List of extreme temperatures in Canada

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In various locations in Canada, extreme temperatures are often recorded. Here is a list of 15 extreme hot and cold temperature recorded in Canada for the past 120 years, not necessarily the hottest or coldest 15 but some are shown for selected cities or regions, i.e. Toronto. These are officially recognized extreme temperatures by Environment Canada.

Hottest Temperature Readings (selected locations, provincial records)[edit]

Date Recorded Location Temperature ºC (ºF)
July 5, 1937 Midale, Saskatchewan and Yellow Grass, Saskatchewan 45.0 °C (113.0 °F)[1]
July 11, 1936 St. Albans and Emerson, Manitoba 44.4 °C (111.9 °F)[2]
July 16 and 17, 1941 Lillooet and Lytton, British Columbia 44.4 °C (111.9 °F)[3]
July 11, 1936 Brandon, Manitoba 43.3 °C (109.9 °F)[4]
July 5, 1937 Regina, Saskatchewan 43.3 °C (109.9 °F)
July 21, 1931 Bassano Dams, Alberta 43.3 °C (109.9 °F)[5]
July 27, 1998 Osoyoos, British Columbia 42.8 °C (109.0 °F)[6]
July 11 and 12, 1936 Atikokan, Ontario 42.2 °C (108.0 °F)[7]
July 13, 1936 Fort Frances, Ontario 42.2 °C (108.0 °F)[8]
July 11, 1936 Winnipeg, Manitoba 42.2 °C (108.0 °F)
July 20, 1919 Biscotasing, Ontario 42.2 °C (108.0 °F)
July 30, 2009 Woss, British Columbia 42.1 °C (107.8 °F)
July 15, 2014 Ashcroft, British Columbia 41.7 °C (107.1 °F)
July 27, 1939 Kamloops, British Columbia 41.7 °C (107.1 °F)[9]
August 11, 1914 North West River, Newfoundland and Labrador 41.7 °C (107.1 °F)
July 29, 2009 Bella Coola, British Columbia 41.2 °C (106.2 °F)
July 7, 8, 9, 1936 Toronto, Ontario 40.6 °C (105.1 °F)
June 25, 1988 Windsor, Ontario 40.3 °C (104.5 °F)
July 6, 1921 Ville-Marie (Témiscamingue, Quebec) 40.0 °C (104.0 °F)
August 18, 1935 Nepisiguit Falls, New Brunswick 39.4 °C (102.9 °F)
July 18, 1941 Fort Smith, Northwest Territories 39.4 °C (102.9 °F)
July 31, 1975 Sudbury, Ontario 38.3 °C (100.9 °F)
August 19, 1935 Collegeville, Nova Scotia 38.3 °C (100.9 °F)
July 30, 2009 Vancouver, British Columbia 34.4 °C (93.9 °F)

43 Hottest Temperatures Ever Recorded in Canada[edit]

Date Recorded Location Temperature
July 5, 1937 Midale, Saskatchewan 45.0 °C
July 5, 1937 Yellow Grass, Saskatchewan 45.0 °C
July 11, 1936 St. Albans, Manitoba 44.4 °C
July 11, 1936 Emerson, Manitoba 44.4 °C
July 5, 1937 Fort Qu'Appelle, Saskatchewan 44.4 °C
July 16, 1941 Lillooet, British Columbia 44.4 °C
July 16, 1941 Lytton, British Columbia 44.4 °C
July 17, 1941 Lillooet, British Columbia 44.4 °C
July 17, 1941 Lytton, British Columbia 44.4 °C
July 17, 1941 Chinook Cove, British Columbia 44.4 °C
July 29, 1934 Rock Creek, British Columbia 43.9 °C
July 5, 1936 Midale, Saskatchewan 43.9 °C
July 11, 1936 Emerson, Manitoba 43.9 °C
July 11, 1936 Morden, Manitoba 43.9 °C
July 4, 1937 Rosetown, Saskatchewan 43.9 °C
July 5, 1937 Regina, Saskatchewan 43.9 °C
July 16, 1941 Oliver, British Columbia 43.9 °C
June 23, 1900 Cannington, Saskatchewan 43.3 °C
June 25, 1919 Dauphin, Manitoba 43.3 °C
July 31, 1926 Fort Qu'Appelle, Saskatchewan 43.3 °C
July 24, 1927 Greenwood, British Columbia 43.3 °C
July 25, 1931 Fort Qu'Appelle, Saskatchewan 43.3 °C
July 5, 1936 Estevan, Saskatchewan 43.3 °C
July 7, 1936 Emerson, Manitoba 43.3 °C
July 11, 1936 Waskada, Manitoba 43.3 °C
July 11, 1936 Virden, Manitoba 43.3 °C
July 11, 1936 Brandon, Manitoba 43.3 °C
July 11, 1936 Greenfell, Saskatchewan 43.3 °C
July 5, 1937 Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan 43.3 °C
July 5, 1937 Grenfell, Saskatchewan 43.3 °C
July 5, 1937 Francis, Saskatchewan 43.3 °C
July 5, 1937 Regina, Saskatchewan 43.3 °C
July 5, 1937 Estevan, Saskatchewan 43.3 °C
July 5, 1937 Carlyle, Saskatchewan 43.3 °C
July 12, 1937 Regina, Saskatchewan 43.3 °C
July 27, 1939 Oliver, British Columbia 43.3 °C
July 17, 1941 Oliver, British Columbia 43.3 °C
July 17, 1941 Skagit River, British Columbia 43.3 °C
July 19, 1941 Elbow, Saskatchewan 43.3 °C
July 19, 1941 Lumsden, Saskatchewan 43.3 °C
August 6, 1949 Rosetown, Saskatchewan 43.3 °C
July 19, 1960 Newgate, British Columbia 43.3 °C
August 5, 1961 Maple Creek, Saskatchewan 43.3 °C

[10] [11]

Coldest Temperature Readings[edit]

The Coldest place in Canada based on average yearly temperature is Eureka, Nunavut, where the temperature averages at -19.7C (-3.5F) for the year. However, the coldest temperature ever recorded in Canada was -63 °C (-81.4 F) in Snag, Yukon.

Date Recorded Location Temperature
Monday, February 3, 1947 Snag, Yukon −63.0 °C[1]
Wednesday, January 11, 1911 Fort Vermilion, Alberta −60.6 °C
Sunday, January 5, 1975 Old Crow, Yukon −59.4 °C
Friday, January 31, 1947 Smith River, British Columbia −58.9 °C
Wednesday, January 23, 1935 Iroquois Falls, Ontario −58.3 °C
Tuesday, February 13, 1973 Shephard Bay, Nunavut −57.8 °C
Wednesday, December 26, 1917 Fort Smith, Northwest Territories −57.2 °C
Wednesday, February 1, 1893 Prince Albert, Saskatchewan −56.7 °C
Sunday, February 11, 1979 Dawson City, Yukon −55.8 °C
Friday, February 9, 1934 Iroquois Falls, Ontario −55.6 °C
Thursday, February 15, 1979 Eureka, Nunavut −55.3 °C [12]
Monday, February 12, 1979 Pond Inlet, Nunavut −53.9 °C
Monday, February 5, 1923 Doucet, Quebec −54.4 °C
Monday, January 9, 1899 Norway House, Manitoba −52.8 °C
Friday, January 7, 1966 Resolute, Nunavut −52.2 °C
January 1947 Whitehorse, Yukon −52.1 °C
Friday, January 31, 1947 Yellowknife, Northwest Territories −51.2 °C
Saturday, February 17, 1973 Esker 2, Newfoundland and Labrador −51.1 °C
Thursday, January 13, 1972 High Level, Alberta −50.6 °C [13]
Thursday January 1, 1885 Regina, Saskatchewan −50.0 °C [14]
Tuesday, January 19 and Thursday, January 21 1886 Edmonton, Alberta −49.4 °C [15]
Saturday, February 17, 1973 Wabush, Newfoundland and Labrador − 47.8 °C
Wednesday, December 24, 1879 Winnipeg, Manitoba −47.8 °C
Friday, January 29, 1996 Jasper, Alberta −43.8 °C
Friday, February 10, 1967 Iqaluit, Nunavut −45.6 °C
Tuesday, December 17, 2013 Eureka Airport, Nunavut −42.0 °C
Saturday, January 31, 1920 Upper Stewiacke, Nova Scotia −41.1 °C

Year by Year Canadian Temperature Extremes[edit]

!Montreal

1859 !-42°C

1975 37° C

Year Extreme Maximum Extreme Minimum
Location Temperature Location Temperature
2014 Ashcroft, British Columbia 41.7 °C Eureka, Nunavut −50.4 °C
2013 Lytton, British Columbia 40.5 °C Eureka, Nunavut −51.5 °C
2012 Lytton, British Columbia 40.3 °C Old Crow, Yukon −52.1 °C
2011 Grimsby, Ontario 38.5 °C Watson Lake, Yukon −52.8 °C
2010 Ashcroft, British Columbia 38.8 °C Old Crow, Yukon −47.6 °C
2009 Gold River, British Columbia 41.5 °C McQuesten, Yukon −52.0 °C
2008 Lytton, British Columbia 40.4 °C Mayo, Yukon −53.8 °C
2007 Woodrow, Saskatchewan 43.0 °C Ogilvie River, Yukon −54.5 °C
2006 Lytton, British Columbia 42.1 °C Fort Good Hope, Northwest Territories −50.0 °C
2005 Oliver, British Columbia 39.0 °C Stewart Crossing and Burwash Landing, Yukon −55.0 °C
2004 Lytton, British Columbia 41.8 °C Pelly Ranch and Ogilvie River, Yukon −54.5 °C
2003 Elrose, Saskatchewan 41.0 °C La Grande 4, Quebec −50.4 °C
2002 Osoyoos, British Columbia 42.0 °C Elrose, Saskatchewan and Rae Lakes, Northwest Territories −51.0 °C
2001 Osoyoos, British Columbia 41.7 °C Eureka, Nunavut −51.2 °C
2000 Osoyoos, British Columbia 38.8 °C Nahanni National Park Reserve, Northwest Territories −52.3 °C
1999 Spences Bridge, British Columbia 39.0 °C Ross River, Yukon −57.0 °C
1998 Osoyoos, British Columbia 42.8 °C Stewart Crossing, Yukon −55.0 °C
1997 Osoyoos, British Columbia 39.6 °C Pelly Ranch, Yukon −55.0 °C
1996 Osoyoos, British Columbia 41.2 °C Pelly Ranch, Yukon −55.0 °C
1995 Smoky Falls, Ontario and Lake Cowichan, British Columbia 40.0 °C Sachs Harbour, Northwest Territories −54.6 °C
1994 Osoyoos, British Columbia 42.6 °C Fort Good Hope, Northwest Territories −52.0 °C
1993 Spences Bridge, British Columbia 37.5 °C Old Crow, Yukon −57.0 °C
1992 Osoyoos, British Columbia 39.8 °C Johnsons Crossing, Yukon −55.0 °C
1991 Empress and Bindloss, Alberta 39.8 °C Pelly Ranch, Yukon −54.0 °C
1990 Lytton, British Columbia 40.2 °C Pelly Ranch, Yukon −57.0 °C
1989 Turtle Mountain, Manitoba 40.5 °C Ogilvie River, Yukon −56.0 °C
1988 Starbuck, Manitoba 41.5 °C Shepherd Bay, Nunavut −55.6 °C
1987 Boston Bar, British Columbia 42.0 °C Eureka, Nunavut −55.3 °C
1986 Boston Bar, British Columbia 41.5 °C Swift River, Yukon −54.0 °C
1985 Lytton, British Columbia 41.0 °C Braeburn, Yukon −54.0 °C
1984 Consul, Saskatchewan 43.0 °C Pelly Ranch, Yukon −55.0 °C
1983 Midale, Saskatchewan 41.5 °C Stewart River, Yukon −58.0 °C
1982 Boston Bar and Spences Bridge, British Columbia 39.5 °C Ross River, Yukon −58.5 °C
1981 Boston Bar and Lytton, British Columbia 41.5 °C Ross River, Yukon −53.0 °C
1980 Francis, Saskatchewan 40.0 °C Pelly Ranch, Yukon −58.0 °C
1979 Kettle Valley, British Columbia 41.5 °C Pelly Ranch, Yukon −58.5 °C
1978 Boston Bar, British Columbia 41.5 °C Fording River, British Columbia −56.0 °C
1977 Salmo, British Columbia 41.5 °C Pelly Ranch, Yukon −54.4 °C
1976 Waskada, Manitoba 41.5 °C Eagle River, Yukon −53.9 °C
1975 Turbine, Ontario 42.8 °C Old Crow and Ross River, Yukon −59.4 °C
1974 Kamloops, British Columbia 41.1 °C Mayo, Yukon −56.7 °C
1973 Altawan, Alberta 40.0 °C Shepherd Bay, Nunavut −57.8 °C
1972 Lillooet, British Columbia and Lumsden, Saskatchewan 40.0 °C Pelly Ranch, Yukon −56.7 °C
1971 Lytton, British Columbia 42.2 °C Pelly Ranch and Mayo, Yukon −58.3 °C
1970 Altawan, Alberta 41.1 °C Pelly Ranch, Yukon −54.4 °C
1969 Willow Creek, Saskatchewan 41.7 °C Ross River, Yukon −57.2 °C
1968 Boston Bar, British Columbia 40.0 °C Pelly Ranch, Yukon −60.0 °C
1967 Lytton, British Columbia 41.1 °C Mould Bay, Northwest Territories −53.9 °C
1966 Yellow Grass, Saskatchewan 39.4 °C Pelly Ranch and Carmacks, Yukon −57.8 °C
1965 Ashcroft, British Columbia 41.7 °C Snag, Yukon −57.2 °C
1964 Sturgeon Crossing, Saskatchewan 41.7 °C Mayo, Yukon −56.2 °C
1963 East Poplar River, Willow Creek, and Cardross, Saskatchewan 39.4 °C Mayo, Yukon −57.2 °C
1962 Lytton, British Columbia 38.9 °C Pelly Ranch, Yukon −58.9 °C
1961 Maple Creek, Saskatchewan 43.3 °C Pelly Ranch and Dawson City, Yukon −54.4 °C
1960 Newgate, British Columbia 43.3 °C Shingle Point, Yukon, Eureka, Nunavut, and Fort McPherson, Northwest Territories −51.2 °C
1959 Newgate, British Columbia 41.1 °C Pelly Ranch, Yukon −57.8 °C
1958 Midale, Saskatchewan 41.7 °C Lake Hazen, Nunavut −56.2 °C
1957 Saskatoon, Saskatchewan 38.9 °C Pelly Ranch, Yukon −54.4 °C
1956 Barriere & Lytton, British Columbia 41.1 °C Isachsen, Nunavut −53.9 °C
1955 Ramsey, Ontario & Oliver, British Columbia 39.4 °C Pelly Ranch, Yukon −55.6 °C
1954 Foremost, Alberta 40.0 °C Frenchman Butte, Saskatchewan & Snag, Yukon −52.2 °C
1953 Willow Creek, Saskatchewan 42.2 °C Elmworth, Alberta −53.3 °C
1952 Midale, Saskatchewan 40.6 °C Snag, Yukon −60.9 °C
1951 St Albans, Manitoba & Port Alberni, British Columbia 40.6 °C Fort Good Hope, Northwest Territories & Isachsen, Nunavut −52.8 °C
1950 Lytton & Port Alberni, British Columbia 38.3 °C Snag, Yukon −55.6 °C
1949 Rosetown, Saskatchewan 43.3 °C Snag, Yukon −56.2 °C
1948 Pennant, Saskatchewan 41.7 °C Snag & Mayo, Yukon −56.2 °C
1947 Semans, Saskatchewan 40.0 °C Snag, Yukon −63.0 °C
1946 Beechy, Saskatchewan 42.8 °C Mayo, Yukon −57.2°C
1945 Waneta, British Columbia & Fort Qu'Appelle, Saskatchewan 41.1 °C St. Walburg, Saskatchewan −50 °C
1944 Skagit River, British Columbia & Kimberley, British Columbia 42.2 °C Passe Dangereuse Dam, Quebec −50.0 °C
1943 Rosetown, Saskatchewan 40.0 °C Mayo, Yukon −55.0 °C
1942 Cumberland, British Columbia 43.9 °C Mayo, Yukon −53.3 °C
1941 Lytton, British Columbia, Lillooet, British Columbia& Barriere, British Columbia 44.4 °C Watson Lake, Yukon −51.7 °C
1940 Grand Forks, British Columbia 42.2 °C Watson Lake, Yukon −50.6 °C
1939 Oliver, British Columbia 43.3 °C Elmworth, Alberta −52.2 °C
1938 Barriere, British Columbia 42.8 °C Watson Lake, Yukon −52.2 °C
1937 Yellow Grass, Saskatchewan & Midale, Saskatchewan 45.0 °C Fort Good Hope, Northwest Territories −52.2 °C
1936 St Albans, Manitoba & Emerson, Manitoba 44.4 °C Fort Resolution, Northwest Territories −59.4 °C
1935 Lillooet, British Columbia 41.1 °C Iroquois Falls, Ontario −58.3 °C
1934 Rock Creek, British Columbia 43.9 °C Fort Vermilion, Alberta −57.8 °C
1933 Leader, Saskatchewan, Outlook, Saskatchewan, Shaunavon, Saskatchewan, Pennant, Saskatchewan, and Lumsden, Saskatchewan 41.1 °C Fort Vermilion, Alberta −57.8 °C
1932 Fort Qu'Appelle, Saskatchewan 41.1 °C Mayo, Yukon −53.9 °C
1931 Fort Qu'Appelle, Saskatchewan, Aneroid, Saskatchewan, and Bassano Dam, Alberta 43.3 °C Fort Good Hope, Northwest Territories −49.4 °C
1930 Fort Qu'Appelle, Saskatchewan 41.1 °C Witchekan, Saskatchewan −53.9 °C
1929 Fort Qu'Appelle, Saskatchewan, and Greenwood, British Columbia 42.2 °C Rocky Mountain House, Alberta −53.3 °C
1928 Lillooet, British Columbia and Greenwood, British Columbia 41.7 °C Doucet, Quebec −49.4 °C
1927 Greenwood, British Columbia 43.3 °C Fort Good Hope, Northwest Territories −51.7 °C
1926 Fort Qu'Appelle, Saskatchewan 43.3 °C Doucet, Quebec −48.9 °C
1925 Fort Qu'Appelle, Saskatchewan 41.1 °C Mayo, Yukon −57.2 °C
1924 Waneta, British Columbia and Grand Forks, British Columbia 42.8 °C Springdale, Alberta −54.4 °C
1923 Newgate, British Columbia and Grand Forks, British Columbia 38.9 °C Doucet, Quebec −54.4 °C
1922 St Albans, Manitoba and Grand Forks, British Columbia 40 °C Fort Resolution, Northwest Territories −52.8 °C
1921 St Albans, Manitoba, Bassano Dam, Alberta, and Veaxhall, Alberta 40.6 °C Kamsack, Saskatchewan −49.4 °C
1920 Fort Qu'Appelle, Saskatchewan 41.1 °C Stry, Alberta −52.2 °C
1919 Dauphin, Manitoba 43.3 °C Fort Vermilion, Alberta −53.9 °C
1918 Lillooet, British Columbia, London, Ontario, and Chatham, Ontario 41.1 °C Fort Vermilion, Alberta −54.4 °C
1917 Jenner, Alberta 42.2 °C Fort Vermilion, Alberta and Fort Smith, Northwest Territories −57.2 °C
1916 Iroquois Falls, Ontario 41.1 °C Fort Good Hope, Northwest Territories −55.6 °C
1915 Jenner, Alberta 40 °C Fort Smith, Northwest Territories −49.4 °C
1914 St Albans, Manitoba 41.7 °C Amos, Quebec −52.8 °C
1913 Ashcroft, British Columbia and Fort Frances, Ontario 38.9 °C Fort Vermilion, Alberta −54.4 °C
1912 St Albans, Manitoba 40 °C Dawson, Yukon −52.2 °C
1911 Scarborough, Ontario and Grimsby, Ontario 40.6 °C Fort Vermilion, Alberta −60.3 °C
1910 St Albans, Manitoba and Moosehorn, Manitoba 41.7 °C Fort Good Hope, Northwest Territories −55 °C
1909 Cannington, Saskatchewan 40 °C Dawson, Yukon −53.9 °C
1908 Spences Bridge, British Columbia 42.2 °C Fort Chipewyan, Alberta and Fort McPherson, Northwest Territories −48.3 °C
1907 Kitimat, British Columbia 41.1 °C Dawson, Yukon −50.6 °C
1906 Spences Bridge, British Columbia 42.2 °C Dawson, Yukon −40.6 °C
1905 Spences Bridge, British Columbia 40.6 °C Gleichen, Alberta and Kneehill, Alberta −47.2 °C
1904 Enderby, British Columbia 39.4 °C Dawson, Yukon −50 °C
1903 Spences Bridge, British Columbia 38.9 °C Dawson, Yukon −51.7 °C
1902 Spences Bridge, British Columbia 38.3 °C Fort Simpson, Northwest Territories −46.7 °C
1901 St Albans, Manitoba 38.9 °C Dawson, Yukon −55.6 °C
1900 Cannington, Saskatchewan 43.3 °C Fort McPherson, Northwest Territories −51.7 °C

Occurrences by Province[edit]

Province Extreme Maximum Occurrences Extreme Minimum Occurrences
Alberta 8 14
British Columbia 66 1
Manitoba 12 0
Northwest Territories 0 20
Nunavut 0 10
Ontario 8 1
Quebec 0 6
Saskatchewan 32 5
Yukon 0 65

Extreme Maximum Occurrences by Town[edit]

City Province Occurrences
Lytton BC 14
Spences Bridge BC 8
Osoyoos BC 8
Fort Qu'Appelle SK 8
St Albans MB 8
Boston Bar BC 6
Lillooet BC 5
Midale SK 4
Ashcroft BC 4

Extreme Minimum Occurrences by Town[edit]

City Province Occurrences
Pelly Ranch YT 19
Mayo YT 10
Dawson YT 8
Fort Good Hope NT 8
Snag YT 7
Fort Vermilion AB 7
Ross River YT 5
Eureka NU 5
Watson Lake YT 4
Old Crow YT 4

Montreal -42 degrees celsius

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Weather records[dead link] Statistics Canada. Accessed 2009-02-10.
  2. ^ "Daily Observation Data: St Albans Manitoba". Canada's National Climate Archive. Retrieved 2011-02-06. 
  3. ^ "Daily Data". Climate.weatheroffice.ec.gc.ca. 2013-11-12. Retrieved 2014-01-06. 
  4. ^ "Manitoba heat sets 14 records - Manitoba - CBC News". Cbc.ca. Retrieved 2014-01-06. 
  5. ^ "Daily Observation Data: Bassano Dam Alberta". Canada's National Climate Archive. Retrieved 2011-02-06. 
  6. ^ "Daily Data". Climate.weatheroffice.ec.gc.ca. 2013-11-12. Retrieved 2014-01-06. 
  7. ^ "The Canadian Encyclopedia". The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2014-01-06. 
  8. ^ "Daily Data". Climate.weatheroffice.ec.gc.ca. 2013-11-12. Retrieved 2014-01-06. 
  9. ^ "Geert Jan van Oldenborgh @ KNMI". Climexp.knmi.nl. Retrieved 2014-01-06. 
  10. ^ http://forums.castanet.net/download/file.php?id=13211&mode=view
  11. ^ "Climate". Climate.weatheroffice.gc.ca. Retrieved 2014-01-06. 
  12. ^ Geert Jan van Oldenborgh @ KNMI
  13. ^ "Climate Data Almanac for January 13". Environment Canada. Retrieved 23 January 2014. 
  14. ^ "Climate Data Almanac for January 01". Environment Canada. Retrieved 23 January 2014. 
  15. ^ "Almanac Averages and Extremes". Climate.weatheroffice.gc.ca. 2013-11-12. Retrieved 2014-01-06. 
3. Book of Lists, Scholastic Canada, 2005, Pages 80 and 81

External links[edit]