List of Asian animals extinct in the Holocene

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The list of extinct animals of Asia features the animals that have become extinct along the history in the Asian Continent. This list only involves extinctions of the Holocene epoch.

Map of Asia

Global Holocene/ Anthropocene extinctions[edit]

Mammals[edit]

Prehistoric extinctions (beginning of the Holocene to 1500 AD)

Common Name\Scientific Name Extinction Date Range Image
Asian Sivatherium
Sivatherium giganteum
8000 BC.
Indian Subcontinent and Middle East Sivatherium
Cave Lion
Panthera leo spelaea
10000 BC
Northern Asia and had a widespread across Europe and Southern Asia Cave Lion
Chinese Elephant
Elephas maximus rubridens
1500 BC.
Eastern China --
Cyprus Dwarf Hippopotamus
Hippopotamus minor
Unknown
Cyprus Cyprus Dwarf Hippopotamus
Elasmotherium
Elasmotherium sp.
10000 BC.
Northern Asia Elasmotherium sibiricum
Giant Tapir
Megatapirus augustus
2000 BC.
China Giant Tapir
Irish Elk
Megaloceros giganteus
8000 BC
Northern Asia Irish Elk
Stegodon
Stegodon florensis insularis
2150 BC.
Indonesia (Flores) and Philippine Islands Stegodon
Steppe Wisent
Bison priscus
11000 BC
Central Asia to Siberia Steppe Wisent
Syrian Elephant
Elephas maximus asurus
100 BC.
Middle East Syrian Elephant
Illyosaurous 101 BC.
Middle East
Woolly Mammoth
Mammuthus primigenius
2000 BC.
Northern Asia Woolly Mammoth
Woolly Rhinoceros
Coelodonta antiquitatis
10000 BC.
Northern Asia Woolly Rhinoceros


Recent extinctions (1500 AD to present)

Common Name\Scientific Name Extinction Date Range Image
Aurochs
Bos primigenius[1]
India (9000 BC), Eurasia (1627)
Northern Asia and Indian Subcontinent Aurochs
Bali Tiger
Panthera tigris balica[2]
1937
Indonesia (Bali) Bali Tiger
Buhler's Coryphomys
Coryphomys buehleri[3]
1500s
Indonesia (Timor) --
Caspian Tiger
Panthera tigris virgata[4]
1970s
Turkey to China Caspian Tiger
Caucasian Moose
Alces alces caucasicus
1850s
Caucasus Mountains, Iran and Turkey --
Caucasian Wisent
Bison bonasus caucasicus
1925
Caucasus Mountains Caucasian Wisent
Cebu Warty Pig
Sus cebifrons cebifrons
Unknown
Philippines --
Flores Cave Rat
Spelaeomys florensis
1500s
Indonesia (Flores) --
Flores Long-nosed Rat
Paulamys naso [5]
1500s
Indonesia (Flores) --
Formosan Clouded Leopard
Neofelis nebulosa brachyura
1990s
Taiwan Formosan clouded leopard
Hokkaidō Wolf
Canis lupus hattai
1889
Japan (Hokkaidō) Hokkaidō Wolf
Honshū wolf
Canis lupus hodophilax
1905
Japan (Honshū) Honshū wolf
Ilin Island Cloudrunner
Crateromys paulus[6]
April 4, 1953
Philippines --
Indian Javan Rhinoceros
Rhinoceros sondaicus inermis
Before 1925
Bangladesh, Burma (Myanmar), and India Indian Javan Rhinoceros
Japanese River Otter
Lutra lutra whiteleyi
1979
Japan Japanese River Otter
Japanese Sea Lion
Zalophus japonicus[7]
1974
Sea of Japan Japanese Sea Lion
Javan Tiger
Panthera tigris sondaica[8]
1970s
Indonesia (Java) Javan Tiger
Northern Sumatran Rhinoceros
Dicerorhinus sumatrensis lasiotis
Unknown
Bangladesh, Burma (Myanmar), and India Northern Sumatran Rhinoceros
Queen of Sheba's Gazelle
Gazella bilkis[9]
1951
Yemen --
Saudi Gazelle
Gazella saudiya[10]
Unknown
Arabian Peninsula --
Schomburgk's Deer
Rucervus schomburgki[11]
1938
Thailand Schomburgk's Deer
Steller's Sea Cow
Hydrodamalis gigas[12]
1768
Russia (Commander Islands) Steller's Sea Cow
Sturdee's Pipistrelle
Pipistrellus sturdeei[13]
Unknown
Japan (Bonin Islands) --
Verhoeven's Giant Tree Rat
Neofelis nebulosa brachyura
1500s
Indonesia (Flores) --
Vietnamese Javan Rhinoceros
Rhinoceros sondaicus annamiticus
2010
Vietnam to Malaysia Vietnamese Javan Rhinoceros

Possibly Extinct

Common Name\Scientific Name Extinction Date Range Image
Baiji
Lipotes vexillifer[14]
August 2004
Yangtze River, China Baiji
Gloomy Tube-Nosed Bat
Murina tenebrosa [15]
1962
Tsushima Island, Japan --
Kouprey
Bos sauveli [16]
1988
Cambodia, Laos, Thailand & Vietnam Kouprey
Malabar Civet
Viverra civettina [5]
1987
India Malabar Civet

Birds[edit]

Common Name\Scientific Name Extinction Date Range Image
Arabian Ostrich
Struthio camelus syriacus
1966
Middle East Arabian Ostrich
Asiatic Ostrich
Struthio asiaticus
10000 BC
Middle East to Central Asia Asian Ostrich
Bonin Grosbeak
Carpodacus ferreorostris
1828
Japan (Bonin Islands) Bonin Grosbeak
Bonin Nankeen Night Heron
Nycticorax caledonicus crassirostris
1889
Japan (Bonin Islands) Bonin Nankeen Night Heron
Bonin Thrush
Zoothera terrestris
1827
Japan (Bonin Islands) Bonin Thrush
Bonin Wood Pigeon
Columba versicolor
1889
Japan (Bonin Islands) Bonin Wood Pigeon
Bennu Heron
Ardea bennuides
2000 BC
United Arab Emirates Bennu Heron
Cebu Hanging Parrot
Loriculus philippensis chrysonotus
Unknown
Philippines (Cebu) Cebu Hanging Parrot
Cyprus Dipper
Cinclus cinclus olympicus
1950
Cyprus --
Mukojima White-eye
Apalopteron familiare familiare
1930
Japan (Bonin Islands) Mukojima White-eye
Ryukyu Kingfisher
Todiramphus miyakoensis
1887
Japan (Ryukyu Islands) --
Ryukyu Wood Pigeon
Columba jouyi
1936
Japan (Ryukyu Islands) --
Spectacled Cormorant
Phalacrocorax perspicillatus
1850
Russia Spectacled Cormorant

Possibly Extinct

Common Name\Scientific Name Extinction Date Range Image
Black-browed Babbler
Malacocincla perspicillata
1843 to 1848
Indonesia --
Catanduanes bleeding heart
Gallicolumba luzonica rubiventris
1971
Philippines --
Crested Shelduck
Tadorna cristata
1985
Japan, North Korea and South Korea Crested Shelduck
Himalayan Quail
Ophrysia superciliosa
1876
India Himalayan Quail
Javan Lapwing
Vanellus macropterus
1940
Indonesia (Java) Javan Lapwing
Negros Fruit Dove
Ptilinopus arcanus
1953
Philippines Negros Fruit Dove
Pink-headed Duck
Rhodonessa caryophyllacea
1950s
Bangladesh, Burma (Myanmar) and India Pink-headed Duck
Rück's Blue Flycatcher
Cyornis ruckii
1918
Indonesia (Sumatra) --
Siau Scops Owl
Otus manadensis siaoensis
1866
Indonesia (Sulawesi) --
Slender-billed Curlew
Numenius tenuirostris
1998
Russia (Siberia) Slender-billed Curlew
Sulu Bleeding-heart
Gallicolumba menagei
1891
Philippines Sulu Bleeding-heart
Vaurie's Nightjar
Caprimulgus centralasicus
1929
China --
White-eyed River Martin
Pseudochelidon sirintarae
1980
Thailand White-eyed River Martin

Reptiles[edit]

Prehistoric extinctions (beginning of the Holocene to 1500 AD)

Common Name\Scientific Name Extinction Date Range Image
Colossochelys atlas
Colossochelys atlas
10000 BC.
Indian Subcontinent to Indonesia Colossochelys atlas

Amphibians[edit]

Common Name\Scientific Name Extinction Date Range Image
Gunther's Streamlined Frog
Nannophrys guentheri[17]
1882
Sri Lanka Nannophrys guentheri
Pseudophilautus adspersus[18] 1886
Sri Lanka Philautus adspersus
Pseudophilautus dimbullae[19] 1933
Sri Lanka --
Pseudophilautus eximius[20] 1933
Sri Lanka --
Pseudophilautus extirpo [21] 1882
Sri Lanka --
Pseudophilautus halyi[22] 1899
Sri Lanka --
Pseudophilautus hypomelas[23] 1876
Sri Lanka Philautus hypomelas
Pseudophilautus leucorhinus[24] 1856
Sri Lanka --
Pseudophilautus maia [25] 1860
Sri Lanka --
Pseudophilautus malcolmsmithi [26] Unknown
Sri Lanka --
Pseudophilautus nanus [27] 1869
Sri Lanka Pseudophilautus nanus
Pseudophilautus nasutus[28] 1869
Sri Lanka Pseudophilautus nasutus
Pseudophilautus oxyrhynchus[29] 1872
Sri Lanka Pseudophilautus oxyrhynchus
Pseudophilautus pardus[30] Before 1876
Sri Lanka --
Pseudophilautus rugatus [31] 1927
Sri Lanka --
Pseudophilautus temporalis[32] 1864
Sri Lanka Pseudophilautus temporalis
Pseudophilautus variabilis [33] Unknown
Sri Lanka Pseudophilautus variabilis
Pseudophilautus zal [34] Before 1947
Sri Lanka --
Pseudophilautus zimmeri[35] 1927
Sri Lanka --
Yunnan Lake Newt
Cynops wolterstorffi[36]
1979
China (Yunnan) Yunnan Lake Newt

Fish[edit]

Molluscs[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • IUCN 2004. 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 24 March 2006.
  1. ^ Tikhonov, A. (2008). "Bos primigenius (Aurochs)". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved December 23, 2013. 
  2. ^ Jackson, P. & Nowell, K. (2008). "Panthera tigris ssp. balica (Bali Tiger)". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved December 23, 2013. 
  3. ^ Chiozza, F. (2008). "Coryphomys buehleri (Buhler’s Coryphomys, Buhler's Rat)". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved December 23, 2013. 
  4. ^ Jackson, P. & Nowell, K. (2011). "Panthera tigris ssp. virgata (Caspian Tiger, Hyrcanian Tiger, Turan Tiger)". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved December 23, 2013. 
  5. ^ a b Helgen, K. & Aplin, K. (2008). "Paulamys naso (Flores Long-nosed Rat". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. 
  6. ^ Oliver, W., Heaney, L., Ong, P. & Rodriquez, J.C. (2008). "Crateromys paulus (Ilin Bushy-tailed Cloud Rat, Ilin Crateromys, Ilin Hairy-tailed Cloud Rat)". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved December 23, 2013. 
  7. ^ Aurioles, D. & Trillmich, F. (IUCN SSC Pinniped Specialist Group) (2008). "Zalophus japonicus (Japanese Sea Lion)". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved December 23, 2013. 
  8. ^ Jackson, P. & Nowell, K. (2008). "Panthera tigris ssp. sondaica (Javan Tiger)". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved December 23, 2013. 
  9. ^ Participants at the 4th International Conservation Workshop for the Threatened Fauna of Arabia (2008). "Gazella bilkis (Queen Of Sheba's Gazelle, Yemen Gazelle)". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved December 23, 2013. 
  10. ^ IUCN SSC Antelope Specialist Group (2008). "Gazella saudiya (Saudi Gazelle)". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved December 23, 2013. 
  11. ^ Duckworth, J.W., Robichaud, W.G. & Timmins, R.J. (2008). "Rucervus schomburgki (Schomburgk's Deer)". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved December 23, 2013. 
  12. ^ Domning, D., Anderson, P.K. & Turvey, S. (2008). "Hydrodamalis gigas (Steller's Sea Cow)". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved December 23, 2013. 
  13. ^ Maeda, K. (2008). "Pipistrellus sturdeei (Bonin Pipistrelle, Sturdee's Pipistrelle)". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved December 23, 2013. 
  14. ^ Smith, B.D., Zhou, K., Wang, D., Reeves, R.R., Barlow, J., Taylor, B.L. & Pitman, R. (2008). "Lipotes vexillifer (Changjiang Dolphin, Chinese Lake Dolphin, Whitefin Dolphin, White Flag Dolphin, Yangtze River Dolphin)". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved December 23, 2013. 
  15. ^ Maeda, K. (1996). "Murina tenebrosa (Gloomy Tube-nosed Bat, Tsushima Tube-nosed Bat)". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved December 20, 2013. 
  16. ^ Timmins, R.J., Hedges, S. & Duckworth., J.W. (1996). "Bos sauveli (Grey Ox, Kouprey)". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved December 20, 2013. 
  17. ^ Kelum Manamendra-Arachchi, Anslem de Silva (2004). "Nannophrys guentheri". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved December 30, 2013. 
  18. ^ Kelum Manamendra-Arachchi, Sushil Dutta (2004). "Pseudophilautus adspersus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved December 30, 2013. 
  19. ^ Kelum Manamendra-Arachchi, Anslem de Silva (2004). "Pseudophilautus dimbullae". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved December 30, 2013. 
  20. ^ Kelum Manamendra-Arachchi, Anslem de Silva (2004). "Pseudophilautus eximius". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved December 30, 2013. 
  21. ^ Kelum Manamendra-Arachchi, Anslem de Silva (2004). "Pseudophilautus extirpo". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved December 30, 2013. 
  22. ^ Kelum Manamendra-Arachchi, Anslem de Silva (2004). "Pseudophilautus halyi". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved December 30, 2013. 
  23. ^ Kelum Manamendra-Arachchi, Anslem de Silva (2004). "Pseudophilautus hypomelas". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved December 30, 2013. 
  24. ^ Kelum Manamendra-Arachchi, Anslem de Silva (2004). "Pseudophilautus leucorhinus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved December 30, 2013. 
  25. ^ Madhava Meegaskumbura, Rohan Pethiyagoda (2008). "Pseudophilautus maia". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved December 30, 2013. 
  26. ^ Kelum Manamendra-Arachchi, Anslem de Silva (2004). "Pseudophilautus malcolmsmithi". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved December 30, 2013. 
  27. ^ Kelum Manamendra-Arachchi, Anslem de Silva (2004). "Pseudophilautus nanus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved December 30, 2013. 
  28. ^ Kelum Manamendra-Arachchi, Anslem de Silva (2004). "Pseudophilautus nasutus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved December 30, 2013. 
  29. ^ Kelum Manamendra-Arachchi, Anslem de Silva (2004). "Pseudophilautus oxyrhynchus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved December 30, 2013. 
  30. ^ Madhava Meegaskumbura, Rohan Pethiyagoda (2008). "Pseudophilautus pardus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved December 30, 2013. 
  31. ^ Kelum Manamendra-Arachchi, Anslem de Silva (2004). "Pseudophilautus rugatus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved December 30, 2013. 
  32. ^ S.D. Biju, Kelum Manamendra-Arachchi (2004). "Pseudophilautus temporalis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved December 30, 2013. 
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  34. ^ Kelum Manamendra-Arachchi, Anslem de Silva (2004). "Pseudophilautus zal". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved December 30, 2013. 
  35. ^ Kelum Manamendra-Arachchi, Anslem de Silva (2004). "Pseudophilautus zimmeri". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved December 30, 2013. 
  36. ^ Yang Datong, Michael Wai Neng Lau (2004). "Cynops wolterstorffi (Yunnan Lake Newt)". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved December 30, 2013. 
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  40. ^ Ng, H.H. (2011). "Platytropius siamensis (Siamese flat-barbelled catfish)". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved December 29, 2013. 
  41. ^ Goren, M. (2006). "Tristramella intermedia". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved December 29, 2013. 
  42. ^ Goren, M. (2006). "Tristramella magdelainae". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved December 29, 2013. 

External links[edit]