List of fascist movements by country N–T

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

A list of political parties, organizations, and movements adhering to various forms of fascist ideology, part of the list of fascist movements by country.

Fascist movements, sorted by country[edit]

Overview A-F G-M N-T U-Z

Name of movement Country of predominant operation Came to power? Founded post-World War II? Active? General influence Notes
Nationaal-Socialistische Beweging Netherlands No No (1931) No National Socialism Originated in 1931 as a fascist movement, converted to antisemitism and national-socialism in 1936-1937, never gained more than 8% of the Dutch voters
Nationaal-Socialistische Nederlandsche Arbeiderspartij Netherlands No No (1931) No National Socialism broke away from NSB
Algemeene Nederlandsche Fascisten Bond Netherlands No No (1932) No Italian Fascism
Black Front Netherlands No No (1934) No Clerical fascism
National Socialist Party of New Zealand New Zealand No ? ? National Socialism
New Zealand National Front New Zealand No Yes (1968) Yes National Socialism splinter group of the League of Empire Loyalists, not a fascist organization
Unit 88 New Zealand No Yes ? National Socialism
Nasjonal Samling (NS) Norway Yes No (1933) No National Socialism Founded and led by Vidkun Quisling. Formed German puppet government in Norway. Banned 1945.
Norges Nasjonalsosialistiske Bevegelse (Norway's National Socialistic Movement) Norway No No Yes National Socialism
National Socialist Arab party Palestine No ? ?
Brit HaBirionim Palestine (British Mandate of Palestine) No No (1930) No Italian Fascism Founded by of Dr. Abba Ahimeir, Uri Zvi Greenberg and Dr. Joshua Yeivin.
Arnulfista Party Panama Yes Yes (1990)
Panameñism
Accion Comunal Panama Yes No
Panameñism Founded by Dr. Arnulfo Arias
Falange Peru Peru No Yes ? Falangism official site
Revolutionary Union Peru Yes No (1931) No independent Founded by Peruvian President Luis Miguel Sánchez Cerro
Ganap Philippines yes (as part of KALIBAPI) No (1941) No far right nationalism, fascism Collaboratonist movement deriving from Sakdalista party
Kilusang Bagong Lipunan Philippines Yes Yes (1978) Yes far right nationalism, constitutional authoritarianism Tagalog for New Society Movement
Makapili Philippines yes (as part of KALIBAPI) No (1941) No far right nationalism, fascism Extreme nationalist, collaborationist movement, Anti-American party.
Philippine Falange Philippines No No (late 1930s) No Falangism Branch of the Spanish Falange. Leadership positions held by influential Spanish businessmen.
Popular Socialist Vanguard Chile No No (1938) No Fascism Disbanded in 1942
Camp of Great Poland (OWP) Poland No No (1925) No Far-right nationalism Founded and led by Roman Dmowski. Banned 1933
National Radical Camp (ONR) Poland No No (1934) No National radicalism, far-right nationalism Splinter group of the National Party (SN), led by Jan Mosdorf. Banned soon after its establishment, in 1934. Splintered into ONR-ABC and RNR-Falanga.
National Radical Camp-ABC (ONR-ABC) Poland No No (1935) No National radicalism, far-right nationalism Breakaway movement led by Henryk Rossman. During World War II ONR-ABC was transformed into resistance movement called the "Rampart" Group.
National Radical Movement-Falanga (RNR-Falanga) Poland No No (1935) No National radicalism, far-right nationalism Breakaway movement led by Bolesław Piasecki. Commonly known as the ONR-Falanga. During World War II RNR-Falanga was transformed into resistance movement called the Confederation of the Nation (KN).
Party of National Socialists (PNS) Poland No No (1933) No National Socialism Splinter group of The National Labour Party (NSP).
Young German Party in Poland (JDP) Poland No No (1931) No National Socialism Party of the German minority. Ceased activity after the German invasion of Poland in 1939.
German Union for Western Poland (DV) Poland No No (1934) No National Socialism Party of the German minority. Ceased activity after the German invasion of Poland in 1939.
National Radical Camp (ONR) Poland No Yes (1993) Yes National radicalism, far-right nationalism Nationalist movement based on the tradition of a pre-war group of the same name.
National Revival of Poland (NOP) Poland No Yes (1981) Yes National radicalism, far-right nationalism, third position Led by Adam Gmurczyk. Party refers to the pre-war polish national radical movements.
Polish National Community-Polish National Party (PWN-PSN) Poland No Yes (1990) Yes Far-right nationalism. Anti-clerical and pan-slavist movement. Led by Bolesław Tejkowski.
Movimento de Acção Nacional (MAN, "National Action Movement") Portugal No Yes (1986) No National Socialism Inactive 1992
National Syndicalists Portugal No No No independent Banned by the Estado Novo
National Union Portugal Yes No (1932) ? Estado Novo/Clerical Fascism
Ordem Nova ("New Order") Portugal No Yes (1978) No National Socialism Inactive 1982
Crusade of Romanianism Romania No No No Romanian fascism Initially called the White Eagles
Iron Guard Romania Yes No (1927) No Romanian fascism Breakaway group from National-Christian Defense League; members were called "Green Shirts" because of their green uniforms[citation needed]
National-Christian Defense League Romania No No (1923) No Romanian fascism Iron Guard was a breakaway group from this movement
National Fascist Movement Romania No No (1923) No Italian Fascism/independent Union of NIRFM and NRF
National Italo-Rumanian Fascist Movement Romania No No (1921) No Italian Fascism Led by Elena Bacaloglu
National Rumanian Fascia Romania No No (1921) No independent Led by Titus Vifor
National Socialist Party Romania No No (1932) No National Socialism
Noua Dreaptă Romania No Yes Yes Romanian fascism
Romanian Front Romania No No (1935) No Romanian fascism splinter group of National Peasants' Party led by Alexandru Vaida-Voevod
Northern Alliance (Severny Alliyans, Северный Альянс)[citation needed] Russia No Yes ? National Socialism neo-nazis taking inspiration from collaborationist movements from World War II.
Pamyat Russia No Yes No Monarchist restoration, Ultra-nationalism Splintered into Russian National Union and National Unity of Russia
Russian National Socialist Party (formerly Russian National Union) (Russkiy Natsionalʼniy Soyuz Русский Национальний Союз) Russia No Yes (1992) Yes National Socialism Led by Konstantin Kassimovsky; became Russian National Socialist Party in 1998; splinter of Pamyat in 1992
Russian National Unity (Russkoye Natsionalʼnoye Yedinstvo, Русское Национальное Единство) Russia No Yes Yes National Socialism
Barkashov's Guards Russia No Yes Yes National Socialism Led by Barkashov
Russian Radical Fascism Russia No Yes ? ?
White Legion 88 Russia No Yes ? National Socialism
National Socialist Society (Natsional-sotsialisticheskoye obshchestvo, NSO, нaциoнaл-coциaлстичecкoe общество, HCO) Russia No Yes (2004) Yes National Socialism Official site
Sammarinese Fascist Party San Marino Yes No (1922) No Italian Fascism Collapsed in 1943, refounded as Republican Fascio of San Marino in January 1944 and subsequently banned in November
Nacionalni stroj Serbia No Yes Yes National Socialism Neo-Nazi skinheads
Otačastveni pokret Obraz Serbia No Yes Yes Clerical fascism
Slovenska Pospolitost ("Slovakian Solidarity") Slovakia No Yes Yes Fascism Banned in 2006
Slovak People's Party Slovakia, Czechoslovakia, Austria-Hungary Yes No (1906) No Clerical fascism Formed German puppet government in Slovakia
Afrikaner Studentebond South Africa No Yes ? National Socialism
Afrikaner Weerstandsbeweging South Africa No Yes (1973) Yes National Socialism
Boerestaat Party South Africa No Yes ? Apartheid Paramilitary group, the Boere Weerstandsbeweging
National Party South Africa Yes No (1914) No Apartheid
Ossewabrandwag South Africa No No (1939) No Apartheid
South African Christian National Socialist Movement South Africa No
No National Socialism paramilitary group was the Gryshemde, “Grayshirts”
Bases Autónomas Spain No Yes ? National Socialism
Círculo Español de Amigos de Europa (CEDADE, "Spanish Circle of Friends of Europe") Spain No Yes (1966) No Neo-Nazi Disbanded 1993
España 2000 Spain No Yes (2002) Yes Patriotic, Neo-Nazi
Falange Española Spain Yes No (1937) Yes Falangism
Bodu Bala Sena Sri Lanka Yes Yes Yes Ethno-fascism
Clerical People's Party Sweden No No (1930) No Clerical fascism
Swedish Socialist Party Sweden No No (1929) No Fascism / National Socialism Disbanded in 1944
National Socialist Workers' Party (Swedish: Nationalsocialistiska Arbetarpartiet) Sweden No No (1933) No National Socialism Necame Swedish Socialist Coalition (Swedish: Svensk Socialistisk Samling) in 1938
National Socialist Bloc Sweden No No (1933) No National Socialism Formed from merger of Nationalsocialistiska Samlingspartiet and Nationalsocialistiska Förbundet and, later, Nationalsocialistisk Samling
Nordic Realm Party Sweden No Yes (1955) Yes Neo-Nazi
White Aryan Reistance (Swedish: Vitt Ariskt Motstånd) Sweden No Yes (1991) No Neo-Nazi Paramilitary group active between 1991 and 1993.
National Alliance Sweden No Yes (1993) Yes Neo-Nazi Founded as Young National Socialists of Stockhholm (Swedish: Stockholms Unga Nationalsocialister (SUNS)) in 1993. Became the National Alliance in 1996.
National Socialist Front (Swedish: Nationalsocialistisk Front) Sweden No Yes (1994) No Neo-Nazi Disbanded in 2008
Swedish Resistance Movement (Swedish: Svenska motståndsrörelsen (SMR)) Sweden No Yes (1995) Yes Neo-Nazi Militant organisation.
National Youth (Swedish: Nationell Ungdom) Sweden No Yes (1997) Yes Neo-Nazi Youth organisation of the Swedish Resistance Movement
Legion Wasa (Swedish: Legion Wasa) Sweden No Yes (1999) Yes Neo-Nazi Militant organisation
Party of the Swedes (Swedish: Svenskarnas Parti) Sweden No Yes (2008) Yes Ethnic nationalist, Swedish nationalist, Neo-Nazi Successor of National Socialist Front, first founded under the name People's Front (Swedish: Folkfronten)
Eidgenössische Sammlung Switzerland No No (1940) No National Socialism Successor movement to the National Front
National Front Switzerland No No (1930) No National Socialism / independent
National Movement of Switzerland Switzerland No No (1940) No National Socialism
National Union Switzerland No No (1932) No National Socialism/independent Francophone group
Swiss National Socialist Party Switzerland No No ? National Socialism
Volkspartei der Schweiz Switzerland No Yes (1951) No Neo-Nazi Led by Gaston-Armand Amaudruz
League of Nationalist Action Syria No No (1932) No Fascist Was founded in 1932 in Syria.
Syrian Social Nationalist Party Syria, Lebanon No No (1932) Yes National Socialism[1][2][3][4][5][6][7] Advocates the establishment of a Greater Syrian national state, including present Syria, Lebanon, the Hatay Province of Turkey, Israel, the Palestinian territories, the Sinai Peninsula of Egypt, Cyprus, Jordan, Iraq, and Kuwait.

Overview A-F G-M N-T U-Z

References[edit]

  1. ^ Simon, Reeva S. (1996). Encyclopedia of the Modern Middle East. Macmillan Reference USA. ISBN 0-02-896011-4. "The Syrian Social Nationalist party (SSNP) was the brainchild of Antun Sa'ada, a Greek Orthodox Lebanese who was inspired by Nazi and fascist ideologies." 
  2. ^ Ya’ari, Ehud (June 1987). "Behind the Terror". Atlantic Monthly. "[The SSNP] greet their leaders with a Hitlerian salute; sing their Arabic anthem, "Greetings to You, Syria," to the strains of "Deutschland, Deutschland über alles"; and throng to the symbol of the red hurricane, a swastika in circular motion." 
  3. ^ Pipes, Daniel (1992). Greater Syria. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-506022-9. "The SSNP flag, which features a curved swastika called the red hurricane (zawba'a), points to the party's fascistic origins." 
  4. ^ Rolland, John C. (2003). Lebanon. Nova Publishers. ISBN 1-59033-871-5. "[The SSNP's] red hurricane symbol was modeled after the Nazi swastika." 
  5. ^ Johnson, Michael (2001). All Honourable Men. I.B.Tauris. ISBN 1-86064-715-4. "Saadeh, the party's 'leader for life', was an admirer of Adolf Hitler and influenced by Nazi and fascist ideology. This went beyond adopting a reversed swastika as the party's symbol and singing the party's anthem to Deutschland über alles, and included developing the cult of a leader, advocating totalitarian government, and glorifying an ancient pre-Christan past and the organic whole of the Syrian Volk or nation." 
  6. ^ Becker, Jillian (1984). The PLO: The Rise and Fall of the Palestine Liberation Organization. Weidenfeld and Nicolson. ISBN 0-297-78547-8. "[The SSNP] had been founded in 1932 as a youth movement, deliberately modeled on Hitler's Nazi Party. For its symbol it invented a curved swastika, called the Zawbah." 
  7. ^ Yamak, Labib Zuwiyya (1966). The Syrian Social Nationalist Party: An Ideological Analysis. Harvard University Press.