List of fan-owned sports teams
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This is a partial list of professional or semi-professional sports teams that are owned by fans (via either a collective organisation or where the assumption of majority ownership by a small group is prohibited by the club's constitution or governing documents) from all over the world sorted by home country. Teams playing at every level in each country are shown.
- 1 Association football teams
- 1.1 Africa
- 1.2 Asia
- 1.3 Europe
- 1.3.1 Austria
- 1.3.2 Belarus
- 1.3.3 Belgium
- 1.3.4 Bulgaria
- 1.3.5 Croatia
- 1.3.6 Czech Republic
- 1.3.7 England
- 1.3.8 Finland
- 1.3.9 Germany
- 1.3.10 Greece
- 1.3.11 Republic of Ireland
- 1.3.12 Italy
- 1.3.13 Northern Ireland
- 1.3.14 Norway
- 1.3.15 Poland
- 1.3.16 Portugal
- 1.3.17 Romania
- 1.3.18 Scotland
- 1.3.19 Spain
- 1.3.20 Sweden
- 1.3.21 Turkey
- 1.3.22 United Kingdom
- 1.3.23 Wales
- 1.4 North America
- 1.5 Central America
- 1.6 South America
- 2 Other sports
- 3 References
Association football teams
- NK Marsonia 1909
- HNK Trogir
- NK Varteks - One member, one vote basis.
- Hajduk Split - One member, one vote basis.
- 1874 Northwich F.C.
- AFC Croydon Athletic
- AFC Liverpool – Cooperative.
- AFC Telford United – Fully owned by Telford United Supporters Trust.
- AFC Wimbledon – Fully owned by The Dons Trust, a Supporters' Trust.
- AFC Rushden & Diamonds
- Aylesbury United F.C.
- Blackstones F.C.
- Bromsgrove Sporting F.C.
- Cambridge City F.C. - As of September 2011, the Cambridge City Supporters' Trust (CCST) owned 10% (a minority) of the club. According to the CCST secretary, CCST now only has appointment power for one director position.
- Canterbury City F.C.
- Chelmsford City F.C.
- Chesham United F.C. - As of March 2011, Chesham United Supporters' Trust (CUST) held 43.25% (minority) ownership of the club. CUST committee members currently hold a majority (6 of 11) of the club's board of director positions, thus giving CUST day-to-day control of the club. CUST's ambition is to earn no more than 49.9% of the club, "a safeguard so that no one party has an overall majority stake in the club".
- Chester F.C. Fully owned by CFU - City Fans United.
- Darlington 1883 - The club was to be initially 10% owned by 1883 Community Interest Company (1883 CIC), and for 1883 CIC's shareholding to increase as additional donations were received. The club's constitution states that no person may own more than 15% of the club; however, entities such as charities, community amateur sports clubs, industrial and provident societies, community interest companies or other not-for-profit organisations may be able to acquire greater than 15% of the club. (Conditions for 15%+ ownership include the objective of community ownership.).
- Ebbsfleet United F.C. - from 2008 to 2013 were owned by MyFootballClub, based in England, but open to anyone around the world. NB: MyFootballClub was launched specifically to identify and take over a suitable football club, rather than set up by existing supporters of Ebbsfleet United.
- Enfield Town F.C.
- Exeter City F.C. - a community club which is majority owned by The Exeter City AFC Supporters’ Society Limited which is an Industrial and Provident Society
- F.C. United of Manchester - Owned by a Community Benefit Society. One member, one vote basis.
- Fisher F.C.
- Hendon F.C. - Fully owned by Hendon Football Club Supporters Trust.
- Lewes F.C.
- Maine Road F.C.
- Newport (IOW) F.C.
- Portsmouth F.C. - Fully owned by Pompey Supporters' Trust. The biggest fan-owned club in English football history. The takeover was completed on 19 April 2013.
- Prescot Cables F.C.
- Runcorn Linnets F.C.
- Saffron Walden Town F.C. - On 4 July 2012, members voted to convert the club into a Community Benefit Society.
- Scarborough Athletic F.C.
- Scarborough Town F.C. - The club is run on a democratic basis by a management committee. Membership is open to everyone by payment of an annual fee. All adult members have an equal vote and are encouraged to use this vote at every AGM and EGM.
- Windsor F.C.
- Wycombe Wanderers F.C.
- Tampere United -membership is open to everyone and all members have an equal vote in the yearly meetings. Club continues traditions of Tampere United after it's bankruptcy in 2011.
All German football clubs—except for some historic works teams that are allowed to maintain their company affiliation, such as Volkswagen's VfL Wolfsburg and Bayer's Bayer 04 Leverkusen—are required to have at least 51% member ownership; when Red Bull purchased the playing license of the Leipzig-area club SSV Markranstädt and renamed the football team RB Leipzig, it could only acquire 49% of the shares, and could not use the full Red Bull name due to other German rules. Member ownership is also the standard in most other professional sports leagues. Apart from the aforementioned Wolfsburg, Bayer Leverkusen and RB Leipzig, some other football clubs enjoy strong backing of local industries or of deep-pocketed individuals, such as 1899 Hoffenheim (backed by SAP cofounder Dietmar Hopp, who played in the club's youth setup).
In some cases fans have also re-founded bankrupt or otherwise disappeared clubs, one such example is Lokomotive Leipzig.
- Aris Thessaloniki F.C.
- Panathinaikos F.C. - The Vardinoyiannis family has agreed to transfer its 54.75% stake in the Athens club to the ‘Panathinaikos Alliance’ group. Each member will have one vote in decision-making procedures, regardless of how many shares each individual holds.
Republic of Ireland
- Bohemian F.C.
- Cobh Ramblers
- Cork City F.C.
- Derry City F.C.
- Finn Harps F.C.
- Shamrock Rovers F.C.
- Sligo Rovers F.C.
- Clyde F.C.
- Clydebank F.C.
- Dundee F.C.
- Gretna F.C. 2008
- Motherwell F.C.
- Stirling Albion F.C.
- Stranraer F.C.
- Dunfermline Athletic F.C.
Unlike most top European football clubs, Real Madrid's and Barcelona's fan-members (socios) have owned and operated the club since its inception, along with Athletic Bilbao and Osasuna from the top flight of Spanish football. Most other Spanish clubs owned by its socios were converted in Sociedad Anónima Deportiva.
All Swedish football clubs are entirely fan owned. No other form of club ownership is allowed.
All Turkish football clubs are entirely fan owned. No other form of club ownership is allowed.
- Barry Town United
- Merthyr Town
- Monmouth Town
- Swansea City - 20% owned by the Swans Trust.
- Wrexham - Fully owned by the Wrexham Supporters Trust.
- Victoria Highlanders F.C. - majority owner Alex Campbell Jr. publicly announced that the purchase of season tickets will give supporters "an ownership share in the club and a voice in its direction". Season ticket holders are members of the Victoria Highlanders Supporters Society, which owns 30% of the club and holds two seats (of nine) on the club's advisory board.
All Argentinian football clubs are entirely fan owned. No other form of club ownership is allowed.
Almost all Brazilian football clubs are voluntary associations of natural persons, but with external interference of investors through contract basis. Only some smaller teams founded in the last 20 years and playing in lower divisions have private owners.
Other sports like basketball or volleyball have teams with owners in their top leagues.
- Carlton
- Collingwood
- Essendon
- Geelong
- Gold Coast
- Hawthorn
- Melbourne
- North Melbourne
- Richmond
- St Kilda
- Sydney
- Western Bulldogs
- Cronulla-Sutherland Sharks
- Parramatta Eels
- Penrith Panthers
- St. George Illawarra Dragons
- Sydney Roosters
- Wests Tigers
Canadian Football League
- Green Bay Packers (National Football League) — The only fan-owned team in any of the country's four major leagues.
- Memphis Redbirds (Pacific Coast League, AAA baseball)
- Rochester Red Wings (International League, AAA baseball)
- Syracuse Chiefs (International League, AAA baseball)
- Toledo Mud Hens (International League, AAA baseball)
- Wisconsin Timber Rattlers (Midwest League, Class A baseball)
- Burlington Bees (Midwest League, Class A baseball)
- "FAQ". AFC Liverpool. Retrieved 2011-01-30.
- "Supporters Trust". AFC Telford United. Retrieved 2011-01-30.
- "What is the Dons Trust?". AFC Wimbledon. Retrieved 2011-01-30.
- "Talk:Cambridge City F.C.". Wikipedia. 15 September 2011. Retrieved 8 January 2012.
- "Chesham United Supporters' Trust". Chesham United Football Club. Retrieved 8 January 2012.
- "Who's who behind the scenes?". Chesham United Football Club. Retrieved 8 January 2012.
- "Supporters Trust AGM Minutes". Chesham United Football Club website forum. 10 October 2011. Retrieved 8 January 2012.
- "Darlington FC CIC Group Structure". 1883 Community Interest Company (1883 CIC). Retrieved 26 July 2012.
- "Constitution". Save Darlo. Retrieved 26 July 2012.
- "FCUM Who are we?". FC United of Manchester. Retrieved 11 April 2011.
- "Saffron Walden vote to become community benefit society". Supporters Direct. Retrieved 24 July 2012.
- "Membership". Scarborough Town FC. Retrieved 8 January 2012.
- "Fans secure ownership of Panathinaikos". Soccerex. Retrieved 19 July 2012.
- "Aquilotto Cavese Launched". Supporters Direct. 2011-11-07. Retrieved 2011-11-07.
- "Season tickets will mean ownership share in Highlanders". Victoria Times-Colonist. 2011-11-05. Retrieved 2011-11-07.
- "ACQUISIZIONE VIRTUS". Virtus.it. 2013-07-07. Retrieved 2012-07-29. (Italian)