List of former German colonies
- Groß Friedrichsburg (in Ghana), 1683–1717
- Arguin (in Mauritania), 1685–1721
- Whydah (in present Bénin), circa 1700 (this Brandenburg 'colony' was just a minor point of support, a few dwellings at a site co-inhabited by British and Dutch)
These territories were held briefly under lease or occupation during the early European colonizations of the New World.
- Saint Thomas. Leased by Brandenburg from the Danish West India Company, 1685–1720.
- Vieques (Crab Island) (Krabbeninsel in German) in the Caribbean, now part of Puerto Rico. Brandenburg annexation in the Danish West Indies, 1689–1693
- Tertholen (Caribbean), 1696. Occupation.
Habsburg Monarchy colonies
- Banquibazar & Cabelon (1719/23–1744/50)
- Nicobar islands (1778–1783)
- Tientsin concession (1901-1917)
German imperial colonies
The following were German African protectorates.
- German East Africa (Deutsch-Ostafrika):
- Tanganyika. In 1922 became a League of Nations mandate under the United Kingdom. In 1961 became independent and in 1964 joined with former British protectorate of the sultanate of Zanzibar to form present-day Tanzania
- Ruanda-Urundi (1885–1917) - present-day Rwanda and Burundi
- Wituland (1885–1890) - since 1890 in Kenya
- Kionga Triangle - since 1920 (earlier occupied) in Portuguese Mozambique
- German South West Africa (Deutsch-Südwestafrika) - present-day Namibia (except then-British Walvis Bay) and part of Botswana (Südrand des Caprivi-Zipfels)
- German West Africa (Deutsch-Westafrika) - existed as one unit only for two or three years, then split into two colonies due to distances:
- Kamerun (1884–1914) - after World War I, separated into a British part, Cameroons, and a French Cameroun, which became present Cameroon. The British part was later split in half, with one part joining Nigeria and the other Cameroon. (Kamerun, Nigeria-Ostteil, Tschad-Südwestteil, Zentralafrikanische Republik-Westteil, Republik Kongo-Nordostteil, Gabun-Nordteil)
- Togoland (1884–1914) - after World War I it separated into two parts: a British part (Ghana-Westteil), which joined Ghana, and a French one, which became Togo
These were German colonies in the Pacific.
- German New Guinea (Deutsch-Neuguinea) (1884–1914) and Micronesia (later incorporated into the German New Guinea)
- Bismarck Archipelago (Bismarck-Archipel)
- German Solomon Islands or Northern Solomon Islands (Salomonen or Nördliche Salomon-Inseln) (1885–1899)
- Bougainville Island (Bougainville-Insel) (1888–1919)
- Nauru (1888–1919)
- Marshall Islands (Marschall-Inseln) (1885–1919)
- Mariana Islands (Marianen) (1899–1919) - present-day Northern Mariana Islands
- Caroline Islands (Karolinen) (1899–1919) - present-day Federated States of Micronesia and Palau
- German Samoa (Deutsch-Samoa) (1899–1914) - present-day Samoa
These are German concessions in China leased to it by the Qing Dynasty.
- German colonization of the Americas
- German colonial empire
- Heligoland-Zanzibar Treaty
- Postage stamps and postal history of the German colonies
- New Swabia
- Ernst Thälmann Island