • Florenciella parvula (Eikrem), 3 - 6 µm, marine

Eustigmatophyceae[edit]

  • Nannochloropsis granulata (Karlson et Potter), 2 - 4 µm, marine
  • Nannochloropsis salina (Hibberd), 3 - 4 µm, brackish
  • Nannochloropsis oceanica (Suda et Miyashita), 3 - 5 µm, marine

Pelagophyceae[edit]

  • Aureococcus anophagefferens (Hargraves et Sieburth), 1.5 - 2 µm, marine
  • Aureoumbra lagunensis (Stockwell et al.), 2.5 - 5 µm, marine
  • Pelagococcus subviridis (Norris), 2.5 - 5.5 µm, marine
  • Pelagomonas calceolata (Andersen et Saunders), 2 - 3 µm, marine

Pinguiophyceae[edit]

  • Pinguiochrysis pyriformis (Kawachi), 1 - 3 µm, marine
  • Pinguiococcus pyrenoidosus (Andersen et al.), 3 - 8 µm, marin

Heterotrophic species[edit]

Cercozoa[edit]

Cercomonadida[edit]

  • Massisteria marina (Larsen et Patterson), 2.5 - 6.5 µm, marine

Plasmodiophorea[edit]

  • Phagomyxa odontellae (Kühn, Schnepf & Bulman), 3 - 4 µm, marine

Stramenopiles[edit]

Bicosoecida[edit]

  • Caecitellus parvulus (Patterson et al.), 3 - 10 µm, marine
  • Pseudobodo minima (Ruinen), 2 µm, marine
  • Symbiomonas scintillans (Guillou et Chrétiennot-Dinet), 1.2 - 1.5 µm, marine

Chrysophyceae[edit]

  • Paraphysomonas imperforata (Lucas), 1.7 - 5.1 µm, marine
  • Paraphysomonas corbidifera (Pennick and Clarke), 2 - 3.25 µm, marine
  • Paraphysomonas antarctica (Takahashi), 2 - 4.3 µm, marine
  • Paraphysomonas caelifrica (Preisig and Hibberd), 2.5 - 5 µm, marine
  • Paraphysomonas cribosa (Lucas), 3 - 4 µm, marine
  • Paraphysomonas sideriophora (Thomsen), 3 - 5 µm, marine
  • Paraphysomonas capreolata (Preisig and Hibberd), 3 - 6.5 µm, marine
  • Paraphysomonas gladiata (Preisig and Hibberd), 3 - 8 µm, marine
  • Picophagus flagellatus (Guillou et Chrétiennot-Dinet), 1.4 - 2.5 µm, marine