List of films of the Dutch East Indies

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
A poster with Malay-language text, reading Loetoeng Kasaroeng in large letters; an image is also visible.
Film poster for Loetoeng Kasaroeng, the first locally-produced film released in the Dutch East Indies

A total of 112 fictional films are known to have been produced in the Dutch East Indies (modern day Indonesia) between 1926 and the colony's dissolution in 1949. The earliest motion pictures, imported from abroad, were shown in late 1900,[1] and by the early 1920s imported serials and fictional films were being shown, often with localised names.[2] Dutch companies were also producing documentary films about the Indies to be shown in the Netherlands.[3] The first reports of fictional film production in the Indies date from 1923, although the work in question was not completed.[4] The first locally-produced film, Loetoeng Kasaroeng, was directed by L. Heuveldorp and released on 31 December 1926.[5]

Between 1926 and 1933 numerous other local productions were released. Although Dutchmen like Heuveldorp and G. Kruger continued to be active in the industry, the majority of filmmakers and producers were ethnic Chinese.[6] The Tan brothers (Khoen Yauw and Khoen Hian) and The Teng Chun were major producers during this period, while the Wong brothers (Nelson, Othniel, and Joshua) were among the more prominent directors.[7] During the mid-1930s, production dropped as a result of the Great Depression.[8] The release of Albert Balink's commercially and critically successful Terang Boelan (Full Moon) in 1937 led to renewed interest in filmmaking,[9] and 1941 saw thirty locally-produced films.[10] This rate of production declined after the Japanese occupation beginning in early 1942, closing all but one film studio;[11] this resulted in several films which had begun production in 1941 being released several years later.[12] The majority of films produced during the occupation were short propaganda pieces.[13] Following the Proclamation of Indonesian Independence in 1945 and during the ensuing revolution several films were made, by both pro-Dutch and pro-Indonesian backers; the Dutch formally recognised Indonesia's sovereignty on 27 December 1949, leaving the Dutch East Indies defunct.[14][15]

Generally films produced in the Indies dealt with traditional stories or were adapted from existing works.[16] The early films were silent, with Karnadi Anemer Bangkong (Karnadi the Frog Contractor; 1930) generally considered the first talkie;[17] later films would be in Dutch, Malay, or an indigenous language. All were black-and-white.[a][18]

According to the Indonesian film scholar Misbach Yusa Biran, the films released during this period could not be classified as truly Indonesian films as there was no sense of nationalism within them.[19] The American visual anthropologist Karl G. Heider writes that all films from before 1950 are lost.[20] However, JB Kristanto's Katalog Film Indonesia (Indonesian Film Catalogue) records several as having survived at Sinematek Indonesia's archives,[21][22] and Biran writes that several Japanese propaganda films have survived at the Netherlands Government Information Service.[23]

Pre-independence[edit]

Key
Year uncertain Indicates uncertain year of production
Title Year Director Cast Synopsis Ref(s).
Loetoeng Kasaroeng 1926 Heuveldorp, L.L. Heuveldorp Martoana, Oemar Purbararang teases her sister as the latter is dating a monkey. However, it is actually magical and, in its human form, more handsome than Purbararang's lover. [24][25]
Eulis Atjih 1927 Kruger, G.G. Kruger Arsad, Soekria A man leaves his beautiful young wife Eulis Atjih and their child to lead a life of partying. She falls into poverty and, when he returns several years later, he is also poor. [24][26]
Lily van Java 1928 Wong, NelsonNelson Wong Lie Lian Hoa, Lie Bouw Tan, Kwee Tiang An, Yah Kwee Pang The daughter of a rich man is forced to marry a person she does not love and secretly has a relationship with another man. [24][27]
Resia Boroboedoer 1928 Unknown Young, OliveOlive Young A Chinese woman follows a book to Borobudur temple to search for the ashes of Gautama Buddha. Upon failing, she becomes an ascetic. [24][28]
Setangan Berloemoer Darah 1928 Unknown Unknown Tan Hian Beng looks for his father's killer and has his vengeance using martial arts. [29]
Njai Dasima 1929 Lie Tek Swie Nurhani, Anah, Wim Lender, Momo Dasima, the mistress of a rich Englishman, is tricked into leaving him and her daughter by a greedy couple. [24][30]
Rampok Preanger 1929 Wong, NelsonNelson Wong Resmini, IningIning Resmini, Ferry, MSMS Ferry Unknown [31][32]
Si Tjonat 1929 Wong, NelsonNelson Wong May Ku Fung, Sim, HermanHerman Sim Tjonat escapes from Batavia after killing one of his friends. He joins a gang of criminals. He tries to kidnap his love interest, Lie Gouw Nio, but is stopped by Thio Sing Sang. [31][33]
Karnadi Anemer Bangkong 1930 Kruger, G.G. Kruger Unknown A comedy following the exploits of a young frog hunter named Karnadi [34][35]
Lari ke Arab 1930 Wong brothers Resmini, IningIning Resmini, Oemar A ne'er-do-well Javanese man tries to escape the realities of the Great Depression by running away to Mecca. [36][37]
Nancy Bikin Pembalesan 1930 Lie Tek Swie Unknown Dasima's daughter Nancy returns to the Dutch East Indies in a quest to avenge her mother's death. This leads to the murderers' deaths. [31][38]
Njai Dasima 1930 Lie Tek Swie Nurhani, Anah, Wim Lender, Momo Dasima, the former mistress of a rich Englishman, lives with the greedy couple that tricked her. When she realises that they have been dishonest, they have her killed. [31][39]
De Stem des Bloeds
(alternatively, Njai Siti)
1930 Carli, Ph.Ph. Carli Krohn, AnnieAnnie Krohn, Boekebinder, SylvainSylvain Boekebinder, Lank, VallyVally Lank Siti awaits her lover's return. However, when he comes he cannot find her. He is able to unite with the family after his stepdaughter unwittingly falls in love with her half-brother. [31][40]
Si Ronda 1930 Lie Tek Swie Effendi, BachtiarBachtiar Effendi, Momo An action film based on a previously existing work [31][41]
Boenga Roos dari Tjikembang 1931 The Teng Chun Unknown Oh Ay Ceng is forced to marry a rich girl. Their daughter becomes engaged but dies before marriage. Her fiancé then marries Oh's daughter from his former lover. [31][42]
Huwen op Bevel
(alternatively, Terpaksa Menika)
1931 Kruger, G.G. Kruger Unknown An Indonesian intellectual falls in love with a woman, who is told to marry someone else. [43][44]
Indonesia Malaise 1931 Wong brothers Ferry, MSMS Ferry, Oemar A young woman is forced to marry a man she does not love. He leaves her and her lover is imprisoned, making her depressed. She recovers when her lover is released. [31][45]
Melati van Agam 1931 Lie Tek Swie Rachman, A.A. Rachman, Titi, NengNeng Titi, Oemar, Effendi, BachtiarBachtiar Effendi Norma loves Idrus but is forced to marry a rich man. Idrus falls ill and dies, and, several years later, Norma goes to Idrus' grave and commits suicide. (in two parts) [31][46]
Sam Pek Eng Tay 1931 The Teng Chun Unknown Based on a Chinese legend. Eng Tay and Sam Pek are in love, but are separated. She is sequestered and Sam Pek is killed; Eng Tay throws herself upon his grave. [31][47]
Si Pitoeng 1931 Wong brothers Sim, HermanHerman Sim, Resmini, IningIning Resmini, Zorro Si Pitung, a bandit from Batavia, faces wits with the Dutch constable A.W.V. Hinne. [31][48]
Sarinah 1931 Carli, Ph.Ph. Carli Krohn, AnnieAnnie Krohn A romance set on the south coast of Java [49]
Sinjo Tjo Main di Film
(alternatively, Tjo Speelt Voor de Film)
1931 Schilling, M. H.M. H. Schilling Schilling, M. H.M. H. Schilling, Schilling, IdaIda Schilling A comedy based on the Schillings' radio work in Bandung [b][50][51]
Karina's Zelfopoffering
(alternatively, Pengorbanan Karina)
1932 Carli, Ph.Ph. Carli Krohn, AnnieAnnie Krohn Details the life of Raden Ajeng Karina, a woman of mixed-descent who lives in the palace at Yogyakarta [52]
Njai Dasima 1932 Effendi, BachtiarBachtiar Effendi Momo, Oesman Dasima is tricked into leaving her lover and daughter by a greedy couple. When she realises that they have been dishonest, she is killed. [43][53]
Zuster Theresia 1932 Schilling, M. H.M. H. Schilling Schilling, M. H.M. H. Schilling, Diephuis, DaisyDaisy Diephuis, Maschhaup, HenkHenk Maschhaup, Heymann, AlleAlle Heymann Henk works in Bandung and marries his boss' daughter. Henk calls Flora to help raise his child, but she goes to a nunnery when Daisy becomes a better mother. [54]
Pat Bie Todagger
(alternatively, Delapan Wanita Tjantik)
1933 The Teng Chun Unknown A martial arts story [55]
Pat Kiam Hapdagger
(alternatively, Delapan Djago Pedang)
1933 The Teng Chun Unknown A martial arts story [55]
Ouw Peh Tjoa
(alternatively, Doea Siloeman Uler Puti en Item)
1934 The Teng Chun Unknown Based on a Chinese legend. A man marries a snake disguised as a woman. When the snake is discovered, she is caught but not killed as she is pregnant. [43][56]
Ang Hai Djie 1935 The Teng Chun Unknown Unknown [43][57]
Pan Sie Tongdagger 1935 The Teng Chun Unknown Unknown [43][58]
Poei Sie Giok Pa Loei Tay 1935 Unknown Unknown Poei Sie Giok, trained in martial arts since he was a child, defeats the master Loei Lo Ho, Loei's students, and Loei's wife. [59][60]
Tie Pat Kai Kawin
(alternatively, Siloeman Babi Perang Siloeman Monjet)
1935 The Teng Chun Unknown The pig demon Tie Pat Kai marries a human woman. When her father drives him out, Tie kidnaps his wife and escapes. He is hunted down by two monks. [43][61]
Anaknja Siloeman Oeler Poeti 1936 The Teng Chun Unknown A sequel to Ouw Phe Tjoa. The child of the white snake and her human husband looks for its mother. [59][62]
Lima Siloeman Tikoesdagger 1936 The Teng Chun Unknown A woman, aided by a cat demon, must discover which person is her husband and which is actually five mouse demons passing as him. [59][63]
Pareh 1936 Franken, MannusMannus Franken, Balink, AlbertAlbert Balink Roegaya, Effendi, E. T.E. T. Effendi, Doenaesih, Mochtar, RdRd Mochtar Mahmud, a fisherman, is in love with Wagini, a farmer's daughter. However, local superstition dictates that their relationship will bring disaster. [59][64]
Pembakaran Bio "Hong Lian Sie"
(alternatively, Moesnanja Gowa Siloeman Boeaja Poeti)
1936 The Teng Chun Unknown The gang of Kuen Luen Pai fights against that of Oen Kung Pai after a ship containing weapons is destroyed. [59][65]
Gadis jang Terdjoeal 1937 The Teng Chun Unknown Han Nio is sold to a rich man as his wife. They live unhappily and eventually Han dies. Her former lover tries to take revenge against the husband but is killed. [59][66]
Terang Boelan
(alternatively, Het Eilan der Droomen)
1937 Balink, AlbertAlbert Balink Mochtar, RdRd Mochtar, Roekiah, Effendi, E. T.E. T. Effendi Rohaya is in love but forced to marry a man she does not love. She elopes but is caught. Her lover wins her back by fighting. [59][67]
Fatima 1938 Wong, JoshuaJoshua Wong, Wong, OthnielOthniel Wong Kartolo, Effendi, E. T.E. T. Effendi, Mochtar, RdRd Mochtar, Roekiah Fatima is in love with Idris, but the rich youth Ali tries to steal her. He is later arrested as the leader of a gang of bandits. [59][68]
Oh Iboedagger 1938 The Teng Chun Lo Tjin Nio, Bissu A widower remarries and focuses on gambling, while his business is run by the dishonest Kian Hwat. His daughter Loan regains the family wealth after Kian steals it. [59][69]
Tjiandjoerdagger 1938 The Teng Chun Lo Tjin Nio, Bissu The spoiled Kim Tjiang has his brother Kim Djin exiled from home, but their father Koan Liong later realises his mistake. [59][70]
Alang-Alang 1939 The Teng Chun Hadidjah, Mochtar, MohamadMohamad Mochtar, Bissu, Lena, Moesa Suhiyat is in love with Surati, but she is kidnapped. Suhiyat eventually rescues her. [59][21]
Gagak Item 1939 Wong, JoshuaJoshua Wong, Wong, OthnielOthniel Wong Kartolo, Roekiah, Mochtar, RdRd Mochtar A bandit film, based on Zorro [71][72]
Impian di Balidagger 1939 Unknown Unknown A couple travel through Bali. Includes comedic acts and music. [73][74]
Roesia si Pengkor
(alternatively, Hadji Saleh)
1939 The Teng Chun Da'ing, Bissu, Hadidjah Suti is left with her mother while her father leaves town. She is courted by several boys, including the one she loves. The two marry after overcoming the other suitors. [73][75]
Dasima 1940 Tan Tjoei Hock Soekarti, SS Soekarti, Mochtar, MohamadMohamad Mochtar, Sani, MM Sani, S Talib Dasima divorces from her husband then marries Samiun. Samiun spends her money on gambling and, she asks for it back, he has her killed. [73][76]
Harta Berdarah 1940 Hu, RR Hu, Ariffien, RdRd Ariffien Soelastri, Zonder, RS Fatimah, Moesa A rich man leaves his community in suffering while a young couple try to make their way. Eventually the rich man sees the negative influences of money. [73][77]
Kartinah 1940 Andjar Asmara Ratna Asmara, Astaman, Tjokrohandoko, RARA Tjokrohandoko, Manggis, M RasjidM Rasjid Manggis Suria's wife Titi has memory problems. Suria falls in love with her nurse Kartinah and, after Titi dies in an air raid, marries her. [73][78]
Kedok Ketawa 1940 Jo An Djan Oedjang, Fatimah, RSRS Fatimah, Kock, EddyEddy Kock, Zonder Marsinah and Basuki fall in love and are protected from thugs by "The Laughing Mask" [73][79]
Kris Mataram 1940 Njoo Cheong Seng Young, FifiFifi Young, Rodriga, OmarOmar Rodriga The noble R.A. Rusmini is in love with the commoner Bachtiar, but their love faces heavy opposition by traditional groups. [73][80]
Matjan Berbisik 1940 Tan Tjoei Hock Hadidjah, Mochtar, MohamadMohamad Mochtar, Bissu, Said Hamid's father goes away and does not return until after his son is fully grown. By this time, Hamid and his caretaker's son are in competition for a young woman's love. [22][73]
Melati van Agam 1940 Tan Tjoei Hock Soekarti, SS Soekarti, Rachman, ABAB Rachman, Abdullah, RR Abdullah, S Thalib Siti Norma marries a man she does not love out of respect for her parents, but then elopes with her lover Idrus. [73][81]
Pah Wongso Pendekar Boediman 1940 Jo Eng Sek Wijnhamer Jr., LVLV Wijnhamer Jr., Joenara, EllyElly Joenara Barja begins a life of crime after his cousin rejects his advances. The investigator LV Wijnhamer investigates Barja's crimes. [82][83]
Rentjong Atjeh 1940 The Teng Chun Mada, DewiDewi Mada, Kock, FerryFerry Kock, Mochtar, MohamadMohamad Mochtar, Hadidjah Two youths, Rusna and Daud, receive training to hunt and kill a pirate who left them orphans fifteen years prior. [73][84]
Roekihati 1940 Wong, JoshuaJoshua Wong, Wong, OthnielOthniel Wong Djoemala, RdRd Djoemala, Roekiah, Kartolo, Landouw, AnnieAnnie Landouw Roekihati is married to Mansur. He begins to stray when he meets Aminah, but as Roekihati is ever-faithful he returns to her. [73][85]
Siti Akbari 1940 Wong, JoshuaJoshua Wong, Wong, OthnielOthniel Wong Landouw, AnnieAnnie Landouw, Kartolo, Mochtar, RdRd Mochtar, Roekiah Siti Akbari's husband cheats on her, but eventually she finds happiness. [59][86][87]
Sorga Ka Toedjoe 1940 Wong, JoshuaJoshua Wong, Wong, OthnielOthniel Wong Djoemala, RdRd Djoemala, Roekiah, Kartolo, Landouw, AnnieAnnie Landouw Kasimin and Hadidjah, long-separated spouses, are reunited after the efforts of Hadidjah's niece Rasminah and her lover Hoesin. [88][89]
Zoebaida 1940 Njoo Cheong Seng Young, FifiFifi Young, Soerip, Aisah, Young, SallySally Young A love story set in Timor [90][91]
Air Mata Iboe 1941 Njoo Cheong Seng Young, FifiFifi Young, Ismail, RdRd Ismail, Yugo, AliAli Yugo, Soerip Sumadi takes vengeance on his siblings after they refuse to shelter their mother, Sugiati, after their father dies. [92][93]
Ajah Berdosa 1941 Wu Tsun Arief, MM Arief, Waldy, SS Waldy, Joenara, EllyElly Joenara, Soetijem A man is tempted by a "modern" city woman and leaves his wife and son, only to find misfortune. [92][94]
Aladin dengan Lampoe Wasiat 1941 Wong brothers Joenara, EllyElly Joenara, Benny, Sutinah, WollyWolly Sutinah The poor youth Aladin falls in love with a princess and defeats the evil grand vizier. [95][96]
Asmara Moerni 1941 Ariffien, RdRd Ariffien Gani, AKAK Gani, Djoewariah, Joesoef, S.S. Joesoef A doctor falls in love with his maid, only to marry her after her fiancé dies. [92][97]
Bajar dengan Djiwa 1941 Hu, RR Hu Bakar, AA Bakar, Ali, ItjangItjang Ali, Haroen, Oesman A drama following the interactions between several families, including the philanthropist Basuki and the ne'er-do-well Umar [73][98]
Boedjoekan Iblis 1941 Jo An Djan Mochtar, RdRd Mochtar, Effendi, E. T.E. T. Effendi, Anwar, Radiah, DewiDewi Radiah Unknown [92][99]
Djantoeng Hati 1941 Njoo Cheong Seng Sarosa, AA Sarosa, Anggraini, RrRr Anggraini, Ariati Two girls, the traditional Karina and modernist Roesdjana, are in competition. The film warns that modernity is not necessarily the best path. [92][100]
Elang Darat 1941 Perbatasari, InoeInoe Perbatasari Astaman, Yugo, AliAli Yugo, Rohana, Salam Parlan is called to Kresek to track down a bandit called Elang Darat, who is revealed to be Parlan's half-brother Gunawi. [92][101]
Garoeda Mas 1941 Jo An Djan Mochtar, RdRd Mochtar, Radiah, DewiDewi Radiah, Effendi, E. T.E. T. Effendi, Kosasih, RdRd Kosasih Unknown [92][102]
Ikan Doejoeng 1941 Lie Tek Swie Asmanah, Soerjono, A Thys, Poniman Asmara is told to marry someone she does not love. She instead elopes with Sanusi and, when they are accosted by robbers, escapes into the night. [92][103]
Koeda Sembrani 1941 Wong brothers Roekiah, Djoemala, RdRd Djoemala, Sutinah, WollyWolly Sutinah, Kartolo The story of a winged horse [104][105]
Lintah Darat 1941 Wu Tsun Joenara, EllyElly Joenara, Satijem, Arief, MM Arief, Djoenaedi, AboebakarAboebakar Djoenaedi Kumala joins forces with Safi'i to deal with a loan shark and his wife, Kumala's selfish sister Asnah. [92][106]
Matula 1941 Tan Tjoei Hock Kock, FerryFerry Kock, Mada, DewiDewi Mada, Mochtar, MohamadMohamad Mochtar, Bissu Matula goes to a dukun and asks to be made handsome and is told to pay with a life. He tries to use Emma as his payment, but is stopped by her father and her fiancé. [92][107]
Moestika dari Djemar 1941 Jo An Djan Dhalia, Mochtar, RdRd Mochtar, Djoeriah Unknown [92][108]
Noesa Penida 1941 Andjar Asmara Ratna Asmara, Astaman, Ismail, RdRd Ismail, Yugo, AliAli Yugo Two brothers are in love with a princess, but differences in their castes leads to difficulty. [95][109]
Pah Wongso Tersangka 1941 Wu Tsun Wijnhamer Jr., LVLV Wijnhamer Jr., Hatjirah, SylviaSylvia Hatjirah, Waldy, SS Waldy, Sarip, MM Sarip Unknown [92][110]
Panggilan Darah 1941 Sutan Usman Karim Dhalia, Soerip, Sutinah, WollyWolly Sutinah, Mochtar Widjaja Two orphans work at the home of Iskak. When his wife mistreats them, they run away, but find out that they are related to Iskak and thus return to him. [92][111]
Pantjawarna 1941 Njoo Cheong Seng Widjaja, MochtarMochtar Widjaja, Dhalia, Martha, IdrisIdris Martha, Rodriga, OmarOmar Rodriga Described as the first musical in the Indies [92][112]
Poesaka Terpendam 1941 Unknown Roekiah, Djoemala, RdRd Djoemala, Titing, Kartolo A group of people go on a search for hidden treasure. [92][113]
Poetri Rimba 1941 Perbatasari, InoeInoe Perbatasari Aisjah, Loedi, Yugo, AliAli Yugo, Bissu, Soetiati Achmad is taken into a village after getting lost in the jungle. He competes against Perbada for the love of the leader's daughter. [92][114]
Ratna Moetoe Manikam 1941 Sutan Usman Karim Ratna Asmara, Astaman, Yugo, AliAli Yugo, Perbatasari, InoeInoe Perbatasari Two goddesses compete for the love of an earthly king. [95][115]
Selendang Delima 1941 Duarte, Henry L.Henry L. Duarte Young, CellyCelly Young, Asmana, Soerjono Unknown [95][116]
Si Gomar 1941 Tan Tjoei Hock Tan Tjeng Bok, Hadidjah, Mochtar, MohamadMohamad Mochtar, Bissu Soebardja and Mariani are separated and left orphans after robbers kill their parents. As adults they nearly marry each other, but are stopped when their cousin recognises them. [95][117]
Singa Laoet 1941 Tan Tjoei Hock Tan Tjeng Bok, Hadidjah, Bissu, Mochtar, MohamadMohamad Mochtar Mahmud goes against a gang of pirates led by Singa Laoet ("Lion of the Sea") to discover who killed his father twenty years earlier. [92][118]
Siti Noerbaja 1941 Lie Tek Swie Asmanah, Momo, Soerjono, A. Thys Sitti Nurbaya falls in love with Samsulbahri, but is forced to marry the criminal Datuk Meringgih to pay her father's debt. [92][119]
Soeara Berbisa 1941 Wu Tsun Soekarno, RdRd Soekarno, Djoewita, RatnaRatna Djoewita, Oedjang, Soehaena Mitra and Neng Mardinah fall in love, but the jealous Mardjohan spreads rumours that Mitra is the son of a thief. They reconcile and are revealed to be long-lost brothers. [95][120]
Sorga Palsoe 1941 Tan Tjoei Hock Lo Tjin Nio, Tong, HuiHui Tong, Lim, Pun TjiawPun Tjiaw Lim, Rohana Hian Nio is treated by as a servant by her mother. Her lover's boss, Bian Hong, marries her. However, she is distressed by the marriage, runs away, and dies. [73][121]
Srigala Item 1941 Tan Tjoei Hock Tan Tjeng Bok, Hadidjah, Mochtar, MohamadMohamad Mochtar, Aisah Mochtar is forced to live with his uncle after his father disappears. The cruel uncle and his son are often accosted by a masked figure known only as De Zwarte Wolf ("The Black Wolf"). [95][122]
Tengkorak Hidoep 1941 Tan Tjoei Hock Tan Tjeng Bok, Mochtar, MohamadMohamad Mochtar, Misnahati, Bissu Darmadji and his friends go to Mustika Island, where they witness Maha Daru being reborn after 2,000 years. They must defeat him to survive. [95][123]
Tjioeng Wanara 1941 Jo Eng Sek Sukran, RR Sukran, Joenara, EllyElly Joenara, Djoenaedi, ABAB Djoenaedi, Arief, MM Arief Tjioeng Wanara rebels against the cruel king of Galuh. [92][124]
Wanita dan Satria 1941 Ariffien, RdRd Ariffien Djoewariah, Djoewita, RatnaRatna Djoewita, Hidajat, RR Hidajat A womaniser named Soedrajat abuses his status to gain women's trust before ultimately getting his comeuppance. [95][125][126]
1001 Malam 1942 Wu Tsun Unknown Unknown [95][127]
Boenga Sembodja 1942 Said HJ, MohMoh Said HJ Dhalia, Mochtar, MohamadMohamad Mochtar, Effendi, TossinTossin Effendi, Anwar Unknown [95][128]
Mega Mendoeng 1942 Boen Kim Nam Soekarno, RdRd Soekarno, Oedjang, Djoewita, RatnaRatna Djoewita, Sofiati, BoenBoen Sofiati Kustini is betrayed by her friend Sujono, but they later reconcile. [92][129]
Poelo Inten 1942 Unknown Mochtar, MohamadMohamad Mochtar, Djoeriah, Noersani, Bapet, RamliRamli Bapet Unknown [95][130]
Berdjoang 1943 Ariffien, RdRd Ariffien Mochtar, MohamadMohamad Mochtar, Sambas, Dhalia, Kartolo Anang and Saman compete for the love of Hasanah. After Anang joins the Japanese army, Hasanah decides she wants to be with him. [95][131]
Di Desa 1943 Roestam Sutan Palindih Mochtar, MohamadMohamad Mochtar, Garkiah, Epen Unknown [b][95][132]
Di Menara 1943 Roestam Sutan Palindih Soekarno, RdRd Soekarno, Garkiah, Epen Unknown [b][95][133]
Kemakmoeran 1943 Unknown Unknown Unknown [b][134][135]
Djatoeh Berkait 1944 Koesoema, B.B. Koesoema Astaman, Kartolo, Dimin Unknown [b][134][136]
Hoedjan 1944 Perbatasari, InoeInoe Perbatasari Djoenaedi, AboebakarAboebakar Djoenaedi, Dhalia, Effendi, E. T.E. T. Effendi Unknown [b][134][137]
Keris Poesaka 1944 Unknown Unknown Unknown [b][134][138]
Koeli dan Romoesha 1944 Unknown Unknown Propaganda promoting the romusha programme [b][134][139]
Key
Year uncertain Indicates uncertain year of production

Post-independence[edit]

Title Year Director Cast Synopsis Ref(s).
Djaoeh Dimata 1948 Andjar Asmara Ratna Asmara, Yugo, AliAli Yugo, Sucarno, IskandarIskandar Sucarno, Effendi, DjauhariDjauhari Effendi Soelastri must go to Jakarta to earn a living after her husband Asrad goes blind. [134][140]
Anggrek Bulan 1948 Andjar Asmara Soekarno, RdRd Soekarno, Arief, A HamidA Hamid Arief, Djuwita, NilaNila Djuwita, Sucarno, IskandarIskandar Sucarno Kati is in a love triangle with Atma and Subrata, but Atma has other to worry about. [134][141]
Air Mata Mengalir di Tjitarum 1948 Roestam Sutan Palindih Sofia, Waldy, SS Waldy, Ismail, DD Ismail, Endang, RdRd Endang Unknown [134][142]
Aneka Warna 1949 Said HJ, MohMoh Said HJ Arief, A HamidA Hamid Arief, Mochsin, Busono, RR Busono, Mulya, AnnieAnnie Mulya The story of Dul Kalong and Mat Codot, two fools from the Aneka Warna troupe who live in poverty. [134][143]
Bengawan Solo 1949 Jo An Tjiang Sofia, Mochtar, RdRd Mochtar, Mochtar, MohamadMohamad Mochtar, Ismail, Rd DadangRd Dadang Ismail A village woman's two children are raised by different families after she drowns herself in the Solo River. [134][144]
Gadis Desa 1949 Andjar Asmara Djaelani, BasukiBasuki Djaelani, Ruthinah, RatnaRatna Ruthinah, Yugo, AliAli Yugo, Effendi, DjauhariDjauhari Effendi Abu Bakar falls in love with his landlord's daughter despite having a wife. [134][145]
Harta Karun 1949 Ismail, UsmarUsmar Ismail Soekarno, RdRd Soekarno, Arief, A HamidA Hamid Arief, Effendi, DjauhariDjauhari Effendi, Herawati Suliati and Ahmad are in love, but Suliati's father will not bless the relationship because Ahmad is poor. [134][146]
Tjitra 1949 Ismail, UsmarUsmar Ismail Soekarno, RdRd Soekarno, Djuwita, NilaNila Djuwita, Ismail, RdRd Ismail, Arief, A HamidA Hamid Arief Harsono takes Suryani's virginity then flees to the city, where he is caught up in a murder case. [134][147]
Menanti Kasih 1949 Said HJ, MohMoh Said HJ Harro, ChatirChatir Harro, Arief, A HamidA Hamid Arief, Djuwita, NilaNila Djuwita, Djoeriah Husni Anwar discovers his schooling was paid for by Rachman, and now he must marry Rachman's daughter. [134][148]
Saputangan 1949 Young, FredFred Young Kasur, PakPak Kasur, Harro, ChatirChatir Harro, Noorsini, Herawati, NettyNetty Herawati Hardjono goes blind while at sea, but has an operation to give him back his sight. [134][149]
Sehidup Semati 1949 Young, FredFred Young Prijatni, IdaIda Prijatni, Yugo, AliAli Yugo, Harro, ChatirChatir Harro, Effendi, DjauhariDjauhari Effendi During a trip to Bandung Kusmayadi proposes to Asmarani despite already being betrothed to Lasminah. [134][150]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The first colour film produced completely in Indonesia, Wim Umboh's Sembilan, came in 1967.[18]
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h A short film

References[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Biran 2009, p. 27.
  2. ^ Biran 2009, p. 35.
  3. ^ Biran 2009, p. 54.
  4. ^ Biran 2009, p. 57.
  5. ^ Biran 2009, pp. 61, 68.
  6. ^ Biran 2009, pp. 379–381.
  7. ^ Biran 2009, pp. 81, 97, 98.
  8. ^ Biran 2009, p. 145.
  9. ^ Biran 2009, p. 171.
  10. ^ Biran 2009, pp. 384–385.
  11. ^ Biran 2009, pp. 319, 332.
  12. ^ Biran 2009, p. 284.
  13. ^ Biran 2009, pp. 334, 340.
  14. ^ Biran 2009, pp. 367–370.
  15. ^ Kahin 1952, p. 445.
  16. ^ Heider 1991, p. 15.
  17. ^ Prayogo 2009, p. 14.
  18. ^ a b Republika 1996, Telah Pergi.
  19. ^ Biran 2009, p. 45.
  20. ^ Heider 1991, p. 14.
  21. ^ a b Filmindonesia.or.id, Alang-Alang.
  22. ^ a b Filmindonesia.or.id, Matjan Berbisik.
  23. ^ Biran 2009, p. 351.
  24. ^ a b c d e Biran 2009, p. 379.
  25. ^ Filmindonesia.or.id, Loetoeng Kasaroeng.
  26. ^ Filmindonesia.or.id, Eulis Atjih.
  27. ^ Filmindonesia.or.id, Lily van Java.
  28. ^ Filmindonesia.or.id, Resia Borobudur.
  29. ^ Biran 2009, pp. 72 & 379.
  30. ^ Filmindonesia.or.id, Njai Dasima (I).
  31. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Biran 2009, p. 380.
  32. ^ Filmindonesia.or.id, Rampok Preanger.
  33. ^ Filmindonesia.or.id, Si Tjonat.
  34. ^ Biran 2009, pp. 76, 380.
  35. ^ Filmindonesia.or.id, Karnadi.
  36. ^ Biran 2009, pp. 114, 380.
  37. ^ Filmindonesia.or.id, Lari ke Arab.
  38. ^ Filmindonesia.or.id, Nancy Bikin Pembalesan.
  39. ^ Filmindonesia.or.id, Njai Dasima (II).
  40. ^ Filmindonesia.or.id, De Stem Des Bloed.
  41. ^ Filmindonesia.or.id, Si Ronda.
  42. ^ Filmindonesia.or.id, Boenga Roos.
  43. ^ a b c d e f Biran 2009, p. 381.
  44. ^ Het Nieuws 1931, Film-critieken.
  45. ^ Filmindonesia.or.id, Indonesia Malaise.
  46. ^ Filmindonesia.or.id, Melati Van Agam 1930.
  47. ^ Filmindonesia.or.id, Sam Pek Eng Tay.
  48. ^ Filmindonesia.or.id, Si Pitoeng.
  49. ^ De Indische Courant 1931, Indische filmkunst.
  50. ^ Biran 2009, pp. 117, 380.
  51. ^ Filmindonesia.or.id, Sinjo 'Tjo'.
  52. ^ Biran 2009, pp. 124, 381.
  53. ^ Filmindonesia.or.id, Njai Dasima.
  54. ^ Biran 2009, pp. 126–128, 381.
  55. ^ a b Biran 2009, pp. 147, 381.
  56. ^ Filmindonesia.or.id, Ouw Peh Tjoa.
  57. ^ Filmindonesia.or.id, Ang Hai Djie.
  58. ^ Filmindonesia.or.id, Pan Sie Tong.
  59. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Biran 2009, p. 382.
  60. ^ Filmindonesia.or.id, Poei Sie Giok.
  61. ^ Filmindonesia.or.id, Tie Pat Kai Kawin.
  62. ^ Filmindonesia.or.id, Anaknja Siloeman.
  63. ^ Filmindonesia.or.id, Lima Siloeman.
  64. ^ Filmindonesia.or.id, Pareh.
  65. ^ Filmindonesia.or.id, Pembakaran Bio.
  66. ^ Filmindonesia.or.id, Gadis jang Terdjoeal.
  67. ^ Filmindonesia.or.id, Terang Boelan.
  68. ^ Filmindonesia.or.id, Fatima.
  69. ^ Filmindonesia.or.id, Oh Iboe.
  70. ^ Filmindonesia.or.id, Tjiandjoer.
  71. ^ Biran 2009, pp. 176, 383.
  72. ^ Filmindonesia.or.id, Gagak Item.
  73. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Biran 2009, p. 383.
  74. ^ Filmindonesia.or.id, Impian di Bali.
  75. ^ Filmindonesia.or.id, Roesia si Pengkor.
  76. ^ Filmindonesia.or.id, Dasima.
  77. ^ Filmindonesia.or.id, Harta Berdarah.
  78. ^ Filmindonesia.or.id, Kartinah.
  79. ^ Filmindonesia.or.id, Kedok Ketawa.
  80. ^ Filmindonesia.or.id, Kris Mataram.
  81. ^ Filmindonesia.or.id, Melati Van Agam 1940.
  82. ^ Biran 2009, pp. 234, 383.
  83. ^ Filmindonesia.or.id, Pah Wongso.
  84. ^ Filmindonesia.or.id, Rentjong Atjeh.
  85. ^ Filmindonesia.or.id, Roekihati.
  86. ^ Filmindonesia.or.id, Siti Akbari.
  87. ^ Bataviaasch Nieuwsblad 1940, Cinema: Siti Akbari.
  88. ^ Biran 2009, pp. 248, 383.
  89. ^ Filmindonesia.or.id, Sorga Ka Toedjoe.
  90. ^ Biran 2009, pp. 254, 383.
  91. ^ Filmindonesia.or.id, Zoebaida.
  92. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t Biran 2009, p. 384.
  93. ^ Filmindonesia.or.id, Air Mata Iboe.
  94. ^ Filmindonesia.or.id, Ajah Berdosa.
  95. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Biran 2009, p. 385.
  96. ^ Filmindonesia.or.id, Aladin.
  97. ^ Soerabaijasch Handelsblad 1941, Sampoerna: 'Asmara Moerni'.
  98. ^ Filmindonesia.or.id, Bajar dengan Djiwa.
  99. ^ Filmindonesia.or.id, Boedjoekan Iblis.
  100. ^ Filmindonesia.or.id, Djantoeng Hati.
  101. ^ Filmindonesia.or.id, Elang Darat.
  102. ^ Filmindonesia.or.id, Garoeda Mas.
  103. ^ Filmindonesia.or.id, Ikan Doejoeng.
  104. ^ Biran 2009, pp. 224, 384.
  105. ^ Filmindonesia.or.id, Koeda Sembrani.
  106. ^ Filmindonesia.or.id, Lintah Darat.
  107. ^ Filmindonesia.or.id, Matula.
  108. ^ Filmindonesia.or.id, Moestika dari Djenar.
  109. ^ Filmindonesia.or.id, Noesa Penida.
  110. ^ Filmindonesia.or.id, Pah Wongso Tersangka.
  111. ^ Filmindonesia.or.id, Panggilan Darah.
  112. ^ Filmindonesia.or.id, Pantjawarna.
  113. ^ Filmindonesia.or.id, Poesaka Terpendam.
  114. ^ Filmindonesia.or.id, Poetri Rimba.
  115. ^ Filmindonesia.or.id, Ratna Moetoe Manikam.
  116. ^ Filmindonesia.or.id, Selendang Delima.
  117. ^ Filmindonesia.or.id, Si Gomar.
  118. ^ Filmindonesia.or.id, Singa Laoet.
  119. ^ Filmindonesia.or.id, Siti Noerbaja.
  120. ^ Filmindonesia.or.id, Soeara Berbisa.
  121. ^ Filmindonesia.or.id, Sorga Palsoe.
  122. ^ Filmindonesia.or.id, Srigala Item.
  123. ^ Filmindonesia.or.id, Tengkorak Hidoep.
  124. ^ Filmindonesia.or.id, Tjioeng Wanara.
  125. ^ Filmindonesia.or.id, Wanita dan Satria.
  126. ^ Soerabaijasch Handelsblad 1941, Sampoerna: 'Wanita dan Satria'.
  127. ^ Filmindonesia.or.id, Seribu Satu.
  128. ^ Filmindonesia.or.id, Boenga Sembodja.
  129. ^ Pertjatoeran Doenia dan Film 1942, Studio Nieuws.
  130. ^ Filmindonesia.or.id, Poelo Inten.
  131. ^ Filmindonesia.or.id, Berdjoang.
  132. ^ Filmindonesia.or.id, Di Desa.
  133. ^ Filmindonesia.or.id, Di Menara.
  134. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Biran 2009, p. 386.
  135. ^ Filmindonesia.or.id, Kemakmoeran.
  136. ^ Filmindonesia.or.id, Djatoeh Berkait.
  137. ^ Filmindonesia.or.id, Hoedjan.
  138. ^ Filmindonesia.or.id, Keris Poesaka.
  139. ^ Filmindonesia.or.id, Koeli dan Romoesha.
  140. ^ Filmindonesia.or.id, Djauh Dimata.
  141. ^ Filmindonesia.or.id, Anggrek Bulan.
  142. ^ Filmindonesia.or.id, Air Mata Mengalir.
  143. ^ Filmindonesia.or.id, Aneka Warna.
  144. ^ Filmindonesia.or.id, Bengawan Solo.
  145. ^ Filmindonesia.or.id, Gadis Desa.
  146. ^ Filmindonesia.or.id, Harta Karun.
  147. ^ Filmindonesia.or.id, Tjitra.
  148. ^ Filmindonesia.or.id, Menanti Kasih.
  149. ^ Filmindonesia.or.id, Saputangan.
  150. ^ Filmindonesia.or.id, Sehidup Semati.

Bibliography[edit]

  • "Air Mata Iboe". filmindonesia.or.id (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Konfiden Foundation. Archived from the original on 25 July 2012. Retrieved 25 July 2012. 
  • "Air Mata Mengalir di Tjitarum". filmindonesia.or.id (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Konfiden Foundation. Archived from the original on 23 August 2012. Retrieved 23 August 2012. 
  • "Ajah Berdosa". filmindonesia.or.id (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Konfiden Foundation. Archived from the original on 26 July 2012. Retrieved 26 July 2012. 
  • "Aladin dengan Lampoe Wasiat". filmindonesia.or.id (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Konfiden Foundation. Archived from the original on 27 July 2012. Retrieved 27 July 2012. 
  • "Alang-Alang". filmindonesia.or.id (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Konfiden Foundation. Archived from the original on 24 July 2012. Retrieved 24 July 2012. 
  • "Anaknja Siloeman Oeler Poeti". filmindonesia.or.id (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Konfiden Foundation. Archived from the original on 24 July 2012. Retrieved 24 July 2012. 
  • "Aneka Warna". filmindonesia.or.id (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Konfiden Foundation. Archived from the original on 23 August 2012. Retrieved 23 August 2012. 
  • "Ang Hai Djie". filmindonesia.or.id (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Konfiden Foundation. Archived from the original on 23 July 2012. Retrieved 23 July 2012. 
  • "Anggrek Bulan". filmindonesia.or.id (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Konfiden Foundation. Archived from the original on 23 August 2012. Retrieved 23 August 2012. 
  • "Bajar dengan Djiwa". filmindonesia.or.id (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Konfiden Foundation. Archived from the original on 25 July 2012. Retrieved 25 July 2012. 
  • "Bengawan Solo". filmindonesia.or.id (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Konfiden Foundation. Archived from the original on 23 August 2012. Retrieved 23 August 2012. 
  • "Berdjoang". filmindonesia.or.id (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Konfiden Foundation. Archived from the original on 27 July 2012. Retrieved 27 July 2012. 
  • Biran, Misbach Yusa (2009). Sejarah Film 1900–1950: Bikin Film di Jawa [History of Film 1900–1950: Making Films in Java] (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Komunitas Bamboo working with the Jakarta Art Council. ISBN 978-979-3731-58-2. 
  • "Boenga Roos dari Tjikembang". filmindonesia.or.id (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Konfiden Foundation. Archived from the original on 22 July 2012. Retrieved 22 July 2012. 
  • "Boenga Sembodja". filmindonesia.or.id (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Konfiden Foundation. Archived from the original on 27 July 2012. Retrieved 27 July 2012. 
  • "Boedjoekan Iblis". filmindonesia.or.id (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Konfiden Foundation. Archived from the original on 26 July 2012. Retrieved 26 July 2012. 
  • "Cinema: Siti Akbari". Bataviaasch Nieuwsblad (in Dutch) (Batavia: Kolff & Co.). 1 May 1940. 
  • "Dasima". filmindonesia.or.id (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Konfiden Foundation. Archived from the original on 25 July 2012. Retrieved 25 July 2012. 
  • "De Stem Des Bloed (Njai Siti)". filmindonesia.or.id (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Konfiden Foundation. Archived from the original on 22 July 2012. Retrieved 22 July 2012. 
  • "Di Desa". filmindonesia.or.id (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Konfiden Foundation. Archived from the original on 27 January 2013. Retrieved 27 January 2013. 
  • "Di Menara". filmindonesia.or.id (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Konfiden Foundation. Archived from the original on 27 January 2013. Retrieved 27 January 2013. 
  • "Djantoeng Hati". filmindonesia.or.id (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Konfiden Foundation. Archived from the original on 25 July 2012. Retrieved 25 July 2012. 
  • "Djauh Dimata". filmindonesia.or.id (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Konfiden Foundation. Archived from the original on 23 August 2012. Retrieved 23 August 2012. 
  • "Djatoeh Berkait". filmindonesia.or.id (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Konfiden Foundation. Archived from the original on 27 January 2013. Retrieved 27 January 2013. 
  • "Elang Darat". filmindonesia.or.id (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Konfiden Foundation. Archived from the original on 26 July 2012. Retrieved 26 July 2012. 
  • "Eulis Atjih". filmindonesia.or.id (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Konfiden Foundation. Archived from the original on 6 July 2012. Retrieved 6 July 2012. 
  • "Fatima". filmindonesia.or.id (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Konfiden Foundation. Archived from the original on 24 July 2012. Retrieved 24 July 2012. 
  • "Film-critieken. „Huwen op Bevel."" [Film review „Huwen op Bevel."]. Het Nieuws van den dag voor Nederlandsch-Indië (in Dutch) (Batavia: NV Mij tot Expl. van Dagbladen). 11 August 1931. p. 5. Retrieved 7 February 2013. 
  • "Gadis jang Terdjoeal". filmindonesia.or.id (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Konfiden Foundation. Archived from the original on 24 July 2012. Retrieved 24 July 2012. 
  • "Gadis Desa". filmindonesia.or.id (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Konfiden Foundation. Archived from the original on 23 August 2012. Retrieved 23 August 2012. 
  • "Gagak Item". filmindonesia.or.id (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Konfiden Foundation. Archived from the original on 24 July 2012. Retrieved 24 July 2012. 
  • "Garoeda Mas". filmindonesia.or.id (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Konfiden Foundation. Archived from the original on 26 July 2012. Retrieved 26 July 2012. 
  • "Harta Berdarah". filmindonesia.or.id (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Konfiden Foundation. Archived from the original on 25 July 2012. Retrieved 25 July 2012. 
  • "Harta Karun". filmindonesia.or.id (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Konfiden Foundation. Archived from the original on 23 August 2012. Retrieved 23 August 2012. 
  • "Indische filmkunst" [Indies Cinema]. De Indische Courant (in Dutch) (Surabaya). 11 June 1931. p. 5. 
  • Heider, Karl G (1991). Indonesian Cinema: National Culture on Screen. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press. ISBN 978-0-8248-1367-3. 
  • "Hoedjan". filmindonesia.or.id (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Konfiden Foundation. Archived from the original on 27 January 2013. Retrieved 27 January 2013. 
  • "Ikan Doejoeng". filmindonesia.or.id (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Konfiden Foundation. Archived from the original on 26 July 2012. Retrieved 26 July 2012. 
  • "Impian di Bali". filmindonesia.or.id (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Konfiden Foundation. Archived from the original on 24 July 2012. Retrieved 24 July 2012. 
  • "Indonesia Malaise". filmindonesia.or.id (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Konfiden Foundation. Archived from the original on 22 July 2012. Retrieved 22 July 2012. 
  • Kahin, George McTurnan (1952). Nationalism and Revolution in Indonesia. Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press. ISBN 978-0-8014-9108-5. 
  • "Karnadi Anemer Bangkong". filmindonesia.or.id. Jakarta: Konfiden Foundation. Archived from the original on 11 September 2012. Retrieved 11 September 2012. 
  • "Kartinah". filmindonesia.or.id (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Konfiden Foundation. Archived from the original on 25 July 2012. Retrieved 25 July 2012. 
  • "Kedok Ketawa". filmindonesia.or.id (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Konfiden Foundation. Archived from the original on 25 July 2012. Retrieved 25 July 2012. 
  • "Kemakmoeran". filmindonesia.or.id (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Konfiden Foundation. Archived from the original on 27 January 2013. Retrieved 27 January 2013. 
  • "Keris Poesaka". filmindonesia.or.id (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Konfiden Foundation. Archived from the original on 27 January 2013. Retrieved 27 January 2013. 
  • "Koeda Sembrani". filmindonesia.or.id (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Konfiden Foundation. Archived from the original on 25 July 2012. Retrieved 25 July 2012. 
  • "Koeli dan Romoesha". filmindonesia.or.id (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Konfiden Foundation. Archived from the original on 27 January 2013. Retrieved 27 January 2013. 
  • "Kris Mataram". filmindonesia.or.id (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Konfiden Foundation. Archived from the original on 25 July 2012. Retrieved 25 July 2012. 
  • "Lari ke Arab". filmindonesia.or.id (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Konfiden Foundation. Archived from the original on 22 July 2012. Retrieved 22 July 2012. 
  • "Lily van Java". filmindonesia.or.id (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Konfiden Foundation. Archived from the original on 21 July 2012. Retrieved 21 July 2012. 
  • "Lima Siloeman Tikoes". filmindonesia.or.id (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Konfiden Foundation. Archived from the original on 24 July 2012. Retrieved 24 July 2012. 
  • "Lintah Darat". filmindonesia.or.id (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Konfiden Foundation. Archived from the original on 26 July 2012. Retrieved 26 July 2012. 
  • "Loetoeng Kasaroeng". filmindonesia.or.id (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Konfiden Foundation. Archived from the original on 21 July 2012. Retrieved 21 July 2012. 
  • "Matjan Berbisik". filmindonesia.or.id (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Konfiden Foundation. Archived from the original on 25 July 2012. Retrieved 25 July 2012. 
  • "Matula". filmindonesia.or.id (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Konfiden Foundation. Archived from the original on 26 July 2012. Retrieved 26 July 2012. 
  • "Melati Van Agam". filmindonesia.or.id (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Konfiden Foundation. Archived from the original on 25 July 2012. Retrieved 25 July 2012. 
  • "Melati Van Agam (I dan II)" [Melati Van Agam (I and II)]. filmindonesia.or.id (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Konfiden Foundation. Archived from the original on 22 July 2012. Retrieved 22 July 2012. 
  • "Menanti Kasih". filmindonesia.or.id (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Konfiden Foundation. Archived from the original on 23 August 2012. Retrieved 23 August 2012. 
  • "Moestika dari Djenar". filmindonesia.or.id (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Konfiden Foundation. Archived from the original on 25 July 2012. Retrieved 25 July 2012. 
  • "Nancy Bikin Pembalesan (Njai Dasima III)". filmindonesia.or.id (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Konfiden Foundation. Archived from the original on 22 July 2012. Retrieved 22 July 2012. 
  • "Njai Dasima". filmindonesia.or.id (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Konfiden Foundation. Archived from the original on 23 July 2012. Retrieved 23 July 2012. 
  • "Njai Dasima (I)". filmindonesia.or.id (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Konfiden Foundation. Archived from the original on 12 July 2012. Retrieved 12 July 2012. 
  • "Njai Dasima (II)". filmindonesia.or.id (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Konfiden Foundation. Archived from the original on 22 July 2012. Retrieved 22 July 2012. 
  • "Noesa Penida". filmindonesia.or.id (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Konfiden Foundation. Archived from the original on 27 July 2012. Retrieved 27 July 2012. 
  • "Oh Iboe". filmindonesia.or.id (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Konfiden Foundation. Archived from the original on 24 July 2012. Retrieved 24 July 2012. 
  • "Ouw Peh Tjoa". filmindonesia.or.id (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Konfiden Foundation. Archived from the original on 23 July 2012. Retrieved 23 July 2012. 
  • "Pah Wongso Pendekar Boediman". filmindonesia.or.id (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Konfiden Foundation. Archived from the original on 23 July 2012. Retrieved 23 July 2012. 
  • "Pah Wongso Tersangka". filmindonesia.or.id (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Konfiden Foundation. Archived from the original on 26 July 2012. Retrieved 26 July 2012. 
  • "Pan Sie Tong". filmindonesia.or.id (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Konfiden Foundation. Archived from the original on 23 July 2012. Retrieved 23 July 2012. 
  • "Panggilan Darah". filmindonesia.or.id (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Konfiden Foundation. Archived from the original on 26 July 2012. Retrieved 26 July 2012. 
  • "Pantjawarna". filmindonesia.or.id (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Konfiden Foundation. Archived from the original on 27 July 2012. Retrieved 27 July 2012. 
  • "Pareh". filmindonesia.or.id (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Konfiden Foundation. Archived from the original on 23 July 2012. Retrieved 23 July 2012. 
  • "Pembakaran Bio 'Hong Lian Sie'". filmindonesia.or.id (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Konfiden Foundation. Archived from the original on 24 July 2012. Retrieved 24 July 2012. 
  • "Poei Sie Giok Pa Loei Tay". filmindonesia.or.id (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Konfiden Foundation. Archived from the original on 23 July 2012. Retrieved 23 July 2012. 
  • "Poelo Inten". filmindonesia.or.id (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Konfiden Foundation. Archived from the original on 27 July 2012. Retrieved 27 July 2012. 
  • "Poesaka Terpendam". filmindonesia.or.id (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Konfiden Foundation. Archived from the original on 27 July 2012. Retrieved 27 July 2012. 
  • "Poetri Rimba". filmindonesia.or.id (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Konfiden Foundation. Archived from the original on 27 July 2012. Retrieved 27 July 2012. 
  • Prayogo, Wisnu Agung (2009). "Sekilas Perkembangan Perfilman di Indonesia" [An Overview of the Development of Film in Indonesia]. Kebijakan Pemerintahan Orde Baru Terhadap Perfilman Indonesia Tahun 1966–1980 [New Order Policy Towards Indonesian Films (1966–1980)] (Bachelour's of History Thesis) (in Indonesian). University of Indonesia. 
  • "Rampok Preanger". filmindonesia.or.id. Jakarta: Konfiden Foundation. Archived from the original on 21 July 2012. Retrieved 21 July 2012. 
  • "Ratna Moetoe Manikam (Djoela Djoeli Bintang Tiga)". filmindonesia.or.id. Jakarta: Konfiden Foundation. Archived from the original on 27 July 2012. Retrieved 27 July 2012. 
  • "Rentjong Atjeh". filmindonesia.or.id. Jakarta: Konfiden Foundation. Archived from the original on 25 July 2012. Retrieved 25 July 2012. 
  • "Resia Borobudur". filmindonesia.or.id. Jakarta: Konfiden Foundation. Archived from the original on 10 July 2012. Retrieved 10 July 2012. 
  • "Roekihati". filmindonesia.or.id. Jakarta: Konfiden Foundation. Archived from the original on 25 July 2012. Retrieved 25 July 2012. 
  • "Roesia si Pengkor". filmindonesia.or.id. Jakarta: Konfiden Foundation. Archived from the original on 24 July 2012. Retrieved 24 July 2012. 
  • "Sam Pek Eng Tay". filmindonesia.or.id (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Konfiden Foundation. Archived from the original on 22 July 2012. Retrieved 22 July 2012. 
  • "Sampoerna: 'Asmara Moerni'". Soerabaijasch Handelsblad (in Dutch) (Surabaya: Kolff & Co.). 27 June 1941. p. 6. 
  • "Sampoerna: 'Wanita dan Satria'". Soerabaijasch Handelsblad (in Dutch) (Surabaya: Kolff & Co.). 11 September 1941. p. 6. 
  • "Saputangan". filmindonesia.or.id (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Konfiden Foundation. Archived from the original on 23 August 2012. Retrieved 23 August 2012. 
  • "Sehidup Semati". filmindonesia.or.id (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Konfiden Foundation. Archived from the original on 23 August 2012. Retrieved 23 August 2012. 
  • "Selendang Delima". filmindonesia.or.id (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Konfiden Foundation. Archived from the original on 27 July 2012. Retrieved 27 July 2012. 
  • "Seribu Satu (1001) Malam". filmindonesia.or.id (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Konfiden Foundation. Archived from the original on 27 July 2012. Retrieved 27 July 2012. 
  • "Si Gomar". filmindonesia.or.id (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Konfiden Foundation. Archived from the original on 27 July 2012. Retrieved 27 July 2012. 
  • "Si Pitoeng". filmindonesia.or.id (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Konfiden Foundation. Archived from the original on 22 July 2012. Retrieved 22 July 2012. 
  • "Si Ronda". filmindonesia.or.id (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Konfiden Foundation. Archived from the original on 22 July 2012. Retrieved 22 July 2012. 
  • "Si Tjonat". filmindonesia.or.id. Jakarta: Konfiden Foundation. Archived from the original on 21 July 2012. Retrieved 21 July 2012. 
  • "Singa Laoet". filmindonesia.or.id (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Konfiden Foundation. Archived from the original on 27 July 2012. Retrieved 27 July 2012. 
  • "Sinjo 'Tjo' Main Di Film". filmindonesia.or.id (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Konfiden Foundation. Archived from the original on 22 July 2012. Retrieved 22 July 2012. 
  • "Siti Akbari". filmindonesia.or.id (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Konfiden Foundation. Archived from the original on 24 July 2012. Retrieved 24 July 2012. 
  • "Siti Noerbaja". filmindonesia.or.id (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Konfiden Foundation. Archived from the original on 26 July 2012. Retrieved 26 July 2012. 
  • "Soeara Berbisa". filmindonesia.or.id (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Konfiden Foundation. Archived from the original on 27 July 2012. Retrieved 27 July 2012. 
  • "Sorga Ka Toedjoe". filmindonesia.or.id (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Konfiden Foundation. Archived from the original on 25 July 2012. Retrieved 25 July 2012. 
  • "Sorga Palsoe". filmindonesia.or.id (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Konfiden Foundation. Archived from the original on 25 July 2012. Retrieved 25 July 2012. 
  • "Srigala Item". filmindonesia.or.id (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Konfiden Foundation. Archived from the original on 25 July 2012. Retrieved 25 July 2012. 
  • "Studio Nieuws" [Studio News]. Pertjatoeran Doenia dan Film (in Indonesian) (Batavia) 1 (9): 18–20. February 1942. 
  • "Telah Pergi Seorang Wim Umboh" [Wim Umboh has Passed Away]. Republika (in Indonesian). 25 January 1996. 
  • "Tengkorak Hidoep". filmindonesia.or.id (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Konfiden Foundation. Archived from the original on 27 July 2012. Retrieved 27 July 2012. 
  • "Terang Boelan". filmindonesia.or.id (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Konfiden Foundation. Archived from the original on 24 July 2012. Retrieved 24 July 2012. 
  • "Tie Pat Kai Kawin". filmindonesia.or.id (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Konfiden Foundation. Archived from the original on 23 July 2012. Retrieved 23 July 2012. 
  • "Tjiandjoer". filmindonesia.or.id (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Konfiden Foundation. Archived from the original on 24 July 2012. Retrieved 24 July 2012. 
  • "Tjioeng Wanara". filmindonesia.or.id (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Konfiden Foundation. Archived from the original on 26 July 2012. Retrieved 26 July 2012. 
  • "Tjitra". filmindonesia.or.id (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Konfiden Foundation. Archived from the original on 23 August 2012. Retrieved 23 August 2012. 
  • "Wanita dan Satria". filmindonesia.or.id (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Konfiden Foundation. Archived from the original on 27 July 2012. Retrieved 27 July 2012. 
  • "Zoebaida". filmindonesia.or.id (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Konfiden Foundation. Archived from the original on 25 July 2012. Retrieved 25 July 2012.