List of fish of the Black Sea

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Black-Sea-NASA.jpg

The list of fish of the Black Sea consists of indigenous, and also introduced species.

The following tags are used to indicate the conservation status of species by IUCN's criteria:

EX Extinct
CR Critically Endangered
EN Endangered
VU Vulnerable
NT Near Threatened
LC Least Concern
DD Data Deficient
NE Not Evaluated

All the listed species are classified by their origin as native, introduced, invasive, and species found accidentally (difficult to characterize as native or invasive).

Scientific name Taxa authority English name Origin Country of occurrence IUCN status Image
Ordo: Petromyzontiformes
Family: Petromyzontidae
Eudontomyzon mariae (Berg, 1931) Ukrainian brook lamprey Native  Bulgaria,  Romania,  Russia,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status iucn3.1 LC.svg
Least Concern
Одинока мінога.JPG
Ordo: Rajiformes
Family: Rajidae
Raja clavata Linnaeus, 1758 Thornback ray Native  Bulgaria,  Georgia,  Romania,  Russia,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status iucn3.1 NT.svg
Near Threatened
Raja clavata aquarium mareis.JPG
Ordo: Myliobatiformes
Family: Dasyatidae
Dasyatis pastinaca Linnaeus, 1758 Common stingray Native  Bulgaria,  Georgia,  Romania,  Russia,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status iucn3.1 blank.svg
Data Deficient
Common stingray tynemouth.jpg
Family: Gymnuridae
Gymnura altavela (Linnaeus, 1758) Spiny butterfly ray Accidental  Georgia,  Romania,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status iucn3.1 VU.svg
Vulnerable
Gymnura altavela.jpg
Ordo: Carcharhiniformes
Family: Scyliorhinidae
Scyliorhinus canicula (Linnaeus, 1758) Small-spotted catshark Accidental  Turkey Status none NE.svg
Not Evaluated
Kleingefleckter Katzenhai.jpg
Family: Sphyrnidae
Sphyrna zygaena (Linnaeus, 1758) Smooth hammerhead Accidental  Romania Status iucn3.1 VU.svg
Vulnerable
Sphyrna zygaena noaa.jpg
Ordo: Lamniformes
Family: Alopiidae
Alopias vulpinus (Bonnaterre, 1788) Common thresher Accidental  Turkey Status iucn3.1 VU.svg
Vulnerable
Thresher shark.jpg
Ordo: Squaliformes
Family: Squalidae
Squalus acanthias Linnaeus, 1758 Spiny dogfish Native  Bulgaria,  Georgia,  Romania,  Russia,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status iucn3.1 VU.svg
Vulnerable
Spiny dogfish hokitika.jpg
Squalus blainville (Risso, 1827) Longnose spurdog Native  Bulgaria,  Georgia,  Turkey Status none NE.svg
Not Evaluated
Squalus blainville.jpg
Ordo: Squatiniformes
Family: Squatinidae
Squatina squatina Linnaeus, 1758 Angelshark Accidental  Turkey Status iucn3.1 CR.svg
Critically Endangered
Squatina squatina lanzarote.jpg
Ordo: Acipenseriformes
Family: Acipenseridae
Acipenser gueldenstaedtii (Brandt & Ratzeburg, 1833) Russian sturgeon Native  Bulgaria,  Georgia,  Romania,  Russia,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status iucn3.1 CR.svg
Critically Endangered
Acipenser gueldenstaedti.JPG
Acipenser nudiventris Lovetsky, 1828 Bastard sturgeon Native  Bulgaria,  Georgia,  Romania,  Russia,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status iucn3.1 CR.svg
Critically Endangered
Shipzaur.jpg
Acipenser persicus Borodin, 1897 Persian sturgeon Native  Georgia Status iucn3.1 CR.svg
Critically Endangered
Acipenser persicus.jpg
Acipenser ruthenus Linnaeus, 1758 Sterlet Native  Bulgaria,  Georgia,  Romania,  Russia,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status iucn3.1 VU.svg
Vulnerable
Acipenser ruthenus Prague Vltava 1.jpg
Acipenser stellatus Pallas, 1771 Starry sturgeon Native  Bulgaria,  Georgia,  Romania,  Russia,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status iucn3.1 CR.svg
Critically Endangered
Acipenser stellatus sőregtok.jpg
Acipenser sturio Linnaeus, 1758 European sea sturgeon Native  Bulgaria,  Georgia,  Romania,  Russia,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status iucn3.1 CR.svg
Critically Endangered
Stör - Sturgeon.jpg
Huso huso Linnaeus, 1758 Beluga Native  Bulgaria,  Georgia,  Romania,  Russia,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status iucn3.1 CR.svg
Critically Endangered
Huhus u0.gif
Ordo: Anguilliformes
Family: Anguillidae
Anguilla anguilla Linnaeus, 1758 European eel Native  Bulgaria,  Georgia,  Romania,  Russia,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status iucn3.1 CR.svg
Critically Endangered
Anguilla anguilla.jpg
Family: Congridae
Conger conger Linnaeus, 1758 European conger Accidental  Bulgaria,  Romania,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status none NE.svg
Not Evaluated
Conger eel01.jpg
Ordo: Clupeiformes
Family: Engraulidae
Engraulis encrasicolus Linnaeus, 1758 European anchovy Native  Bulgaria,  Georgia,  Romania,  Russia,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status none NE.svg
Not Evaluated
Engraulis encrasicolus Gervais.jpg
Family: Clupeidae
Alosa caspia (Eichwald, 1838) Caspian shad Native  Bulgaria,  Georgia,  Romania,  Russia,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status iucn3.1 LC.svg
Least Concern
Alosa caspia.jpg
Alosa fallax Lacépède, 1800 Twait shad Native  Bulgaria,  Romania,  Russia,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status iucn3.1 LC.svg
Least Concern
Alosa fallax.jpg
Alosa immaculata Bennett, 1835 Pontic shad Native  Bulgaria,  Georgia,  Romania,  Russia,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status iucn3.1 VU.svg
Vulnerable
Caspialosa kessleri pontica Dunai hering.jpg
Alosa maeotica Grimm, 1901 Black Sea shad Native  Bulgaria,  Georgia,  Romania,  Russia,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status iucn3.1 LC.svg
Least Concern
Alosa maeotica.jpg
Alosa tanaica (Grimm, 1901) Azov shad Native  Bulgaria,  Georgia,  Romania,  Russia,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status iucn3.1 LC.svg
Least Concern
Clupeonella cultriventris (Nordmann, 1840) Black-Sea sprat Native  Bulgaria,  Georgia,  Romania,  Russia,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status iucn3.1 LC.svg
Least Concern
Clupeonella1.jpg
Sardina pilchardus Walbaum, 1792 European pilchard Native  Bulgaria,  Georgia,  Romania,  Russia,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status none NE.svg
Not Evaluated
Sardina pilchardus 2011.jpg
Sardinella aurita Valenciennes, 1847 Round sardinella Accidental  Bulgaria,  Georgia,  Romania,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status none NE.svg
Not Evaluated
Sardinella aurita.jpg
Sprattus sprattus (Linnaeus, 1758) European sprat Native  Bulgaria,  Georgia,  Romania,  Russia,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status none NE.svg
Not Evaluated
Sprattus sprattus2.JPG
Ordo: Salmoniformes
Family: Salmonidae
Salmo labrax Pallas, 1814 Black Sea salmon Native  Bulgaria,  Georgia,  Romania,  Russia,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status iucn3.1 LC.svg
Least Concern
Salmo trutta Linnaeus, 1758 Brown trout Introduced species  Romania,  Russia,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status iucn3.1 LC.svg
Least Concern
Salmo trutta Prague Vltava 2.jpg
Ordo: Gadiformes
Family: Gadidae
Merlangius merlangus Linnaeus, 1758 Whiting Native  Bulgaria,  Georgia,  Romania,  Russia,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status none NE.svg
Not Evaluated
Wijting002.jpg
Micromesistius poutassou (Risso, 1827) Blue whiting Accidental  Ukraine Status none NE.svg
Not Evaluated
Galdus poutassou.Lirio.jpg
Family: Lotidae
Gaidropsarus mediterraneus (Linnaeus, 1758) Shore rockling Native  Bulgaria,  Georgia,  Romania,  Russia,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status none NE.svg
Not Evaluated
Gaidropsarus mediterraneus.jpg
Family: Merlucciidae
Merluccius merluccius (Linneus, 1758) European hake Native  Bulgaria,  Georgia,  Turkey Status none NE.svg
Not Evaluated
Merluccius merluccius.002 - Aquarium Finisterrae.JPG
Ordo: Ophidiiformes
Family: Ophidiidae
Ophidion rochei Müller, 1845 Roche’s snake blenny Native  Bulgaria,  Georgia,  Romania,  Russia,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status iucn3.1 blank.svg
Data Deficient
Ophidion rochei - Zmiinyi.jpg
Ordo: Lophiiformes
Family: Lophiidae
Lophius budegassa (Spinola, 1807) Blackbellied angler Native  Turkey Status none NE.svg
Not Evaluated
Lophius budegassa.jpg
Lophius piscatorius Linnaeus, 1758 Sea-devil Native  Bulgaria,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status none NE.svg
Not Evaluated
Seeteufel.jpg
Ordo: Atheriniformes
Family: Atherinidae
Atherina boyeri Risso, 1810 Big-scale sand smelt Native  Bulgaria,  Georgia,  Romania,  Russia,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status iucn3.1 LC.svg
Least Concern
Atherina boyeri, Gulf of Odessa, Black Sea.jpg
Atherina hepsetus Linnaeus, 1758 Mediterranean sand smelt Native  Bulgaria,  Georgia,  Romania,  Russia,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status none NE.svg
Not Evaluated
Atherina hepsetus Stefano Guerrieri 1.jpg
Ordo: Beloniformes
Family: Belonidae
Belone belone (Linnaeus, 1761) Garfish Native  Bulgaria,  Georgia,  Romania,  Russia,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status none NE.svg
Not Evaluated
Belona.JPG
Ordo: Cyprinodontiformes
Family: Poeciliidae
Gambusia holbrooki Girard, 1859 Eastern mosquitofish Introduced species  Georgia,  Turkey Status none NE.svg
Not Evaluated
Gambusia holbrooki.png
Ordo: Zeiformes
Family: Zeidae
Zeus faber Linnaeus, 1758 John Dory Native  Bulgaria,  Georgia,  Romania,  Russia,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status none NE.svg
Not Evaluated
Zeus.faber 2.jpg
Ordo: Gasterosteiformes
Family: Gasterosteidae
Gasterosteus aculeatus Linnaeus, 1758 Three-spined stickleback Native  Bulgaria,  Georgia,  Romania,  Russia,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status iucn3.1 LC.svg
Least Concern
ThreeSpinedandTenspinedSticklebackMales.JPG
Pungitius platygaster (Kessler, 1859) Ukrainian stickleback Native  Bulgaria,  Romania,  Russia,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status iucn3.1 LC.svg
Least Concern
PP1.jpg
Ordo: Syngnathiformes
Family: Syngnathidae
Hippocampus guttulatus (Cuvier, 1829) Long-snouted seahorse Native  Bulgaria,  Georgia,  Romania,  Russia,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status iucn3.1 blank.svg
Data Deficient
Black Sea fauna Seahorse.JPG
Nerophis ophidion (Linnaeus, 1758) Straightnose pipefish Native  Bulgaria,  Georgia,  Romania,  Russia,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status none NE.svg
Not Evaluated
Wężynka.jpg
Syngnathus abaster Risso, 1826 Black-striped pipefish Native  Bulgaria,  Georgia,  Romania,  Russia,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status iucn3.1 LC.svg
Least Concern
Syngnathus abaster body.jpg
Syngnathus acus Linnaeus, 1758 Greater pipefish Accidental  Turkey,  Ukraine Status none NE.svg
Not Evaluated
Océanopolis - les aquariums 003.JPG
Syngnathus schmidti Popov, 1927 Black-Sea pelagic pipefish Native  Bulgaria,  Georgia,  Romania,  Russia,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status none NE.svg
Not Evaluated
Syngnathus tenuirostris Rathke, 1837 Narrow-snouted pipefish Native  Bulgaria,  Georgia,  Romania,  Russia,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status iucn3.1 blank.svg
Data Deficient
Syngnathus tenuirostris 04.jpg
Syngnathus typhle Linnaeus, 1758 Broadnosed pipefish Native  Bulgaria,  Georgia,  Romania,  Russia,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status none NE.svg
Not Evaluated
Syngnathus typhle 20111103 151208 0650M.JPG
Syngnathus variegatus Pallas, 1814 Thickly snouted pipefish Native  Bulgaria,  Georgia,  Romania,  Russia,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status none NE.svg
Not Evaluated
Ordo: Scorpaeniformes
Family: Scorpaenidae
Scorpaena notata Rafinesque, 1810 Small red scorpionfish Native  Russia,  Turkey Status none NE.svg
Not Evaluated
Scorpaena notata (DFdB).JPG
Scorpaena porcus Linnaeus, 1758 Black scorpionfish Native  Bulgaria,  Georgia,  Romania,  Russia,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status none NE.svg
Not Evaluated
S.porcus.JPG
Family: Dactylopteridae
Dactylopterus volitans Linnaeus, 1758 Flying gurnard Accidental  Ukraine Status none NE.svg
Not Evaluated
Dactylopterus volitans.jpg
Family: Triglidae
Chelidonichthys cuculus (Linnaeus, 1758) Red gurnard Accidental  Turkey,  Ukraine Status none NE.svg
Not Evaluated
Aspitrigla cuculus.jpg
Chelidonichthys lucerna (Linnaeus, 1758) Tub gurnard Native  Bulgaria,  Georgia,  Romania,  Russia,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status none NE.svg
Not Evaluated
Chelidonichthys lucernus 1 Luc viatour.jpg
Eutrigla gurnardus (Linnaeus, 1758) Grey gurnard Accidental  Bulgaria,  Turkey Status none NE.svg
Not Evaluated
Eutrigla gurnardus.jpg
Ordo: Gobiesociformes
Family: Gobiesocidae
Apletodon dentatus (Facciolà, 1887) Small-headed clingfish Native  Romania Status none NE.svg
Not Evaluated
Diplecogaster bimaculata (Bonnaterre, 1788) Two-spotted clingfish Native  Bulgaria,  Georgia,  Romania,  Russia,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status none NE.svg
Not Evaluated
Diplecogaster bimaculata (dorsal).jpg
Lepadogaster candolii Risso, 1810 Connemarra clingfish Native  Bulgaria,  Georgia,  Russia,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status none NE.svg
Not Evaluated
Lepadogaster candollii 04-02-06 DSCF8726.jpg
Lepadogaster lepadogaster (Bonnaterre, 1788) Shore clingfish Native  Bulgaria,  Georgia,  Romania,  Russia,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status none NE.svg
Not Evaluated
Lepadogaster lepadogaster.jpg
Ordo: Perciformes
Family: Blenniidae
Aidablennius sphynx (Valenciennes, 1836) Sphinx blenny Native  Bulgaria,  Georgia,  Romania,  Russia,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status none NE.svg
Not Evaluated
Aidablennius sphynx.jpg
Blennius ocellaris Linnaeus, 1758 Butterfly blenny Native  Turkey,  Ukraine Status none NE.svg
Not Evaluated
Blennius ocellaris Messina.jpg
Coryphoblennius galerita (Linnaeus, 1758) Montagu's blenny Native  Bulgaria,  Georgia,  Romania,  Russia,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status none NE.svg
Not Evaluated
Coryphoblennius galerita.jpg
Microlipophrys adriaticus (Steindachner & Kolombatovic, 1883) Adriatic blenny Accidental  Turkey,  Ukraine Status iucn3.1 blank.svg
Data Deficient
Lipophrys adriaticus Krk.JPG
Parablennius gattorugine (Linnaeus, 1758) Tompot blenny Native  Turkey Status none NE.svg
Not Evaluated
Parablennius gattorugine Bretagne.jpg
Parablennius incognitus Bath, 1968 Mystery blenny Invasive  Georgia,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status none NE.svg
Not Evaluated
Parablennius incognitus.jpg
Parablennius sanguinolentus (Pallas, 1814) Rusty blenny Native  Bulgaria,  Georgia,  Romania,  Russia,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status none NE.svg
Not Evaluated
Parablennius sanguinolentus 30-07-07.jpg
Parablennius tentacularis (Brünnich, 1768) Tentacled blenny Native  Bulgaria,  Georgia,  Romania,  Russia,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status none NE.svg
Not Evaluated
Parablennius tentacularis 22-07-05 1.jpg
Parablennius zvonimiri Kolombatovic, 1892 Zvonimir's blenny Native  Bulgaria,  Georgia,  Romania,  Russia,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status iucn3.1 blank.svg
Data Deficient
Parablennius zvonimiri 08-04-08 DSCF2468.jpg
Salaria pavo (Risso, 1810) Peacock blenny Native  Bulgaria,  Georgia,  Romania,  Russia,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status none NE.svg
Not Evaluated
Salaria pavo DSCF9189.jpg
Family: Tripterygiidae
Tripterygion tripteronotus (Risso, 1810) Red-black triplefin Native  Romania,  Russia,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status none NE.svg
Not Evaluated
Tripterygion tripteronotum argeles france.jpg
Family: Callionymidae
Callionymus fasciatus Valenciennes, 1837 Banded dragonet Native  Russia,  Turkey Status iucn3.1 LC.svg
Least Concern
Callionymus lyra Linnaeus, 1758 Common dragonet Native  Georgia,  Russia,  Turkey Status none NE.svg
Not Evaluated
Callionymus lyra.jpg
Callionymus pusillus Delaroche, 1809 Sailfin dragonet Native  Bulgaria,  Georgia,  Romania,  Russia,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status none NE.svg
Not Evaluated
Callionymus pusillus maschio Koufonissi.jpg
Callionymus risso Le Sueur, 1814 Risso’s dragonet Native  Bulgaria,  Georgia,  Romania,  Russia,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status none NE.svg
Not Evaluated
Callionymus risso Cres 2.JPG
Family: Gobiidae
Aphia minuta (Risso, 1810) Transparent goby Native  Bulgaria,  Georgia,  Romania,  Russia,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status none NE.svg
Not Evaluated
2 - Aphia minuta 03-11-06 DSCF4095.jpg
Babka gymnotrachelus (Kessler, 1857) Racer goby Native  Bulgaria,  Georgia,  Romania,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status iucn3.1 LC.svg
Least Concern
Racer goby.jpg
Benthophiloides brauneri Beling & Iljin, 1927 Beardless tadpole goby Native  Bulgaria,  Romania,  Ukraine Status iucn3.1 blank.svg
Data Deficient
Benthophiloides brauneri.png
Benthophilus nudus Berg, 1898 Black Sea tadpole-goby Native  Bulgaria,  Romania,  Ukraine Status iucn3.1 LC.svg
Least Concern
Benthophilus nudus.jpg
Caspiosoma caspium (Kessler, 1877) Caspiosoma Native  Ukraine Status iucn3.1 LC.svg
Least Concern
Chromogobius quadrivittatus (Steindachner, 1863) Chestnut goby Native  Bulgaria,  Russia,  Turkey Status iucn3.1 LC.svg
Least Concern
Chromogobius quadrivittatus.jpg
Gammogobius steinitzi (Bath, 1971) Steinitz's goby Native  Ukraine Status iucn3.1 blank.svg
Data Deficient
1 - Gammogobius steinitzi 26-07-08 DSCF4139.jpg
Gobius bucchichi Steindachner, 1870 Bucchich's goby Native  Bulgaria,  Georgia,  Russia,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status iucn3.1 LC.svg
Least Concern
2 - Gobius bucchichi DSCF0003.jpg
Gobius cobitis Pallas, 1814 Giant goby Native  Bulgaria,  Georgia,  Romania,  Russia,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status iucn3.1 LC.svg
Least Concern
Gobius cobitis, Croatia - 20090209.jpg
Gobius cruentatus Gmelin, 1789 Red-mouthed goby Invasive  Turkey,  Ukraine Status none NE.svg
Not Evaluated
Gobius cruentatus 1 (Stefano Guerrrieri).jpg
Gobius niger Linnaeus, 1758 Black goby Native  Bulgaria,  Georgia,  Romania,  Russia,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status none NE.svg
Not Evaluated
Gobius niger (varietà Albidus) - (Stefano Guerrieri).jpg
Gobius paganellus Linnaeus, 1758 Rock goby Native  Bulgaria,  Georgia,  Romania,  Russia,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status none NE.svg
Not Evaluated
Gobius paganellus.jpg
Gobius xanthocephalus Heymer & Zander, 1992 Yellow-headed goby Native  Georgia,  Ukraine Status iucn3.1 LC.svg
Least Concern
Gobius xanthocephalus.JPG
Knipowitschia cameliae Nalbant & Otel, 1995 Danube delta dwarf goby Native  Romania Status iucn3.1 CR.svg
Critically Endangered
Knipowitschia caucasica (Berg, 1916) Caucasian dwarf goby Native  Bulgaria,  Georgia,  Romania,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status iucn3.1 LC.svg
Least Concern
Knipowitschia caucasica.jpg
Knipowitschia longecaudata (Berg, 1916) Longtail dwarf goby Native  Bulgaria,  Romania,  Ukraine Status iucn3.1 LC.svg
Least Concern
Knipowitschia2.jpg
Mesogobius batrachocephalus (Pallas, 1814) Toad goby Native  Bulgaria,  Georgia,  Romania,  Russia,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status iucn3.1 LC.svg
Least Concern
Toad goby from Gelendzhik, Caucasus.jpg
Millerigobius macrocephalus (Kolombatovic, 1891) Large-headed goby Invasive  Ukraine Status none NE.svg
Not Evaluated
Millerigobius macrocephalus.jpg
Neogobius fluviatilis (Pallas, 1814) Monkey goby Native  Bulgaria,  Georgia,  Romania,  Russia,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status iucn3.1 LC.svg
Least Concern
Monkey goby, Bug River, Poland.jpg
Neogobius melanostomus (Pallas, 1814) Round goby Native  Bulgaria,  Georgia,  Romania,  Russia,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status iucn3.1 LC.svg
Least Concern
Zwartbekgrondel op de wal.JPG
Pomatoschistus bathi (Miller, 1982) Bath's goby Invasive  Georgia,  Russia,  Ukraine Status none NE.svg
Not Evaluated
Pomatoschistus bathi 20-10-06 DSCF3721.jpg
Pomatoschistus marmoratus (Risso, 1810) Marbled goby Native  Bulgaria,  Georgia,  Romania,  Russia,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status none NE.svg
Not Evaluated
Pomatoschistus marmoratus 2.JPG
Pomatoschistus minutus (Pallas, 1770) Sand goby Native  Bulgaria,  Romania,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status none NE.svg
Not Evaluated
Pom min.jpg
Pomatoschistus pictus Malm, 1865 Painted goby Accidental  Turkey,  Ukraine Status none NE.svg
Not Evaluated
Pomatoschistus pictus 18-04-07 DSCF7611.jpg
Ponticola cephalargoides (Pinchuk, 1976) Pinchuk's goby Native  Bulgaria,  Romania,  Ukraine Status none NE.svg
Not Evaluated
Ponticola cephalargoides 1.jpg
Ponticola eurycephalus (Kessler, 1874) Mushroom goby Native  Bulgaria,  Georgia,  Romania,  Russia,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status iucn3.1 LC.svg
Least Concern
P eurycephalus 1.jpg
Ponticola kessleri (Günther, 1861) Bighead goby Native  Bulgaria,  Romania,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status iucn3.1 LC.svg
Least Concern
Ponticola kessleri on sand, Dniester Estuary.jpg
Ponticola platyrostris (Pallas, 1814) Flatsnout goby Native  Bulgaria,  Georgia,  Romania,  Russia,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status iucn3.1 LC.svg
Least Concern
Ponticola from Caucasus, Black Sea - 1.jpg
Ponticola ratan (Nordmann, 1840) Ratan goby Native  Bulgaria,  Romania,  Russia,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status none NE.svg
Not Evaluated
Ponticola ratan 7.jpg
Ponticola syrman (Nordmann, 1840) Syrman goby Native  Bulgaria,  Romania,  Russia,  Ukraine Status iucn3.1 LC.svg
Least Concern
Ponticola syrman - head.jpg
Proterorhinus marmoratus (Pallas, 1814) Marine tubenose goby Native  Bulgaria,  Georgia,  Romania,  Russia,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status iucn3.1 LC.svg
Least Concern
Proterorhinus marmoratus 6.jpg
Tridentiger trigonocephalus (Gill, 1859) Chameleon goby Invasive  Ukraine Status none NE.svg
Not Evaluated
T.trigonocephalus.jpg
Zebrus zebrus (Risso, 1827) Zebra goby Accidental  Turkey Status iucn3.1 LC.svg
Least Concern
Zebrus zebrus Minorca.jpg
Zosterisessor ophiocephalus (Pallas, 1814) Grass goby Native  Bulgaria,  Georgia,  Romania,  Russia,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status iucn3.1 blank.svg
Data Deficient
Zelenchak 1.jpg
Family: Labridae
Coris julis (Linnaeus, 1758) Mediterranean rainbow wrasse Native  Bulgaria,  Romania,  Turkey Status iucn3.1 LC.svg
Least Concern
DSCN3451.JPG
Ctenolabrus rupestris (Linnaeus, 1758) Goldsinny wrasse Native  Bulgaria,  Georgia,  Romania,  Russia,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status none NE.svg
Not Evaluated
Ctenolabrus rupestris.jpg
Labrus bergylta Linnaeus, 1758 Ballan wrasse Native  Turkey Status iucn3.1 LC.svg
Least Concern
Labrus bergylta (Gootebank).jpg
Labrus merula Linnaeus, 1758 Brown wrasse Native  Turkey Status iucn3.1 LC.svg
Least Concern
Labrus merula 03-12-06 (Stefano Guerrieri).jpg
Labrus viridis Linnaeus, 1758 Green wrasse Native  Bulgaria, Romania,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status iucn3.1 VU.svg
Vulnerable
Labrus viridis.jpg
Symphodus cinereus (Bonnaterre, 1788) Grey wrasse Native  Bulgaria,  Georgia,  Romania,  Russia,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status iucn3.1 LC.svg
Least Concern
Symphodus cinereus (Stefano Guerrieri) spawning.jpg
Symphodus ocellatus Forsskål, 1775 Ocellated wrasse Native  Bulgaria,  Georgia,  Romania,  Russia,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status iucn3.1 LC.svg
Least Concern
Symphodus ocellatus 24-05-07 (Stefano Guerrieri).jpg
Symphodus roissali (Risso, 1810) Five-spotted wrasse Native  Bulgaria,  Georgia,  Romania,  Russia,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status iucn3.1 LC.svg
Least Concern
Symphodus roissali 17-04-06 (Stefano Guerrieri).jpg
Symphodus rostratus (Bloch, 1791) Pointed-snout wrasse Native  Bulgaria,  Georgia,  Romania,  Russia,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status iucn3.1 LC.svg
Least Concern
Symphodus rostratus.jpg
Symphodus tinca (Linnaeus, 1758) East Atlantic peacock wrasse Native  Bulgaria,  Georgia,  Romania,  Russia,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status iucn3.1 LC.svg
Least Concern
Symphodus tinca femmina Muggia.jpg
Family: Pomacentridae
Chromis chromis (Linnaeus, 1758) Damselfish Native  Bulgaria,  Georgia,  Romania,  Russia,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status none NE.svg
Not Evaluated
Chromis chromis 2.jpg
Family: Mugilidae
Chelon labrosus (Risso, 1827) Thicklip grey mullet Native  Bulgaria, Turkey,  Ukraine Status none NE.svg
Not Evaluated
Chelon labrosus 01 by dpc.jpg
Liza aurata (Risso, 1810) Golden grey mullet Native  Bulgaria,  Georgia,  Romania,  Russia,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status iucn3.1 LC.svg
Least Concern
Liza aurata Corsica.jpg
Liza haematocheilus (Temminck & Schlegel, 1845) Redlip mullet Introduced species  Bulgaria,  Georgia,  Romania,  Russia,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status none NE.svg
Not Evaluated
Liza haematocheila by OpenCage.jpg
Liza ramada (Risso, 1810) Thinlip mullet Native  Bulgaria,  Romania,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status none NE.svg
Not Evaluated
Liza ramada.jpg
Liza saliens (Risso, 1810) Leaping mullet Native  Bulgaria,  Georgia,  Romania,  Russia,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status iucn3.1 LC.svg
Least Concern
Meeräsche.jpg
Mugil cephalus Linnaeus, 1758 Flathead mullet Native  Bulgaria,  Georgia,  Romania,  Russia,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status iucn3.1 LC.svg
Least Concern
Grey Mullet.jpg
Family: Carangidae
Lichia amia Linnaeus, 1758 Leerfish Native  Bulgaria,  Turkey Status none NE.svg
Not Evaluated
Lichia amia.jpg
Trachurus mediterraneus (Steindachner, 1868) Mediterranean horse mackerel Native  Bulgaria,  Georgia,  Romania,  Russia,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status none NE.svg
Not Evaluated
Jurel mediterráneo (Trachurus mediterraneus).jpg
Trachurus trachurus (Linnaeus, 1758) Atlantic horse mackerel Native  Bulgaria,  Romania,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status none NE.svg
Not Evaluated
Trachurus trachurus.jpg
Naucrates ductor (Linnaeus, 1758) Pilot fish Accidental  Turkey,  Ukraine Status none NE.svg
Not Evaluated
Carcharhinus longimanus 1.jpg
Family: Centracanthidae
Spicara maena (Linnaeus, 1758) Blotched picarel Native  Bulgaria, Russia,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status none NE.svg
Not Evaluated
Spicara flexuosa 1.jpg
Spicara smaris (Linnaeus, 1758) Picarel Native  Bulgaria,  Georgia,  Romania,  Russia,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status none NE.svg
Not Evaluated
Spicara smaris.jpg
Family: Centrarchidae
Lepomis gibbosus (Linnaeus, 1758) Pumpkinseed Invasive  Bulgaria,  Romania,  Ukraine Status none NE.svg
Not Evaluated
Lepomis gibbosus - Zoo Frankfurt.jpg
Family: Chaetodontidae
Heniochus acuminatus (Linnaeus, 1758) Pennant coralfish Accidental  Ukraine Status iucn3.1 LC.svg
Least Concern
Pennant coralfish melb aquarium.jpg
Family: Moronidae
Dicentrarchus labrax (Linnaeus, 1758) European seabass Native  Bulgaria,  Georgia,  Romania,  Russia,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status iucn3.1 LC.svg
Least Concern
Dicentrarchus labrax (Belgium).jpg
Morone saxatilis (Walbaum, 1792) Striped bass Introduced species  Russia,  Ukraine Status none NE.svg
Not Evaluated
Chesapeake-Bay-Striped-Bass-Fishing.JPG
Family: Mullidae
Mullus barbatus Linnaeus, 1758 Red mullet Native  Bulgaria,  Georgia,  Romania,  Russia,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status none NE.svg
Not Evaluated
Mullus barbatus Linnaeus, 1758 1.jpg
Mullus surmuletus Linnaeus, 1758 Surmullet Native  Turkey Status none NE.svg
Not Evaluated
Mullus surmuletus.JPG
Family: Percidae
Percarina demidoffii Nordmann, 1840 Common percarina Native  Romania,  Ukraine Status iucn3.1 NT.svg
Near Threatened
Percarina maeotica Kuznetsov, 1888 Azov percarina Native  Russia,  Ukraine Status iucn3.1 LC.svg
Least Concern
Sander marinus (Cuvier, 1828) Estuarine Perch Native  Bulgaria,  Ukraine Status iucn3.1 blank.svg
Data Deficient
Family: Pomatomidae
Pomatomus saltatrix (Linnaeus, 1766) Bluefish Native  Bulgaria,  Georgia,  Romania,  Russia,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status none NE.svg
Not Evaluated
Very Large Bluefish.JPG
Family: Echeneidae
Echeneis naucrates (Linnaeus, 1758) Live sharksucker Accidental  Bulgaria,  Turkey Status none NE.svg
Not Evaluated
Echeneis04.JPG
Family: Sciaenidae
Argyrosomus regius Asso, 1801 Meagre Native  Turkey Status none NE.svg
Not Evaluated
Maigre11.jpg
Sciaena umbra (Linnaeus, 1758) Brown meagre Native  Bulgaria,  Georgia,  Romania,  Russia,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status none NE.svg
Not Evaluated
Corvinia nigra.jpg
Umbrina cirrosa (Linnaeus, 1758) Shi drum Native  Bulgaria,  Georgia,  Romania,  Russia,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status none NE.svg
Not Evaluated
Umbrina cirrosa.jpg
Family: Serranidae
Serranus cabrilla (Linnaeus, 1758) Comber Native  Bulgaria,  Romania,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status none NE.svg
Not Evaluated
Cabrilla reina.jpg
Serranus scriba (Linnaeus, 1758) Painted comber Native  Bulgaria,  Georgia,  Romania,  Russia,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status none NE.svg
Not Evaluated
Serranus scriba by Line1.jpg
Family: Sparidae
Boops boops (Linnaeus, 1758) Bogue Native  Bulgaria,  Georgia,  Romania,  Russia,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status none NE.svg
Not Evaluated
Boga Galiza.jpg
Dentex dentex (Linnaeus, 1758) Common dentex Native  Bulgaria,  Romania,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status none NE.svg
Not Evaluated
Dentex dentex.jpg
Diplodus annularis (Linnaeus, 1758) Annular seabream Native  Bulgaria,  Georgia,  Romania,  Russia,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status none NE.svg
Not Evaluated
Diplodus annularis.jpg
Diplodus puntazzo Cetti, 1777 Sharpsnout seabream Native  Bulgaria,  Georgia,  Romania,  Russia,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status none NE.svg
Not Evaluated
Diplodus puntazzo Guido Picchetti.jpg
Diplodus sargus (Linnaeus, 1758) Sargo Native  Bulgaria,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status none NE.svg
Not Evaluated
Diplodus sargus 0056.JPG
Diplodus vulgaris (Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1817) Common two-banded seabream Native  Bulgaria,  Turkey Status none NE.svg
Not Evaluated
Diplodus vulgaris.jpg
Lithognathus mormyrus (Linnaeus, 1758) Sand steenbras Accidental  Bulgaria Status none NE.svg
Not Evaluated
Lithognathus mormyrus, Slovenia - 20080420.jpg
Oblada melanura (Linnaeus, 1758) Saddled seabream Native  Bulgaria,  Turkey Status none NE.svg
Not Evaluated
Capo Gallo Oblada melanura.jpg
Pagellus erythrinus (Linnaeus, 1758) Common pandora Native  Bulgaria,  Georgia,  Romania,  Russia,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status none NE.svg
Not Evaluated
Pagellus erythrinus RO.jpg
Sarpa salpa (Linnaeus, 1758) Salema porgy Native  Bulgaria,  Georgia,  Romania,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status none NE.svg
Not Evaluated
Sarpa salpa 02.jpg
Sparus aurata Linnaeus, 1758 Gilt-head bream Native  Bulgaria,  Georgia,  Romania, Turkey,  Ukraine Status none NE.svg
Not Evaluated
Sparus aurata Sardegna.jpg
Spondyliosoma cantharus (Linnaeus, 1758) Black seabream Native  Bulgaria,  Turkey Status none NE.svg
Not Evaluated
Spondyliosoma cantharus.jpg
Family: Sphyraenidae
Sphyraena pinguis (Günther, 1874) Red barracuda Accidental  Ukraine Status none NE.svg
Not Evaluated
Sphyraena sphyraena (Linnaeus, 1758) European barracuda Native  Bulgaria,  Romania,  Ukraine Status none NE.svg
Not Evaluated
Sphyraena viridensis.jpg
Family: Trichiuridae
Lepidopus caudatus (Euphrasen, 1788) Silver scabbardfish Accidental  Turkey Status none NE.svg
Not Evaluated
Drawing of Lepidopus caudatus from The Royal Natural History (1896).jpg
Family: Scombridae
Auxis rochei (Lacépède, 1800) Bullet tuna Native  Turkey Status iucn3.1 LC.svg
Least Concern
Auroc u0.png
Euthynnus alletteratus (Rafinesque, 1810) Little tunny Native  Bulgaria,  Turkey Status iucn3.1 LC.svg
Least Concern
Euall u0.gif
Sarda sarda Bloch, 1793 Atlantic bonito Native  Bulgaria,  Georgia,  Romania,  Russia,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status iucn3.1 LC.svg
Least Concern
Bonito photo.jpg
Scomber colias Gmelin, 1789 Atlantic chub mackerel Native  Bulgaria,  Georgia,  Romania,  Russia,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status iucn3.1 LC.svg
Least Concern
Lanzardo 2.jpg
Scomber scombrus Linnaeus, 1758 Atlantic mackerel Native  Bulgaria,  Georgia,  Romania,  Russia,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status iucn3.1 LC.svg
Least Concern
Scomber scombrus 1 - 2011.02.04.jpg
Thunnus thynnus (Linnaeus, 1758) Atlantic bluefin tuna Native  Bulgaria,  Georgia,  Romania,  Russia,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status iucn3.1 EN.svg
Endangered
Bluefin-big.jpg
Family: Xiphiidae
Xiphias gladius Linnaeus, 1758 Swordfish Native  Bulgaria,  Georgia,  Romania,  Russia,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status iucn3.1 LC.svg
Least Concern
Xiphias gladius1.jpg
Family: Ammodytidae
Gymnammodytes cicerelus (Rafinesque, 1810) Mediterranean sand eel Native  Bulgaria,  Georgia,  Romania,  Russia,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status none NE.svg
Not Evaluated
Gymnammodytes cicerelus.jpg
Family: Trachinidae
Trachinus draco Linnaeus, 1758 Greater weever Native  Bulgaria,  Georgia,  Romania,  Russia,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status none NE.svg
Not Evaluated
Trachinus draco Stefano Guerrieri.jpg
Family: Uranoscopidae
Uranoscopus scaber Linnaeus, 1758 Atlantic stargazer Native  Bulgaria,  Georgia,  Romania,  Russia,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status none NE.svg
Not Evaluated
Uranoscopus.jpg
Ordo: Pleuronectiformes
Family: Scophthalmidae
Scophthalmus maeoticus (Pallas, 1814) Black-Sea Turbot Native  Bulgaria,  Georgia,  Romania,  Russia,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status none NE.svg
Not Evaluated
Psetta maeotica (upside).jpg
Scophthalmus rhombus (Linnaeus, 1758) Brill Native  Bulgaria,  Georgia,  Russia,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status none NE.svg
Not Evaluated
Turbot-de-sable-devant.jpg
Family: Bothidae
Arnoglossus kessleri (Schmidt, 1915) Scaldback Native  Bulgaria,  Georgia,  Russia,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status iucn3.1 blank.svg
Data Deficient
Arnoglossus laterna (Walbaum, 1792) Mediterranean scaldfish Native  Turkey Status none NE.svg
Not Evaluated
Arnoglossus laterna.jpg
Arnoglossus thori (Kyle, 1913) Thor's scaldfish Native  Turkey Status none NE.svg
Not Evaluated
Family: Pleuronectidae
Platichthys flesus Linnaeus, 1758 European flounder Native  Bulgaria,  Georgia,  Romania,  Russia,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status iucn3.1 LC.svg
Least Concern
Platichthys flesus Vääna-Jõesuu in Estonia.jpg
Family: Soleidae
Buglossidium luteum (Risso, 1810) Solenette Native  Turkey Status none NE.svg
Not Evaluated
Buglossidium luteum.jpg
Microchirus variegatus (Donovan, 1808) Thickback sole Native  Turkey Status none NE.svg
Not Evaluated
Microchirus variegatus.JPG
Pegusa nasuta (Pallas, 1814) Blackhand sole Native  Bulgaria,  Georgia,  Romania,  Russia,  Turkey,  Ukraine Status none NE.svg
Not Evaluated
Pegusa nasuta 03.JPG
Solea solea (Linnaeus, 1758) Common sole Native  Turkey Status none NE.svg
Not Evaluated
Solea solea 1.jpg
Ordo: Tetraodontiformes
Family: Balistidae
Balistes capriscus (Gmelin, 1789) Grey triggerfish Native  Turkey,  Ukraine Status none NE.svg
Not Evaluated
GreyTriggerfish.JPG

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Aleksandrov, A. I., 1927: Anchois de la mer d'Azoff et de la mer Noire, leurs origine et indications taxonomiques. Reports of the Scientific Station of Fisheries in Kertch v. 1 (2–3): 37–99.
  • Kessler, K. T., 1860: A zoological voyage to the northern coast of the Black Sea and Crimea in 1858. Kiev: 1–248, Pls. 1–2.
  • Murgoci, A. A., 1940: Étude sur quelques espèces du genre Lepadogaster de la mer Noire. Comptes Rendus des Séances de l'Institut des Sciences de Roumanie, ancienne Académie des Sciences de Roumanie, Bucarest. v. 4 (núms. 5–6): 380—386.
  • Murgoci, A. A., 1964: Contribution à la connaissance des gobiesocides (ordre des Xenopterygii) de la Mer Noire. Revue Roumaine de Biologie Serie de Zoologie v. 9 (núm. 5): 297—306.
  • Pavlov, P. I., 1959: The clupeid genus Alosa in the northwestern part of the Black Sea. Inst. Akad. Nauk. USSR, Kiev: 252 pp.
  • Slastenenko, E. P., 1935: The scorpionfishes Scorpaena of the Black Sea. Doklady Akademii nauk SSSR, v. 1: 74–80.
  • Slastenenko, E. P., 1938: Les Poissons de la Mer Noire et de la Mer d'Azov. Annales scientifiques de l'Université de Jassy v. 25 (pt 2, núm. 1): 1–196.
  • Slastenenko, E. P., 1955-1956: The fishes of the Black Sea Basin. The fishes of the Black Sea Basin.: 1–711.
  • Мовчан Ю.В. (2011) Риби України, Київ, 420 с.
  • Васильева Е. Д. Рыбы Черного моря. — Москва: Изд-во ВНИРО, 2007. — 238 с.
  • Ковтун O.A. (2012) Первая находка бычка Gammogobius steinitzi Bath, 1971 (Actinopterygii, Perciformes, Gobiidae) в морских подводных пещерах западного Крыма (Чёрное море) (Предварительное сообщение). Морський екологічний журнал, 3(11): 56.

Links[edit]