List of former automotive manufacturing plants

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List of former automotive manufacturing plants. The table below lists former automotive industry manufacturing facilities.

List of plants[edit]

company and
plant title
location former marques
and/or products
year
opened
year
closed
cultural
references
current
use
Alfa Romeo Arese Plant Arese, Milan, Italy Alfa Romeo 1963 2005 Alfa Romeo museum working there
Alfa Romeo Portello Plant Milan, Italy Alfa Romeo 1908 1986 demolished in 2004
American Motors Kenosha, Wisconsin Nash, Rambler, Ambassador, Marlin, Javelin/AMX, Matador, Hornet, Gremlin, Pacer, Concord, Spirit, Eagle, Renault Alliance, Chrysler Fifth Avenue/Dodge Diplomat/Plymouth Gran Fury, Dodge Omni/Plymouth Horizon 1902 1988 seen in 1978 film The Betsy now Harborpark development. Chrysler engines
American Motors Brampton Assembly

Brampton, Ontario, Canada

Rambler American
Rambler Classic
AMC Rebel
AMC Hornet/Concord
AMC Gremlin/Spirit
AMC Eagle
Jeep CJ
Jeep Wrangler
1961 1992 "Kennedy Road/Steeles Avenue and operated by American Motors from 1961 to 1992. The plant assembled American Motors and Jeep vehicles until it was closed in 1992[1][2]
Aston Martin Newport Pagnell, Milton Keynes 1954 2007
AutoLatina Ipiranga, Brazil Volkswagen & Ford 1987 1995 ??
Nash Motors/American Motors El Segundo Plant El Segundo, California Nash 1948 1955 Purchased in 1955 by Hughes Aircraft for missile assembly and testing; later passed to General Motors; now Boeing Integration and Test Complex[3]
Bedford Vehicles Dunstable, England Bedford Vehicles truck & bus chassis 1942 1992 Sold by GM to AWD in 1982, after losing a key British Army contract. Ceased production in 1992 after bankruptcy of AWD. Redeveloped as a retail park and industrial estate
Messier Bugatti Molsheim, Alsace Pre-war Bugattis 1916 19? Ceased production of automobiles in favour of aircraft-parts assembly, notably undercarriages and brake systems[4][5]
Bugatti Automobili Campogalliano, Emilia-Romagna EB110 1989 1995 Was sold on to another company who declared bankruptcy before moving in, has since then been left unoccupied.
Chrysler Corporation

Dodge Main Plant

Hamtramck, Michigan with parts overlapping into Detroit, Michigan Dodge cars 1910[6] 1980-01-04[7] First plant organized by the United Automobile Workers Union. Home of the League of Revolutionary Black Workers in the 1960s. Demolished 1981. Land claimed by eminent domain, along with surrounding neighborhoods in both Hamtramck and Detroit, for the creation of the massive "Poletown" plant (General Motors Detroit/Hamtramck Assembly Plant).[6][8]
Chrysler

Los Angeles Plant

5800 Eastern @ Slauson, south-east corner, Los Angeles (Commerce), California Plymouth Valiant, Plymouth Barracuda, Dodge Dart, Dodge Challenger Dodge Charger, Belvedere / Coronet 1932 July 1971 Home of month-long strike in 1958[9]
Chrysler

San Leandro Plant

San Leandro, California Plymouth, 1949-1954; Dodge, 1948-1954 1929 1955 ? Redeveloped into mall[10]
Chrysler

Stockton Truck Plant

Stockton, California Dodge Trucks 1926 1933 ? Graham Bros truck plant, acquired by Dodge Bros, closed due to Great Depression[11]
Chrysler

Newark Assembly

Newark, Delaware Chrysler Aspen, Dodge Durango, K-cars 1957 2008[12] ? Purchased by University of Delaware, being redeveloped as a Science and Technology Campus for the school.
Fiat

Corso Dante

Turin, Italy 1900 ? ?
Fiat

Poughkeepsie

Poughkeepsie, New York, USA 1908 1918 ?
Fiat

Lingotto Factory

Lingotto, Turin, Italy Fiat Topolino 1923 1982 Appeared in Mafioso and The Italian Job. Also hosted the Turin Auto Show Reopened in 1989 as a public space
Ford Motor Company

St. Louis Assembly Plant

Hazelwood, Missouri Mercury Mountaineer, Ford Explorer, Lincoln Aviator 1948 2006 Being redeveloped into a light industrial/commercial park known as Aviator Business Park
Ford Motor Company

Mahwah Assembly Plant

Mahwah, New Jersey Edsel (1958), Ford Galaxie, Ford LTD, Ford Granada, Ford Fairmont, Mercury Monarch, Mercury Zephyr, Lincoln Versailles 1955 1980 Referenced in "Johnny 99", a Bruce Springsteen song Sharp Corporation Offices and Sheraton Crossroads Hotel Complex
Ford Motor Company

Edison Assembly Plant

Edison, New Jersey Ford Mustang, Pinto, Falcon, Escort, Ranger pickup, Mazda B-series 1948 2004[13] Being redeveloped as Edison Towne Square, a mixed use retail development. Current tenants include a Sam's Club.
Ford Motor Company

Norfolk Assembly

Norfolk, Virginia Ford F150 1925 2007 Idled as of June 28, 2007
Ford Motor Company

Wixom Assembly Plant

Wixom, Michigan Lincoln Town Car, Continental, Mark series, Lincoln LS, Ford Thunderbird 1957 2007 Idled as of May 31, 2007, demolition began in January 2013
Ford Motor Company

Twin Cities Assembly Plant

St. Paul, Minnesota Ford Ranger 1925 2011 Being demolished and expected to be redeveloped to be part of the surrounding residential and commercial neighborhood.
Ford Motor Company

Dallas Assembly Plant

Dallas, Texas Model T 1913 1924 Located at 2700 Canton Street. Replaced by East Grand Avenue plant in 1925, became Adam Hats Co. Now known as the Adam Hats Building, redeveloped as loft apartments
Ford Motor Company

Dallas Assembly Plant

Dallas, Texas Ford light trucks 1925 1970 "Made in Texas by Texans" stickers Located at 5200 East Grand Avenue. Redeveloped by "City Warehouse LP", with retail/commercial tenants
Ford Motor Company

Atlanta Assembly

Hapeville, Georgia Ford Taurus, Mercury Sable 1947 2006 Being redeveloped by the Jacoby group as Aerotropolis Atlanta
Ford Motor Company

Canton Forge

3707 Georgetown Road NE, Canton OH 44704

Canton, Ohio Forged axles, ring gears, spindles, steering systems for Ford Mustangs, Lincoln Town Cars, and others[14][15] 1948[16] December 23, 1988[15] Partially used as Republic Engineered Products' Canton Bloom Cast Facility[17]
Ford Motor Company

Somerville Assembly

Somerville, Massachusetts Edsel 1958 Redeveloped as the Assembly Square Mall in the 1980s after brief use as a supermarket distribution center.
Ford Motor Company

Cambridge Assembly

Cambridge, Massachusetts Model T 1913 1926 Polaroid bought it and used it for manufacturing. MIT currently owns the property and has renovated it as office space.[18]
Ford Motor Company

Dearborn Assembly Plant

Dearborn, Michigan Mustang 1918 05-10-2004[15] General Motors]] after WWII "Largest room in the world"; see article Willow Run Airport and General Motors manufacturing facility
Ford Motor Company

Terminal Island Plant

Terminal Island, California 1930s[19] 1959[20] Henry Ford Bridge provided only link to Terminal Island for decades Part of the Port of Los Angeles complex[21]
Ford Motor Company

Long Beach Plant

Long Beach, California Ford Model A 1930[22] 1959[22]
Ford Motor Company

Pico Rivera Plant

Rosemead & Washington Boulevards, Pico Rivera, California 1.4 million automobiles[23] c. 1959 January 1980[24] Purchased by Northrup Grumman in February 1982,[25] the 2,000,000-square-foot (190,000 m2) plant went on to be the home of the B-2 bomber. Closed and demolished (2001); now a large retail center, anchored by Wal-Mart and Lowes.
Ford Motor Company

Ford Richmond Plant

Richmond, California Various models, WWII tanks and armored vehicles 1930 1956 ? Opened in 1930 and closed 1956 - Renovated, now part of Rosie the Riveter National Historical Park
Ford Motor Company

San Jose Assembly Plant

Milpitas, California Ford Mustang/Mustang Shelby/Ford Falcon/Mercury Cougar 1955 1984 ? Opened in 1955 and closed 1984 - redeveloped into the Great Mall of the Bay Area in 1994
Ford Motor Company

Ford Trafford Park Factory

Trafford Park, Manchester Ford Model T 1911 1928 ?
General Motors

Buick City Plant

Hamilton St., Flint, Michigan Buick LeSabre, Buick Electra, Buick Special, Buick Regal 1904 1999[26] Demolished
General Motors

Reatta Craft Centre/Lansing Craft Centre

Lansing, Michigan Buick Reatta, GM EV1, Chevrolet SSR, Cadillac Eldorado, Chevrolet Cavalier and Pontiac Sunfire convertibles 1988 2006-03-17[27] ? ?
General Motors

St. Louis Truck Assembly Plant

St. Louis, Missouri See article 19?? 1987 ? ?
General Motors

Fisher Body Plant 1

Hamilton St., Flint, Michigan Bodies for Chevrolet models ? ? ? Partially demolished; Remaining portion now Great Lakes Technology Center
General Motors

Wilmington Assembly Plant

801 Boxwood Road, Wilmington, Delaware Pontiac Solstice, Saturn Sky Ground broken 1945; Opened 1947[28] 2009-07-29 Last auto manufacturing plant in Delaware.

Last auto manufacturing plant in the Northeastern United States [29]

Awaiting final disposition
General Motors

South Gate Plant

2700 Tweedy Blvd.,[30]

South Gate, California

? 19?? 1982[31] ? Sold to City of South Gate in 1985, redeveloped as South East High School
General Motors

Oakland Assembly

Oakland, California Chevrolet cars[32] and trucks 1916[33] c.1963[32] ?

Production was moved to Fremont Assembly Plant in Fremont, California, which later became the site of NUMMI, GM's joint venture with Toyota and the only major auto assembly plant remaining in California. Not to be confused with Oakland, Pontiac's original parent marque.

General Motors

Fremont Assembly

Fremont, California Chevrolet cars[32] and trucks 1963 1984[32] ?

Operated as GM plant from 1963 to 1982, then became the site of NUMMI, GM's joint venture with Toyota and the only major auto assembly plant remaining in California. Closed April 1, 2010, partially reopening as the Tesla Factory, an automobile assembly plant for Tesla Motors

General Motors

Detroit Assembly (also known as Detroit Cadillac or Clark Street Assembly)

Clark Street, Detroit, Michigan Cadillac models; Oldsmobile 88 and Custom Cruiser; Chevrolet Caprice and Impala. 1921 1987 ? Redeveloped as multi-tenant industrial park, within Federal Empowerment Zone[34]
General Motors

Norwood Assembly Plant

Norwood, Ohio Chevrolet Bel Air, Biscayne, Impala, Nova, Caprice, and Camaro, Pontiac Firebird, Buick Apollo 1923 1987 ? Redeveloped after lengthy court battle between city of Norwood and General Motors; see article
General Motors

Framingham Assembly Plant

Framingham, Massachusetts See article 1948 1989 ? ADESA automobile, truck, and boat warehouse and live auction site
General Motors

Janesville Assembly

Janesville, Wisconsin GMC Yukon, Chevrolet Suburban 1919 2008-12-23[35] ? Plant is in a state of hibernation. and will reopen when demand requires
General Motors

Lakewood Assembly Plant

Atlanta, Georgia (Lakewood) Chevrolet Trucks, Chevrolet Caprice 1927 1990 ? Demolished to the slab. Largely undeveloped except for a small parcel used by a waste management company.
General Motors

Pontiac Plant

Pontiac, Michigan To Be Verified[citation needed] 19?? 1994? ? ?
General Motors

Scarborough Van Assembly Plant

Scarborough, Ontario (present-day Toronto) G-series vans, GMC Vandura, Chevy Sportvan, GMC Handi-Van 1963 1993 ? Operations moved to Flint Truck Assembly
General Motors

Willow Run Assembly Plant

Ypsilanti, Michigan Chevrolet Caprice 19?? 1994 ? Vehicle assembly ceased in 1994; also at the Willow Run site, GM Powertrain operated Hydramatic Transmission Plant (1953–2007, then Ypsilanti Transmission Operations 2007-2010).[36]
General Motors

North Tarrytown Assembly

North Tarrytown, New York (now Sleepy Hollow, New York) Minivans, including Lumina APV; see article 1896 by Maxwell-Briscoe; 1903 by Ingersoll-Rand; 1914 by Chevrolet, later acquired by GM 1996 ? Redevelopment[37]
General Motors

Baltimore Assembly Plant

Baltimore, Maryland (2005) GMC Safari, Chevrolet Astro 1935 2005 ? Purchased by Duke Realty. Being redeveloped as an industrial park known as the Chesapeake Commerce Center.
General Motors

Lansing Car Assembly

Lansing, Michigan Pontiac Grand Am, Chevrolet Malibu, Oldsmobile Alero 1902/1920 2005 Harbour Consulting rated it as the sixth most efficient auto plant in North America in 2006, after its closure (see article) Demolished 2007
General Motors

Oklahoma City Assembly

Oklahoma City, Oklahoma (2006) GM X-Platform, GMT360 Platform 1979 2006 ? Purchased by the voters of Oklahoma County for lease to Tinker Air Force Base
Frigidaire Plant; General Motors Moraine Assembly Plant Moraine, Ohio Chevrolet S-10, GMC S-15, GMT360 Platform SUVs 1951 2008 Workers represented by IUE-CWA, not the United Auto Workers ?
General Motors

Doraville Assembly Plant

Doraville, Georgia Oldsmobile Cutlass Supreme (1988–1995), Chevrolet Venture (1997–2005), Pontiac Trans Sport / Pontiac Trans Sport (1997–2005), Oldsmobile Silhouette (1997–2004), Buick Terraza (2005–2007), Saturn Relay (2005–2007), Chevrolet Uplander (2005–2009), Pontiac Montana SV6 (2005–2009), Buick GL8 1947[38] 2008-09-25[39] Closing on the purchase by a redevelopment group is expected to occur by August 2014.
General Motors

Linden Assembly

Linden, New Jersey Oldsmobiles, Pontiacs, Buicks Chevrolet S-10 Blazer, GMC Jimmy, GMC Truck and Bus Division 1937 2005 Purchased by Duke Realty. Being redeveloped as an industrial park known as the Legacy Commerce Center.
General Motors Chevrolet-Pontiac-Canada Division[40]

Van Nuys Assembly Plant

Van Nuys, California Chevrolet Corvair, Chevrolet Nova, Chevrolet Camaro, Pontiac Firebird. ? 1992[41] Redeveloped as The Plant shopping center. GM maintains a test track adjacent to the shopping center.[42]
General Motors

Sainte-Thérèse Assembly

Sainte-Thérèse, Quebec Chevrolet Camaro, Pontiac Firebird, Oldsmobile Cutlass, Chevrolet Vega, Pontiac Trans Am, Pontiac Bonneville, Pontiac LeMans 1966 2002 Redeveloped as a mixed commercial/residential space known as Faubourg Boisbriand.
General Motors Canada

Oshawa Truck Assembly

Oshawa, Ontario Chevrolet Silverado, GMC Sierra, Chevrolet C/K pickup trucks 1965 2009-05-14[43] Site is part of GM Oshawa Autoplex, where the Oshawa Car plant continues operations.
MG Rover Group

Longbridge plant

Longbridge, Birmingham, UK Austin, Rover, Morris, MG, Mini, Triumph, Nash/Rambler Metropolitan 1904 2005 Featured in the music video of The Chemical Brothers song, Believe Large amounts demolished, small scale production has restarted with the MG brand.
Nissan Motors

Zama plant

Zama, Kanagawa, Japan 1965 1995 currently Global Production Engineering Center and storage unit for its historic models
Packard Automotive Plant, Detroit East Grand Boulevard and Concord Avenue

Detroit, Michigan

Packard 1907[44] 1956[44] ? (From 1960) Subdivided as industrial park

(Present day) Urban ruins

Studebaker Corporation, South Bend Chippewa Avenue

South Bend, Indiana

Studebaker 18?? 1963 ? (From 1964) Assembly facilities taken over by Kaiser Jeep

(Present day) Other uses, partially demolished and urban ruins

Studebaker Corporation, New York, New York 615 West 131st St

Manhatthanville, New York City

Studebaker 1923 1937 ? (From 1937) Borden Milk processing plant

(Present day) Columbia University finance department building[45]

Volkswagen of America

Volkswagen Westmoreland Assembly Plant

New Stanton, Pennsylvania Rabbit/Golf, Caddy, Jetta 1978[46] 1988[47] The facility was originally built by Chrysler in the 1960s, but was not completed until VW began operations. Sony took over the site in 1990 and began production of televisions from 1990-2008. Automobile production was transferred to the Chattanooga Assembly Plant and to Puebla, Mexico[48]
Volkswagen of America

Sterling Heights Assembly

Sterling Heights, Michigan N/A 1953[49] 1983[50] The facility was originally built to manufacture jet engines and was operated as the Michigan Ordnance Missile Plant by the U.S. Army. Acquired by Volkswagen in 1980 and converted to automobile production. Chrysler took over the site in 1983 and began production of their own vehicles. Still in use by Chrysler today.[50]
AB Volvo

Volvo Halifax Assembly Plant

Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada Volvo PV544, 120, 240, 740, 940, 850, S70, V70 and S80 1963[51] 1998-12-18[52][53] Volvo's only car assembly plant in North America. Volvo Halifax Assembly - Bayer's Lake Plant still stands and is now used as an office complex.
Volvo North America Corporation

Chesapeake Plant

Volvo Parkway & Greenbriar Parkway,

Chesapeake, Virginia

Volvo B10M and other transit buses (Plant originally planned for cars)[54] Ground broken 1974-07-02[55] 1986-10 One of the first foreign-owned automotive manufacturing plants in the U.S., soon followed by Volkswagen and others.[55] Volvo Penta Marine retains facilities in the area. Redeveloped as "Crossways Commerce Center" shopping center.
company and
plant title
location former marques
and/or products
year
opened
year
closed
cultural
references
current
use

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ {https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brampton_Assembly"}
  2. ^ {https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brampton_Assembly#AMC.27s_original_Brampton_plant}
  3. ^ Knox, Randy. "AMC - Nash Factory (El Segundo, California) Photos". www.allpar.com. Retrieved 2009-04-20. 
  4. ^ http://www.bugatti.com/en/tradition/100-years-of-bugatti/stories-of-a-century.html
  5. ^ http://www.bugattirevue.com/revue22/tour.htm
  6. ^ a b Schweitzer, A.E. "Inside the Dodge Main plant: Building the 1955 Dodge cars (and 1981 demolition)". www.allpar.com. Retrieved 2009-05-20. 
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  15. ^ a b c "Canton to lose 984 jobs ford to shut forge works". Akron Beacon Journal. 1986-09-04. 
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  30. ^ "EnviRostor". State of California. Retrieved 2009-04-24. 
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  32. ^ a b c d "Chevy (Full Size) VIN Decoding". www.yearone.com. Retrieved 2009-06-04. 
  33. ^ "Lodi News-Sentinel, June 19, 1953". www.google.com. Retrieved 2010-06-18. 
  34. ^ "GM - Environment - Case Studies - Clark Street - Detroit, MI". www.gm.com. Retrieved 2009-03-28. 
  35. ^ Bunkley, Nick; Vlasic, Bill (2008-12-24). "Nearly the End of the Line for S.U.V.’s - NYTimes.com". www.nytimes.com. Retrieved 2009-03-28. 
  36. ^ Bennet, James (1994-04-15). "COMPANY NEWS; G.M. Settles Suit Over Plant Closing - The New York Times". www.nytimes.com. Retrieved 2009-03-28. 
  37. ^ "GM - Environment - Roseland Named Developer for GM Property in Sleepy Hollow". www.gm.com. Retrieved 2009-03-28. [dead link]
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  40. ^ "More Layoffs Set by G.M. - The New York Times". www.nytimes.com. 1987-04-07. Retrieved 2009-03-27. 
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  44. ^ a b http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/HAC/PHA/packard/pac_p1.html
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  46. ^ "American-Made Rabbit - TIME". www.time.com. 1976-05-03. Retrieved 2009-06-05. 
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  48. ^ "Sony to use old vw plant - columbus site once considered". The Columbus Dispatch. 1990-04-18. 
  49. ^ "Chrysler’s Sterling Heights Assembly and Stamping Plants". Allpar. 
  50. ^ a b "Chrysler’s Sterling Heights Assembly and Stamping Plants". Allpar. 
  51. ^ "Volvo History, The 1960s". www.volvoclub.org.uk. Retrieved 2009-06-05. 
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  54. ^ "Pay for No Work - TIME". TIME Magazine. 1977-02-21. Retrieved 2009-06-05. 
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External links[edit]