List of Estonian flags

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The national flag of Estonia is a tricolour featuring three equal horizontal bands of blue (top), black, and white. The normal size is 105 × 165 cm. In Estonian it is colloquially called the "sinimustvalge" (literally "blue-black-white"), after the colours of the bands. The flag became associated with Estonian nationalism and was used as the national flag (riigilipp) when the Estonian Declaration of Independence was issued on February 24, 1918. The flag was formally adopted on November 21, 1918. On December 12, 1918 was the first time the flag was raised as the national symbol atop of the Pikk Hermann Tower in Tallinn.[1]
The following is a list of flags of Estonia.

National flag and State flag[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Flag of Estonia.svg 1918–1940
1944
1989–present
State flag and civil ensign Dimensions: 7:11

Governmental flags[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Presidential Flag of Estonia.svg 1992–present
1926-1940
Presidential standard National tricolour with the greater coat of arms in the center
Presidential Flag of Estonia (at sea).svg  ?–present Presidential standard (at sea) Swallow-tailed tricolour with the greater coat of arms in the center
Flags of Estonia - Minister of Defence.svg  ?–present Defence Minister National tricolour with the lesser coat of arms off-set to hoist
Flags of Estonia - Postal Flag.svg  ?–present Postal flag

Military flags[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Naval Ensign of Estonia.svg 1991–present
1926–1940
Naval ensign Swallow-tailed tricolour with the lesser coat of arms in the center
Naval Jack of Estonia.svg 1991–present
1926–1940
Naval jack Dimension: 7:11 (the saltaire equals 1 part, the George's cross 2 parts)
State Flag of the Estonian Air Force.png  ?–present State flag of the Air Force
Kvyldlipp.jpg  ?–present Flag of the Estonian Defence Forces
Kvyldlipp.svg  ?–present Flag of the Estonian Defence Forces
Mv lipp.jpg  ?–present Flag of the Ground Forces
Flag of the Estonian Air Force.png  ?–present Flag of the Air Force
Kaitseliit flag - obverse.jpg  ?–present Flag of the Defence League
obverse
Kaitseliit flag - reverse.jpg  ?–present Flag of the Defence League
reverse
Flags of Estonia - Chief of Naval Forces.svg  ?–present Chief of Naval Forces White triangular swallow tailed pennant (broad pennant) with blue "chevron" rising from the hoist and with yellow anchor near the hoist
Flags of Estonia - Rear Admiral.svg  ?–present Rear Admiral’s Flag Flag similar to CinC Armed Forces but without any yellow borders
Flags of Estonia - Lieutenant General.svg  ?–present Lieutenant General’s Flag Flag similar to CinC Armed Forces but with yellow edge only at the top
Flags of Estonia - Major General.svg  ?–present Major General’s Flag Flag similar to CinC Armed Forces but with yellow edge only along the lower edge
Flags of Estonia - Chief of Division.svg  ?–present Chief of Division The same flag as Chief of Naval Forces, but without the anchor
Flags of Estonia - Senior Officer Afloat.svg  ?–present Senior Officer Afloat White triangular pennant with horizontal blue stripe though the middle
Flag of None.svg  ?–present General Agent of the Navy National flag with two crossed anchors in the top canton
Flags of Estonia - Presidential pennant.svg  ?–present Presidential Pennant
Flags of Estonia - Masthead Pennant.svg  ?–present Masthead Pennant White pennant tappering toward the point in the fly from about the half of the length with the national tricolour at hoist
Flags of Estonia - Minister of Internal Affairs pennant.svg  ?–present Minister of Internal Affairs pennant
Flags of Estonia - Border Patrol pennant.svg  ?–present Border Guard pennant
Estonian Police and Border Guard flag.png  ?–present Police and Border Guard Flag
Estonian Border Guard flag.png  ?–present Border Guard
Flags of Estonia - Border Guards.svg  ?–present Border Guard The letters PV are visible on the national flag which is defaced with green and yellow markings
Flag of Estonian Customs.svg 2004–present Customs flag
Flag of Estonian Customs (1994 - 2004).svg 1994-2004 Customs flag

County flags[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Flag of et-Harju maakond.svg 1996–present Harju County
Hiiumaa lipp.svg 1996–present Hiiu County
Ida-Virumaa lipp.svg 1997–present Ida-Viru County
Jõgevamaa lipp.svg 1996–present Jõgeva County
Flag of et-Järva maakond.svg 1996–present Järva County
Läänemaa lipp.svg 1996–present Lääne County
Lääne-Virumaa lipp.svg 1996–present Lääne-Viru County
Põlvamaa lipp.svg 1996–present Põlva County
Pärnumaa lipp.svg 1996–present Pärnu County
Raplamaa lipp.svg 1996–present Rapla County
Saaremaa lipp.svg 1996–present Saare County
Tartumaa lipp.svg 1996–present Tartu County
Valgamaa lipp.svg 1996–present Valga County
Viljandimaa lipp.svg 1996–present Viljandi County
Võrumaa lipp.svg 1996–present Võru County

Regional and minority flags[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Baltic German.svg  ?-present Flag of Baltic Germans
Ingrian people.svg  ?-present Flag of Ingrian Finns
Flag of Setomaa.svg  ?-present Flag of Setos
Votic Flag.svg 2003–present Flag of Votes
Votic people.svg  ?-present Alternate flag of Votes
Võro lipp.png 2013–present Flag of Võros
Flag of Võros.svg  ?-present Alternate flag of Võros
Flag of Petserimaa.svg 1920–1940 Petseri County

Historical flags[edit]

Kingdom of Denmark (1219-1346 and 1559-1645)[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Flag of Denmark.svg 1219-1346
1559-1645
Flag of Denmark

Livonian Order (1237-1561)[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Flag of the Teutonic Order.svg 1237-1561 Flag of the State of the Teutonic Order

Kingdom of Sweden (1561-1721)[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Sweden-Flag-1562.svg 1561-ca. 1650 Flag of Sweden
Naval Ensign of Sweden.svg ca. 1650-
1710/1721
Flag of Sweden

Grand Duchy of Lithuania (1561-1569)[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Alex K Grundwald flags 1410-03.svg 1561-1569 Royal Banner of Lithuania

Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth (1569-1629)[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Alex K Grundwald flags 1410-03.svg 1569-1587 Royal Banner of Lithuania
Alex K Kingdom of Poland-flag.svg 1569-1587 Royal Banner of Poland
Chorągiew królewska króla Zygmunta III Wazy.svg 1587-1668 Flag of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth

Russian Empire (1721-1917) and Russian Republic (1917-1918)[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Flag of Russia.svg 1710/1721-1858
1883–1917/1918
Civil ensign of Russia
Flag of Russia
Romanov Flag.svg 1858-1883 Flag of Russia
Flag of Russian Empire for private use (1914–1917).svg 1914-1917 Flag of Russia (private use)
Standard of the Emperor of Russia (1858).svg 1710/1721-1858 Imperial Standard of Russia
Imperial Standard of the Emperor of Russia (1858–1917).svg 1858-1917 Imperial Standard of Russia
Eestimaa värvid.svg  ?–1917
1917-1918
Flag of the Governorate of Estonia
Flag of the autonomous Governorate of Estonia
Livonian colours.svg  ?-1917/1918 Flag of the Governorate of Livonia
Red flag.svg 1917-1918 Bolshevik flag A red flag

German Empire (1918)[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Flag of the German Empire.svg 1918 Flag of Germany and the Ober Ost
United Baltic Duchy flag.svg 1918 Flag of the United Baltic Duchy

Estonian Workers' Commune (1918-1919)[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Flag of CWP of Estonia.png 1918-1919 Flag of the Estonian Workers' Commune A red flag with a golden canton. Inside the canton, the texts meaning "Estonian Workers' Commune", separated by a red line:
Estonian: "Eesti Töörahva Kommuna";
Russian: "Эстляндская трудовая коммуна" ("Estlyandskaya Trudovaya Kommuna").

Soviet Union (1940-1941, 1944-1991)[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Flag of the Soviet Union (1923-1955).svg 1940-1941
1944-1955
Flag of the Soviet Union
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg 1955-1980 Flag of the Soviet Union
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg 1980-1990/1991 Flag of the Soviet Union
Flag of Estonian SSR (1940-1953).svg 1940-1941
1944-1953
Flag of the Estonian SSR A red flag with a golden hammer and sickle in the top-left corner. Above the hammer and sickle were the gold Latin upper case characters "ENSV" (Eesti Nõukogude Sotsialistlik Vabariik - "Estonian Soviet Socialist Republic") in a sans-serif font.
Flag of Estonian SSR.svg 1953–1990 Flag of the Estonian SSR
obverse
A red flag with a golden hammer and sickle and outlined star above them in the top-left corner. In the lower half of the flag was a band of blue and white water waves.
Flag of Estonian SSR rear.svg 1953-1990 Flag of the Estonian SSR
reverse
A red flag with a band of blue and white waves in the lower half of the flag.

Greater German Reich (1941-1944)[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg 1941-1944 Flag of Germany and the Reichskomissariat Ostland

Proposed State flags[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Estoniaescandinava.png - -
Estonian alternative flag proposal.png - -
Flag of Estonia proposed in 1919.svg - -
Nordic flag of Estonia (Proposal 2).png - -

See also[edit]

References[edit]