List of anti-capitalist and communist parties with national parliamentary representation

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The following is a list of communist and anti-capitalist parties with representation in national parliaments. This list does not contain communist and anti-capitalist parties previously represented in parliament. This list includes only those parties who officially call themselves communist or anti-capitalist (or socialist parties who are declared anti-capitalist) ideologically. 87 communist and anti-capitalist parties have been elected worldwide to parliament in 57 different countries in both recognised and non-recognised states. Of the 57 states listed here, four of them are official socialist states ruled by a communist party espousing Marxism–Leninism (China, Cuba, Laos, and Vietnam). North Korea has removed all references to Marxism–Leninism and communism in general in its constitution and replaced its state ideology with Juche, and the ideology of the Workers' Party of Korea being Kimilsungism–Kimjongilism.[1]

List[edit]

Country Party Election Lower house Upper house Leader Official ideology Ref
 Algeria Workers' Party 2012 election
24 / 462
Louisa Hanoune Trotskyism [2]
 Argentina Workers' Left Front 2013 election
3 / 257
0 / 72
Collective leadership Trotskyism
 Bangladesh Workers Party of Bangladesh 2014 election
6 / 300
Anisur Rahman Mallik Marxism–Leninism
 Belarus Communist Party of Belarus 2012 election
3 / 110
17 / 64
Tatsyana Holubeva Marxism–Leninism
 Belgium Workers' Party of Belgium 2014 regional and federal election
6 / 313
2 / 150
Peter Mertens Marxism–Leninism
 Bolivia Movement for Socialism 2009 election
88 / 130
26 / 36
Evo Morales Socialism of the 21st century [3][4][5]
 Brazil Communist Party of Brazil 2010 election
15 / 513
2 / 81
José Renato Rabelo Marxism–Leninism [6]
Socialism and Freedom Party 2010 election
3 / 513
1 / 81
Ivan Valente Anti-capitalism [6]
 Bulgaria Communist Party of Bulgaria 2013 election
1 / 240
Aleksandar Paunov Marxism–Leninism
 Burkina Faso Party for Democracy and Socialism/Metba 2012 election
2 / 111
Philippe Ouédraogo Marxism–Leninism
 Burma National Unity Party 2010 election
12 / 330
5 / 224
Tun Yi Burmese Way to Socialism [7]
 Chile Communist Party of Chile 2013 election
6 / 120
0 / 38
Guillermo Teillier Marxism–Leninism [8]
 China Communist Party of China 2012–2013 election
2,157 / 2,987
Xi Jinping Socialism with Chinese characteristics [9]
 Colombia Colombian Communist Party 2010 election
1 / 102
Jaime Caycedo Marxism–Leninism [10]
Revolutionary Independent Labour Movement (Alternative Democratic Pole)
1 / 102
Gustavo Triana Marxism–Leninism-Maoism
 Croatia Croatian Labourists – Labour Party 2011 election
6 / 151
Dragutin Lesar Democratic socialism
 Cuba Communist Party of Cuba 2013 election
612 / 612
Raúl Castro Marxism–Leninism [11]
 Cyprus Progressive Party of Working People 2011 election
19 / 56
Andros Kyprianou Marxism–Leninism [12]
 Czech Republic Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia 20122013 elections
33 / 200
2 / 81
Vojtěch Filip Marxism–Leninism [13]
 Denmark Red–Green Alliance 2011 election
12 / 179
Collective leadership Anti-capitalism [14]
 Democratic Republic of the Congo Unified Lumumbist Party 2007 election
2 / 108
Antoine Gizenga Lumumbism,
Socialism,
Pan-Africanism
 Ecuador PAIS Alliance 2013 election
100 / 132
Rafael Correa Socialism of the 21st century
Plurinational Unity of the Lefts 2013 election
6 / 132
Collective leadership Anti-capitalism
 European Union European United Left–Nordic Green Left 2014 election
52 / 751
Collective leadership Anti-capitalism
 Finland Left Alliance 2011 election
12 / 200
Paavo Arhinmäki Democratic socialism
 France French Communist Party 2012 election
7 / 577
20 / 348
Pierre Laurent Eurocommunism [15]
Federation for a Social and Ecological Alternative
2 / 577
0 / 348
None Eco-socialism
Communist Party of Réunion
0 / 577
1 / 348
Élie Hoarau Communism
 Germany The Left 2013 election
64 / 631
Gesine Lötzsch,
Klaus Ernst
Democratic socialism [16]
 Ghana Convention People's Party 2012 election
1 / 275
Michael Abu Sakara Foster Nkrumaism,
Socialism,
Pan-Africanism
[17]
 Greece Coalition of the Radical Left 2012 election
71 / 300
Alexis Tsipras Libertarian socialism [18]
Communist Party of Greece
12 / 300
Dimitris Koutsoumpas Marxism–Leninism
 Guatemala Guatemalan National Revolutionary Unity 2011 election
3 / 158
Collective leadership Revolutionary socialism [19]
 Guyana People's Progressive Party 2011 election
32 / 65
Donald Ramotar Marxism–Leninism
 Honduras Liberty and Refoundation 2013 election
37 / 128
Democratic socialism
Democratic Unification Party 2013 election
1 / 128
Socialism
 India Communist Party of India (Marxist) 2014 election
9 / 543
9 / 245
Prakash Karat Marxism–Leninism [20]
Communist Party of India
1 / 543
2 / 245
Ardhendu Bardhan Marxism–Leninism
Revolutionary Socialist Party
1 / 543
0 / 245
T. J. Chandrachoodan Revolutionary socialism
 Iraq Iraqi Communist Party (Civil Democratic Alliance) 2014 election
1 / 328
Hamid Majid Mousa Marxism–Leninism
 Ireland Sinn Féin 2011 election
14 / 166
3 / 60
Gerry Adams Democratic socialism [21][22]
Socialist Party
2 / 166
0 / 60
Collective leadership Trotskyism [23]
People Before Profit Alliance
2 / 166
0 / 60
None Democratic socialism
Workers and Unemployed Action Group
1 / 166
0 / 60
Séamus Healy Socialism
 Israel Hadash 2013 election
4 / 120
Mohammad Barakeh Communism [24]
 Italy Left Ecology Freedom 2013 election
37 / 630
7 / 315
Nichi Vendola Democratic socialism [25]
 Japan Japanese Communist Party 20122013 elections
8 / 480
11 / 242
Kazuo Shii Scientific socialism [26]
 Kazakhstan Communist People's Party of Kazakhstan 2012 elections
7 / 108
Vladislav Kossarev Marxism–Leninism [27]
 Korea, North Workers' Party of Korea 2009 elections
601 / 687
Kim Jong-un Juche [28]
 Laos Lao People's Revolutionary Party 2011 elections
128 / 132
Choummaly Sayasone Marxism–Leninism [29]
 Latvia Socialist Party of Latvia 2011 elections
3 / 100
Alfrēds Rubiks Marxism–Leninism [30]
 Luxembourg The Left 2013 elections
2 / 60
Central Committee Democratic socialism
 Mali African Solidarity for Democracy and Independence 2013 elections
4 / 160
Oumar Mariko Marxism–Leninism
 Mexico Labor Party 2012 elections
15 / 500
4 / 128
Collective leadership Democratic socialism
 Moldova Party of Communists of the Republic of Moldova 2010 elections
34 / 101
Vladimir Voronin Marxism–Leninism [31]
 Morocco Party of Progress and Socialism 2011 elections
18 / 395
Nabil Benabdallah Socialism
   Nepal Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist−Leninist) 2013 election
175 / 601
Jhala Nath Khanal People's Multiparty Democracy
Marxism–Leninism
[32]
Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist)
80 / 601
Prachanda Marxism–Leninism–Maoism–Prachanda Path
Janamorcha Nepal
8 / 601
Lila Mani Pokhrel Marxism–Leninism
Communist Party of Nepal (Marxist–Leninist) (2002)
5 / 601
Chandra Mainali Marxism–Leninism
Communist Party of Nepal (United)
5 / 601
Chandra Dev Joshi Marxism–Leninism
Nepal Workers Peasants Party
4 / 601
Narayan Man Bijukchhe Marxism–Leninism-Maoism
Communist Party of Nepal (Unified)
4 / 601
Raj Singh Shris Marxism–Leninism-Maoism
Rastriya Janamorcha
3 / 601
Chitra Bahadur K.C. Marxism–Leninism
 Nicaragua Sandinista National Liberation Front 2011 election
63 / 92
Daniel Ortega Sandinismo,
Democratic socialism
[33]
 Norway Socialist Left Party 2013 election
7 / 169
Audun Lysbakken Democratic socialism
 Palestine Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine 2006 election
3 / 132
Ahmad Sa'adat Marxism–Leninism
Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine
1 / 132
Nayef Hawatmeh Sousa Marxism–Leninism-Maoism
Palestinian People's Party
1 / 132
Bassam as-Salhi Scientific socialism
 Paraguay Guasú Front 2013 election
1 / 80
5 / 45
Fernando Lugo Democratic socialism
 Philippines Bagong Alyansang Makabayan 2013 election
7 / 292
0 / 24
Satur Ocampo Filipino communism [34]
 Portugal Democratic Unitarian Coalition 2011 election
16 / 230
Jerónimo de Sousa Marxism–Leninism [35]
Left Bloc
8 / 230
Francisco Louçã Anti-capitalism
 Russia Communist Party of the Russian Federation 2011 election
92 / 450
Gennady Zyuganov Marxism–Leninism [36]
 Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic Polisario Front 2012 election
53 / 53
Mohamed Abdelaziz Democratic socialism
 San Marino United Left 2012 election
5 / 60
Gaston Pasolini Eurocommunism [37]
 Serbia Movement of Socialists 2014 election
3 / 250
Aleksandar Vulin Marxism [38]
 Slovenia Initiative for Democratic Socialism (United Left) 2014 election
3 / 90
Collective leadership Anti-capitalism
Party for Sustainable Development of Slovenia (United Left)
1 / 90
Matjaz Hanzek Eco-socialism
Democratic Labour Party (United Left)
1 / 90
Collective leadership Democratic socialism
 South Africa Economic Freedom Fighters 2014 election
25 / 400
Julius Malema Anti-capitalism [39]
South African Communist Party (African National Congress)
249 / 400
Blade Nzimande Communism,
Marxism–Leninism
[40]
 Spain Communist Party of Spain (United Left) 2011 election
8 / 350
2 / 266
José Luis Centella Eurocommunism [41]
Initiative for Catalonia Greens (United Left)
2 / 350
2 / 266
Josep Vendrell Eco-socialism [41]
Sortu (Amaiur coalition)
5 / 350
3 / 266
Collective leadership Anti-capitalism, Revolutionary socialism
Aralar Party (Amaiur coalition)
1 / 350
0 / 266
Collective leadership Anti-capitalism, Democratic socialism
Galician Nationalist Bloc
2 / 350
0 / 266
Collective leadership Anti-capitalism
Chunta Aragonesista (United Left)
1 / 350
0 / 266
José Luís Soro Democratic socialism
 Sri Lanka Janatha Vimukthi Peramuna 2010 election
4 / 225
Somawansa Amarasinghe Marxism–Leninism
Communist Party of Sri Lanka
2 / 225
D. E. W. Gunasekera Marxism–Leninism
Lanka Sama Samaja Party
2 / 225
Collective leadership Trotskyism
 Sweden Left Party 2010 election
19 / 349
Jonas Sjöstedt Socialism
 Syria Syrian Communist Party (Bakdash) 2012 election
8 / 250
Ammar Bagdache Marxism–Leninism [42]
Syrian Communist Party (Unified)
3 / 250
Hanin Nimir Marxism–Leninism
People's Will Party
1 / 250
Qadri Jamil Marxism–Leninism
 Tajikistan Communist Party of Tajikistan 2010 election
2 / 63
Shodi Shabdolov Marxism–Leninism [43]
 Transnistria Pridnestrovie Communist Party 2010 election
1 / 43
Oleg Khorzhan Marxism–Leninism [44]
 Tunisia Workers' Party 2011 election
3 / 217
Hamma Hammami Marxism–Leninism [45]
Democratic Patriots' Movement
1 / 217
Ziad Lakhdhar Marxism–Leninism [46]
Progressive Struggle Party
1 / 217
Unknown Marxism–Leninism [46]
 Ukraine Communist Party of Ukraine 2012 election
32 / 450
Petro Symonenko Marxism–Leninism [47]
 United Kingdom Sinn Féin 2010 election
5 / 650
Gerry Adams Democratic socialism [21][22]
Green Party of England and Wales 2010 election
1 / 650
Natalie Bennett Eco-socialism
Respect Party 2012 by-election
1 / 650
George Galloway Democratic socialism, Eco-socialism
 Uruguay Communist Party of Uruguay (Broad Front) 2009 election
50 / 99
16 / 30
Eduardo Lorier Marxism–Leninism
Movement of Popular Participation (Broad Front) Lucía Topolansky Marxism–Leninism
 Venezuela United Socialist Party of Venezuela 2010 election
97 / 165
Nicolas Maduro Socialism of the 21st century [48]
Communist Party of Venezuela
3 / 165
Oscar Figuera Marxism–Leninism
 Vietnam Communist Party of Vietnam 2011 election
458 / 500
Nguyen Phu Trong Marxism–Leninism,
Ho Chi Minh Thought
[49]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kim Jong-un, Let Us Brilliantly Accomplish the Revolutionary Cause of Juche, Holding the Great Comrade Kim Jong Il in High Esteem as the Eternal General Secretary of Our Party, 6 April 2012.
  2. ^ http://psephos.adam-carr.net/countries/a/algeria/algeria2012.txt
  3. ^ http://internacional.elpais.com/internacional/2008/04/22/actualidad/1208815203_850215.html
  4. ^ http://climateandcapitalism.com/2013/01/15/evo-morales-ten-commandments-against-capitalism-for-life-and-humanity/
  5. ^ http://climateandcapitalism.com/2007/10/03/evo-morales-capitalism-is-the-worst-enemy-of-humanity/
  6. ^ a b The first reference is for the lower house, the second for the upper house.
  7. ^ "Burmese general election, 2010". altsean.org. Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  8. ^ "South America: Chile – Government". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  9. ^ "East & Southeast Asia: China – Government". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  10. ^ Communist Senator Gloria Inés Ramírez was elected as member of the Alternative Democratic Pole, and still has her seat in parliament, even if the Pole expelled Communist Party militants in 2012. http://colombiareports.co/communists-suspended-from-colombias-main-left-wing-party/
  11. ^ "Central America and Caribbean: Cuba – Government". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  12. ^ "Europe: Cyprus – Government". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  13. ^ "Europe: Czech Republic – Government". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  14. ^ "Europe: Denmark – Government". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  15. ^ "Europe: France – Government". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  16. ^ "Europe: Germany – Government". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 15 January 2012. 
  17. ^ Convention People's Party. "our Party: Ideology". Retrieved 23 March 2014. 
  18. ^ "Europe: Greece – Government". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  19. ^ "Acuerdo No. 1319-2011 – Resultados oficiales" (in Spanish). elecciones2011.tse.org.gt. Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  20. ^ The first two references are about seats in parliament.
  21. ^ a b http://www.sinnfein.ie/what-sinn-fein-stands-for
  22. ^ a b http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/546134/Sinn-Fein/215121/Policy-and-structure
  23. ^ "National Summary". Raidió Teilifís Éireann. RTÉ.ie. Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  24. ^ "Middle East: Israel – Government". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  25. ^ "Vendola: Rifondazione? È Restaurazione. Togliamo il comunismo dalla naftalina". Corriere della Sera. Retrieved 5 June 2009. 
  26. ^ "East & Southeast Asia: Japan – Government". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  27. ^ "Two more Kazakh parties wins parliamentary seats". British Broadcasting Corporation. BBC Online. Retrieved 16 January 2012. 
  28. ^ "Democratic People's Republic of Korea". Inter-parliamentary Union. Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  29. ^ "East & Southeast Asia: Laos – Government". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  30. ^ Wilson, Andrew (31 October 2011). "Latvia – the Good Guys, the Bad Guys and the Russians". New Eastern Europe. Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  31. ^ http://www.parlament.md/StructuraParlamentului/Fractiuniparlamentare/tabid/83/language/en-US/Default.aspx
  32. ^ The first reference is for the first two parties (and its leaders), and the second reference is for the other parties
  33. ^ "Central America and Caribbean: Nicaragua – Government". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  34. ^ "Asia: Philippines – Government". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 5 November 2013. 
  35. ^
  36. ^
  37. ^ "Europe: San Marino – Government". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  38. ^ "Манифест новог социјализма - Покрет социјалиста - председник Александар Вулин, ОДАБЕРИ БОРБУ" [Manifesto's new socialism - socialist movement - predsednik Alexander Vulin, ODABERI fight]. 
  39. ^ "EFF: About us". Retrieved 16 May 2014. 
  40. ^ SACP candidates run into ANC lists. No precise number still available, but news says that "almost the entire top SACP leadership was absorbed into the government". Source: http://mg.co.za/article/2014-05-15-parliamentary-payoff-for-pro-zuma-cosatu-officials.
  41. ^ a b "Europe: Spain – Government". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  42. ^ http://mrzine.monthlyreview.org/2012/waziruddin180612.html
  43. ^ "Central Asia: Tajikistan – Government". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  44. ^ "Khorzan, Oleg Olegovich". Supreme Soviet of Transnistria. Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  45. ^
  46. ^ a b "Africa: Tunisia – Government". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  47. ^
  48. ^ "Communist Party of Venezuela" [PCV – Partido Comunista de Venezuela]. Communist Party of Venezuela. Retrieved 15 January 2012. 
  49. ^