List of fascist movements by country G–M

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A list of political parties, organizations, and movements adhering to various forms of fascist ideology, part of the list of fascist movements by country.

Fascist movements, sorted by country[edit]

Overview A-F G-M N-T U-Z

Name of movement Country of predominant operation Came to power? Founded post-World War II? Active? General influence Notes
Action Front of National Socialists/National Activists Germany No Yes (1977) No National Socialism Banned in 1983
Free German Workers' Party [1] Germany No Yes (1977) No National Socialism/Strasserism Split in late 1980s
National Socialist German Workers Party Germany Yes No (1918) No National Socialism Succeeded by Deutsche Reich partei
Nationalist Front [2] Germany No Yes (1985) No Strasserism Banned in 1992.
Greek National Socialist Party [3] Greece No No (1932) No National Socialism Founded by George S. Mercouris
National Union of Greece [4] Greece No No (1927) No independent
Party of Free Opinion [5] Greece Yes (through rule of Ioannis Metaxas) No (1922) No independent The political party led by Greek dictator Ioannis Metaxas
Arrow Cross Party Hungary Yes No (1935) No Hungarist Founded as “Party of National Will”
Hungarian National Defence Association [3] Hungary No No (1919) No independent/Italian Fascism Also known as Szeged Fascists
Hungarian National Socialist Party [3] Hungary No No (1920s-1930s) No independent/National Socialism Name used by a number of groups
Party of Hungarian Life Hungary Yes No (1932) No independent/Italian Fascism/Nazi Founded in 1932 under the name "Party of National Unity" until renamed the "Party of Hungarian Life in 1939. It was founded and led by Szeged fascist Gyula Gömbös, Prime Minister of Hungary from 1932 to 1936. It was the governing party of Hungary from 1932 to 1944.
Nationalist Party [6] Iceland No No (1934) No light Fascism
Sumka (Hezb-e Sosialist-e Melli-ye Kargaran-e Iran, "Iran National-Socialist Workers Party") Iran No Yes Yes National Socialism Founded by Dr. Davud Monshizadeh
Al-Muthanna Club Iraq No No (1935) No National Socialism Founded by former Iraqi cabinet minister Saib Shawkat
Ailtirí na hAiséirghe ("Architects of the Resurrection")[7] Ireland No No (1942) No Fascism, Irish nationalism, Roman Catholicism Founded by Gearóid Ó Cuinneagáin
Army Comrades Association Ireland No No (1932) No Fascism, Irish nationalism Founded by Eoin O'Duffy, better known as the Blueshirts
Brit HaBirionim Israel (then the British Mandate of Palestine) No No (1930) No Italian Fascism Founded by of Dr. Abba Ahimeir, Uri Zvi Greenberg and Dr. Joshua Yeivin.
Fascism and Freedom Movement Italy No Yes (1991) Yes Italian Fascism Founded by Giorgio Pisanò
Fasci Italiani di Combattimento Italy No No (1919) No Italian Fascism Succeeded by PNF
Fiamma Tricolore Italy No Yes (1995) Yes Italian Fascism Splinter group of MSI
Forza Nuova Italy No Yes Yes Italian Fascism
Fronte Sociale Nazionale Italy No Yes (1997) Yes Italian Fascism Broke from Fiamma Tricolore; member of Alternativa Sociale
Movimento Fascismo e Libertà (MFL) Italy No Yes (1991) Yes Italian Fascism
Italian Social Movement Italy No Yes (1946) No Italian Fascism MSI
Partito Nazionale Fascista (PNF) Italy Yes No (1921) No Italian Fascism Disbanded 1943; succeeded by PFR
Partito Fascista Repubblicano (PFR) Italy (RSI) Yes No (1943) No Italian Fascism Disbanded 1945; succeeded by MSI
Terza Posizione Italy No Yes (1979) No independent Disbanded 1980
Imperial Rule Assistance Association Japan Yes No (1940) No Japanese fascism Formed in 1940 by Japanese Prime Minister Konoye to attempt to create a one-party system in Japan.
Militarism-Socialism Japan Yes No No Japanese fascism Such thought was basis of Kodoha Party in Pacific War times, this movement was disbanded in 1945.
Tohokai ("Eastern Society") Japan No No (1936) No National Socialism Founded by Seigo Nakano, banned after the war
Pērkonkrusts [6] Latvia No No (1932) Yes Independent Banned after 1944; reformed after resumption of Latvian independence
Iron Wolves [3] Lithuania Yes No (1927) No Clerical fascism Movement within the Clerical Party
Russian Fascist Organization Manchukuo No No (1925) No
Russian Fascist Party Manchukuo No No (1931) No Italian fascism
Gold Shirts [3] Mexico No No (1933) No Fascism Banned after Mexico joined the allies in 1942
Mexican Fascist Party Mexico No No (1923) Italian Fascism
National Synarchist Union Mexico No No (1937) Falangism/Clerical fascism

Overview A-F G-M N-T U-Z

References[edit]

  1. ^ C. T. Husbands, 'Militant Neo-Nazism in the Federal Republic of Germany in the 1990s' in L. Cheles, R. Ferguson & M. Vaughan, The Far Right in Western and Eastern Europe, 1995, p. 329
  2. ^ C.T. Husbands, 'Militant Neo-Nazism in the Federal Republic of Germany in the 1980', L. Cheles, R. Ferguson & M. Vaughan (eds.), Neo-Fascism in Europe, London: Longman, 1991, p. 99
  3. ^ a b c d e Stanley G. Payne, A History of Fascism 1914–1945, London, Roultedge, 2001, p. 342
  4. ^ Peter Davies, Derek Lynch. The Routledge Companion to Fascism and the Far Right. London, England, UK; New York, New York, USA: Routledge, 2002. Pp. 279.
  5. ^ Peter Davies, Derek Lynch. The Routledge Companion to Fascism and the Far Right. London, England, UK; New York, New York, USA: Routledge, 2002. Pp. 276.
  6. ^ a b S. U. Larsen, B. Hagtvet & J. P. Myklebust, Who Were the Fascists: Social Roots of European Fascism, Scandinavian University Press, Oslo, 1980. ISBN 82-00-05331-8
  7. ^ R. M. Douglas, Architects of the Resurrection: Ailtirí na hAiséirghe and the Fascist 'New Order' in Ireland, Manchester University Press, 2009. ISBN 0-7190-7998-5