List of fault zones

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This list covers all faults and fault-systems that are either geologically important or connected to prominent seismic activity. It is not intended to list every notable fault, but only major fault zones.

Fault zones[edit]

Fault Name Length [km] Location Sense of Movement Associated Earthquakes
Alaska-Aleutian Megathrust 3600 Kamchatka, Russia to Gulf of Alaska Subduction zone 1964 Alaska Earthquake, 1965 Rat Islands Earthquake, 1957 Andreanof Islands Earthquake
Alpine Fault 1400 South Island, New Zealand Dextral strike-slip 2009 Fiordland Earthquake
Altyn Tagh Fault 1200 Tibetan Plateau/Tarim Basin Sinistral strike-slip
Aspy Fault 40 Nova Scotia Strike-slip
Atacama Fault 800 Atacama desert, Chile Strike-slip
Atotsugawa Fault Japan 1858 Hietsu earthquake
Awatere Fault South Island, New Zealand Dextral strike-slip 1848 Marlborough earthquake
Azores-Gibraltar Transform Fault Azores to Strait of Gibraltar Dextral strike-slip
Baikal Rift Zone Lake Baikal Rift zone
Ballenas Fault Gulf of California Transform
Brothers Fault Zone Oregon, USA
Central African Shear Zone 4000 Central Africa Rift zone
Cerro Prieto Fault Gulf of California Transform
Chixoy-Polochic Fault Guatemala Transform 1816 Guatemala earthquake[1]
Christchurch Fault South Island, New Zealand
Clarence Fault South Island, New Zealand Dextral strike-slip
Clarendon-Linden fault system New York
Clayton-Marsh Creek-Greenville Fault California
Cochabamba Fault Zone Bolivia Sinistral strike-slip
Craven Fault System Pennines Normal Fault
Dead Sea Transform Sinai Peninsula Sinistral transform 1138 Aleppo earthquake
Denali Fault British Columbia to Alaska Dextral strike-slip 2002 Denali earthquake
East Anatolian Fault Turkey Strike-slip 2003 Bingöl earthquake, 2010 Elâzığ earthquake
Eastern Tennessee Seismic Zone Alabama to Virginia 2003 Alabama earthquake
Elsinore Fault Zone 180 California Dextral strike-slip
Eltanin Fault System Southern Ocean Dextral transform 1600 km offset
Enriquillo-Plantain Garden fault zone Hispaniola Sinistral strike-slip 2010 Haiti earthquake
Glarus thrust Switzerland Thrust fault
Great Glen Fault Scotland Strike-slip
Great Lakes Tectonic Zone (GLTZ) 1,400 Great Lakes Tectonic zone
Great Sumatran Fault Sumatra, Indonesia Strike-slip 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake
Greendale Fault South Island, New Zealand 2010 Canterbury earthquake
Guaymas Fault 325 California Dextral strike-slip
Gulf of California Rift Zone 1300 California Rift zone
Hayward Fault Zone 119 San Francisco Bay, California Strike-slip 1868 Hayward earthquake
Honey Lake Fault Zone Nevada and California Dextral strike-slip
Hope Fault South Island, New Zealand Dextral strike-slip 1888 North Canterbury earthquake
Humboldt Fault Zone Nebraska to Kansas, USA Normal fault 1867 Manhattan, Kansas earthquake
Imperial Fault Zone California Dextral strike-slip
Independence Valley fault system Nevada, USA Normal fault 2008 Wells earthquake
Junction Fault Pennsylvania
Kandi Fault Zone West Africa
Karsdorf Fault Germany
Kego Fault Japan 2005 Fukuoka earthquake
Kermadec-Tonga Subduction Zone New Zealand Subduction zone
Kern Canyon Fault Sierra Nevada, California Thrust fault
Kunlun fault 1500 Tibet Sinistral strike-slip 2001 Kunlun earthquake
Laguna Salada Fault 64-80 USA and Mexico Strike-slip 2010 Baja California earthquake
Laptev Sea Rift Arctic Ocean Rift zone
Liquiñe-Ofqui Fault 1000 Andes, Chile Strike-slip 1960 Valdivia earthquake
Long Point–Eureka Heights Fault System Texas, USA Normal fault
Longmen Shan Fault Sichuan, China Thrust fault 2008 Sichuan Earthquake
Lusatian Fault Germany Thrust fault
Macquarie Fault Zone South Pacific Ocean Strike-slip 2008 Macquarie Island earthquake
Magallanes-Fagnano Fault South America Transform
Main Uralian Fault (MUF) 2000+ Urals Subduction zone
Marianna Fault Arkansas
Marlborough Fault System South Island, New Zealand Dextral strike-slip 1843 Wanganui earthquake
Mendocino Fracture Zone California Transform
Moab Fault Utah Normal fault
Mocha Fracture Zone Mocha Island, Chile Transform
Motagua Fault Guatemala Transform 1717, 1773, 1902, 1976, 1980, 2009
Neodani Fault Japan 1891 Mino-Owari earthquake
New Madrid Fault Zone Missouri, USA Normal fault New Madrid earthquake
Nootka Fault British Columbia, Canada Transform
North Anatolian Fault Turkey Dextral strike-slip 1939 Erzincan Earthquake
Periadriatic Seam 1000 Alps, Europe Dextral strike-slip
Pichilemu Fault 40 Chile 2010 Pichilemu earthquake
Port Hills Fault South Island, New Zealand 2011 Christchurch earthquake
Pyramid Lake Fault Zone Nevada Dextral strike-slip
Ramapo Fault 300 New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania
Raymond Fault California
Red Sea Rift Red Sea Rift zone
Reigolil-Pirihueico Fault Andes
Rhine Rift Valley Germany and France Rift zone 1356 Basel earthquake
Rio Grande Rift Rio Grande Valley Rift zone
Salzach-Ennstal-Mariazell-Puchberg Fault System (SEMP) 400[2] Austria Sinistral strike-slip
San Andreas Fault 1300 California, USA Dextral strike-slip 1906 San Francisco Earthquake
San Ramón Fault Chile Thrust fault
Sawtooth Fault Idaho Normal fault
Seattle Fault Washington, USA Thrust fault
Septentrional-Orient fault zone Caribbean Sinistral strike-slip
Sierra Nevada Fault California Normal fault 1872 Lone Pine earthquake
Sobral Fault Brazil Strike-slip
Sorong fault Oceania Sinistral strike-slip 2009 Kepulauan Talaud
Sunda megathrust 5000 South East Asia Subduction zone 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake
Tacoma Fault 56 Washington, USA Thrust fault
Tatsuda Fault Japan 1889 Kumamoto earthquake
Tintina Fault British Columbia to Alaska Strike-slip
Ulakhan Fault Siberia to Aleutian Trench Sinistral strike-slip
Virginia Seismic Zone Virginia 2011 Virginia earthquake
Wabash Valley Seismic Zone Illinois, Indiana Normal fault 2008 Illinois earthquake
Wasatch Fault Utah, USA Normal fault
Wellington Fault North Island, New Zealand Dextral strike-slip
Wairarapa Fault North Island, New Zealand Dextral strike-slip 1855 Wairarapa earthquake
Wairau Fault South Island, New Zealand Dextral strike-slip
Wilzetta Fault 89 Oklahoma, USA Strike-slip 2011 Oklahoma earthquake

See also[edit]


  1. ^ White, RA (1985). "The Guatemala earthquake of 1816 on the Chixoy-Polochic fault". Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America 75 (2): 455–73. 
  2. ^ Frost, Erik; Dolan, James; Sammis, Charles; Hacker, Brad; Cole, Joshua; Ratschbacher, Lothar (15 April 2009). "Progressive strain localization in a major strike‐slip fault exhumed from midseismogenic depths: Structural observations from the Salzach‐Ennstal‐Mariazell‐Puchberg fault system, Austria". Journal of Geophysical Research 114 (B4): 1–14. Bibcode:2009JGRB..11404406F. doi:10.1029/2008JB005763.