List of fasts undertaken by Mahatma Gandhi

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Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, popularly known as Mahatma Gandhi or The Father of the Nation in India, undertook 17 fasts during India's freedom movement. His longest fasts lasted 21 days. [1] Fasting was a weapon used by Gandhi as part of his philosophy of Ahimsa or Non Violence.[2]

Fasts[edit]

Number Year (and month) Length of fast Place Reason and demands Reaction to fast Result
1 1913 (Nov 10-16) 7 days Phoenix(South Africa) First Penitential Fast[3]
2 1914 (April) 14 days Second Penitential Fast[3]
3 1918 (February) 3 days Ahmdabad In the interest of striking mill workers in Ahmedabad First fast in India Mill workers agree to arbitration[4]
4 1919 (Apr 14-16) 3 days First Anti-Violence Fast: against the attempted derail of a train at Nadiad[3]
5 1921 (Nov 19-22) 4 days Second Anti-Violence Fast: against the anarchists' activities on the occasion of the Prince of Wales arrival[3]
6 1922 (Feb 2-7) 5 days Bardoli Third Anti-Violence Fast: For atonement for violence done in Chauri Chaura
7 1924 (Sep 18-Oct 8) 21 days Delhi First Hindu-Muslim Unity Fast Interest of Hindu - Muslim unity after the first non-cooperation movement Ended fast whiles listening to the Quran and Gita being read.[5]
8 1925 (Nov 24-30) 7 days Third Penitential Fast[3]
9 1932 (Sep 20-26) 6 days Poona First Anti-Untouchability Fast: Communal Award of separate electorates and separate reservation of seats for depressed classes Fast undertaken at Yerwada Central Jail, when released a few days later, Gandhi continued his fast at a private house in Poona, with the result that all national leaders assembled in Pune. British Government withdrew the clauses in the Communal Award against which Gandhi was protesting [5]
10 1932 (Dec 3) 1 day Second Anti-Untouchability Fast: Sympathetic to Appasaheb Patwardhan[3]
11 1933 (May 8-May 29) 21 days Third Anti-Untouchability Fast: for the improvement of Harijans' condition[6]
12 1933 (Aug 16-23) 7 days Fourth Anti-Untouchability Fast: to obtain privileges (while in prison) that would enable him to carry on his fight in behalf of the Harijans[6] released unconditionally from prison on 23 August 1933, for health reasons[7]
13 1934 (Aug 7-14) 7 days Fourth Anti-Violence Fast: against a violent young Congressman[3]
14 1939 (March) 3 days[8] Rajkot
15 1943 (Feb 12-Mar 4) 21 days Delhi Stopping of communal riots.[1][9]
16 1947 (Sep 1-4) 4 days Second Hindu-Muslim Unity Fast[3]
17 1948 (Jan 12-18) 6 days Third Hindu-Muslim Unity Fast: Restoration of communal peace A large number of important politicians and leaders of communal bodies agreed to a joint plan for restoration of normal life in the city

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Anna a man of stamina, his longest fast lasted 12 days". Daily News and Analysis. 24 August 2011. Retrieved 27 January 2012. 
  2. ^ "National hunger strike?". Gulf Daily News. 9 June 2011. Retrieved 27 January 2012. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h O.P. Dhiman. Betrayal of Gandhi. ISBN 978-81-78-35-746-1. 
  4. ^ Jack, Homer A. (2005). "Short Chronology of Gandhi’s Life". Mahatma.com. Worldview.com. Retrieved 27 January 2012. 
  5. ^ a b "The Previous Fasts". The Indian Express. 4 March 1943. Retrieved 27 January 2012. 
  6. ^ a b "Mohandas K. Gandhi: The Indian Leader at Home and Abroad". New York Times. 31 January 1948. Retrieved 30 December 2013. 
  7. ^ Rajmohan Gandhi. Gandhi: The Man, His People, and the Empire. p. 361. ISBN 978-0-520-25570-8. 
  8. ^ "Rajkot dispute settled - Gandhi breaks his fast". The Advocate. 8 March 1939. 
  9. ^ "Gandhiji Breaks Fast". The Indian Express. 4 March 1943. Retrieved 30 December 2013. 

External Links[edit]

List of fasts done by Mahatma Gandhi