List of federal judges appointed by Theodore Roosevelt

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President Theodore Roosevelt.
Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr. as he appeared when Roosevelt appointed him to the United States Supreme Court.
William R. Day, another of Roosevelt's Supreme Court appointees.
Willis Van Devanter, appointed by Roosevelt to the Eighth Circuit, would later serve on the Supreme Court.

Following is a list of all United States federal judges appointed by President Theodore Roosevelt during his presidency.[1] In total Roosevelt appointed 75 federal judges, a record for his day surpassing the 46 appointed by Ulysses S. Grant. These included three Justices to the Supreme Court of the United States, 19 judges to the United States Courts of Appeals, and 53 judges to the United States district courts.

Five of Roosevelt's appointees - George Bethune Adams, Thomas H. Anderson, and Robert W. Archbald, Andrew McConnell January Cochran, and Benjamin Franklin Keller, were originally placed on their respective courts as recess appointments by President William McKinley. Following the assassination which resulted in McKinley's death on September 14, 1901, Roosevelt chose to formally nominate those judges for confirmation by the United States Senate, and all were confirmed.

United States Supreme Court Justices[edit]

Justice Seat State Began active
service
Ended active
service
Day, William R.William R. Day Seat 10 Ohio February 23, 1903 November 13, 1922
Holmes, Jr., Oliver WendellOliver Wendell Holmes, Jr. Seat 2 Massachusetts August 11, 1902[2] January 12, 1932
Moody, William HenryWilliam Henry Moody Seat 3 Massachusetts December 12, 1906 November 19, 1910

Courts of Appeals[edit]

Judge Circuit Began active
service
Ended active
service
Ended senior
status
Adams, Elmer BraggElmer Bragg Adams Eighth May 20, 1905[3] October 24, 1916
Baker, Francis ElishaFrancis Elisha Baker Seventh January 21, 1902 March 15, 1924
Buffington, JosephJoseph Buffington Third September 25, 1906[4] June 1, 1938 October 21, 1947
Coxe, Sr., Alfred ConklingAlfred Conkling Coxe, Sr. Second June 3, 1902 July 31, 1917
Duell, Charles HollandCharles Holland Duell D.C. Cir. January 5, 1905 August 31, 1906
Hook, William CatherWilliam Cather Hook Eighth November 17, 1903 August 11, 1921
Kohlsaat, Christian CecilChristian Cecil Kohlsaat Seventh March 18, 1905 May 11, 1918
Lowell, Francis CabotFrancis Cabot Lowell First February 23, 1905 March 6, 1911
McComas, Louis E.Louis E. McComas D.C. Cir. June 26, 1905[5] November 10, 1907
Noyes, Walter ChadwickWalter Chadwick Noyes Second September 18, 1907[6] July 1, 1913
Pritchard, Jeter ConnellyJeter Connelly Pritchard Fourth April 27, 1904 April 10, 1921
Richards, John K.John K. Richards Sixth February 23, 1903 March 1, 1909
Robb, Charles HenryCharles Henry Robb D.C. Cir. October 5, 1906[4] November 15, 1937 June 10, 1939
Seaman, William HenryWilliam Henry Seaman Seventh March 1, 1905 March 8, 1915
Townsend, William KneelandWilliam Kneeland Townsend Second January 21, 1902 June 2, 1907
Van Devanter, WillisWillis Van Devanter Eighth February 18, 1903 December 16, 1910
Van Orsdel, Josiah AlexanderJosiah Alexander Van Orsdel D.C. Cir. November 14, 1907[7] August 7, 1937
Ward, Henry GalbraithHenry Galbraith Ward Second May 18, 1907[8] June 30, 1921 October 31, 1924

District courts[edit]

Judge Court
[Note 1]
Began active
service
Ended active
service
Ended senior
status
Anderson, Albert BarnesAlbert Barnes Anderson D. Ind. December 8, 1902 January 13, 1925 -
Bethea, Solomon HicksSolomon Hicks Bethea N.D. Ill. March 18, 1905 August 3, 1909
Burns, Waller ThomasWaller Thomas Burns S.D. Tex. April 22, 1902 November 17, 1917
Campbell, Ralph E.Ralph E. Campbell E.D. Okla. November 11, 1907[9] August 31, 1918
Chatfield, ThomasThomas Chatfield E.D.N.Y. January 9, 1907 December 24, 1922
Clabaugh, Harry M.Harry M. Clabaugh D.D.C. April 1, 1903[10] March 6, 1914
Cotteral, John HazeltonJohn Hazelton Cotteral W.D. Okla. November 11, 1907[11] May 23, 1928
Cross, JosephJoseph Cross D.N.J. March 17, 1905 October 29, 1913
Dayton, Alston GordonAlston Gordon Dayton N.D.W.Va. March 14, 1905 July 30, 1920
Dietrich, Frank SigelFrank Sigel Dietrich D. Idaho March 19, 1907[8] January 18, 1927
Dodge, FredericFrederic Dodge D. Mass. February 23, 1905 September 10, 1912
Dyer, David PattersonDavid Patterson Dyer E.D. Mo. March 1, 1907 November 3, 1919 April 29, 1924
Ewing, NathanielNathaniel Ewing W.D. Pa. September 25, 1906[4] January 31, 1908
Farrington, Edward SilsbyEdward Silsby Farrington D. Nev. January 10, 1907 April 30, 1928 August 31, 1929
Finkelnburg, Gustavus A.Gustavus A. Finkelnburg E.D. Mo. May 20, 1905[12] March 31, 1907
Foster, Rufus EdwardRufus Edward Foster E.D. La. February 2, 1909 January 13, 1925
Gould, Ashley MulgraveAshley Mulgrave Gould D.D.C. December 8, 1902 May 20, 1921
Hale, ClarenceClarence Hale D. Me. May 19, 1902 January 1, 1922 April 9, 1934
Holland, James BuchananJames Buchanan Holland E.D. Pa. April 19, 1904 April 24, 1914
Holt, George ChandlerGeorge Chandler Holt S.D.N.Y. March 3, 1903 January 16, 1914
Hough, Charles MerrillCharles Merrill Hough S.D.N.Y. June 27, 1906 September 5, 1916
Hundley, Oscar RichardOscar Richard Hundley N.D. Ala. April 9, 1907
May 30, 1908[13]
May 30, 1908
March 3, 1909
Hunt, William HenryWilliam Henry Hunt D. Mont. April 19, 1904 March 30, 1910
Jones, Thomas G.Thomas G. Jones N.D. Ala.
M.D. Ala.
October 7, 1901[14] April 28, 1914
Knappen, Loyal EdwinLoyal Edwin Knappen W.D. Mich. December 10, 1906 February 8, 1910
Landis, Kenesaw MountainKenesaw Mountain Landis N.D. Ill. March 18, 1905 February 28, 1922
Lanning, William M.William M. Lanning D.N.J. June 1, 1904[15] May 24, 1909
Lewis, Robert E.Robert E. Lewis D. Colo. April 10, 1906 December 1, 1921
Martin, James LorenJames Loren Martin D. Vt. October 20, 1906[4] January 14, 1915
McCall, John E.John E. McCall W.D. Tenn. January 17, 1905 August 8, 1920
McDowell, Jr., Henry C.Henry C. McDowell, Jr. W.D. Va. November 12, 1901[16] September 1, 1931 October 8, 1933
Morris, PagePage Morris D. Minn. March 9, 1903 June 30, 1923 December 16, 1924
Munger, Thomas CharlesThomas Charles Munger D. Neb. March 1, 1907 July 31, 1941 November 29, 1941
Platt, James PerryJames Perry Platt D. Conn. February 28, 1902 January 26, 1913
Pollock, John CalvinJohn Calvin Pollock D. Kan. December 1, 1903 January 24, 1937
Pritchard, Jeter ConnellyJeter Connelly Pritchard D.D.C. November 16, 1903 June 1, 1904
Purdy, Milton DwightMilton Dwight Purdy D. Minn. July 6, 1908[17] March 3, 1909[18]
Quarles, Joseph V.Joseph V. Quarles E.D. Wis. March 6, 1905 October 7, 1911
Ray, George W.George W. Ray N.D.N.Y. September 12, 1902[19] January 10, 1925
Reed, Henry ThomasHenry Thomas Reed N.D. Iowa March 7, 1904 November 30, 1921 February 22, 1924
Sanborn, Arthur LoomisArthur Loomis Sanborn W.D. Wis. January 9, 1905 October 18, 1920
Sanford, Edward TerryEdward Terry Sanford M.D. Tenn.
E.D. Tenn.
May 18, 1908 February 5, 1923
Sater, John ElbertJohn Elbert Sater S.D. Ohio March 18, 1907[20] November 18, 1924
Saunders, Eugene DavisEugene Davis Saunders E.D. La. February 20, 1907 February 8, 1909
Sheppard, William BostwickWilliam Bostwick Sheppard N.D. Fla. September 4, 1907[21] April 21, 1934
Stafford, Wendell PhillipsWendell Phillips Stafford D.D.C. June 1, 1904[15] May 4, 1931
Tayler, Robert WalkerRobert Walker Tayler N.D. Ohio January 10, 1905 November 25, 1910
Van Fleet, William CaryWilliam Cary Van Fleet N.D. Cal. April 2, 1907[8] September 3, 1923
Whitson, EdwardEdward Whitson E.D. Wash. March 14, 1905 October 15, 1910
Wolverton, Charles E.Charles E. Wolverton D. Or. November 20, 1905[22] September 21, 1926
Wright, Daniel ThewDaniel Thew Wright D.D.C. November 17, 1903 November 15, 1914
Wright, Francis MarionFrancis Marion Wright E.D. Ill. March 17, 1905 July 15, 1917
Young, James ScottJames Scott Young W.D. Pa. January 22, 1908 February 25, 1914

Specialty courts[edit]

United States Court of Claims[edit]

Judge Began active
service
Ended active
service
Wright, Francis MarionFrancis Marion Wright 1903 1905
Atkinson, George W.George W. Atkinson 1905 1916
Barney, Samuel S.Samuel S. Barney 1905 1919
Booth, Fenton WhitlockFenton Whitlock Booth 1905 1947

United States Customs Court[edit]

Judge Began active
service
Ended active
service
Waite, Byron SylvesterByron Sylvester Waite 1902 1930
Hay, Eugene GanoEugene Gano Hay 1903 1924
McClelland, Charles PaulCharles Paul McClelland 1903 1939
Chamberlain, RoyRoy Chamberlain 1908 1913

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

General
Specific
  1. ^ All information on the names, terms of service, and details of appointment of federal judges is derived from the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public-domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center.
  2. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 2, 1902, confirmed by the United States Senate on December 4, 1902, and received commission on December 4, 1902.
  3. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 5, 1905, confirmed by the United States Senate on December 12, 1905, and received commission on December 12, 1905.
  4. ^ a b c d Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 3, 1906, confirmed by the United States Senate on December 11, 1906, and received commission on December 11, 1906.
  5. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 5, 1905, confirmed by the United States Senate on December 6, 1905, and received commission on December 6, 1905.
  6. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 3, 1907, confirmed by the United States Senate on December 10, 1907, and received commission on December 18, 1907.
  7. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 3, 1907, confirmed by the United States Senate on December 12, 1907, and received commission on December 12, 1907.
  8. ^ a b c Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 3, 1907, confirmed by the United States Senate on December 17, 1907, and received commission on December 17, 1907.
  9. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 3, 1907, confirmed by the United States Senate on January 13, 1908, and received commission on January 13, 1908.
  10. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on November 10, 1903, confirmed by the United States Senate on November 16, 1903, and received commission on November 16, 1903.
  11. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 3, 1907, confirmed by the United States Senate on January 13, 1908, and received commission on January 13, 1908.
  12. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 5, 1905, confirmed by the United States Senate on December 12, 1905, and received commission on December 12, 1905.
  13. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 3, 1907, but the United States Senate did not confirm the appointment; immediately reappointed by recess appointment, and again formally nominated on December 8, 1908, but not confirmed by the Senate. Hunley was also appointed by recess appointment by Roosevelt's successor, William Howard Taft, but resigned with no formal nomination having been submitted.
  14. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 5, 1901, confirmed by the United States Senate on December 17, 1901, and received commission on December 17, 1901.
  15. ^ a b Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 6, 1904, confirmed by the United States Senate on December 13, 1904, and received commission on December 13, 1904.
  16. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 5, 1901, confirmed by the United States Senate on December 18, 1901, and received commission on December 18, 1901.
  17. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 8, 1908; the United States Senate did not confirm the appointment.
  18. ^ Received a recess appointment to the same seat from President William Howard Taft on March 6, 1909, and resigned on May 1, 1909.
  19. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 2, 1902, confirmed by the United States Senate on December 8, 1902, and received commission on December 8, 1902.
  20. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 8, 1908, confirmed by the United States Senate on March 1, 1909, and received commission on March 1, 1909.
  21. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 3, 1907, confirmed by the United States Senate on May 20, 1908, and received commission on May 20, 1908.
  22. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 5, 1905, confirmed by the United States Senate on January 10, 1906, and received commission on January 10, 1906.

Source[edit]