List of federal judges appointed by Rutherford B. Hayes

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President Rutherford B. Hayes.
Hayes' most important judicial appointment was undoubtedly Supreme Court Justice John Marshall Harlan.
Hoyt Henry Wheeler, highly regarded as a Vermont district court judge, was the longest-serving Hayes appointee.

Following is a list of all United States federal judges appointed by President Rutherford B. Hayes during his presidency.[1] In total Hayes made twenty-two appointments, including two Justices to the Supreme Court of the United States, four judges to the United States circuit courts, and sixteen judges to the United States district courts.

United States Supreme Court Justices[edit]

Justice Seat State Began active
service
Ended active
service
John Marshall Harlan Seat 8 Kentucky November 29, 1877 October 14, 1911
William Burnham Woods Seat 1 Ohio[2] December 21, 1880 May 14, 1887

Hayes also nominated Stanley Matthews to the Supreme Court, but the United States Senate did not act on the nomination; Matthews was renominated by Hayes' successor, James A. Garfield, and was confirmed.

Circuit Courts[edit]

Judge Circuit Began active
service
Ended active
service
Baxter, JohnJohn Baxter Sixth December 13, 1877 April 2, 1886
Blatchford, Samuel M.Samuel M. Blatchford Second March 4, 1878 March 22, 1882
Lowell, JohnJohn Lowell First December 18, 1878 May 1, 1884
McCrary, George WashingtonGeorge Washington McCrary Eighth December 9, 1879 March 18, 1884

District courts[edit]

Judge Court
[Note 1]
Began active
service
Ended active
service
Acheson, Marcus WilsonMarcus Wilson Acheson W.D. Pa. January 14, 1880 February 9, 1891
Barr, John WatsonJohn Watson Barr D. Ky. April 16, 1880 February 21, 1899
Bunn, RomanzoRomanzo Bunn W.D. Wis. October 30, 1877 January 9, 1905
Butler, WilliamWilliam Butler E.D. Pa. February 19, 1879 January 31, 1899
Choate, William GardnerWilliam Gardner Choate S.D.N.Y. March 25, 1878 June 1, 1881
Cox, Walter SmithWalter Smith Cox D.D.C. March 1, 1879 July 1, 1899
Hagner, Alexander BurtonAlexander Burton Hagner D.D.C. January 21, 1879 June 1, 1903
Hammond, Eli ShelbyEli Shelby Hammond W.D. Tenn. June 17, 1878 December 17, 1904
Hays, William HerculesWilliam Hercules Hays D. Ky. September 6, 1879[3] March 7, 1880
James, Charles PinckneyCharles Pinckney James D.D.C. July 24, 1879[4] December 1, 1892
Key, David M.David M. Key M.D. Tenn.
E.D. Tenn.
May 27, 1880 January 21, 1895
McCormick, Andrew PhelpsAndrew Phelps McCormick N.D. Tex. April 10, 1879 March 22, 1892
Morris, Thomas JohnThomas John Morris D. Md. July 1, 1879 June 6, 1912
Nelson, Thomas LeverettThomas Leverett Nelson D. Mass. January 10, 1879 November 21, 1897
Turner, Ezekiel B.Ezekiel B. Turner W.D. Tex. November 18, 1880[5] June 2, 1888
Wheeler, Hoyt HenryHoyt Henry Wheeler D. Vt. March 16, 1877 September 30, 1906

Specialty courts[edit]

United States Court of Claims[edit]

Judge Began active
service
Ended active
service
Davis, John Chandler BancroftJohn Chandler Bancroft Davis 1877 1881[6]
Hunt, William H.William H. Hunt 1878 1881

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

General
Specific
  1. ^ All information on the names, terms of service, and details of appointment of federal judges is derived from the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public-domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center.
  2. ^ At the time of his nomination, Woods had lived in Alabama for over a decade; however, the nomination was successful in part because he was perceived as a Northerner.
  3. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 1, 1879, confirmed by the United States Senate on December 10, 1879, and received commission on December 10, 1879.
  4. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 1, 1879, confirmed by the United States Senate on December 10, 1879, and received commission on December 10, 1879.
  5. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 14, 1880, confirmed by the United States Senate on December 20, 1880, and received commission on December 20, 1880.
  6. ^ Davis resigned from the Court of Claims, and was re-appointed the following year by Chester A. Arthur.

Source[edit]