The following is a list of topics related to firelighting. Firelighting is the process by which a fire can be started artificially. Fire was an essential tool in early human cultural development and remains important today. The skills required to create, control and use fire using primitive methods, often in a survival situation, have come into popular use as a component of bushcraft.
Batoning – the technique of cutting or splitting wood by using a baton-sized stick or mallet to repeatedly strike the spine of a sturdy knife, chisel or blade in order to drive it through wood. The batoning method can be used to make kindling or desired forms such as boards, slats or notches. The practice is most useful for obtaining dry wood from the inside of logs for the purpose of fire making.
Char cloth – a swatch of fabric made from vegetable fiber (such as linen, cotton or jute) that has been converted via pyrolysis into a slow-burning fuel of very low ignition temperature.
Combustion – the sequence of exothermic chemical reactions between a fuel and an oxidant accompanied by the production of heat and conversion of chemical species. The release of heat can result in the production of light in the form of either glowing or a flame.
Feather stick – a length of wood which has been shaved to produce a head of thin curls. It is sometimes used when starting an outdoor fire or campfire when dry tinder is difficult to find. It is often used in conjunction with charcloth.
Ferrocerium – a man-made metallic material that gives off a large number of hot sparks at temperatures at 3,000 °F (1,650 °C) when scraped against a rough surface (pyrophoricity), such as ridged steel.
Fire piston – a device used to kindle fire. It uses the principle of the heating of a gas (in this case air) by its rapid (adiabatic) compression to ignite a piece of tinder, which is then used to set light to kindling.
Fire ring – a construction or device used to contain campfires and prevent them from spreading and turning into wildfires.
Firewood – any wooden material that is gathered and used for fuel.
Flint – a hard, sedimentarycryptocrystalline form of the mineralquartz, categorized as a variety of chert. It occurs chiefly as nodules and masses in sedimentary rocks, such as chalks and limestones. Inside the nodule, flint is usually dark grey, black, green, white, or brown in color, and often has a glassy or waxy appearance. A thin layer on the outside of the nodules is usually different in colour, typically white and rough in texture.
Gas lighter – a device which is used to ignite the gas stove. It is used in gas stoves which do not have automatic ignition system. It uses a physical phenomenon called piezo-electric effect to generate an electric spark which ignites the combustible gas from the stove burner.
Go-to-bed matchbox – a variety of match storage box that was popular in the mid-to-late 19th century. Relatively small, about 6 cm high, they were frequently made of metal of some kind, though sometimes of wood or ivory.
Guy Fawkes Night – an annual commemoration observed on 5 November, primarily in England. Its history began with the events of 5 November 1605, when Guy Fawkes, a member of the Gunpowder Plot, was arrested while guarding explosives the plotters had placed beneath the House of Lords.
Lighter – a portable device used to generate a flame. It consists of a metal or plastic container filled with a flammable fluid or pressurized liquid gas, a means of ignition, and some provision for extinguishing the flame.
Lucifer (match) – early matches that had a number of problems: an initial violent reaction, an unsteady flame and unpleasant odor and fumes. Lucifers could ignite explosively, sometimes throwing sparks a considerable distance.
Match – a typical modern match is made of a small wooden stick or stiff paper. One end is coated with a material that can be ignited by frictional heat generated by striking the match against a suitable surface.
Pyrite – had brief popularity in the 16th and 17th centuries as a source of ignition in early firearms, most notably the wheellock, where the cock held a lump of pyrite against a circular file to strike the sparks needed to fire the gun.
Ronson (company) – was a producer of lighters and lighter accessories once known for its stylish and dependable cigarette lighter line, and the advertising slogan, "You're a winner - with a Ronson!" The Ronson brand is now owned by Zippo Manufacturing Company.
Swan Vesta – a brand name for the most popular brand of 'strike-anywhere' matches currently available in the United Kingdom.
Tinder – easily combustible material used to ignite fires by rudimentary methods. A small fire consisting of tinder is then used to ignite kindling.
Tinderbox – a small container containing flint, firesteel, and tinder (typically char cloth, but possibly a small quantity of dry, finely-divided fibrous matter such as straw), used together to help kindle a fire. Tinderboxes fell out of general usage when matches were invented.
Vesta case – were small portable boxes made in a great variety of forms with snapshut covers to contain vestas (short matches) and keep them dry.
Wood ash – the residue powder left after the combustion of wood. Main producers of wood ash are wood industries and power plants.
Wood fuel – wood used as fuel. The burning of wood is currently the largest use of energy derived from a solid fuel biomass.
Zip cube – packaged small blocks of solid fuel containing kerosene, sold as a firelighter.
Zippo – a refillable, metal lighter manufactured by Zippo Manufacturing Company of Bradford, Pennsylvania, U.S. Thousands of different styles and designs have been made in the eight decades since their introduction including military ones for specific regiments.