List of fictional countries
This is a list of fictional countries from published works of fiction (books, films, television series, etc.).
|Aerugo||Fullmetal Alchemist and Fullmetal Alchemist: Brotherhood anime series||Aerugo is a Principality governed by Prince Claudio. As a princedom, Aerugo is a much smaller country compared to Amestris but is able to retain control over the Aerugo border war. The country is also known as more of a trade country in general and does spend little if none of its time on warfare. |
|Amestris||Fullmetal Alchemist and Fullmetal Alchemist: Brotherhood anime series||Amestris is a Unitary State, with a population of about 50 million and a Parliamentary Republic type of Government. The Head of State is the Commander-in-Chief of the Military who holds the title of "Führer" (大総統, Daisōtō in Japanese, a form of "Generalissimo") and who concentrates the ranks of Head of State and Head of Government.
It seems the country was composed by several former nations, quite diverse in culture and religion, but incorporated by the expanding state of Amestris. The administrative regions of the country seem to reflect those differences. The country has five administrative divisions: South Area, West Area, North Area, East Area and Central Area.
The East Area is the most diverse, sheltering a nation of a different ethnicity called Ishval. The province of Ishval is ethnically and culturally different of the rest of the country: the people there being religious; most of them renounce alchemy, which brought many conflicts with the Central Government in the past and has culminated in the Ishval Civil War. 
|APAC Miscellaneous||The Danman screwed us!'... series||fictional former name of Argentina|
|Archenland||The Chronicles of Narnia||a nation to the south of Narnia, and to the north of both nations' occasional (and final) enemy, Calormen. Its borders are formed by mountains to the north and by the River Winding Arrow to the south. Its capital appears to be the castle located below the Anvard pass, which allows passage to Narnia.|
|Arstotzka||Papers, Please||a socialist state for which the player works as an inspector. The specific checkpoint where the game occurs, Grestin, is on the border with the neighboring state, Kolechia.|
|Atlantis||Timaeus||a mythological island nation first mentioned by Plato.|
|Aurelia||Ace Combat X: Skies of Deception|
|APAC Miscellaneous||Inside the Danman's head||neighbor of Graustark in several novels by George Barr McCutcheon.|
|BabaKiueria||BabaKiueria||a country in Australia in the satirical film of the same name.|
|Babar's Kingdom||Babar the Elephant||a country supposedly in Northern Africa consisting of intelligent elephants that are usually bipedal and civilized.|
|Baltish||Baltish||a fictional country from a Lithuanian TV show of the same name.|
|Bangalla||The Phantom||a central African nation|
|Bangistan||Bangistan||a fictional country featured in the Bollywood film by the same name|
|Barbituros Islands||San Sombrèro||Caribbean islands bordering San Sombrèro|
|Berzerkistan||Doonesbury||located between Iran and Russia. Its capital is either called Bmzklfrpz City or Trff City.|
|Blefuscu||Gulliver's Travels||a land where all the people are tiny from the book by Jonathan Swift.|
|Bolumbia||The Shadow of a Titan||a South American dictatorship, from Felix Wedgwood's novel|
|Borduria||The Adventures of Tintin||totalitarian state from the comics series, located in the Balkans|
|Borostyria||Arsène Lupin, Gentleman Burglar||a Balkan principality modeled on Montenegro|
|Borginia||Ace Attorney||a Northern European republic that is stated to be very small in size, and is best known in the series for being home to the world-famous singer Lamiroir.|
|Brobdingnag||Gulliver's Travels||a land occupied by giants from the book by Jonathan Swift.|
|Brungaria||an Eastern European dictatorship similar to the Soviet Union, in the Tom Swift Junior series|
|Cagliostro||The Castle of Cagliostro||a tiny, mountainous European duchy in the Lupin III film|
|Calbia||The King Maker||a tiny Balkan republic in the Doc Savage adventure|
|Carpathia||The Sleeping Prince||Balkan kingdom in the play by Terence Rattigan and the subsequent film The Prince and the Showgirl|
|Chernarus||ArmA 2||post-Soviet republic|
|Country of the Blind||"The Country of the Blind"||a country where all the population are blind, situated in a hidden valley near Ecuador, from a short story by H. G. Wells.|
|Coalition States||Rifts||a fascist empire founded upon the post-apocalyptic ruins of the American Midwest.|
|Creta||Fullmetal Alchemist and Fullmetal Alchemist: Brotherhood anime series||Creta is a country in the world of Fullmetal Alchemist, located west of the main country of the series, Amestris.
At the end of the manga and 2009 anime, Edward Elric ventures to Creta and the nations to the west in order to learn and exchange information about alchemy. In the movie Sacred Star of Milos, the Elric Brothers visit an Amestrian occupied city in Creta's territory, called Table City. 
|Dawsbergen||neighbor of Graustark|
|Dinotopia||a hidden, utopian island from James Gurney's illustrated books|
|Drachma||Fullmetal Alchemist and Fullmetal Alchemist: Brotherhood anime series||Drachma (ˈdrækmə; drak-ma) is a country in the World of Fullmetal Alchemist, located north of the main country of the series, Amestris.
There have been many conflicts between Amestris and Drachma in the past, however, for the majority of the manga's timeline, the two nations stand on a shaky Pact of Non-Aggression. 
|Eagleland||EarthBound||The country is based on the US. Ness and Paula are from here.|
|Earthsea||Tales from Earthsea||a sea of islands from the stories by Ursula K. Le Guin and the 2006 movie Tales from Earthsea by Goro Miyazaki|
|Eastasia||Nineteen Eighty-Four||from the 1949 novel by George Orwell.|
|Ecotopia||Ecotopia||an ecological utopia appearing in the novels Ecotopia and Ecotopia Emerging by Ernest Callenbach.|
|Elbonia||Dilbert||backward country from the comic strip. Its citizens are waist deep in liquid mud.|
|Emmeria||Ace Combat 6: Fires of Liberation|
|Equatorial Kundu||The West Wing||a West African republic|
|Equestria||My Little Pony: Friendship is Magic|
|Eriador||Lord of the Rings|
|Estovakia||Ace Combat 6: Fires of Liberation.|
|Farfelu||The Kingdom of Farfelu||a surrealisitic place in the novel by André Malraux|
|Fe'ausi||Diplomatic Immunity||South Pacific island from the New Zealand television series|
|Fiore||Fairy Tail (フェアリーテイル Fearī Teiru)||Japanese manga series written and illustrated by Hiro Mashima.|
|Florin||The Princess Bride||the setting of The Princess Bride|
|Freedonia||Duck Soup||European country from the 1933 Marx Brothers film|
|Genosha||Various Marvel Comics||an island nation that has been home to a mutant sanctuary and concentration camp at various points|
|Genovia||The Princess Diaries||European country from novels and film adaptations|
|Gérolstein||La Grande-Duchesse de Gérolstein||18th-century German principality in the opéra bouffe|
|Gilead||The Handmaid's Tale||a theocratic country occupying the territory of the former United States in the novel by Margaret Atwood.|
|Glovania||Gasoline Alley||home country of the biological parents of the character Skeezix in the comic strip. Skeezix's father Col. Henri Coda was the ruling Grand Duke prior to a revolution. Glovania's capital and major seaport is Ragpo, located on the Mediterranean to the east of Italy.|
|Glubbdubdrib||Gulliver's Travels||an island (about one-third the size of the Isle of Wight) governed by a tribe of magicians; from the novel by Jonathan Swift.|
|Gondor||Lord of the Rings||a country in J. R. R. Tolkien's series.|
|Gondour||"The Curious Republic of Gondour"||an ideal republic imagined by Mark Twain in his short story.|
|Guilder||The Princess Bride||"The sworn enemy of Florin"|
|Grand Fenwick||The Mouse That Roared||a duchy in The Mouse That Roared (1955) and sequels by Leonard Wibberley.|
|Graustark||Eastern European country in several novels by George Barr McCutcheon.|
|Groland||presipality||French television channel Canal+ "presipality".|
|Halla||Goopy Gyne Bagha Byne||a kingdom from the 1969 Satyajit Ray film|
|Holy Britannian Empire||Code Geass anime series||The Holy Britannian Empire (神聖ブリタニア帝国 Shinsei Buritania Teikoku, also referred to as the Britannian Empire or just Britannia) is a nation born from the defeated remnants of the British Empire and is the world's dominant military superpower that ruled over one-third of the world and one of the large Empire-unions that control Earth initially in the early 21st Century, the others being the Chinese Federation, the European Union, and later United Federation of Nations.|
|Hyrule||The Legend of Zelda|
|Islandia||Islandia||self-isolated country in Austin Tappan Wright's novel of the same name.|
|Isle of Fogg||San Sombrèro||the only one of the 23 (fictitious) Outcropp Islands off the west coast of Scotland to be inhabited.|
|Ixania||The Dark Frontier||a small Balkan country of little global importance in Eric Ambler's 1936 novel.|
|Idris||The Shadowhunter Chronicles||The Shadowhunter home country|
|Illéa||The Selection||the setting of The Selection trilogy .|
|Juytopia||super sentai Juyranger.|
|Kahndaq||DC Comics||an ancient Middle-Eastern country in located on the Sinai Peninsula, between Egypt, Israel and Jordan.|
|Kamistan||24 (season 8)||a Middle Eastern Islamic republic|
|Kangan||Anthills of the Savannah||a West African country ruled by the dictator Sam in the novel by Chinua Achebe.|
|Kartaksan||Ħadd ma jista'... series||An absolute monarchy neighboring Venteżwela. The country was destroyed in the third book of the series.|
|Kasnia||DC Comics||war-torn Eastern European monarchy|
|Kazirstan||Beyond Two Souls||Country with a rift to the other side|
|Kċina||Ħadd ma jista'... series||a monarchy, parody of imperial China|
|Kerblekistan (also Kerplakistan)||Internet lore||a fictitious Asian country to where IT services are outsourced|
|Khemed||The Adventures of Tintin||an Arabic monarchy from the comic|
|Kinakuta||Cryptonomicon||an island state from Neal Stephenson's novels|
|Krakozhia||The Terminal||a Slavic country from the 2004 film|
|Kyrat||Far Cry 4||an East Asian nation in the Himalayas, roughly equivalent to Nepal|
|Kyrzbekistan||The New York Times||an error in the newspaper on January 7, 2015, caused a flurry of activity in social media including parody accounts and web sites|
|Latveria||Fantastic Four||a kingdom in the ruled by the tyrannical Doctor Doom|
|Laurania||Savrola||in the book by Winston Churchill|
|Lilliput||Gulliver's Travels||a land where all the people are tiny from the book by Jonathan Swift.|
|Loompa Land||Charlie and the Chocolate Factory||home of the Oompa Loompas in the book by Roald Dahl|
|Lower Slobbovia||Li'l Abner||an occasional exotic setting for the classic hillbilly comic strip by Al Capp|
- Malicuria: a monarchy run by Emperor Aleister from the episode "April's Fool" of 1987 animated TV series Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles.
- Monroe Republic: A fictional republic in northern USA, from the tv show Revolution
- Markovia: an independent Alpine nation in DC Comics, ruled by the superhero Geo-Force
- Matobo: a state in the sub-Saharan region of Africa, from the 2005 film The Interpreter
- Melniboné: An island country created by Michael Moorcock.
- Mendorra: a European monarchy on the long-running U.S. soap opera One Life to Live.
- Meropis: a parody of Atlantis created by Theopompus of Chios
- Metrofulus: a cold country in the Cicak-Man movies.
- Molvanîa: Eastern European country from a parody travel guidebook; from the same authors as Phaic Tăn and San Sombrèro.
- Moldovakia: Fictional country in the TV show Recess
- Mushroom Kingdom: kingdom in the Super Mario Bros series where Princess Peach is the Princess, she often gets kidnapped by Bowser and the Mario Bros, Mario and Luigi have to go rescue her.
- Nagonia: a country from the soviet film ru:ТАСС уполномочен заявить...
- Narnia: a land from the series The Chronicles of Narnia by C. S. Lewis
- Nevoruss: a powerful state in the north of Russia and America created by Russian writer Grigoriy Demidovtsev
- Norland, a small European country which defeats the mighty British Empire by effective submarine warfare, in Arthur Conan Doyle's story "Danger!"
- Novistrana: from the computer game Republic: The Revolution
- New German Republic: a technologically advanced post-apocalyptic society encompassing Central Europe that is governed by the Triax megacorporation in the Rifts role-playing game.
- Norgborg: a small nation located within the Arctic Circle, featured in San Sombrèro: A Land of Carnivals, Cocktails and Coups.
- Nukehavistan: an allegedly nuclear-armed country within the former Soviet Union, depicted by The Onion as adjacent to Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan and Kazakhstan.
- Nuku'la Atoll: an archipelago in the South Pacific and former colony of the French colonial empire featured in San Sombrèro: A Land of Carnivals, Cocktails and Coups.
- Oceania: totalitarian superstate centered on the Americas in George Orwell's Nineteen Eighty-Four.
- Organization of North American Nations (O.N.A.N.): North American superstate from David Foster Wallace's Infinite Jest.
- Opperland: a country based on the Netherlands where the Dutch language is treated entertainingly.
- Orsinia: a Central European country similar to Czechoslovakia or Hungary, the focus of Ursula K. Le Guin's Orsinian Tales and the novel Malafrena.
- Oz, Land of Oz: magical land in L. Frank Baum's Oz books, as well as the later novel, movie The Wizard of Oz and play Wicked and its sequels.
Osea-Ace combat 05 trilogy
|Palombia||Spirou et Fantasio||home of the Marsupilami|
|Panau||Just Cause 2||An island country in South East Asia under dictatorial rule and the setting for the 2010 game.|
|Panem||The Hunger Games||In the novel, the nation of "Panem" has risen from the ashes of a post-apocalyptic North America. Panem's seat of power is a utopian city, called "The Capitol," located in the Rocky Mountains. Outside of the Capitol, the nation is divided into twelve districts under the hegemony of a fascist, totalitarian dictatorship, headed by a tyrannical and cruel dictator.|
- Parador: A South American country and location of events in Moon Over Parador.
- Patusan: an island nation somewhere in the South China Sea in the 1993 film Surf Ninjas as well as in the film The Last Electric Knight and the TV series Sidekicks. Also mentioned in Lord Jim by Joseph Conrad.
- Penguina (L'île des Pingouins): in the 1908 novel by Anatole France, an island in the North Sea where penguins were miraculously transformed into humans (and which is in fact a satirical view of France).
- Phaic Tăn: Indochinese country from a parody travel guidebook; from the same authors as Molvanîa and San Sombrèro.
- Poictesme: a country situated roughly in the south of France in the books of James Branch Cabell.
- Pokolistan: a former Soviet Republic in the DC Comics universe formerly ruled by General Zod
- Polrugaria: archetypal Communist-ruled country, "heavily modelled on Poland" in Isaac Deutscher's 1952 essay "The Tragic Life of a Polrugarian Minister"
- Pottsylvania: from Jay Ward's The Rocky and Bullwinkle Show
- Qumar: a Middle Eastern state from the television series The West Wing
- Qumran (Kumrahn): an Arab country in the BBC comedy series Yes Minister
- Qurac: a Persian Gulf country in the DC Comics Universe, often used when DC needs a terrorist state.
- Ragaan: a South-East Asian country located half-way up the Malay Peninsula, somewhere between Thailand and Malaysia; from the Australian television series Embassy.
- Ravka: the country from Shadow and Bone as well as the rest of the Grisha Trilogy; the country resembles Russia in language and culture.
- Robo-Hungarian Empire: the home of Bender's uncle in Futurama; a parody of Austria-Hungary
- Robonia: a country invented by Bender in Futurama;
- Rohan: Country in J. R. R. Tolkien's Lord of the Rings series.
- Ruritania: a German-speaking kingdom in central Europe from Anthony Hope's The Prisoner of Zenda and associated works.
- St. Georges Island: an island nation located somewhere in the Arabian Sea. It was the centrepoint of the episode A Victory for Democracy from the sitcom, Yes, Prime Minister.
- Samavia: Eastern European kingdom in Frances Hodgson Burnett's The Lost Prince
- San Lorenzo: a tiny rocky island nation located in the Caribbean Sea in Kurt Vonnegut's Cat's Cradle
- San Lorenzo: A small European nation featured in the third season of the TV series Leverage.
- San Salvador: a banana republic in constant, but frivolous civil wars that are fought for show only, in the humor book series Ryhmy ja Romppainen by pseudonym Armas J. Pulla.
- San Seriffe: an island nation featured in an elaborate April Fools' Day hoax on 1 April 1977 in the British newspaper The Guardian.
- San Sombrèro: a Central American country from a parody travel guidebook; from the same authors as Molvanîa and Phaic Tăn.
- San Theodoros: a South American nation featured in several of The Adventures of Tintin, stories, home of General Alcazar
- Santa Prisca (DC Comics): a Caribbean nation in the DC Universe, home to Batman villain Bane.
- São Rico: a Portuguese-speaking South American country, featured in The Adventures of Tintin.
- Sarkhan: a small, peaceful kingdom in Southeast Asia, from the 1965 novel The Ugly American by William J. Lederer and Eugene Burdick.
- Shangri-La: a mystical, harmonious valley, enclosed in the western end of the Himalaya in James Hilton's 1933 novel Lost Horizon
- The Shire: a country in J. R. R. Tolkien's The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings. Mainly inhabited by Hobbits. Its capital is Michel Delving.
- Soviet Unterzoegersdorf: the "last existing appanage republic of the USSR", a country created by monochrom for theatre performances and computer games.
- Sierra Gordo: a South American country often used as a satire of banana republics in the G.I. Joe comic book series published by Marvel Comics.
- Slaka: a Balkan communist country in Malcolm Bradbury's Rates of Exchange and its sequel, Why Come to Slaka?
- Sodor: between England and the Isle of Man, the setting for the Reverend Awdry's Thomas the Tank Engine railway network managed by "The Fat Controller"
- Spensonia: an island between "Utopia and Oceana", where English mariners form a communal society.
- Strackenz: a Duchy in the 1970 Flashman novel Royal Flash.
- Sunda: in Eric Ambler's novel State of Siege, is similar to Indonesia but much smaller, confined to a single island.
- Syldavia: Balkan monarchy featured in four stories of The Adventures of Tintin, neighbouring Borduria.
- Sylvania: belligerent neighbor to Freedonia in the 1933 film Duck Soup
- Tazbekistan: Central Asian republic, setting for the 2013 BBC TV comedy series Ambassadors.
- Tcherkistan: East European country from the film Supercondriaque (2014)
- Tecala: South American country from the film Proof of Life (2000).
- Tirania (also Republic of Tirania): a country governed by dictator Bruteztrausen; Spanish secret agents Mortadelo and Filemón helped depose Bruteztrausen and president Rompetechen was then elected. Another version of this country appears in the film La gran aventura de Mortadelo y Filemón.
- Trans-Carpathia: Eastern-European Cobra stronghold; location of many stories from the G.I. Joe comic book line
- Transeuratia: used by the SIS (MI6)
- Tyranistan: an Asian country and former member of the Soviet Union featured in San Sombrèro: A Land of Carnivals, Cocktails and Coups.
- Unaudited Arab Emirates: parody of the United Arab Emirates in the mock tourist guide San Sombrèro: A Land of Carnivals, Cocktails and Coups.
- United Islamic Republic: a nation created by the conquest of Iraq by Iran in Tom Clancy's novel Executive Orders.
- Urkesh: a Eastern European country, former member of USSR in TV series Forever (episode The King of Columbus Circle).
- Vaaktarie: state created by Santolege Fiderasie Vaaktarie
- Vadeem: state whose prime minister gangsters try to kidnap in the episode "Raphael Drives 'em Wild" of 1987 animated TV series Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles.
- Val Verde: Spanish-speaking country resembling Nicaragua, in the films Commando, Predator, Die Hard 2 and Jurassic Attack.
- Venteżwela: country neighboring Kartaksan in Trevor Żahra's Ħadd ma jista'... series; parody of Venezuela
- Vespugia: Spanish speaking country in the south of South America mentioned in Madeleine L'Engle's A Swiftly Tilting Planet and Troubling a Star
- Vulgaria: the far-off, make-believe land in the film version of the children's story Chitty Chitty Bang Bang, its name based on Bulgaria. "Vulgaria" is also the tourist destination in Woody Allen's play and film Don't Drink the Water, a country located behind the Iron Curtain.
- Wadiya (The Republic of Wadiya): fictional country in the movie The Dictator located in the Horn of Africa (in the area of Eritrea). However, there is a small real town called Wadiya in Sri Lanka.
- Wakanda: small African nation featured in the Marvel Comics series The Avengers. The nation is ruled by King T'Challa, also known as the super hero Black Panther.
Fullmetal Alchemist and Fullmetal Alchemist: Brotherhood anime series
Xerxes (クセルクセス kuserukusesu) (incorrectly romanized as 'Cselkcess' in Viz manga) was an ancient country that existed in the Great Desert to the east of Amestris four hundred years before the start of the series. Despite having had a remarkably advanced society for their era, the entire population of Xerxes was mysteriously wiped out in a single night, leaving only ruins behind. 
Fullmetal Alchemist" and "Fullmetal Alchemist: Brotherhood anime series
Xing is a country in the world of Fullmetal Alchemist, located east of the main country of the series, Amestris, across the Eastern Desert. 
- Zanzibar Land: a country bordering the Middle East and, for a time, the only country to possess nuclear weapons in Metal Gear 2: Solid Snake
- Zekistan: Middle Eastern country between Afghanistan, Pakistan, China and Tajikistan in the video game Full Spectrum Warrior and Full Spectrum Warrior: Ten Hammers; its history and setting closely resemble Afghanistan's.
- Zamunda: the country of origin for Prince Akeem in the Eddie Murphy film Coming to America (1988).
- Zubrowka: East European country in Wes Anderson's film The Grand Budapest Hotel (2014).
- Żahra, Trevor (2010). Ħadd ma jista' jidħak jew jiekol pastizzi tal-piżelli. Blata l-Bajda: Merlin Library Ltd. ISBN 9789990913699.
- Manguel, Alberto; Gianni Guadalupi (2000). The Dictionary of Imaginary Places (Newly updated and expanded ed.). San Diego: Harcourt. p. 31. ISBN 0-15-600872-6.
- Duriez, Colin (2004). A field guide to Narnia. InterVarsity Press. pp. 168–169. ISBN 0-8308-3207-6.
- Gleisner, T., Cilauro, S. and Sitch, R. (2006) San Sombrèro Melbourne: Working Dog Productions
- Garry Trudeau (November 12, 2007), "'It's called Berzerkistan. It shares a 19-mile disputed border with Iran...'", Doonesbury
- Garry Trudeau (March 10, 2011), "'Almost there, Dawg – we just crossed over into Berzerkistan...'", Doonesbury
- "The shadow of a Titan, (1910)", American Libraries.
- Siembieda, K.; Bellaire, C.; Therrien, S.; Ward, T. & Wujcik, E. (August 2005). Rifts Role-Playing Game, Ultimate Edition. Taylor, MI: Palladium Books. pp. 24–31. ISBN 1-57457-150-8.
- Fugue State Press
- King, Frank O. (2010). Walt and Skeezix, 1927-1928 4. Montreal: Drawn and Quarterly. p. 1927 July 27, August 2, October 24. ISBN 978-1-897299-39-5.
- Żahra, Trevor (2011). Ħadd ma jista' jkanta jew idoqq strumenti tal-banda. Blata l-Bajda: Merlin Library Ltd. ISBN 9789990913934.
- Żahra, Trevor (2012). Ħadd ma jista' jsaltan jew jieħu tron li mhux tiegħu. Blata l-Bajda: Merlin Library Ltd. ISBN 9789990914344.
- Wemple, Erik (2015-01-08). "New York Times invents ‘Kyrzbekistan’". The Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 2015-01-09.
- "Episode 29 on www.ninjaturtles.com". Mirage Studios. 29 December 2009.
- Siembieda, K.; Bellaire, C.; Therrien, S.; Ward, T. & Wujcik, E. (August 2005). Rifts Role-Playing Game, Ultimate Edition. Taylor, MI: Palladium Books. p. 16. ISBN 1-57457-150-8.
- "U.S. Intelligence: Nukehavistan May Have Nuclear Weapons", The Onion, Issue 41, 33, August 17, 2005.
- "Jennifer Lawrence Comes from District 12 (Haymitch Comes from Texas)". Ancestery.com.
- "Panem Map".
- David Caute, Isaac and Isaiah: The Covert Punishment of a Cold War Heretic, Yale University Press, 2013, p. 163.
- BBC TV website for Ambassadors
- (Spanish) El sulfato atómico in La página no oficial de Mortadelo y Filemón
- "Episode 101 on www.ninjaturtles.com". Mirage Studios. 21 January 2012.
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