List of flags of Montenegro

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The following is a list of flags of Montenegro.

State flag[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Flag of Montenegro.svg 2004- National flag, civil, state and navy ensign Red with a golden border and the state coat of arms in the middle. Ratio: 1:2. Adopted on July 13, 2004.
Flag of Montenegro (vertical).svg 2004- National flag, Vertical Banner Red with a golden border and the state coat of arms in the middle.

Presidential Standard[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Standard of the President of Montenegro.svg 2006- Standard of the President on Land Square version of the State Flag, with a border fleury
Naval Standard of the President of Montenegro.svg 2006- Standard of the President Afloat Square version of the State Flag, replacing red with blue, a border fleury

Military flags[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Flag of the Navy of Montenegro.svg 2010—Present Naval ensign of Montenegro. Blue with the national flag in as its canton, occupying 2/5 of its width and 1/2 of its length with a white anchor interlaced with three lines representing the surface of the water in the right side of the flag.
Naval Jack of Montenegro.svg 2010—Present Naval jack of Montenegro.

Historical flags[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Flag of Montenegro (1993-2004).svg 1993–2004 State Flag of the Republic of Montenegro Red-bluish-white with equal width, with "bluish" (plavetna) meaning light-blue. Ratio 3:1. Returned the original official Montenegrin state flag
Flag of SR Montenegro.svg 1946–1992 Republican Flag of the People's/Socialist Republic of Montenegro Red-blue-white traditional tricolor with the communist red star
Flag of Montenegro (1905-1918 & 1941-1944).svg 1905–1918 State (national) Flag of Montenegro Red-bluish-white with equal width, with "bluish" (plavetna) meaning light-blue. Ratio 3:2. To differ from the flag of Serbia which was identical, the only official state flag, according to the first 1905 Constitution of the Princedom of Montenegro. Created after mythically the blue in the tricolor faded in the light of the sun, so Nicholas adopted it. Used temporarily in the fascist WWII Montenegrin State (officially Kingdom).
Flag of Montenegro (people's flag until 1905 Constitution).svg 1876–1905 National Flag of Montenegro Flag used on many different occasions throughout the existence of Montenegro to the present, recognized state flag until the one sanctioned by the 1905 Constitution. Mass-used by the Montenegrins since the 1880s. The Slavic tricolor versions proposed by Prince Danilo (based on the French liberal flag) were finally stabilized by adopting the Serbian tricolor in 1859. The flag was temporary used by Montenegrin institutions after multiparliamentarism in 1991, until the old flag was restored in 1993.
NikolaGlupa.jpg 1881–1916 National Flag of Montenegro (unofficial) National tricolor with Nicholas' insignia

Court flags[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
1910–1921 King Nicholas I Petrovic-Njegos' royal standard National tricolor with King Nicholas I's initials and his royal crown
1910–1918 Court flag in the time of the Kingdom of Montenegro National tricolor with the Princely Coat-of-arms. Crown changed from princely to royal.
FlagRoyalMNE.gif 1910–1918 Royal flag of the Kingdom of Montenegro The lion was replaced by Nikola's cypher H.I. The crown was changed from a princely to a royal crown
FlagRoyalMNEcorr.gif 1910–1918 Royal flag Another version, probably more correct one.
KnjazevinaDvorska.jpg until 1910 Court flag in the time of the Princedom of Montenegro National tricolor with the Princely Coat-of-arms.
Knjazevina.jpg until 1910 Nicholas' princely standard The national tricolor with Nicholas' Coat-of-arms and the biblical lion beneath.
Flag of the Principality of Montenegro.svg 1861–1900 Princely standard Nikola I
1858 Montenegro war flag of Prince Danilo I.svg 1852 Princely standard Danilo I

Civil ensigns[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Montenegro-1881-civil-ensign.jpg early 1881-1916 Civil ensign Tricolor with the Cyrillic cypher НІ (i.e. NI) of Prince Nicholas I topped with a golden crown in the center. Because the owners as well as the crew of Montenegro's Ulcinj cruisers were Muslims, Nikola changed the flag not to offend Islam
Naval Ensign of Montenegro (1881-1918).svg 1881–1916 Civil ensign Version of the Civil Ensign that was predominantly used. Usage extended beyond primary purpose to even of that of the National flag.
Montenegro civil ensign2.jpg late 1880-early 1881 Civil ensign Tricolor flag with the cross from the war flag (krstaš-barjak) with Nicholas' initials set in canton; stripes based upon domestic national flag.
Montenegro civil ensign1.jpg early 1880-late 1880 Civil ensign Horizontally divided red-white-red with the cross from the war flag (krstaš-barjak) with Nicholas' initials set in canton; based on the naval flag of Austro-Hungary according to the Dalmatian marine codelines sanctioned by the 1878 Congress of Berlin.
Montenegro-1878-ensign.svg 1878–1880 Naval ensign (unofficial) White flag with a red St George's Cross. Inspired by the British Naval Ensign back from the 1814 British navy's takeover of the port of Kotor during the war between the Montenegrins and the French.

Military flags[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
after 1871 War Flag of Prince Nicholas I Petrovic Red with a double-headed eagle with Nicholas' initials and the biblical lion below; based upon the Alaj-barjak from Danil I's era. After Nicholas' martial reforms since 1871 he created a war flag for himself signifying the supreme command over the Montenegrin Army. Used by the World War II Axis puppet Montenegrin state.
Nikola I used firstly as a War flag.png after 1861 War Flag of Prince Nikola I Museum kept version
after 1871 Brigade Battle Stag Red with a double-headed eagle with Nicholas' initials and the biblical lion below; based upon Nicholas' War Flag. After Nicholas' martial reforms since 1871 he created a battle stag for a Brigade, the largest Montenegrin military unit in the Montenegrin Army. Better quality materials than the Battalion Stag.
after 1871 Battalion Battle Stag Red with a double-headed eagle with Nicholas' initials and the biblical lion below; based upon Nicholas' war flag. After Nicholas' martial reforms since 1871 he created a war flag for a Battalion, a military unit composed by a corresponding Montenegrin clan.
Squadron Battle Stag of Montenegro.svg after 1878 Squadron Battle Stag Red with the krstaš-barjak and border. After the Berlin Congress Nicholas finished his reforms of the Montenegrin Army started in 1871 by creating a war flag for a Squadron, a unit composed by men from a single settlement.
Vucji Do flag.jpg ca 1876 War stag of Nicholas I Petrovic Red with the krstaš-barjak with Nicholas' initials in it and border. Used at the Battle of Vučji Do.
Squadron Battle Stag of Montenegro.svg ca 1862 Old Centurian Battle Stag in Nicholas I's Army Red with the krstaš-barjak and border. Used in the 1862 war against the Ottomans.
Alaj barjak.jpg reign of Prince Danilo Petrovic War Stag of Prince Danilo Petrovic Alaj-barjak of Prince Danilo, signifying the supreme command over the Montenegrin armed forces. Introduced by Prince Danil during his martial reforms. Used at the Battle of Grahovac.
DanilGarda.jpg reign of Prince Danilo Petrovic Guard Battle Stag in Prince Danil's Army Flag signifying a unit of 1,000 men; red field with the double-headed eagle and Prince Danil I's initials in it. Introduced by Prince Danil during his martial reforms.
DaniloSto.jpg reign of Prince Danilo Petrovic Centurian Battle Stag in Prince Danil's Army Flag signifying a unit of 100 men; red field with the traditional Montenegrin Cross of Saint George and Danil I's initials in it. Introduced by Prince Danil during his martial reforms. Based upon the old tribal Montenegrin flag.

Archaic[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
1844 do 1848 zastava Crne Gore.svg 1844 - 1848.[citation needed]
Banner of Šćepan Mali.svg second half of the 18th century Banner of the Tsar Šćepan Mali White banner with a red border, worn on a swear with a golden cross on top of it. Different from the Metropolitan flag to represent sacral rather than spiritual power it left out the cross. The cross was removed to symbolize secular rule.
Flag of the Prince-Bishopric of Montenegro2.svg while the Petrovic-Njegos family held the seat of Cetinje Metropolitans Martial Banner of Montenegrin clans Flags signifying a Montenegrin clan, to differ from the authority of the Scander Metropolitan. Where created by ripping and resewing captured Ottoman flags.
Flag of the Prince-Bishopric of Montenegro.svg while the Petrovic-Njegos family held the seat of Cetinje Metropolitans Banner of the Metropolitanate of Cetinje of the House of Petrović-Njegoš Orthodox red cross in a white field with a red border. Represents the highly Christian virtue of subjected peoples and the desire to fight against invading Islam. Used by the Serbian Army at the Battle of Kosovo in 1389 and after the defeat brought to Montenegro. Adopted in during the Great Turkish War at the end of the 17th century.

Flags of municipalities and cities[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Flag of Bar, Montenegro.svg  ?-Present Bar (Municipality) Tricolour
Flag of Budva.svg  ?-Present Budva (Municipality) Three six-pointed stars over a blue background.
Flag of Cetinje.svg  ?-Present Cetinje (Old Royal Capital) Historical Montenegrin flag.
Flag of Podgorica.svg 2006—Present Podgorica (Capital City) Central part of the 2006 Coat of arms of Podgorica

See also[edit]