List of federal judges appointed by Abraham Lincoln

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Abraham Lincoln.
John Jay Jackson, Jr. was appointed to what was then the Western District of Virginia - which became the District of West Virginia. He remained on the bench until 1905.
Appointed by Lincoln to the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Arkansas, Henry Clay Caldwell was later elevated by President Benjamin Harrison to sit on the Eighth Circuit.

Following is a list of all United States federal judges appointed by President Abraham Lincoln during his presidency.[1] In total Lincoln appointed 32 federal judges, including four Associate Justices and one Chief Justice to the Supreme Court of the United States, and 27 judges to the United States district courts. Lincoln appointed no judges to the United States circuit courts during his time in office.

United States Supreme Court Justices[edit]

Justice Seat State Began active
service
Ended active
service
Chase, Salmon PortlandSalmon Portland Chase Chief Justice Ohio December 6, 1864 May 7, 1873
Davis, DavidDavid Davis Seat 8 Illinois October 17, 1862[2] March 4, 1877
Field, Stephen JohnsonStephen Johnson Field Seat 9 California March 10, 1863 December 1, 1897
Miller, Samuel FreemanSamuel Freeman Miller Seat 3 Iowa July 16, 1862 October 13, 1890
Swayne, Noah HaynesNoah Haynes Swayne Seat 6 Ohio January 24, 1862 January 24, 1881

District courts[edit]

Judge Court
[Note 1]
Began active
service
Ended active
service
Baldwin, Alexander WhiteAlexander White Baldwin D. Nev. March 11, 1865 November 14, 1869
Ballard, BlandBland Ballard D. Ky. October 16, 1861[3] July 29, 1879
Benedict, Charles LinnaeusCharles Linnaeus Benedict E.D.N.Y. March 9, 1865 January 1, 1897
Boynton, Thomas JeffersonThomas Jefferson Boynton S.D. Fla. October 19, 1863[4] January 1, 1870
Bullock, Jonathan RussellJonathan Russell Bullock D.R.I. February 11, 1865 September 15, 1869
Busteed, RichardRichard Busteed N.D. Ala.
M.D. Ala.
S.D. Ala.
November 17, 1863[4] October 20, 1874
Caldwell, Henry ClayHenry Clay Caldwell E.D. Ark.
W.D. Ark.
June 20, 1864 March 13, 1890
March 13, 1890[5]
Cartter, David KelloggDavid Kellogg Cartter D.D.C. March 11, 1863 April 16, 1887
Delahay, Mark W.Mark W. Delahay D. Kan. October 6, 1863[6] December 12, 1873
Durell, Edward HenryEdward Henry Durell E.D. La. May 20, 1863[7] December 4, 1874[8]
Field, Richard StocktonRichard Stockton Field D.N.J. January 14, 1863 April 25, 1870
Fisher, George P.George P. Fisher D.D.C. March 11, 1863 May 1, 1870
Fraser, PhilipPhilip Fraser N.D. Fla. July 17, 1862 July 26, 1876
Haight, Fletcher MathewsFletcher Mathews Haight S.D. Cal. August 5, 1861 February 23, 1866
Jackson, Jr., John JayJohn Jay Jackson, Jr. W.D. Va. August 3, 1861 March 15, 1905[9]
Krekel, ArnoldArnold Krekel W.D. Mo. March 9, 1865 June 9, 1888
Lane, George WashingtonGeorge Washington Lane N.D. Ala.
M.D. Ala.
S.D. Ala.
March 28, 1861 November 12, 1863
Lowell, JohnJohn Lowell D. Mass. March 11, 1865 January 9, 1879
McDonald, DavidDavid McDonald D. Ind. December 13, 1864 August 25, 1869
Olin, Abram B.Abram B. Olin D.D.C. March 11, 1863 January 13, 1879
Smith, Caleb BloodCaleb Blood Smith D. Ind. December 22, 1862 January 7, 1864
Trigg, Connally FindlayConnally Findlay Trigg E.D. Tenn.
M.D. Tenn.
W.D. Tenn.
July 17, 1862 April 25, 1880
April 25, 1880
June 14, 1878[10]
Underwood, John CurtissJohn Curtiss Underwood E.D. Va. March 27, 1863[11] December 7, 1873[9]
White, Albert SmithAlbert Smith White D. Ind. January 18, 1864 September 4, 1864
Williams, ArchibaldArchibald Williams D. Kan. March 12, 1861 September 21, 1863
Withey, Solomon LewisSolomon Lewis Withey W.D. Mich. March 11, 1863 April 25, 1886
Wylie, AndrewAndrew Wylie D.D.C. March 18, 1863[4] May 1, 1885

Specialty courts[edit]

United States Court of Claims[edit]

Judge Began active
service
Ended active
service
Casey, JosephJoseph Casey 1861 1870
Peck, EbenezerEbenezer Peck 1863 1878
Wilmot, DavidDavid Wilmot 1863 1868
Nott, Sr., Charles CooperCharles Cooper Nott, Sr. 1865 1905

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

General
Specific
  1. ^ All information on the names, terms of service, and details of appointment of federal judges is derived from the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public-domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center.
  2. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 1, 1862, confirmed by the United States Senate on December 8, 1862, and received commission on December 8, 1862.
  3. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 9, 1861, confirmed by the United States Senate on January 22, 1862, and received commission on January 22, 1862.
  4. ^ a b c Recess appointment; formally nominated on January 5, 1864, confirmed by the United States Senate on January 20, 1864, and received commission on January 20, 1864.
  5. ^ Caldwell was appointed to both the Eastern and Western Districts of Arkansas; after March 3, 1871, his service in the Western District was discontinued, though he served in the Eastern District until 1890, when he was elevated to the United States Circuit Court for the Eighth Circuit.
  6. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 14, 1863, confirmed by the United States Senate on March 15, 1864, and received commission on March 15, 1864.
  7. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on February 8, 1864, confirmed by the United States Senate on February 17, 1864, and received commission on February 17, 1864.
  8. ^ On July 27, 1866, the two Districts of Louisiana then existing were reunited into a single United States District Court for the District of Louisiana by 14 Stat. 300, and Durell was reassigned to this court by operation of law.
  9. ^ a b Early in the course of the American Civil War, the western portion of Virginia rejected Virginia's secession from the United States, and itself seceded from Virginia. This area largely coincided with the existing Western District of Virginia. The portion of Virginia remaining loyal to the Union became the state of West Virginia, which was admitted as a state on June 20, 1863. On June 11, 1864, by 13 Stat. 124, the United States District Court for the Western District of Virginia became the United States District Court for the District of West Virginia, and those parts of the Western District that were not part of West Virginia were combined with what had previously been the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia to again form a single United States District Court for the District of Virginia. John Jay Jackson, who had been appointed to the Western District of Virginia, was reassigned by operation of law to the newly formed District of West Virginia. At the same time, John Curtiss Underwood, who had been appointed to the Eastern District of Virginia, was reassigned by operation of law to the newly formed District of Virginia. On February 3, 1871, the District of Virginia was again subdivided into Eastern and Western Districts, and Underwood was reassigned to the Eastern District, until his death. On July 1, 1901, the District of West Virginia was subdivided into the United States District Court for the Northern District of West Virginia and the United States District Court for the Southern District of West Virginia; Jackson was reassigned to the Northern District, until his retirement.
  10. ^ Trigg was appointed to the Eastern, Middle, and Western Districts of Tennessee; after June 14, 1878, his service in the Western District was discontinued, though he served in the Eastern and Middle Districts until his death.
  11. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on January 5, 1864, confirmed by the United States Senate on January 25, 1864, and received commission on January 25, 1864.

Source[edit]