List of lei tai fighters

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Many martial artists have become famous lei tai fighters because of their successful matches upon the raised fighting stage. Others were already famous before facing lei tai challengers. This is a long, though not a definitive list, of many of them.

Stone monument to Wang Lang.

Song Dynasty[edit]

  • Northern Praying Mantis founder Wang Lang (王朗) participated in a lei tai tournament, according to legend, where he was defeated by Tongbei (通揹) Master Han Tong (韩通)[1] in the capital of Kaifeng. Master Lang shortly thereafter created his famous mantis fist.[2]

Qing Dynasty[edit]

Huo Yuan Jia
  • Lama Pai Master Wong Yan Lin set up his own lei tai platform in front of Hai Tung Monastery in Guangdong after having worked as a famous bodyguard in Northern China. For 18 days, he fought 150 other martial artists and was never defeated. According to Hop Gar Grandmaster David Chin, "Either the challenger was maimed or killed. Wong never let one challenger leave his school without injury. He was a master of using the technique of cruelty."[3] Shortly afterwards, he was elected as the leader of the Ten Tigers of Canton, who were the top ten kung fu men in Guangdong.[3][4]
  • Tiger-Crane Master Tee Ley was known for killing his opponents on the lei tai. But years after retiring from the martial world to become a cobbler, he accepted a challenge from a northern Chinese Master and killed him with a mix of Tiger-Crane and Iron Palm techniques. He was a disciple of Chee See Tsek.[5]
  • Mízōngyì Master Huo Yuan Jia (c. 1867-1910) was the founder of the Chin Woo Athletic Association, a martial arts school in Shanghai. He is considered a hero in China for challenging foreign fighters in highly publicized matches at a time when Chinese sovereignty was being eroded by foreign concessions and spheres of influence.

Republic of China[edit]

Chang Chan Kuei
  • Internal martial arts Master Chang Chan Kuei (1859–1940, Zhang Zhan Kui), also known as Chang Chao Tung (Zhang Zhao Dong), made a name for himself on the lei tai by defeating several Japanese boxers and a German Strongman. He was also one of the eight famous students of Dong Hai Chuan, the founder of Baguazhang boxing.[6]
  • 17th generation Chen-style t'ai chi Master Chen Fake (1887–1957), became famous in his hometown of Chénjiāgōu (陳家溝) for his victories upon the lei tai.[7]
  • 18th generation Chen-style t'ai chi Master Chen Zhao Pi (陈照丕) (1893–1972), Chen Fake's third nephew, was hired to guard the famous "Tong Ren Tang" (Le Brothers) pharmacy in Beijing in 1928. He kept a low profile by disguising himself as a street vender, wishing to avoid conflict with other martial artists. However, the scholar Li Qin Lin (also from Henan province) wrote an unauthorized article in the Beijing Times newspaper describing the superiority of Chen-style t'ai chi to other styles in the area. In its conclusion, the article asked the masses who had not experienced Chen-style to "try it out" since a Chen master (Chen Zhao Pi) was currently living in Beijing.
The local martial arts schools saw the article as a “challenge” and so Chen Zhao Pi was urged to set up a lei tai by the Xuan Wu Men, one of the city's many gates. At first, challengers came one at a time, but eventually thronged to the lei tai in groups of threes and fives. Over the course of 17 days, he defeated over two hundred people and made many friends.[9][10]
  • Northern Shaolin Master Gu Ru Zhang (顾汝章) (1893–1952) placed in the “Top 15" (other sources say "Top 10") finishers in the 1928 Central Kuoshu Institute lei tai competition. He was famously known as "Iron Palm Gu Ru Zhang".[11][12][13]
  • Plum Blossom Praying Mantis Master Li Kun Shan (1894–1976) won the weapons portion of the 1933 Central Kuoshu Institute lei tai competition using the long spear. He was one of the Laiyang Sanshan ("Three Mountains of Laiyang"), the three greatest Mantis boxers in Laiyang at the time.[8]
  • Flying Dragon Tiger Gate Master Leung Tian Chiu was 55 years old when he won 2nd place in the 1928 Central Kuoshu Institute lei tai competition. He went on to create his own martial arts styles called Fut Gar Kuen (“Buddhist Fist Boxing”) and Sae Ying Diu Sao (“Snake Form Mongoose Hands”), which was featured in an old Jackie Chan movie.[14]
  • Xinyi Liu He Master Shang Xueli won the lei tai competition in Kaifeng where he used a combination of "Back Power" (Bei Jin) and knee strike (Ti Xi) defeating Shaolin expert, Zhang Qilin (who died a few days later of internal injury). He was the disciple of Mai Zhuangtu (1829–1892) and Yuan Fengyi, master of Grandmaster Lu Songgao (卢嵩高) (died 1962).[17]
  • Xingyi Master Xin Jian Hou won a lei tai contest in 1931. He was one of the earliest disciples of Shang Yun Xiang (1864–1937), who was a disciple of Guo Yun Shen.[19]
  • Shuai Jiao Master Chang Tung Sheng (1908–1986) won the heavy weight division of the 1933 Central Kuoshu Institute lei tai competition and earned the martial nickname “Flying Butterfly”;[20]

People’s Republic of China[edit]

  • Hui-Muslim Grandmaster Ma Xianda (馬賢達) (1932–present) defeated Tongbei master Deng Hong Zhao and Chuojiao master Li Xue Wen to win the lei tai championship of 1952.[21] Ma is the youngest of the four living top-ranking masters in China. He is considered a “National Treasure in Wushu”.[22]
  • Internal martial arts Master Su Dong Chen (1953–present) participated in lei tai bouts throughout the late 1960s and early 1970s as a teenager. He was known as the “Gifted child of Lei tai”.[23]
  • Sanshou boxer Cung Le (1972–present), the current 2008 Strikeforce Middleweight MMA Champion, made a name for himself upon the lei tai before going professional.[24][25] Le was awarded the “most famous Vietnamese Martial Artist in the world” title at the 2004 Asia Entertainment Awards in Los Angeles.[26]

If the examples of Wong Yan Lin and Chen Zhao Pi are used, it took anywhere from 17–18 days and at least 150-200 consecutive wins in order for a fighter, who set up his own lei tai, to establish his style's dominance in that area.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ This Song dynasty general is believed to be the founder of the style.[1] According to the folk manuscript Luóhàn Xínggōng Duǎn Dǎ (罗汉行功短打), he is listed as the 2nd the "18 Masters" who gathered at the Shaolin temple at the request of Abbot Fu Ju (福居), a legendary persona of the historical Abbot Fu Yu (福裕) (1203-1275), during the early Northern Song Dynasty. Wang Lang was listed as the 18th master to attend.[2]
  2. ^ SHANDONG WUSHU TAIJI TANGLANG QUAN (French-English Mix)
  3. ^ a b Grandmaster David Chin's Legacy of Hop Gar Rebels and Guang Ping Tai Chi Revolutionaries
  4. ^ The Lama Style
  5. ^ The Story of Tee Ley & How Tiger-Crane Kung Fu Became Famous
  6. ^ Eight Great Students of Dong Hai Chang
  7. ^ Interview with Mr. Feng Zhiqiang, Chen Style Taijiquan expert from Beijing
  8. ^ a b Origins and the development of Praying Mantis Boxing
  9. ^ Tales of the Masters: Chen Zhao Pei
  10. ^ Sim, Davidine, Siaw-Voon and David Gaffney. Chen Style: The Source of Taijiquan. North Atlantic Books, 2001 (ISBN 1556433778). This book says the article also described a list of "past Chen masters": "Chen Wangting, Chen Changxing, Chen Genyun, Chen Zhongxin, Chen Yanxi, etc."
  11. ^ Gu Ruzhang article by Chen Xianmin in Wulin Magazine, February 1984, Vol #29.
  12. ^ Gu Ru Zhang (1893 - 1952)
  13. ^ Sports, Blood Sports and the Mixed Martial Arts
  14. ^ The Flying Dragon Tiger Gate System
  15. ^ This fight was held in Hangzhou, Zhejiang province. It is the largest modern "bare-knuckle" lei tai tournament to date.[3]
  16. ^ HISTORY OF QIXING TANGLANG QUAN
  17. ^ Xinyi Liuhe Quan - the secret art of Chinese Muslims
  18. ^ Wang Chang'an: "Traditional Zhaobao Taijiquan"
  19. ^ Interview with Mr. Di Guoyong, Xingyiquan expert from Beijing and president of the Beijing Xingyiquan Research Association
  20. ^ Chang Tung Sheng
  21. ^ This was the first martial arts tournament to be held since the founding of the People’s Republic of China in 1949.
  22. ^ Grandmaster Ma Xian Da
  23. ^ BUGEI 2001年夏号
  24. ^ Cung Le: Sanshou’s golden boy
  25. ^ UsH! Fight Team Captain: Cung Le
  26. ^ About Cung Le