List of foreign recipients of the Légion d'Honneur

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The Order of Légion d'Honneur is the highest decoration in France and is divided into five degrees: Chevalier (Knight), Officier (Officer), Commandeur (Commander), Grand Officier (Grand Officer) and Grand Croix (Grand Cross).

Technically, membership in the Légion d'Honneur is restricted to French nationals.[1] Foreign nationals who have served France or the ideals it upholds[2] may, however, receive a distinction of the Légion, which is nearly the same thing as membership in the Légion. Foreign nationals who live in France are submitted to the same requirements as Frenchmen. Foreign nationals who live abroad may be awarded a distinction of any rank or dignity in the Légion.

A complete, chronological list of the members of the Legion of Honour nominated from the very first ceremony in 1803 to now does not exist. The number is estimated at one million. Among them about 3 000 were decorated with the Grand Cross (including 1 200 French).[3]

Algeria[edit]

`Abd al-Qādir al-Jazā'irī wearing the sash of the Légion d'honneur in 1860

Algeria was part of the French territory from 1830 to 1962.[4]

Grand Cross
  1. Abdelkader El Djezairi (1860), Algerian religious and military leader who led a struggle against the French colonial invasion in the mid-19th century. In 1860, Abdelkader, who was living in exile in Syria, fought to save thousands of Christians in Damascus during the conflict between the Druze and Maronites. The French government then bestowed on him the Grand Cross of the Légion d'honneur.[5]
  2. Si El Hadj Djelloul Ben Lakhdar (1928), bachagha of Larbaâ de Laghouat[6]
  3. Si Moulay Ould Si Mohamed Ben Miloud (1929), bachagha of Ameurs
  4. Si Bouaziz Ben M’Hamed Ben Gana (1930), cheik el arab, bachagha of Zibans[7]
  5. Ou Rabah Abderrahmane Ben Mahmoud (1930), caid[8]
  6. Ben Mohamed Si Sahraoui (1930), bachagha of Trézel in Algeria[9]
  7. Bensael Mohammed Ben Abdallah (1937), caid in Constantine
  8. Si Kaddour Benghabrit (1939), official and founder of the Muslim Institute of the Great Mosque of Paris.[10]
  9. Benabdelkrim Ahmed Ben Abdelkader (1939), bachagha of Douar Sidi-Aïssa
  10. Lakhdar Ben Mohamed Brahimi (1945), bachagha in Bir-Rabalou[11]
  11. Ferhat Belkacem Ben Djelloul (1945), bachagha in Teniet-El-Llaad
  12. Tekouk Abdelkader (1945), bachagha of Zaouta of Bouguirat.
  13. Benaffane Khelifa Ould Larbi (1945), bachagha of La Mekerra.
  14. Masrali Abdelaziz Ben Si Smail Ben Masrali Ali (1945), bachagha of Mesaaba.
  15. Ferrhat Dehilis Ben Djelloul (1945), bachagha of Larbaa
  16. Mahledine Belgacem (1947), bachagha
  17. Mohamed Mustapha Benbadis (1947), bachagha[12]
  18. Mohammed Benelmouaz (1949), bachagha[13]
  19. Benaly Cherif Mohamed Ben Mohamed (1949), cherif of Douars Chellata Ighram and Bouhamza.
  20. Salah Tahar (1949), bachagha of Beni Rached
  21. Benabib Abdelaziz (1951), bachagha of Douar Tala-Ifacen
  22. Bendali Slimane Ben Smaîne (1954), bachagha
  23. Lahrech Si Ahmed Ben Si Mohamed (1955), bachagha
Grand Officer
  • Mohamed Ben Daoud (1902), colonel of cavalry in the French Army. He participated in the Italian campaign of 1859 and in the Franco-Prussian War of 1870 where he was taken prisoner.[21]
  • Said Boualam (1978), colonel in the French Army, and the founder of the Front Algérie Française, a political and militant movement in favour of French Algeria[33][34][35]
Commander

Australia[edit]

Air Chief Marshal Angus Houston. Wearing the medal of Commandeur de la Légion d'honneur and other orders in 2009.
Grand Officer
Commander
Officer
Chevalier

Austria[edit]

Chevalier
  • Dr. Peter Engelmann, Philosopher and Publisher (2013)

Bangladesh[edit]

Bangladesh[edit]

Rasul Nizam, the honorary consul of France in Chittagong.

French Ambassador to Bangladesh Michel Lummaux conferred the most distinguished order Chevalier de la Legion of d'Honneur (Knight of the Legion of honour) on Nizam at a ceremony in Chittagong on July 24.

French President Jacques Chirac announced Nizam's name for the award on June 4. The Legion of d'Honneur, created by Napoleon 1, is France's highest decoration that is bestowed by the government to honour persons for their distinguished services in military or civilian life.

http://archive.thedailystar.net/2004/08/11/d408113502130.htm [46]

Bosnia and Herzegovina[edit]

Brazil[edit]

José Paranhos, Viscount of Rio Branco. Wearing the sash of the Légion d'honneur and other orders in 1875.

Canada[edit]

China[edit]

Cuba[edit]

Ecuador[edit]

Alfredo Pareja Diezcanseco, June 1992. Received the honor for presiding the Bicentennial of the French Revolution Committee.

Egypt[edit]

Chevalier

Hazem Al Beblawi. Egyptian economist.[73]

Hong Kong[edit]

India[edit]

Janab JM Abdul Aziz of Saigon wears the Legion on his left among other Orders

Iran[edit]

Israel[edit]

  • Amos Oz (1997), writer, journalist

Claude Meyer, June 25, 2014

in Beersheva Israel

Italy[edit]

Ireland[edit]

  • Mary Lawlor (3 July 2014) founder and Executive Director of human rights organisation Front Line Defenders was awarded the Insignia of Chevalier of the Legion of Honour on behalf of the French government by French Ambassador to Ireland Mr Jean-Pierre Thebault.[86]
  • Bill Cullen was appointed Chevalier de la Légion d'Honneur for his efforts in saving Renault Ireland from bankruptcy[citation needed]
  • Edward Westby Donovan, who fought in the Crimean War, was appointed Chevalier de la Légion d'Honneur[87]
  • William James Lendrim VC, Sergeant-Major, Royal Engineers. A corporal in the Royal Sappers and Miners, British Army during the Crimean War.[citation needed]
  • Pat Nash, Lieutenant General, Operational Commander of Eufor TCHAD & CAR, was appointed Officier de la Légion d'Honneur[citation needed]
  • Monsignor Professor Brendan Devlin was invested as an Officier de la Légion d'Honneur in November, 2001.
  • Joe Walsh (2002), former Irish Minister for Agriculture and Food, was appointed Grand Cross de la Légion d'Honneur[citation needed]
  • Alan Dukes (2004), former Irish minister and former leader of Fine Gael is an Officier de la Légion d’Honneur
  • John Allen, The battalion's adjutant major and surgeon were wounded. Every company had lost men killed and wounded while carrying ladders to the breach. Captain Allen's drummer, although he lost both of his legs, continued to beat the charge. For this, he received the Legion of Honor. Captain Allen, who led the troops into the breach, and Lieutenant Perry, who was wounded while carrying a ladder to the breach, were both rewarded with the Legion of Honor

Japan[edit]

Lebanon[edit]

Malaysia[edit]

  • Ambiga Sreenevasan (2011), a Malaysian lawyer who served as the President of the Malaysian Bar Council.
  • Michelle Yeoh (2012), a Hong Kong-based Malaysian actress, was appointed Officer.[93]
  • Tony Fernandes (2013), co-founder of budget airline AirAsia, was appointed Commander of the National Order of the Legion of Honour[95]

Mexico[edit]

Commander
Chevalier

Morocco[edit]

Thami El Glaoui, Pasha of Marrakech
Grand Cross
  • Moulay Muhammad ibn Abd al-Rahman, also known as Muhammad IV (1873), Sultan of Morocco from 1859 to 1873.[102]
  • Thami El Glaoui (1925), better known in English-speaking countries as T'hami El Glaoui or Lord of the Atlas, was the Pasha of Marrakech from 1912 to 1956.[102]

New Zealand[edit]

Grand Officer
Commander
Officer
Chevalier

Norway[edit]

Grand-Croix
Grand Officer
Commander
Officer
Chevalier

Philippines[edit]

Poland[edit]

Painting of Józef Poniatowski on horse

More than 400 Poles have received the award. An incomplete list (in Polish) can be found here. Among the most notable "historic" recipients:

  • Józef Poniatowski, who fought under the Napoleon up to his own death, despite the fact of many Napoleon friends leaving him when he lost power.[149]

Portugal[edit]

  • Rogerio Walter Carreira, President de Societe, Paris, le 23 Avril 2007 was awarded the Chevalier of the Légion d'Honneur by French President Jacques Chirac

[150]

Russia[edit]

Qatar[edit]

Saudi Arabia[edit]

Serbia[edit]

Singapore[edit]

Sweden[edit]

Grand-Croix
Grand Officer
Commander
Officer
Chevalier

Tanzania[edit]

  • Amin Kurji (2013), Resident Representative of the Aga Khan Development Network in Tanzania, was honoured with the rank of Chevalier of the Légion d'Honneur on 24 September 2013.[156]

Turkey[edit]

United Kingdom[edit]

The Légion d'Honneur was awarded to 746 members of the British Armed Forces during the Crimean War (also known as the Russian War) which lasted from 1854 to 1856.

United States[edit]

Individuals[edit]

The individuals listed below are among the approximately 10,000 Americans who have received the decoration:

The Honorable Edgar dePue Osgood, Awarded officer May 30,2006 for military service in WWII and keeping the French Language a vibrant entity in the State of California fifty years by President Sarkozy in San Francisco.

  • Admiral Mike Mullen, USN - 17th Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff – awarded on May 12, 2007[194]
  • Audie Murphy, the most decorated US soldier of World War II[195]
  • Joseph Napolitan, Political Consultant, awarded in 2005.[196][197]
  • Mason Patrick, Major General, US Army and Chief of US Air Force
  • General George S. Patton
  • Donald A. Peltier, Unionville CT, Corporal US Army 8th Armored Division, Allied Invasion World War II, Normandy, Belgium, Holland, Germany (Bronze Star for Valor). Awarded January 12, 2013 for his participation in the Liberation of France.
  • David Petraeus, United States Army General[citation needed]
  • Dr. Alexander H. Rice, Jr. received the Award of Commandeur for his medical services in France during World War I[198]
  • C. Allen Thorndike Rice received the award for enabling the 1879 Charnay Expedition to explore and photograph Mayan ruins in Mexico and Guatemala[199][200]
  • Laure Rièse Academic, author and poet[citation needed]
  • Raymond R. Sackler MD, physician, entrepreneur,philanthropist, appointed Chevalier de la Légion d'Honneur (1989) and Officier de la Légion d'Honneur (2013).
  • Franklin Simon, co-founder of Franklin Simon & Co., for doing more than anyone to put American women in French clothing.[201]
  • Arnold Schwarzenegger bodybuilder, actor, businessman, politician was decorated as Chevalier of the Arts and Letters in 2011[202]
  • Wesley J Souliere for his heroism in defense of France during the Second World War[citation needed]
  • Barbra Streisand singer, actress, songwriter was inducted as an officer of France's Legion of Honour in 2007[citation needed]
  • Former Rhode Island governor Bruce Sundlun was decorated in 1977 as Chevalier for his work with the French Resistance during World War II[203]
  • Julia Catlin Park Taufflieb received the honour in 1917 for her efforts in the First World War at Chateau d'Annel - (the first American woman, )[citation needed]
  • William Timlin Air Force Veteran, received in December 1991 for service in France
  • Malvin E. Walker Army veteran, received in November 2012 for World War II combat service in France
  • Bruce Willis singer, actor[citation needed]
  • Lieutenant General Frances C. Wilson, USMC[citation needed]
  • Elias Zerhouni[citation needed]
  • John Barthelemy in 2008 for literary works including ``Consensus Decision-Making and Decline´´
  • Faizel Firoz Alexander Razak in 2012 for services rendered towards the French Republic.
  • John Leahy (executive), Chief Sales Officer at Airbus was named an Officer of the Order in March 2012.[204]
  • Colonel Frederick C Clinton in April 2009, WWII veteran, 254th Infantry Regiment. For action in combat in France during WWII.
  • Joseph R. Thompson, Army veteran, received in 2012 for World War II combat service in France
  • Niyazi Kizilyurek, Author, received in 2006 for his academic work.
  • Alvin York, Corporal, received in 1918 while fighting for the AEF, for service in France.
  • Nicholas Lamia, Native of Pittsburgh, PA, U.S. Navy, Awarded Chevalier of the Légion d'Honneur in 2013 for combat service in World War II at D-Day Omaha Beach (very first wave). Presented by the French Consulate General Olivier Serot Almeras.
  • Ruth Simmons, received in 2013 for “a career dedicated to being a visionary leader in academia"[205]
  • John S. Ripandelli, received in 2013 for his World War II service.[206][207]
  • Leonard Wurzel, received in 2013 for his World War II service.
  • Steven C. Yevich of Berwick, PA, was made a Chevalier on June 6, 2004 at the Hotel Des Invalides ceremony courtesy of the French Government, for his service in the 35th Infantry Division in World War II; wounded at St. Lo.
  • Shelby Westbrook, received Chevalier Légion d'honneur during a ceremony with the Consul General of France, Graham Paul, in Chicago on November 2013 for his aerobatic heroism in Operation Dragoon in Southern France during WWII. As a Tuskegee Airman, Mr Westbrook was one of the few Black Americans to be so honored.
  • Walter F. Fredericksen, Jr.--received the rank of Knight of the Legion of Honor, (2014) for his service in the 95th Division, 377th Infantry in World War II. Participated in the liberation of Metz—One of the "Iron Men of Metz."
  • Frank Homan, General Electric Hall of Fame executive and General Manager of CFMI from 1980-1990, 50-50 partnership with GE and Snecma which has put more than 13,500 engines in service and is the sole engine supplier for the Boeing 737 family. In 1991, Mr. Homan was awarded the Chevalier Legion of Honor for his work with the partnership between GE and Snecma Moteurs, a French engine company.
  • Robert Weber, made a Chevalier of the Légion d'honneur in 2013 for his participation in the liberation of France in WWII as a member 54th Armored Infantry Battalion of the 10th Armored Division.[208]

Institutions/organizations[edit]

Yemen[edit]

  • Amat Al Alim Alsoswa, the United Nations assistant secretary general, assistant administrator of United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and director of its regional bureau for Arab states. She was awarded officier in the Order of the Légion d'Honneur.[209]
  • Khadija Al Salami, film producer.[210]

Yugoslavia[edit]

Other countries[edit]

By year[edit]

1880 to 1889[edit]

1900 to 1909[edit]

1910 to 1919[edit]

1920 to 1930[edit]

1930 to 1939[edit]

1940 to 1949[edit]

1950 to 1959[edit]

1960 to 1969[edit]

1980 to 1989[edit]

Marechal Francisco da Costa Gomes. 1984 -Grã-Cruz da Ordre National de la Légion d'Honneur.

1990 to 1999[edit]

2000 to 2009[edit]

2010 to present[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Légion Code, article 16.
  2. ^ Les étrangers qui se seront signalés par les services qu’ils ont rendus à la France ou aux causes qu’elle soutient, Légion Code, art. 128.
  3. ^ WATTEL Michel et Béatrice, Les Grand'Croix de la Légion d'honneur. De 1805 à nos jours, titulaires français et étrangers, Archives et Culture, 2009
  4. ^ List of Grand Cross from Wattell Michel et Béatrice, Les Grand'Croix de la Légion d'honneur. De 1805 à nos jours, titulaires français et étrangers, Archives et Culture, 2009
  5. ^ LH/2/26
  6. ^ L'Afrique française: bulletin mensuel du Comité l'Afrique française et du Comité du Maroc, Comité de l'Afrique française, 1940, p.55
  7. ^ Journal des débats politiques et littéraires, Numéro 124, 1930
  8. ^ Brigitte Basdevant-Gaudemet & Nathalie Goedert, Les univers du droit: Mélanges en hommage à Claude Bontems, L'Harmattan, 2013, P.18
  9. ^ LH 19800035/201/26278
  10. ^ "A la dignité de grand'croix. M. Si Kaddour ben Ghabrit, ministre plénipotentiaire honoraire, président de la Société des Habous des Lieux Saints de l'Islam, directeur de l'institut musulman et de la mosquée de Paris" in Journal officiel de la République française, 1939, p.2975
  11. ^ LH 19800035/6/777
  12. ^ LH 19800035/3/292
  13. ^ LH 19800035/724/82302
  14. ^ Biography of Mohamed el Aribi in Le livre d'or de l'Algérie, A. Challamel, 1890, p. 514
  15. ^ LH LH/2513/46
  16. ^ Biography of Ben Cherifa in Le livre d'or de l'Algérie, A. Challamel, 1890, p. 100
  17. ^ Guy Benhamou, Arnaud Montebourg, l'ambition à tout prix, Stock, 2004, p.12
  18. ^ Biography of Ahmed Ould Cadi in Le livre d'or de l'Algérie, A. Challamel, 1890, pp. 499-507
  19. ^ Décret impérial 10499, 1860
  20. ^ LH/2519/66
  21. ^ LH/1892/60
  22. ^ LH/2514/81
  23. ^ LH/1893/44
  24. ^ LH/344/83
  25. ^ Journal officiel de la République française, 1921, p.9190
  26. ^ LH/177/33
  27. ^ LH 19800035/722/82109
  28. ^ Biography of Hachemi Benchennouf
  29. ^ LH/178/28
  30. ^ LH/2643/13
  31. ^ Biography of Kheladi Ben Miloud
  32. ^ LH 19800035/0304/40917
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  35. ^ Biography of Said Boualam
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