List of wildfires

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Lists

List of wildfires
Glossary of wildfire terms

This is a list of notable wildfires:

China[edit]

  • 1987 - The Black Dragon fire burnt a total of 72,884 square kilometres (28,141 sq mi) of forest along the Amur river, with three million acres (4687.5 square miles) destroyed on the Chinese side.[1]

Indonesia[edit]

Forest fires in Indonesia occurs annually. When there is a weather pattern disturbance because of strong El Nino, the number and the distribution of forest fires in Indonesia increased significantly. When there is a weather pattern disturbance because of strong La Nina, the number and the distribution of forest fire in Indonesia decreased. An El Nino is usually followed by La Nina on the following year. The strength of disturbance is determined by Southern oscillation index. Large forest fire in Indonesia because of strong El Nino:

  • 1982 and 1983 - Massive forest fires in Kalimantan and East Sumatra. 36,000 km2 (14,000 sq mi) of forest burned down. There are other forest fires in Java and Sulawesi on the same year.
  • In 1987, 1991 and 1994, there were large scale forest fires in Kalimantan and East Sumatra, Java, Sulawesi in Indonesia. More than 3,300 km2 (1,300 sq mi) of forest were destroyed by forest fire.
  • 1997 and 1998 - Unprecedented forest fires in Kalimantan and East Sumatra. 97,000 km2 (37,000 sq mi) of forest were destroyed, more than 2.6 gigatonnes of CO2 was released to the atmosphere. The underground smouldering fire on the peat bogs continue to burn and ignite new forest fire each year during dry season. There are other forest fires in Java and Sulawesi on the same year.
  • From 1999 to 2005: there were annual forest fires in Boc Choi, Sumatra, Java and Sulawesi. Every year, forest is burned by farmers, plantation owners and continuous underground fire (since 1997). 1,345 km2 (519 sq mi) of forest were destroyed by forest fire.

Japan[edit]

  • April 27, 1971 - 340 hectares (840 acres) was lost in a forest fire at Kure, western Honshu, Japan. Construction workers were using fire in order to wither weeds when a strong wind moved through the area, fueling the fire; 18 firefighters were killed. The fire lasted for one day.

Israel[edit]

South Korea[edit]

Australia[edit]

Europe[edit]

Germany[edit]

Greece[edit]

  • Penteli Fire in Greece affected in June and July 1995 in the Penteli mountains and lasted for almost the weekend from Friday.
  • 1998 forest fires in Greece, a series of forest fores affected the Athens area, Avlona, Taygetus and Olympus mountains and other places. The fire began in the beginning of the summer season.
  • 2000 forest fires in Greece, a series of forest fires affected Greece including Agioi Theodoroi and eastern Corinthia at the beginning of July 2000
  • 2005 East Attica Fire in Greece - Forest fires ravaged East Attica on July 28, 2005 from Agia Triada Rafinas to west of Rafina. The fires began at around 11:00 (EET/UTC+3) consuming 70 square kilometers of forests, properties and farmlands. The fire spread quickly after a few hours with winds of up to 55 to 70 km/h and spread near the suburban housings of Athens near Rafina causing dense smoke. The fire reached Kallitechnio and the settlements by around 3:30 (EET) and devastated homes leaving some people homeless and evacuated people in areas around Agia Triada Rafinas, Agia Kyriaki Rafinas, Kallitechnio, Loutsa, Neos Vourtzas and the Rafina area mostly on the hillside areas. Pine trees were devastated. Firefighters didn't put out the blaze until the winds calmed down around 5:00 (EET). It took hundreds of fire trucks, firefighters, planes, 65 firefighting helicopters from all over the surrounding areas and most of Greece to put out the blaze. A stretch of Marathonos Avenue became closed.
  • July 29, 2005 - a day after the enormous Attica fire, another series of fires occurred throughout Greece, entirely in Preveza including Monolithi consuming properties and a campground, Ioannina and Xiromeni of Aetolia-Acarnania.
  • 2007 Greek forest fires
  • 2012 Chios forest fire

Italy and France[edit]

  • 2000 fires in Southern Europe in July 2000 consumed forests and buildings in southern France, parts of Iberia, Corsica, and most of Italy including the southern part during the heatwave dominating southern Europe with 40 to 45 °C temperatures caused the phenomena.

Poland[edit]

  • Kuźnia Raciborska fire in Poland burned 90.62 km² of forest and killed two firefighters on 26 August 1992. A third casualty is often mentioned, but she did not die in the fire; she was involved in a collision with a fire engine that skidded.

Portugal[edit]

  • August 2003- Wildfires in August 2003

Russia and Soviet Union[edit]

Spain[edit]

  • July 17, 2005 - Guadalajara province, Spain, a 130 km2 forest fire and 11 dead firefighters. The fire brigade unit is not out of post because of this deadly toll. A barbecue sparked deadly blazes.

North America[edit]

Year Size Name Area Notes
1825 3,000,000 3,000,000 acres (1,200,000 ha) Miramichi Fire New Brunswick Killed 160 people.
1846 0,450,000 450,000 acres (180,000 ha) Yachina Fire Oregon
1853 0,320,000 320,000 acres (130,000 ha) Nestucca Fire Oregon
1868 1,000,000 1,000,000 acres (400,000 ha) Silverton Fire Oregon Worst recorded fire in state's history
1868 0,300,000 300,000 acres (120,000 ha) Coos Fire Oregon
1870 0,964,000 964,000 acres (390,000 ha) [2] Saguenay Fire[3][4] Quebec
1871 1,200,000 1,200,000 acres (490,000 ha) Peshtigo Fire Wisconsin Killed over 1,700 people and has distinction of the conflagration that caused the most deaths by fire in United States history. It was overshadowed by the Great Chicago Fire that occurred on the same day.
1871 2,500,000 2,500,000 acres (1,000,000 ha) The Great Michigan Fire Michigan It was overshadowed by the Great Chicago Fire that occurred on the same day.
1876 0,500,000 500,000 acres (200,000 ha) Bighorn Fire Wyoming
1881 1,000,000 1,000,000 acres (400,000 ha) Thumb Fire Michigan Killed 200+ people
1889 0,300,000 300,000 acres (120,000 ha) Santiago Canyon Fire of 1889 California
1894 0,160,000 160,000 acres (65,000 ha) Hinckley Fire Minnesota Killed 418 people and destroyed 12 towns
1903 0,464,000 464,000 acres (188,000 ha) Adirondack Fire New York
1910 3,000,000 3,000,000 acres (1,200,000 ha) Great Fire of 1910 Idaho-
Montana-
Washington
Killed 86 people, including 78 firefighters
1911 0,500,000 500,000 acres (200,000 ha) Great Porcupine Fire Ontario Killed 73 people
1916 0,500,000 500,000 acres (200,000 ha) Great Matheson Fire Ontario Killed 228 (U.O. 400+) people and destroyed several towns, Cochrane burnt again after just five years.
1918 0,100,000 100,000 acres (40,000 ha) Cloquet Fire Minnesota-
Wisconsin
Killed between 400 and 500 people
1922 0,415,000 415,000 acres (168,000 ha) Great Fire of 1922 Ontario Killed 43 people and burnt through 18 townships in the Timiskaming District
1933 0,240,000 240,000 acres (97,000 ha) Tillamook Burn Oregon Swept through the same region of Oregon four times
1939 0,190,000 190,000 acres (77,000 ha) Tillamook Burn Oregon Swept through the same region of Oregon four times
1945 0,180,000 180,000 acres (73,000 ha) Tillamook Burn Oregon Swept through the same region of Oregon four times
1947 0,175,000 175,000 acres (71,000 ha) The Great Fires of 1947 Maine A series of fires that lasted ten days; 16 people killed
1948 0,645,000 645,000 acres (261,000 ha) Mississagi/Chapleau fire Ontario
1949 0,004,500 4,500 acres (1,800 ha) Mann Gulch fire Montana Killed 13 firefighters
1950 3,500,000 3,500,000 acres (1,400,000 ha) Chinchaga fire British Columbia and Alberta Largest North American fire on record
1950 0,017,000 17,000 acres (6,900 ha) Capitan Gap fire New Mexico
1951 0,048,052 48,052 acres (19,446 ha) McKnight Fire New Mexico
1951 0,038,000 380,000 acres (150,000 ha) Great Forks Fire Washington
1951 0,032,700 32,700 acres (13,200 ha) Tillamook Burn Oregon Swept through the same region of Oregon four times
1953 0,001,300 1,300 acres (530 ha) Rattlesnake Fire California Killed 15 firefighters. Well known textbook case used to train firefighters.
1970 0,175,425 175,425 acres (70,992 ha) Laguna Fire California 382 homes destroyed and 8 people killed; the largest fire in the state's history until the Marble Cone Fire
1977 0,178,000 178,000 acres (72,000 ha) Marble-Cone Fire California Lightning caused at end of La Niña drought, burns Ventana Wilderness in Big Sur area; the largest fire in recorded state history until the Cedar Fire
1985 0,093,000 93,000 acres (38,000 ha) Allen Fire North Carolina In 1985, nearly 93,000 acres of forest, wetlands and farmland burned in northeastern North Carolina in one of the biggest fires in modern state history[5]
1986 0,073,000 73,000 acres (30,000 ha) Topsail / Holly Shelter Fire North Carolina Burned 80 percent of the Holly Shelter Game Lands and sent smoke wafting over Wilmington; cost $308,000 to contain[5]
1987 0,650,000 650,000 acres (260,000 ha) Siege of 1987 California-Oregon These fires were started by a large lightning storm in late August. The storm started roughly 1600 new fires, most caused by dry lightning. Firefighting efforts continued into October, before the majority of the fires were controlled.
1988 0,793,880 793,880 acres (321,270 ha) Yellowstone fires of 1988 Wyoming-
Montana
Never controlled by firefighters; only burned out when a snowstorm hit.
1991 0,001,520 1,520 acres (620 ha) Oakland Hills firestorm California Killed 25 and destroyed 3469 homes and apartments within the cities of Oakland and Berkeley
1993 0,014,337 14,337 acres (5,802 ha) Laguna Beach Fire California Destroyed 441 homes, burned 14,337 acres causing $528,000,000 in damage.
1994 0,002,115 2,115 acres (856 ha) South Canyon fire Colorado Killed 14 firefighters
1994 0,013,590 13,590 acres (5,500 ha) Penticton Fire (Garnet Fire) British Columbia 3,500 people were evacuated and 18 homes and structures were lost.
1995 0,007,000 7,000 acres (2,800 ha) Sunrise Fire of 1995 New York
1998 0,300,000 300,000 acres (120,000 ha) Unnamed Florida 2200 fires, during drought season; burned 150 homes, $390 million timber lost, 80,000 evacuees, $133 million in fire suppression costs
1998 0,014,826 14,826 acres (6,000 ha) Salmon Arm Fire British Columbia Caused the evacuation of 7,000 people, destroyed 40 buildings, and cost over $10 million to extinguish.
2000 0,048,000 48,000 acres (19,000 ha) Cerro Grande Fire New Mexico Burned about 420 dwellings in Los Alamos, New Mexico, damaged >100 buildings at Los Alamos National Laboratory; $1 billion damage, second worst fire in state's recorded history
2000 0,079,244 79,244 acres (32,069 ha) Manter Fire California Firefighters were limited to the use of hand tools and aerial support in fighting this fire due to the fire occurring in the Domeland Wilderness Area.
2001 0,009,300 9,300 acres (3,800 ha) Thirty Mile Fire Washington Killed 4 firefighters
2002 0,150,700 150,700 acres (61,000 ha) McNally Fire California Largest fire in Sequoia NF history.
2002 0,467,066 467,066 acres (189,015 ha) Rodeo-Chediski fire Arizona Threatened, but did not burn the town of Show Low, Arizona
2002 0,137,760 137,760 acres (55,750 ha) Hayman Fire in Pike National Forest Colorado 5 firefighter deaths, 600 structures fires
2002 0,499,570 499,750 acres (202,240 ha) Florence/Sour Biscuit Complex Fire Oregon 150 million dollars to suppress.
2003 0,084,750 84,750 acres (34,300 ha) Aspen Fire Arizona Destroyed large portions of Summerhaven, Arizona
2003 0,061,776 61,776 acres (25,000 ha) Okanagan Mountain Park Fire British Columbia Displaced 45,000 inhabitants, destroyed 239 homes and threatened urbanized sections of Kelowna.
2003 0,065,285 65,285 acres (26,420 ha) McLure Fire British Columbia Destroyed 72 homes and nine businesses. 3,800 people were evacuated.
2003 0,091,281 91,281 acres (36,940 ha) Old Fire California 993 homes destroyed, 6 deaths. Simultaneous with the Cedar Fire.
2003 0,280,278 280,278 acres (113,424 ha) Cedar Fire California Largest recorded fire in California history (see 1889 Santiago Canyon fire that may have been larger); burned 2,232 homes and killed 15 in San Diego County. Simultaneous with 15 other fires in Southern California (including the Old Fire) covering 721,791 acres (292,098 ha), killing 24, displacing 120,000 and destroying 3,640 homes. Damage from combined fires estimated at 2 billion USD
2003 0,090,769 90,769 acres (36,733 ha) B&B Complex Fires Oregon Large fire in Central Oregon between Black Butte and Mount Jefferson. The fire closed off a large section of state HWY 20. The fire began as two separate fires. Both started on August 19 and lasted until September 5.
2004 1,305,592 1,305,592 acres (528,354 ha) Taylor Complex Fire Alaska Largest wildfire by acreage of 1997-2007 time period
2005 0,017,000 17,000 acres (6,900 ha) September 2005 California wildfires California
2006 0,040,200 40,200 acres (16,300 ha) Esperanza Fire California 10 buildings destroyed, 5 firefighters killed. The blaze started on October 26 and scorched 40,200 acres (16,300 ha), or more than 60 square miles (160 km2), of forest and brush before being fully contained October 30. It destroyed 34 homes and 20 outbuildings.
2007 0,468,938 468,938 acres (189,772 ha) Sweat Farm Road/Big Turnaround Complex Fire Georgia Largest recorded fire in Georgia history. 26 structures were lost.
2007 0,003,500 3,500 acres (1,400 ha) Angora Fire California 3 injuries.
2007 0,124,584 124,584 acres (50,417 ha) Florida Bugaboo Fire Florida Largest fire on record in Florida.
2007 0,363,052 363,052 acres (146,922 ha) Milford Flat Fire Utah Largest fire on record in Utah.
2007 0,653,100 653,100 acres (264,300 ha) Murphy Complex Fire Idaho - Nevada
2007 0,240,207 240,207 acres (97,208 ha) Zaca Fire California The blaze was started July 4 by sparks from water pipe repair equipment. The fire had a containment cost of $117 million. It was contained on September 2. It is California's second largest recorded fire.
2007 0,127,244 127,244 acres (51,494 ha) California wildfires of October 2007 California A series of wildfires that killed 9 people and injured 85 (including 61 firefighters). Burned at least 1,500 homes from the Santa Barbara County to the U.S.–Mexico border. Aggravated by Santa Ana winds that reached up to 85 mph (140 km/h). The largest fire, the Witch (Creek), was located in San Diego county.
2008 0,013,709 13,709 acres (5,548 ha) Trigo Fire New Mexico Burned from 15 April to 22 May. 59 homes were destroyed. The fire had a containment cost of $11 million.
2008 0,041,534 41,534 acres (16,808 ha) Evans Road Wildfire Eastern North Carolina Peat fire started on June 1 by lighting strike during North Carolina's drought - the worst on record. 450 firefighters battled it. 71 high capacity pumps move billions of gallons of water. It burned for three months.[6]
2008 1,557,293 1,557,293 acres (630,214 ha) Summer 2008 California wildfires California In Northern California, the fires were mostly started by lightning. In Santa Barbara (Southern California), the Gap fire endangered homes and lives. The Basin Complex and Gap fire were the highest priority fires in the state at this time. Caused unhealthy air quality in large parts of California for several weeks. Near Yosemite the Telegraph Fire was started by target shooters. During all fires many homes were lost.
2009 0,157,220 157,220 acres (63,620 ha) Station Fire California As of 9:51am PDT September 6, 2009; The Station Wildfire burned 157,220 acres (636.2 km2), and is currently the 10th largest in state history. There were 4,735 personnel assisting in the firefighting efforts.[7][8]
2009 0,024,406 24,406 acres (9,877 ha) West Kelowna Wildfires British Columbia On July 18, 2009, 3 wildfires started within hours of each other in and around the city of West Kelowna, which burned out of control until August 20. (Terrace Mountain Fire, 9277 hectares) (Glenrosa Fire 400 hectares) (Rose Valley Fire, 200 hectares) 25000 people were evacuated and 4 homes were burned during the first day of the Glenrosa Fire.
2009 0,164,866 164,866 acres (66,719 ha) Lava Canyon Fire British Columbia Largest fire in BC from 2000-2010. Led to evacuation orders and alerts.
2010 0,098,842 98,842 acres (40,000 ha) Binta Lake Fire British Columbia BC's largest blaze of 2010, resulted in evacuation orders and alerts. Burned 70,000 acres in a 12 hour period.
2011 0,538,049 538,049 acres (217,741 ha) Wallow Fire Arizona & New Mexico The largest fire in Arizona state history. In one 24-hour burn period (6/6-6/7), it consumed 77769 acres of forest land.
2011 0,034,000 34,000 acres (14,000 ha) Bastrop County Complex fire Texas The worst fire in Texas state history,destroyed over 1500 homes
2011 1,748,636 1,748,636 acres (707,648 ha) Richardson Backcountry Fire Alberta Started early in the spring of 2011, as of October 2011 the fire was over 700,000 Ha in size and still burning.
2011 0,156,293 156,293 acres (63,250 ha) Las Conchas Fire New Mexico Second largest fire in New Mexico state history. 63 homes lost. Threatened Los Alamos National Laboratory.
2011 0,012,000 12,000 acres (4,900 ha) Slave Lake Wildfire Alberta On May 14, a wildfire deliberately set 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) west of Slave Lake moved eastward towards the town, fueled by 100 kilometres (62 mi) winds, burned until May 16. Nearly 7,000 people were evacuated from the town and nearby surrounding communities. 374 properties were destroyed and 52 damaged in Slave Lake while an additional 59 properties were destroyed and 32 damaged in the surrounding communities. The only fatality was that of a pilot who died when his helicopter crashed while battling the fires. The overall damage cost was $1.8 billion.
2012 0,289,478 289,478 acres (117,148 ha) Whitewater-Baldy Complex Fire New Mexico Largest wildfire in New Mexico state history. Began in the Gila Wilderness as two separate fires that converged, both started by lightning. Destroyed 12 homes in Willow Creek, NM.
2012 0,044,330 44,330 acres (17,940 ha) Little Bear Fire New Mexico Most destructive wildfire in New Mexico state history. Began in the Lincoln National Forest and was started by lightning.
2012 0,087,284 87,284 acres (35,323 ha) High Park Fire Colorado Started by lightning, it is the Second Largest wildfire in Colorado state history by size. It killed one person and destroyed at least 248 homes making it the most destructive fire in state history until Waldo Canyon Fire a few days later.
2012 0,018,247 18,247 acres (7,384 ha) Waldo Canyon Fire Colorado Located near Pikes Peak, north and west of Colorado Springs in the Waldo Canyon - origin currently unknown - first reported the afternoon of Saturday, June 23. Destroyed 346 homes making it the second most destructive fire in state history. Two fatalities reported.
2012 0,248,000 248,000 acres (100,000 ha) Ashland Fire Montana
2012 0,719,694 719,694 acres (291,250 ha) Long Draw Fire and Miller Homestead Fire Oregon Oregon's largest fire in 150 years.
2012 0,023,500 23,500 acres (9,500 ha) Taylor Bridge Fire Washington Started Aug 13, 2012, fully contained on Aug. 28. At least 170 structures lost including 61 homes. 23,500 acres burned (36.7 sq mi).
2012 0,028,098 28,098 acres (11,371 ha) Ponderosa Fire California 52 residences & 81 outbuildings destroyed (131 total); 1 residence & 5 outbuildings damaged
2012 0,075,431 75,431 acres (30,526 ha) Chips Fire California
2012 0,332,000 332,000 acres (134,000 ha) Mustang Complex Wildfire Idaho
2012 494.211 494 acres (200 ha) Peachland Fire British Columbia Started on September 9th during windy, dry conditions. Threatened Trepanier and sections of Peachland. 1550 evacuated and 7 structures destroyed.
2013 0,024,251 24,251 acres (9,814 ha)[9] Springs Wildfire California Unusually large fire for springtime. Despite burning near residential areas, no homes were damaged. (Name comes from the location of the fire - Camarillo Springs Rd)[10]
2013 0,010,282 10,282 acres (4,161 ha) Tres Lagunas fire New Mexico [11]
2013 0,023,946 23,946 acres (9,691 ha) Thompson Ridge Fire New Mexico [12]
2013 0,018,800 18,800 acres (7,600 ha) Silver Fire New Mexico [13]
2013 0,003,538 3,538 acres (1,432 ha) Jaroso Fire New Mexico [14]
2013 0,014,198 14,198 acres (5,746 ha)[15] Black Forest Fire Colorado Large, fast-spreading fire due to dry conditions, high heat and restless winds. The 14,280 acre fire has destroyed 509 homes and left 17 homes partially damaged. As of June 13, 2013 it became the most destructive fire in Colorado state history. ATF and state officials are investigating the point of origin and cause of the blaze that claimed the lives of two people.[16] As of June 21, 2013 estimates of damage are expected to exceed $90 million.[17]
2013 0,003,218 3,218 acres (1,302 ha)[18] Royal Gorge Fire Colorado  ;[18] Jumped Royal Gorge and damaged the Royal Gorge Bridge.
2013 0,001,300 1,300 acres (530 ha)[19] Yarnell Hill Fire Arizona 19 firefighters killed on June 30, 2013.
2013 0,617,763 617,763 acres (250,000 ha)[20] Quebec Fire Quebec Over 300 evacuated.
2013 0,020,000 20,000 acres (8,100 ha)[21] Mount Charleston Fire Nevada
2013 0,025,000 25,000 acres (10,000 ha)[22] Bison Fire Nevada
2013 0,018,000 18,000 acres (7,300 ha)[23] Silver Fire California 26 homes burned and more than 500 threatened. Charred 30 square miles in three days and 70% as of August 10, 2013.
2013 0,126,000 126,000 acres (51,000 ha)[24] Beaver Creek Fire Idaho 2,300+ homes evacuated 7,700 homes are under pre-evacuation.
2013 0,007,000 7,000 acres (2,800 ha)[25] Little Queens Fire Idaho A mandatory evacuation order was issued for Atlanta, Idaho residents on August 20, 2013. Believed to be human caused.
2013 0,222,777 253,332 acres (102,520 ha) [26] Rim Fire California
2013 0,025,000 3,718 acres (1,505 ha)[27] [28] Morgan Fire California Mandatory evacuations for Oak Hill Lane, Curry Canyon and Curry Point in Morgan Territory.
2013 0,222,777 7,400 acres (3,000 ha)[29] Clover Fire California Fire reported on September 9, 2013 in Happy Valley was burning its way south toward Tehama County. At least 30 structures have been destroyed and at least 350 are threatened on September 10.

South America[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Breath of the Black Dragon in Russia and China, The New York Times (October 1, 1988)
  2. ^ [1](French)
  3. ^ Historica Minutes: Saguenay Fire
  4. ^ "THE GREAT SAGUENAY FIRE.; Experience of a Sufferer--Fearful Perils of the Survivors--Narrow Escapes--Saved by Plunging in a Spring". The New York Times. July 18, 1870. 
  5. ^ a b McGrath, Gareth (June 16, 2008). "Big blaze in Holly Shelter inevitable, officials say". Wilmington Star News. Retrieved 08/02/2011. 
  6. ^ [NC Forestry Division Newsdesk 2008 http://www.dfr.state.nc.us/news_pubs/newsdesk_2008.htm]
  7. ^ http://www.inciweb.org/incident/1856
  8. ^ ["Station fire, among state's top 10, moves toward Littlerock, Juniper Hills" http://latimesblogs.latimes.com/lanow/2009/09/station-fire-now-10th-largest-in-state-moves-toward-littlerock-juniper-hills.html], LA Times Now blog, Los Angeles Times, September 6, 2009
  9. ^ [Acreage on Springs Fire shrinks, full containment expected Thursday http://www.vcstar.com/news/2013/may/08/acreage-on-springs-fire-shrinks-full-containment/]
  10. ^ [CA Fire 2013 http://cdfdata.fire.ca.gov/incidents/incidents_details_info?incident_id=780]
  11. ^ [Tres Lagunas Fire 2013 http://inciweb.nwcg.gov/incident/3401/]
  12. ^ [Thompson Ridge Fire 2013 http://inciweb.nwcg.gov/incident/3404/]
  13. ^ [Silver Fire 2013 http://inciweb.nwcg.gov/incident/3414/]
  14. ^ [Jaroso Fire 2013 http://inciweb.nwcg.gov/incident/3416/]
  15. ^ Gorski, Eric (June 17, 2013). "Black Forest fire near Colorado Springs at 75 % containment". Denver Post. 
  16. ^ http://www.kktv.com/home/headlines/Fire-Reported-East-of-83-211063511.html
  17. ^ http://gazette.com/property-values-in-black-forest-expected-to-take-a-hit-because-of-damage-to-landscape/article/1502581
  18. ^ a b http://www.kshb.com/dpp/news/national/royal--gorge-fire-fully-contained-wildfire-damaged-32-planks-on-colorado-bridge
  19. ^ http://www.myfoxphoenix.com/story/22726613/2013/06/30/yarnell-hill-wildfire-grows-to-almost-1000-acres
  20. ^ CBC News http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/montreal/story/2013/07/02/north-forest-fire-threat-eastmain-quebec.html |url= missing title (help). 
  21. ^ http://www.lasvegassun.com/news/2013/jul/09/though-smoke-has-died-down-mount-charleston-fire-s
  22. ^ http://www.rgj.com/viewint/article/20130709/NEWS06/130709008/Map-Bison-Fire-perimeter
  23. ^ "Firefighters make progress battling Calif.'s Silver Fire". CBS News. Retrieved 11 August 2013. 
  24. ^ "'Angry' Idaho fire spreads to 126,000 acres, threatens luxury resort homes". NBC News. Retrieved 19 August 2013. 
  25. ^ "Atlanta residents under evacuation again". Idaho Statesman. Retrieved 21 August 2013. 
  26. ^ "RIM FIRE UPDATE". Facebook. Retrieved 9 September 2013. 
  27. ^ "Morgan Fire: Spread of blaze has 'stopped' around 3,700 acres, fire official says". mercurynews.com. Retrieved 10 September 2013. 
  28. ^ "MORGAN FIRE". cdfdata.fire.ca.gov. Retrieved 9 September 2013. 
  29. ^ ": Tuesday Clover Fire update: 30 structures destroyed, 350 threatened". redding.com. Retrieved 10 September 2013. 

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