List of fan-owned sports teams
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This is a partial list of professional or semi-professional sports teams that are owned by fans (via either a collective organisation or where the assumption of majority ownership by a small group is prohibited by the club's constitution or governing documents) from all over the world sorted by home country. Teams playing at every level in each country are shown.
- 1 American football
- 2 Association football
- 2.1 Argentina
- 2.2 Austria
- 2.3 Belarus
- 2.4 Belgium
- 2.5 Bulgaria
- 2.6 Canada
- 2.7 Costa Rica
- 2.8 Croatia
- 2.9 Czech Republic
- 2.10 England
- 2.11 Finland
- 2.12 Germany
- 2.13 Greece
- 2.14 Indonesia
- 2.15 Ireland
- 2.16 Israel
- 2.17 Italy
- 2.18 Japan
- 2.19 Mali
- 2.20 Nigeria
- 2.21 Poland
- 2.22 Portugal
- 2.23 Romania
- 2.24 Scotland
- 2.25 South Korea
- 2.26 Spain
- 2.27 Turkey
- 2.28 United States
- 2.29 Uruguay
- 2.30 Wales
- 3 Baseball
- 4 Basketball
- 5 Canadian Football
- 6 Ice hockey
- 7 Other sports
- 8 References
- Green Bay Packers — The only fan-owned team in any of North America's four traditional major leagues, the Packers have been owned by a community-based corporation since 1923. The NFL currently bans such an ownership structure, but grandfathered in the Packers ownership.
- In Argentina every football club is owned by its fans.
- SV Austria Salzburg – The club was formed in 2005, by some of the supporters of the original SV (Austria) Salzburg after it was renamed FC Red Bull Salzburg by new owners, which caused a group of supporters, known as the "Violet-Whites", to want to preserve the 72-year-old traditions of their club, which they felt had been ignored by Red Bull.
- SK Rapid Wien
- PFC Botev Plovdiv
- F.C. Spartak Varna – The club was formed in 2010 by PFC Spartak Varna supporters following Injstroi Holding's controversial takeover which led to most of its supporters defecting from the club.
- Victoria Highlanders F.C. – majority owner Alex Campbell Jr. publicly announced that the purchase of season tickets will give supporters "an ownership share in the club and a voice in its direction". Season ticket holders are members of the Victoria Highlanders Supporters Society, which owns 30% of the club and holds two seats (of nine) on the club's advisory board.
- HNK Hajduk Split
- HNK Trogir – Club owned since 2009.
- NK Varteks – founded by supporters dissatisfied with the situation in NK Varaždin.
- MNK Futsal Dinamo - club owned by supporters of GNK Dinamo
- 1874 Northwich F.C. – The club was founded on 15 November 2012 following a vote by former Northwich Victoria supporters, who were members of the Northwich Victoria Supporters Trust. They voted almost unanimously, 141 to 4, in favour of breaking away from the club they supported and forming a new team in their town. The club is fully owned by its supporters, and is run by a democratically-elected board.
- AFC Croydon Athletic – The club was formed by fans of Croydon Athletic F.C. after that team folded in the 2011–12 season.
- AFC Liverpool – Cooperative.
- AFC Rushden & Diamonds – The club was formed in July 2011 by supporters after Rushden & Diamonds were expelled from the Football Conference and subsequently liquidated. At an open meeting chaired by a supporters group called SaveRDFC, a mandate was agreed upon to create a phoenix club, fully owned and controlled by its supporters.
- AFC Telford United – Fully owned by Telford United Supporters Trust.
- AFC Wimbledon – Fully owned by The Dons Trust, a Supporters' Trust.
- Aylesbury United F.C. – In July 2009, The Aylesbury United Supporters Trust was able to gain control of the club, which thus became a fan-owned football team.
- Bamber Bridge F.C.
- Blackstones F.C.
- Brentford F.C. – Bees United (the Brentford FC Supporters Trust) own 60.3% of the shares of Brentford FC; Matthew Benham, himself a fan, owns 30.7% of the shares of Brentford FC; others own 9.0% of the shares of Brentford FC.
- Bromsgrove Sporting F.C. – founded in 2009 as a supporters consortium with the plan to buy Bromsgrove Rovers and take them out of administration. When another owner was found for Rovers it was decided to create a new club instead.
- Cambridge City F.C. – As of September 2011, the Cambridge City Supporters' Trust (CCST) owned 10% (a minority) of the club. According to the CCST secretary, CCST now only has appointment power for one director position.
- Canterbury City F.C. – Reformed in 2007, they are the first football club formed as a Community interest company.
- Chelmsford City F.C.
- Chesham United F.C. – As of March 2011, Chesham United Supporters' Trust (CUST) held 43.25% (minority) ownership of the club. CUST committee members currently hold a majority (6 of 11) of the club's board of director positions, thus giving CUST day-to-day control of the club. CUST's ambition is to earn no more than 49.9% of the club, "a safeguard so that no one party has an overall majority stake in the club".
- Chester F.C. – Phoenix club formed in 2010 and owned by City Fans United after Chester City F.C. Wound up
- Darlington 1883 – The club was to be initially 10% owned by 1883 Community Interest Company (1883 CIC), and for 1883 CIC's shareholding to increase as additional donations were received. The club's constitution states that no person may own more than 15% of the club; however, entities such as charities, community amateur sports clubs, industrial and provident societies, community interest companies or other not-for-profit organisations may be able to acquire greater than 15% of the club. (Conditions for 15%+ ownership include the objective of community ownership.).
- Dorchester Town F.C. – from 2013 the Supporters Trust own a joint majority shareholding in the club.
- Enfield Town F.C. – The club was founded on 23 June 2001 by the Enfield Supporters' Trust after Trust members considered that the regime in charge of Enfield FC no longer had the interests of the club at heart and lacked sufficient will to bring about the return of the club to its home town, having left Southbury Road in 1999. This followed the chairman of Enfield FC withdrawing from an outline agreement with the Supporters' Trust which would have seen the Trust take over the running of a debt-free club and receiving £100,000 from money from the sale of Southbury Road which was held in an escrow account by Enfield Council. The balance of over £600,000 would have been paid to the chairman.
- Exeter City F.C. – Following relegation to the Conference in 2003, the club was taken over by the Exeter City Supporters' Trust.
- F.C. United of Manchester – Owned by a Community Benefit Society. One member, one vote basis.
- Fisher F.C. – The club was formed in 2009 by members of the 'Fisher Supporters Trust' when Fisher Athletic Football Club was wound up in the High Court due to financial problems and closed down.
- Hendon F.C.
- Hinckley AFC - Replaced Hinckley United formed by fans in 2014.
- Lewes F.C. – On July 9, 2010 "The Rooks" became a member-owned club with six founder members of the new Rooks125 group forming the inaugural Board of the new Lewes Community Football Club ownership body. In April 2011, the club announced details on how fans will be able to become owners of Lewes FC. From July 2011 shares in the club have been available from £30 per annum. Shareholders are entitled to vote and stand for election to the Board of Directors. The first of these elections took place in October 2011. As of December 2011 the club has over 800 shareholders. In 2011 the club introduced the "Support and Save" scheme whereby shareholders are entitled to discounts from participating local businesses.
- Maine Road F.C. – founded in 1955 by Manchester City Supporters, named after the Maine Road Stadium.
- Newport (IOW) F.C. – in 2008 ownership of the club was fully transferred to the supporter's trust.
- Portsmouth F.C. – Portsmouth became the largest fan-owned football club in England, after the Pompey Supporters Trust (PST) successfully gained possession of Fratton Park in April 2013.
- Prescot Cables F.C. – The summer of 2005 saw a change in organisation, with a new football committee formed from the Supporter's Club taking over the reins of the club.
- Runcorn Linnets F.C. – The club is run by a trust, which is an Industrial and Provident Society, and is registered with the Financial Services Authority.
- Saffron Walden Town F.C. – On 4 July 2012, members voted to convert the club into a Community Benefit Society.
- Scarborough Athletic F.C. – Following the liquidation of Scarborough, Scarborough Athletic was founded as a continuation or rebirth of the previous club by a supporters' trust named The Seadog Trust. They took on the same red kit, nickname, motto and official club logo from the original club.
- Scarborough Town F.C. – This former club was run on a democratic basis by a management committee. Membership was open to everyone by payment of an annual fee. All adult members had an equal vote and were encouraged to use this vote at every AGM and EGM.
- Windsor F.C. – formed in 2011 after Windsor & Eton F.C. folded.
- Wycombe Wanderers F.C. – On 30 June 2012, the Wycombe Wanderers Supporters Trust formally took over the club. which resulted in financial stabilization and ended a transfer embargo.
In Germany a majority control by a single entity (person, or company) is not permitted by the league, and is the German law for clubs. The law suggests a registered club should have minimum 7 members. The league requires that either a club, or a limited company which is controlled by a club with 50% + 1 vote can get a license to participate in the German first or second league. In the lower leagues, it is required to be a club.
- Aris F.C. (Thessaloniki), since 2006
- Panathinaikos F.C. – The Vardinoyiannis family agreed in 2012 to transfer its 54.75% stake in the Athens club to the "Panathinaikos Alliance" group. Each member will have one vote in decision-making procedures, regardless of how many shares each individual holds.
- Pusamania Borneo F.C. – Pusamania Borneo FC was formed in 2014 by a group of Putra Samarinda supporters, the "Pusamania," who are unhappy with Putra Samarinda's lack of achievements for the past few years. With the financial backing of Nabil Husein of Pusamalaya, the Malaysian branch of Pusamania, Pusamania Borneo FC rose in the ashes of the financially distressed Perseba Super Bangkalan, moving the East Java club to Samarinda and re-branding the team. The team is now playing in the 2014 Liga Indonesia Premier Division, and is aiming for the Indonesia Super League, a goal that they've achieved by winning the 2014 Liga Indonesia Premier Division.
- Athlone Town
- Cork City
- Derry City
- Drogheda United
- Shamrock Rovers
- Sligo Rovers
- Hapoel Katamon Jerusalem – The club conceived and founded in 2007 by Hapoel Jerusalem fans unhappy with the team's management. The club currently plays in Liga Alef (the third tier in Israel) and is based at Teddy Stadium. At its founding, Hapoel Katamon Jerusalem became the first fan-owned football club in Israel.
- F.C. Haifa (Hapoel Rubi Haifa) – The club was founded in 2014 by Hapoel Haifa fans, after years of protesting against the team's management. The club is operated by the fans' association called "Ir HaPoalim" (city of workers). The club entered the Israeli football league system at its lowest level, liga Gimel in 2014.
- A.S. Nordia Jerusalem – The club was founded in 2014 by Beitar Jerusalem fans, in protest against the racist tones of other Beitar fans in the previous years. The club entered the Israeli football league system at its lowest level, liga Gimel in 2014.
- Fujieda MYFC – funded by online subscribers and is the first of its kind in Japan.
- Yokohama F.C. – The club was formed in 1999, following the merger of the city's two J. League clubs, Yokohama Flügels and Yokohama Marinos the previous year. Flügels supporters, whose club was essentially dissolved, rejected the suggestion that they should start supporting Marinos, their crosstown rivals. Instead, with money raised through donations from the general public and an affiliation with IMG, the talent management company, the former Flügels supporters founded the Yokohama Fulie Sports Club. Following the socio model used by FC Barcelona, the Fulie Sports Club created Yokohama F.C., the first professional sports team in Japan owned and operated by its supporters.
- Jeanne d'Arc FC – At the end of the 2006/07 season, a group of Stade Malien supporters broke away to form their own football club, taking the "Jeanne d'Arc" name with them. The name is a reference to one of two defunct clubs which combined to form Stade Malien, Jeanne d'Arc du Soudan (founded 1938) in 1960. In late 2007 this group formed Jeanne d'Arc FC Bamako, which competed in lower division football during the 2007/08 season.
- Górnik 1979 Łęczna – a club founded in 2011 by Górnik Łęczna fans who were unhappy with the name change to GKS Bogdanka. The club eventually changed its name back in 2013 but the fan owned counterpart has continued to operate in amateur football leagues. On 22 August 2014 the club withdrew from all competitions and ceased to operate, the reason cited were the lack of funds and the fact that the original Górnik Łęczna team went to back to its original name scrapping the GKS Bogdanka name.
- Hutnik Nowa Huta – Hutnik Kraków fans who were unhappy with the club management decided to take the club into their own hands and try to restore the clubs former glory, after the team was dissolved due to its debts. It was refounded as Hutnik Nowa Huta in 2010 and was admitted to the fifth tier.
- KKS Wiara Lecha – club founded by Lech Poznań supporters in 2011. Only active supporters can play in the team and they have to have made a contribution to the supporter scene in order to be admitted to the squad.
- KSF Zielona Góra – football club founded by fans of speedway team Falubaz Zielona Góra.
- TMRF Widzew – club created by Widzew Łódź fanatics. The club was created because fans of the original Widzew have been in a long conflict with the club board. Only Widzew supporters can play in the team.
- Portimonense S.C. – fully owned and operated by its supporters
- F.C. Arges 1953 – formed in 2013, phoenix club of FC Argeș Pitești
- Poli Timișoara – an amateur phoenix club formed after the dissolution of FC Politehnica Timișoara. ACS Recaș was moved to Timișoara and was renamed ACS Poli Timișoara but the fans decided to create and support an amateur team, stating that ACS Poli Timișoara is a fraud and a political maneuver.
- FC Vaslui 2002 – formed in 2014 after dissolution of FC Vaslui in 2014
- LSS Voinţa Sibiu – formed in 2012 as a phoenix club of CSU Voinţa Sibiu
- Heart of Midlothian F.C. - In 2014, when the club were in administration, the Edinburgh club was bought over by Ann Budge. As part of the terms of her takeover, Budge agreed to hand the club over to the fan group, Foundation of Hearts, over a five-year period in exchange for the fans' generosity while the club was in administration. The 2014/15 away strip featured Foundation of Hearts as its chief sponsor, and the 2015/16 third strip will feature the names of 8000 supporters who donate to the foundation. 
- Seoul United FC – Cooperative
- Bucheon FC 1995 - The club was founded by a group of former Bucheon SK supporters after the move of Bucheon SK to Jeju at the beginning of 2006.
- FC Anyang - founded by supporters after Anyang Cheetahs became Seoul United.
- Nashville FC
- Seattle Sounders FC 2 – reserve team of Seattle Sounders FC, 20 percent owned by non-profit Sounders Community Trust
- San Francisco City FC
- Club Atlético Peñarol
- Club Nacional de Football
- Defensor Sporting Club
- Club Atlético River Plate
- Liverpool Fútbol Club
- Montevideo Wanderers Fútbol Club
- Centro Atlético Fénix
- Club Atlético Juventud de Las Piedras
- Racing Club de Montevideo
- Club Atlético Cerro
- Danubio Fútbol Club
- Merthyr Town F.C. – a phoenix club founded by the fans of the liquidated Merthyr Tydfil F.C. in 2010.
- Swansea City – Supporters trust is the 3rd largest shareholder.
- Wrexham AFC – In March 2011 the ownership of the club became subject to 2 bids: one from Wrexham Supporters' Trust and another from local businesswoman Stephanie Booth. Wrexham's MP and AM indicated that they would prefer Wrexham Supporters' Trust to secure the bid. A third bid later came in, but after WST and Booth came to an agreement, their bid was then reaccepted.
- Auburn Astros
- Auburn Doubledays
- Bethesda Big Train
- Burlington Bees
- Rochester Red Wings
- Rockville Express
- Silver Spring–Takoma Thunderbolts
- Syracuse Chiefs
- Toledo Mud Hens
- Vermont Mountaineers
- Wisconsin Timber Rattlers
- Hapoel Haifa B.C. – In the 2011/12 season, the fans re-formed the club.
- Hapoel Tel Aviv B.C.
- Trefl Sopot
- Virtus Pallacanestro Bologna
- Kitchener Rangers (Ontario Hockey League)
- Lethbridge Hurricanes (Western Hockey League)
- Moose Jaw Warriors (Western Hockey League)
- Prince Albert Raiders (Western Hockey League)
- Swift Current Broncos (Western Hockey League)
- North Melbourne
- St Kilda
- Western Bulldogs}
- Cronulla-Sutherland Sharks
- Parramatta Eels
- Penrith Panthers
- St. George Illawarra Dragons
- Sydney Roosters
- Wests Tigers
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- Supporters' Direct newsletter Issue 4, September 2001, p7
- "FCUM Who are we?". FC United of Manchester. Retrieved 11 April 2011.
- "End of line for non-league Fisher". BBC Sport. 2009-05-13. Retrieved 2009-05-29.
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- Wycombe Wanderers Trust complete club takeover
- Satzung der Bundesliga, §8.
- BGB, Kapitel 2, Eingetragene Vereine (e.V.)
- Satzung Fussballverband der Stadt Leipzig, Statute of the Leipzig Football Association.
- "Fans secure ownership of Panathinaikos". Soccerex. Retrieved 19 July 2012.
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- Who Are We hapoalim-city.com (Hebrew)
- Nordia – Who Are We betarnordia.co.il (Hebrew)
- "Aquilotto Cavese Launched". Supporters Direct. 2011-11-07. Retrieved 2011-11-07.
- Barker, Matthew (25 February 2015). "Fan-owned Nashville FC under threat from US franchise: Club ownership model a rarity among US sports teams". wsc.co.uk (When Saturday Comes). Archived from the original on 25 February 2015. Retrieved 5 March 2015.
- SUPPORTERS DIRECT REPORT ON WREXHAM TAKEOVER BACKED BY TOWN AM AND MP – Supporters Direct
- "ACQUISIZIONE VIRTUS". Virtus.it (in Italian). 2013-07-07. Retrieved 2012-07-29.
- Canoe inc. (2006-03-23). "Local ownership 'fraught with uncertainty'". Slam.canoe.ca. Retrieved 2013-12-23.
- Sask. Roughriders (2013-11-24). "SHARES | Saskatchewan Roughriders". Riderville.com. Retrieved 2013-12-23.