List of extinct cetaceans

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Cetaceans
Temporal range: Early Eocene - Recent
Basilosaurus cetoides.jpg
A skull of Basilosaurus cetoides.
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Cetacea
Brisson, 1762

The list of extinct cetaceans features the extinct genera and species of the order Cetacea. The cetaceans (whales, dolphins and porpoises) are descendants of land-living mammals, the even-toed ungulates. The earliest cetaceans were still hoofed-mammals. These early cetaceans became gradually better adapted for swimming than for walking on land, finally evolving into fully marine cetaceans.

This list currently includes only fossil genera and species. However, the Atlantic population of Gray Whales (Eschrichtius robustus) went extinct in the 18th century, and the Baiji (or Chinese River Dolphin, Lipotes vexillifer) was declared "functionally extinct" after an expedition in late 2006 failed to find any in the Yangtze River.

Contents

Suborder Archaeoceti[edit]

Family Ambulocetidae[edit]

(Eocene)

Family Basilosauridae[edit]

(Late Eocene)

Basilosaurus cetoides reconstruction

Family Kekenodontidae[edit]

(Oligocene)

Family Pakicetidae[edit]

(Early to Middle Eocene)

Ambulocetus skeleton in front and Pakicetus behind

Family Protocetidae[edit]

(Eocene)

Rhodocetus kasrani reconstruction

Family Remingtonocetidae[edit]

(Eocene)

Suborder Mysticeti[edit]

Family Aetiocetidae[edit]

(Oligocene)

Aetiocetus restoration

Family Llanocetidae[edit]

(Late Eocene)

Family Mammalodontidae[edit]

(jr synonym Janjucetidae)

(Late Oligocene)

Clade Chaeomysticeti[edit]

Superfamily Eomysticetoidea[edit]

Family Cetotheriopsidae[edit]

(Oligocene to Miocene)

Family Eomysticetidae[edit]

(Oligocene)

Superfamily Balaenoidea[edit]

Family Balaenidae[edit]

(Oligocene to Recent)

Family Neobalaenidae[edit]

(Miocene to Recent)

Clade Thalassotherii[edit]

Family Aglaocetidae[edit]

(Miocene to Pliocene)

Family Balaenopteridae[edit]

(Oligocene to Recent)

Family Cetotheriidae[edit]

(Miocene - Recent)

Classification follows Steeman, 2007.[5]

Cetotherium restoration
Family Diorocetidae[edit]

(Miocene to Pliocene)

Family Eschrichtiidae[edit]

(Miocene to Recent)

Family Pelocetidae[edit]

(Miocene)

Family incertae sedis[edit]
Eobalaenoptera skeleton

Suborder Odontoceti[edit]

Basal forms[edit]

Family Agorophiidae[edit]

(Late Oligocene)

Family Patriocetidae[edit]

(Oligocene to Early Miocene)

Family Simocetidae[edit]

(Late Oligocene)

Family Xenorophidae[edit]

(Oligocene)

Clade Delphinida[edit]

Superfamily Delphinoidea[edit]

Family Albireonidae[edit]

(Miocene to Pliocene)

Family Delphinidae[edit]
Etruridelphis giulii

(Oligocene to Recent)

Family Kentriodontidae[edit]

(Late Oligocene - Middle Miocene)

Kentriodon reconstruction
Family Monodontidae[edit]

(Miocene to Pliocene)

Family Odobenocetopsidae[edit]

(Pliocene)

Odobenocetops reconstruction
Family Phocoenidae[edit]

(Miocene to Recent)

Family incertae sedis[edit]

Superfamily Inioidea[edit]

Family Iniidae[edit]
Family Pontoporiidae[edit]

(Middle Miocene to Recent)

Superfamily Lipotoidea[edit]

Family Lipotidae[edit]

(Miocene to Recent)

Superfamily Physeteroidea[edit]

Family Kogiidae[edit]

(Miocene to recent)

Family Physeteridae[edit]

Family incertae sedis[edit]

Superfamily Platanistoidea[edit]

Family Allodelphinidae[edit]

(Early to Middle Miocene)

Family Dalpiazinidae[edit]

(Late Oligocene to Miocene)

Family Platanistidae[edit]

(Miocene to Recent)

Family Prosqualodontidae[edit]

(Oligocene to Miocene)

Family Squalodelphinidae[edit]

(Early to Late Miocene)

Family Squalodontidae[edit]

(Oligocene to Pliocene)

Family Waipatiidae[edit]

(Oligocene)

Superfamily Ziphioidea[edit]

Family Eoplatanistidae[edit]

(Miocene)

Family Eurhinodelphinidae[edit]

(Mid Miocene to Pliocene)

Family Ziphiidae[edit]

(Miocene to Recent)

Classification after Bianucci et al. 2013[19]

Family incertae sedis[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://deepblue.lib.umich.edu/bitstream/2027.42/57499/1/Vol%2031%20No%2013%20final%2012-19-07.pdf
  2. ^ Gingerich, P.D. et al. 2001. Origin of Whales from Early Artiodactyls: Hands and Feet of Eocene Protocetidae from Pakistan. (19 September 2001). Science doi:10.1126/science.1063902.
  3. ^ Philip D. Gingerich and Henri Cappetta (2014). "A New Archaeocete and Other Marine Mammals (Cetacea and Sirenia) from Lower Middle Eocene Phosphate Deposits of Togo". Journal of Paleontology 88 (1): 109–129. doi:10.1666/13-040. 
  4. ^ Robert W. Boessenecker (2013). "A new marine vertebrate assemblage from the Late Neogene Purisima Formation in Central California, part II: Pinnipeds and Cetaceans". Geodiversitas 35 (4): 815–940. doi:10.5252/g2013n4a5. 
  5. ^ M. E. Steeman (2007). "Cladistic analysis and a revised classification of fossil and recent mysticetes". Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 150 (4): 875–894. doi:10.1111/j.1096-3642.2007.00313.x. 
  6. ^ M. Bisconti. 2014. Anatomy of a new cetotheriid genus and species from the Miocene of Herentals, Belgium, and the phylogenetic and palaeobiogeographical relationships of Cetotheriidae s.s. (Mammalia, Cetacea, Mysticeti). Journal of Systematic Palaeontology
  7. ^ Otsuka, H.; Ota, Y. (2008). "Cetotheres from the early Middle Miocene Bihoku Group in Shobara District, Hiroshima Prefecture, West Japan". Miscellaneous Reports of the Hiwa Museum for Natural History 49 (2): 1–66. 
  8. ^ Kimura, T.; Hasegawa, Y. (2010). "A new baleen whale (Mysticeti: Cetotheriidae) from the earliest late Miocene of Japan and a reconsideration of the phylogeny of cetotheres.". Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 30 (2): 577–591. doi:10.1080/02724631003621912. 
  9. ^ Kellogg, R. (1934). "A new cetothere from the Modelo Formation at Los Angeles, California.". Carnegie Institution of Washington 447: 83–104. 
  10. ^ Bouetel, V.; Muizon, C. de (2006). pdf "The anatomy and relationships of Piscobalaena nana (Cetacea, Mysticeti), a Cetotheriidae s.s. from the early Pliocene of Peru.". Geodiversitas 28 (2): 319–395. 
  11. ^ Bisconti, M. (2006). "Titanocetus, a new baleen whale from the middle Miocene of northern Italy (Mammalia, Cetacea, Mysticeti).". Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 26 (2): 344–354. doi:10.1671/0272-4634(2006)26[344:tanbwf]2.0.co;2. JSTOR 4524574. 
  12. ^ K. K. Tarasenko (2014). "Novye rody usatykh kitov (Cetacea, Mammalia) iz miotsena Severnogo Kavkaza i Predkavkaz'ya. 3. Zygiocetus gen. nov. (srednii sarmat, Adygeya)". Paleontological Journal 48 (5).
  13. ^ Klaas Post & Erwin J.O. Kompanje (2010). "A new dolphin (Cetacea, Delphinidae) from the Plio-Pleistocene of the North Sea". Deinsea 14: 1–13. ISSN 0923-9308.
  14. ^ Giovanni Bianucci (2013). "Septidelphis morii, n. gen. et sp., from the Pliocene of Italy: new evidence of the explosive radiation of true dolphins (Odontoceti, Delphinidae)". Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 33 (3): 722–740. doi:10.1080/02724634.2013.744757. 
  15. ^ Rachel A. Racicot, Thomas A. Deméré, Brian L. Beatty, Robert W. Boessenecker. Unique Feeding Morphology in a New Prognathous Extinct Porpoise from the Pliocene of California. Current Biology, 13 March 2014 DOI: 10.1016/j.cub.2014.02.031
  16. ^ Lambert, O., G. Bianucci, K. Post, C. de Muizon, R. Salas-Gismondi, M. Urbina & J. Reumer. (2010). The giant bite of a new raptorial sperm whale from the Miocene epoch of Peru. Nature 466: 105–108. doi:10.1038/nature09067
  17. ^ Fitzgerald, E.M.G. 2004. A review of the Tertiary fossil Cetacea (Mammalia) localities in Australia. Memoirs of Museum Victoria 61(2): 183-208.
  18. ^ Olivier Lambert, Giovanni Bianucci, Mario Urbina, 2014. Huaridelphis raimondii, a new early Miocene Squalodelphinidae (Cetacea, Odontoceti) from the Chilcatay Formation, Peru. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 34 (5):987-1004.
  19. ^ O. Lambert, C. Muizon, and G. Bianucci. 2013. The most basal beaked whale Ninoziphius platyrostris Muizon, 1983: clues on the evolutionary history of the family Ziphiidae (Cetacea: Odontoceti). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 167:569-598
  20. ^ Gabriel Aguirre-Fernández and R. Ewan Fordyce (2014). "Papahu taitapu, gen. et sp. nov., an early Miocene stem odontocete (Cetacea) from New Zealand". Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 34 (1): 195–210. doi:10.1080/02724634.2013.799069. 

External links[edit]