List of firsts in aviation

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Stained glass window showing Eilmer of Malmesbury, installed in Malmesbury Abbey in 1920.

This is a list of firsts in aviation.

The forerunners[edit]

Otto Lilienthal in mid-flight, c. 1895.

Heavier than air era[edit]

In 1999, Bertrand Piccard and Brian Jones achieved the first non-stop balloon circumnavigation in Breitling Orbiter 3.
The Swiss solar-powered aircraft Solar Impulse plan to make the first solar-powered aerial circumnavigation of the globe in 2015.
The actual E.5/15 aircraft used by Wintgens in his pioneering aerial engagement on July 1, 1915, as it appeared at the time of the engagement.

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ Zizhi Tongjian 167. "(永定三年)使元黄头与诸囚自金凤台各乘纸鸱以飞,黄头独能至紫陌乃堕,仍付御史中丞毕义云饿杀之。" (Rendering: In the 3rd year of Yongding, 559, Gao Yang conducted an experiment by having Yuan Huangtou and a few prisoners launch themselves from a tower in Ye, capital of the Northern Qi. Yuan Huangtou was the only one who survived from this flight, as he glided over the city-wall and fell at Zimo [western segment of Ye] safely, but he was later executed.)
  2. ^ Hitti, Philip Khuri (September 6, 2002). History of the Arabs, Revised: 10th Edition. Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 0-333-63142-0. 
  3. ^ William of Malmesbury – ed. and trans. R. A. B. Mynors, R. M. Thomson, and M. Winterbottom (1998-9). Gesta regum Anglorum / The history of the English kings. Oxford Medieval Texts.
  4. ^ Brady, Tim (2000). The American Aviation Experience: A History. SIU Press. p. 310. ISBN 978-0-809-32371-5. 
  5. ^ Oborne, Michael W. (1998). A History of the Château de la Muette. OECD Publishing. pp. 86–7. ISBN 978-9-264-16161-0. 
  6. ^ Ryan, Craig (2003). The Pre-Astronauts: Manned Ballooning on the Threshold of Space. Naval Institute Press. p. 37. ISBN 978-1-591-14748-0. 
  7. ^ a b "CIA Balloon and Airship Hall of Fame 2000 Inductees". The International Air Sports Federation. September 2000. Archived from the original on July 2, 2004. 
  8. ^ Hallion, Richard P. (2003). Taking Flight: Inventing the Aerial Age, from Antiquity through the First World War. Oxford University Press. p. 58. ISBN 978-0-195-16035-2. 
  9. ^ "Boston's first aeronaut". The New York Times. July 10, 1885. 
  10. ^ Byrne, Michael (January 9, 2007). "The Tullamore Balloon Fire - First Air Disaster in History". Offaly Historical and Archaeological Society website. Retrieved January 18, 2013. 
  11. ^ Fulgence, Marion. "Part 2, Chapter 10: The Necrology of Aeronautics". Wonderful Balloon Ascents. Cassel Petter & Galpin.
  12. ^ Davy 1937, p.46
  13. ^ "Sophie Blanchard – First Woman Balloon Pilot". Historic Wings. July 6, 2012. Archived from the original on January 21, 2013. 
  14. ^ "The Giffard Airship, 1852". The Science Museum, London. Retrieved January 21, 2013. 
  15. ^ Loving, Matthew (2011). Bullets and Balloons: French Airmail during the Siege of Paris. Franconian Press.
  16. ^ Williams, Amanda (December 12, 2012). "Victorian Paris photographed from the air". The Daily Mail. Archived from the original on January 21, 2013. 
  17. ^ Anderson, John D. (1999). A History of Aerodynamics: And Its Impact on Flying Machines. Cambridge University Press. p. 155. ISBN 978-0-521-66955-9. 
  18. ^ "Was Brazilian first to fly?". The Leader-Post. November 12, 1986. 
  19. ^ Motoring Illustrated, August 2, 1902, pp 215-216
  20. ^ Manawatu Times, Volume XXVII, Issue 7526, 11 September 1902, Page 3
  21. ^ Gibbs-Smith, Charles H. (April 3, 1959). "Hops and Flights: A roll call of early powered take-offs". Flight 75 (2619): 468. 
  22. ^ Trimble, William F. (1982). High Frontier: A History of Aeronautics in Pennsylvania. University of Pittsburgh Press. p. 58. ISBN 978-0-822-95340-1. 
  23. ^ "Flying". Bridgeport Herald. August 18, 1901. 
  24. ^ "Statement Regarding The Gustave Whitehead Claims of Flight". Flying Machines. Retrieved 24 February 2014. 
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  27. ^ Gray, Carrol F. (August 2002). "The First Five Flights". WW1 Aero - The Journal Of The Early Aeroplane (117): 26–39. 
  28. ^ Howard, Fred (1988). Wilbur and Orville: A Biography of the Wright Brothers. Courier Dover Publications. p. 161. ISBN 978-0-486-40297-0. 
  29. ^ "The Prize Patrol". Wright Brothers Aeroplane Company. Retrieved January 21, 2013. 
  30. ^ "A Century of Sporting Achievements". Fédération Aéronautique Internationale. November 15, 2006. Archived from the original on January 21, 2013. 
  31. ^ Vivian, E. Charles (2004). A History of Aeronautics. [S.l.]: Kessinger Pub. pp. 134–135. ISBN 1-4191-0156-0. 
  32. ^ "This Month in Exploration - May: 100 Years Ago". NASA. Retrieved August 29, 2012. 
  33. ^ Tom D. Crouch (August 29, 2008). "1908: The Year the Airplane Went Public". Air & Space/Smithsonian. Retrieved August 29, 2012. 
  34. ^ "Fatal Fall Of Wright Airship". New York Times. September 18, 1908. Retrieved 2010-10-17. "Falling from a height of 75 feet, Orville Wright and Lieut. Thomas E. Selfridge of the Signal Corps were buried in the wreckage of Wright's aeroplane shortly after 5 o'clock this afternoon. The young army officer died at 8:10 o'clock to-night. Wright is badly hurt, although he probably will recover." 
  35. ^ Pattison, Jo (October 1, 2009). "First to fly across the Channel". BBC News – Kent. Retrieved January 21, 2013. 
  36. ^ "Blériot Tells of his Flight". The New York Times. July 26, 1909. Retrieved January 21, 2013. 
  37. ^ "The New 'Daily Mail' Prizes". Flight 5 (223): 393. April 5, 1913. 
  38. ^ Thurston, David E. (2000). The World's Most Significant and Magnificent Aircraft: Evolution of the Modern Airplane. SAE. p. 67. ISBN 978-0-768-00537-0. 
  39. ^ "Aeroplanes in Collision". New York Times. October 2, 1910. p.11.
  40. ^ Driver, Hugh (1997). The Birth of Military Aviation: Britain, 1903-1914. Boydell & Brewer Ltd. p. 110. ISBN 978-0-861-93234-4. 
  41. ^ "Eugene Ely's Flight from USS Birmingham, 14 November 1910". Naval History & Heritage Command. Retrieved January 21, 2013. 
  42. ^ "Eugene Ely's Flight to USS Pennsylvania, 18 January 1911". Naval History & Heritage Command. Retrieved January 21, 2013. 
  43. ^ "London To Paris By Aeroplane." Times [London, England] 13 Apr. 1911: 8. The Times Digital Archive. Web. 8 Nov. 2013.
  44. ^ "Month of achievement in aviation". Popular Mechanics: 350. August 1911. 
  45. ^ "Flies over the Rockies". The New York Times. October 1, 1911. 
  46. ^ "King up in aeroplane". The New York Times. July 16, 1910. 
  47. ^ a b Bates, Jim (1990). Parachuting: From Student to Skydiver. Tab Books. p. 42. ISBN 978-0-830-63406-4. 
  48. ^ Poynter, Dan (1984). The Parachute Manual: A Technical Treatise on Aerodynamic Decelerators. Para Publishing. p. 160. ISBN 9780915516353. 
  49. ^ Wright, Robert K.; Greenwood, John T. (2007). Airborne Forces at War: From Parachute Test Platoon to the 21st Century. Naval Institute Press. p. 1. ISBN 978-1-591-14028-3. 
  50. ^ "Miss Quimby flies English Channel". The New York Times. April 17, 1912. 
  51. ^ "The Naval Review and the Aviators". Flight IV (20): 442. May 18, 1912. 
  52. ^ a b c Hagedorn, Dan (2008). Conquistadors of the Sky: A History of Aviation in Latin America. Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum. p. 76. ISBN 978-0-813-03249-8. 
  53. ^ Diamond, Karen (April 2000). "Classic memories from the world of aerobatics". Air Sports International. Archived from the original on April 24, 2001. 
  54. ^ "Roland Garros Flies Over Mediterranean Sea". Dalje. September 23, 2008. Retrieved January 21, 2013. 
  55. ^ "This Week in USAF and PACAF History – 24-30 November 2008". Pacific Air Forces. Archived from the original on January 21, 2013. 
  56. ^ Glines, C. V. (May 1997). "St. Petersburg-Tampa Airboat Line: World's First Scheduled Airline Using Winged Aircraft". Aviation History. 
  57. ^ Guttman, John (2009). Pusher Aces of World War I. Osprey Publishing. p. 9. ISBN 978-1-846-03417-6. 
  58. ^ Robson, Pamela (2011). Wild Women: History's Female Rebels, Radicals and Revolutionaries. Pier 9. ISBN 978-1-741-96632-9. 
  59. ^ vanWyngarden, Greg (2006). Osprey Aircraft of the Aces #73: Early German Aces of World War 1. Botley, Oxford UK & New York City, USA: Osprey Publishing. pp. 11 & 12. ISBN 978-1-84176-997-4. 
  60. ^ Sands, Jeffrey, "The Forgotten Ace, Ltn. Kurt Wintgens and his War Letters", Cross & Cockade USA, Summer 1985.
  61. ^ Nicolaou, Stéphane (1998). Flying Boats & Seaplanes: A History from 1905. Bay View Books Ltd. p. 54. ISBN 1-901432-20-3. 
  62. ^ Guinness Book of Air Facts and Feats (3rd ed.). 1977. 
  63. ^ Galdorisi, George; Phillips, Thomas (2009). Leave No Man Behind: The Saga of Combat Search and Rescue. Zenith Imprint. pp. 5–6. ISBN 978-0-760-32392-2. 
  64. ^ L'homme-vent, special issue of L'Ami de Pézenas , 2010, ISSN 140-0084
  65. ^ Bishop, Chris; Chant, Chris (2004). Aircraft Carriers: The World's Greatest Naval Vessels and Their Aircraft. Zenith Imprint. p. 106. ISBN 978-0-760-32005-1. 
  66. ^ "Alcock and Brown". The Aviation History Online Museum. Retrieved January 21, 2013. 
  67. ^ McCarthy, John. "Sir Ross Macpherson Smith". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Retrieved January 21, 2013. 
  68. ^ "U.S. Centennial of Flight Commission". United States Government. Archived from the original on January 2, 2012. 
  69. ^ Dierikx, Marc (2008). Clipping the Clouds: How Air Travel Changed the World. ABC-CLIO. p. 7. ISBN 978-0-313-05945-2. 
  70. ^ "First air-to-air refuelling". National Museum of the US Air Force. Retrieved January 21, 2013. 
  71. ^ "Lindbergh Flies the Atlantic, 1927". Charles Lindbergh – An American Aviator. Retrieved January 21, 2013. 
  72. ^ Maurer, Maurer (1987). Aviation in the U.S. Army, 1919-1939. Maxwell AFB: United States Air Force Historical Research Center. pp. 256–260. 
  73. ^ Harris, Bruce (December 17, 2003). "Magnificent machines, home-grown legends". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved January 21, 2013. 
  74. ^ Bryan, C.D.B. (1979). The National Air and Space Museum. New York: Harry N. Abrams, Inc. p. 132. ISBN 0-8109-0666-X. 
  75. ^ "First trans-Tasman flight". New Zealand History online. Retrieved January 21, 2013. 
  76. ^ "Completion of first trans-Tasman solo flight". New Zealand History online. Retrieved January 21, 2013. 
  77. ^ Ryan, Craig (2003). The Pre-Astronauts: Manned Ballooning on the Threshold of Space. Naval Institute Press. pp. 40–44. ISBN 978-1-591-14748-0. 
  78. ^ Heikell, Edward; Heikell, Robert (2012). One Chance for Glory: First Nonstop Flight Across the Pacific. CreateSpace. ISBN 978-1-468-00608-7. 
  79. ^ Briand, Paul (1964). Daughter of the Sky. Duell, Sloan, Pearce. p. 77. 
  80. ^ Bonds, Ray (2003). The Illustrated Dictionary of a Century of Flight. Zenith Imprints. pp. 136–139. ISBN 978-0-760-31555-2. 
  81. ^ "Sabiha Gökçen". Air University. Retrieved June 27, 2013.
  82. ^ "Sabiha Gökçen (1913-2001)". Hargrave – Pioneers of Aviation. Retrieved June 27, 2013.
  83. ^ van Pelt, Michel (2012). Rocketing Into the Future: The History and Technology of Rocket Planes. Springer. p. 70. ISBN 978-1-461-43200-5. 
  84. ^ Pavelec, Sterling Michael (2007). The Jet Race and the Second World War. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 22. ISBN 978-0-275-99355-9. 
  85. ^ "Chuck Yeager Biography". Academy of Achievement. Retrieved January 21, 2013. 
  86. ^ Bennett, Simon (2006). A Sociology of Commercial Flight Crew. Ashgate Publisher, Ltd. p. 52. ISBN 978-0-754-64317-3. 
  87. ^ a b Patrick, Michael (December 1993). "90 Years of Flight". Popular Mechanics (Hearst Magazines) 170 (12): 32. 
  88. ^ "Trans-Pacific trek beats ballooning flight record". Lawrence Journal-World. February 19, 1995. 
  89. ^ Higdon, Dave (31 March 1999). "Cirrus SR20 demonstrator kills test pilot in prison crash". Flighglobal. Retrieved 2014-07-18. 
  90. ^ Ballistic Recovery Systems - BRS Milestones http://www.brsaerospace.com/brs_history.aspx
  91. ^ Federal Aviation Administration. "Type Certification Data Sheet A00009CH". Retrieved 2014-07-18. 
  92. ^ Johnson, Glen (September 24, 1999). "Historic balloon on show". The Free Lance-Star. 
  93. ^ Tinkler, Emma (July 7, 2002). "Fossett lands after first around-the-world solo balloon quest". The Daily Courier (Yavapai County, Arizona). 
  94. ^ "Fossett just makes it". The Age. March 5, 2005. Retrieved January 21, 2013. 
  95. ^ "Türk Deniz Havacılık Tarihi" in the official website of the Naval Air Base Command of the Turkish Naval Forces. (Turkish)
  96. ^ Ajun Kurter, Türk Hava Kuvvetleri Tarihi, Cilt 5, Hava Kuvvetleri Komutanlığı, 2009, p. 299. (Turkish)
  97. ^ Dünyanın ilk siyahi pilotu: ARAP AHMET -4 "Pilotlarla Dolu Bir Aile", Posta, 20 March 2011. (Turkish)
  98. ^ DÜNYANIN İLK SİYAH PİLOTU: ARAP AHMET, Havervitrin, 8 March 2011. (Turkish)

See also[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Conquistadors of the Sky: A History of Aviation in Latin America. Dan Hagedorn. University Press of Florida, 2008. ISBN 0-8130-3249-0, ISBN 978-0-8130-3249-8.
  • Leave No Man Behind: The Saga of Combat Search and Rescue. George Galdorisi, Thomas Phillips. MBI Publishing Company, 2009. ISBN 0-7603-2392-5, ISBN 978-0-7603-2392-2.
  • Interpretive History of Flight. M.J.B Davy. Science Museum, London, 1937.