List of former automotive manufacturing plants
||The examples and perspective in this list deal primarily with North America and do not represent a worldwide view of the subject. (October 2009)|
List of former automotive manufacturing plants. The table below lists former automotive industry manufacturing facilities.
List of plants
|Alfa Romeo Arese Plant||Arese, Milan, Italy||Alfa Romeo||1963||2005||Alfa Romeo museum working there|
|Alfa Romeo Portello Plant||Milan, Italy||Alfa Romeo||1908||1986||demolished in 2004|
|American Motors||Kenosha, Wisconsin||Nash, Rambler, Ambassador, Marlin, Javelin/AMX, Matador, Hornet, Gremlin, Pacer, Concord, Spirit, Eagle, Renault Alliance, Chrysler Fifth Avenue/Dodge Diplomat/Plymouth Gran Fury, Dodge Omni/Plymouth Horizon||1902||1988||seen in 1978 film The Betsy||now Harborpark development. Chrysler engines|
|American Motors||Brampton Assembly||Rambler American
|1961||1992||"Kennedy Road/Steeles Avenue and operated by American Motors from 1961 to 1992. The plant assembled American Motors and Jeep vehicles until it was closed in 1992|
|Aston Martin||Newport Pagnell, Milton Keynes||1954||2007|
|AutoLatina||Ipiranga, Brazil||Volkswagen & Ford||1987||1995||??|
|Nash Motors/American Motors El Segundo Plant||El Segundo, California||Nash||1948||1955||Purchased in 1955 by Hughes Aircraft for missile assembly and testing; later passed to General Motors; now Boeing Integration and Test Complex|
|Bedford Vehicles||Dunstable, England||Bedford Vehicles truck & bus chassis||1942||1992||Sold by GM to AWD in 1982, after losing a key British Army contract. Ceased production in 1992 after bankruptcy of AWD. Redeveloped as a retail park and industrial estate|
|Messier Bugatti||Molsheim, Alsace||Pre-war Bugattis||1916||19?||Ceased production of automobiles in favour of aircraft-parts assembly, notably undercarriages and brake systems|
|Bugatti Automobili||Campogalliano, Emilia-Romagna||EB110||1989||1995||Was sold on to another company who declared bankruptcy before moving in, has since then been left unoccupied.|
|Chrysler Corporation||Hamtramck, Michigan with parts overlapping into Detroit, Michigan||Dodge cars||1910||1980-01-04||First plant organized by the United Automobile Workers Union. Home of the League of Revolutionary Black Workers in the 1960s.||Demolished 1981. Land claimed by eminent domain, along with surrounding neighborhoods in both Hamtramck and Detroit, for the creation of the massive "Poletown" plant (General Motors Detroit/Hamtramck Assembly Plant).|
Los Angeles Plant
|5800 Eastern @ Slauson, south-east corner, Los Angeles (Commerce), California||Plymouth Valiant, Plymouth Barracuda, Dodge Dart, Dodge Challenger Dodge Charger, Belvedere / Coronet||1932||July 1971||Home of month-long strike in 1958|
San Leandro Plant
|San Leandro, California||Plymouth, 1949-1954; Dodge, 1948-1954||1929||1955||?||Redeveloped into mall|
Stockton Truck Plant
|Stockton, California||Dodge Trucks||1926||1933||?||Graham Bros truck plant, acquired by Dodge Bros, closed due to Great Depression|
|Chrysler||Newark, Delaware||Chrysler Aspen, Dodge Durango, K-cars||1957||2008||?||Purchased by University of Delaware, being redeveloped as a Science and Technology Campus for the school.|
|Poughkeepsie, New York, USA||1908||1918||?|
|Lingotto, Turin, Italy||Fiat Topolino||1923||1982||Appeared in Mafioso and The Italian Job. Also hosted the Turin Auto Show||Reopened in 1989 as a public space|
|Ford Motor Company||Mahwah, New Jersey||Edsel (1958), Ford Galaxie, Ford LTD, Ford Granada, Ford Fairmont, Mercury Monarch, Mercury Zephyr, Lincoln Versailles||1955||1980||Referenced in "Johnny 99", a Bruce Springsteen song||Sharp Corporation Offices and Sheraton Crossroads Hotel Complex|
|Ford Motor Company||Edison, New Jersey||Ford Mustang, Pinto, Falcon, Escort, Ranger pickup, Mazda B-series||1948||2004||Being redeveloped as Edison Towne Square, a mixed use retail development. Current tenants include a Sam's Club.|
|Ford Motor Company||Norfolk, Virginia||Ford F150||1925||2007||Idled as of June 28, 2007|
|Ford Motor Company||Wixom, Michigan||Lincoln Town Car, Continental, Mark series, Lincoln LS, Ford Thunderbird||1957||2007||Idled as of May 31, 2007, demolition began in January 2013|
|Ford Motor Company||St. Paul, Minnesota||Ford Ranger||1925||2011||Being demolished and expected to be redeveloped to be part of the surrounding residential and commercial neighborhood.|
|Ford Motor Company||Dallas, Texas||Model T||1913||1924||Located at 2700 Canton Street. Replaced by East Grand Avenue plant in 1925, became Adam Hats Co. Now known as the Adam Hats Building, redeveloped as loft apartments|
|Ford Motor Company||Dallas, Texas||Ford light trucks||1925||1970||"Made in Texas by Texans" stickers||Located at 5200 East Grand Avenue. Redeveloped by "City Warehouse LP", with retail/commercial tenants|
|Ford Motor Company||Hapeville, Georgia||Ford Taurus, Mercury Sable||1947||2006||Being redeveloped by the Jacoby group as Aerotropolis Atlanta|
|Ford Motor Company
3707 Georgetown Road NE, Canton OH 44704
|Canton, Ohio||Forged axles, ring gears, spindles, steering systems for Ford Mustangs, Lincoln Town Cars, and others||1948||December 23, 1988||Partially used as Republic Engineered Products' Canton Bloom Cast Facility|
|Ford Motor Company||Somerville, Massachusetts||Edsel||1958||Redeveloped as the Assembly Square Mall in the 1980s after brief use as a supermarket distribution center.|
|Ford Motor Company||Cambridge, Massachusetts||Model T||1913||1926||Polaroid bought it and used it for manufacturing. MIT currently owns the property and has renovated it as office space.|
|Ford Motor Company||Dearborn, Michigan||Mustang||1918||05-10-2004||General Motors]] after WWII||"Largest room in the world"; see article||Willow Run Airport and General Motors manufacturing facility|
|Ford Motor Company
Terminal Island Plant
|Terminal Island, California||1930s||1959||Henry Ford Bridge provided only link to Terminal Island for decades||Part of the Port of Los Angeles complex|
|Ford Motor Company
Long Beach Plant
|Long Beach, California||Ford Model A||1930||1959|
|Ford Motor Company||Rosemead & Washington Boulevards, Pico Rivera, California||1.4 million automobiles||c. 1959||January 1980||Purchased by Northrup Grumman in February 1982, the 2,000,000-square-foot (190,000 m2) plant went on to be the home of the B-2 bomber.||Closed and demolished (2001); now a large retail center, anchored by Wal-Mart and Lowes.|
|Ford Motor Company||Richmond, California||Various models, WWII tanks and armored vehicles||1930||1956||?||Opened in 1930 and closed 1956 - Renovated, now part of Rosie the Riveter National Historical Park|
|Ford Motor Company||Milpitas, California||Ford Mustang/Mustang Shelby/Ford Falcon/Mercury Cougar||1955||1984||?||Opened in 1955 and closed 1984 - redeveloped into the Great Mall of the Bay Area in 1994|
|Ford Motor Company||Trafford Park, Manchester||Ford Model T||1911||1928||?|
Buick City Plant
|Hamilton St., Flint, Michigan||Buick LeSabre, Buick Electra, Buick Special, Buick Regal||1904||1999||Demolished|
|General Motors||Lansing, Michigan||Buick Reatta, GM EV1, Chevrolet SSR, Cadillac Eldorado, Chevrolet Cavalier and Pontiac Sunfire convertibles||1988||2006-03-17||?||?|
St. Louis Truck Assembly Plant
|St. Louis, Missouri||See article||19??||1987||?||?|
Fisher Body Plant 1
|Hamilton St., Flint, Michigan||Bodies for Chevrolet models||?||?||?||Partially demolished; Remaining portion now Great Lakes Technology Center|
Wilmington Assembly Plant
|801 Boxwood Road, Wilmington, Delaware||Pontiac Solstice, Saturn Sky||Ground broken 1945; Opened 1947||2009-07-29||Last auto manufacturing plant in Delaware.||Awaiting final disposition|
South Gate Plant
|2700 Tweedy Blvd.,||?||19??||1982||?||Sold to City of South Gate in 1985, redeveloped as South East High School|
|Oakland, California||Chevrolet cars and trucks||1916||c.1963||?||
Production was moved to Fremont Assembly Plant in Fremont, California, which later became the site of NUMMI, GM's joint venture with Toyota and the only major auto assembly plant remaining in California. Not to be confused with Oakland, Pontiac's original parent marque.
|General Motors||Fremont, California||Chevrolet cars and trucks||1963||1984||?||
Operated as GM plant from 1963 to 1982, then became the site of NUMMI, GM's joint venture with Toyota and the only major auto assembly plant remaining in California. Closed April 1, 2010, partially reopening as the Tesla Factory, an automobile assembly plant for Tesla Motors
|General Motors||Clark Street, Detroit, Michigan||Cadillac models; Oldsmobile 88 and Custom Cruiser; Chevrolet Caprice and Impala.||1921||1987||?||Redeveloped as multi-tenant industrial park, within Federal Empowerment Zone|
Norwood Assembly Plant
|Norwood, Ohio||Chevrolet Bel Air, Biscayne, Impala, Nova, Caprice, and Camaro, Pontiac Firebird, Buick Apollo||1923||1987||?||Redeveloped after lengthy court battle between city of Norwood and General Motors; see article|
Framingham Assembly Plant
|Framingham, Massachusetts||See article||1948||1989||?||ADESA automobile, truck, and boat warehouse and live auction site|
|General Motors||Janesville, Wisconsin||GMC Yukon, Chevrolet Suburban||1919||2008-12-23||?||Plant is in a state of hibernation. and will reopen when demand requires|
Lakewood Assembly Plant
|Atlanta, Georgia (Lakewood)||Chevrolet Trucks, Chevrolet Caprice||1927||1990||?||Demolished to the slab. Largely undeveloped except for a small parcel used by a waste management company.|
|Pontiac, Michigan||To Be Verified||19??||1994?||?||?|
Scarborough Van Assembly Plant
|Scarborough, Ontario (present-day Toronto)||G-series vans, GMC Vandura, Chevy Sportvan, GMC Handi-Van||1963||1993||?||Operations moved to Flint Truck Assembly|
Willow Run Assembly Plant
|Ypsilanti, Michigan||Chevrolet Caprice||19??||1994||?||Vehicle assembly ceased in 1994; also at the Willow Run site, GM Powertrain operated Hydramatic Transmission Plant (1953–2007, then Ypsilanti Transmission Operations 2007-2010).|
|General Motors||North Tarrytown, New York (now Sleepy Hollow, New York)||Minivans, including Lumina APV; see article||1896 by Maxwell-Briscoe; 1903 by Ingersoll-Rand; 1914 by Chevrolet, later acquired by GM||1996||?||Redevelopment|
Baltimore Assembly Plant
|Baltimore, Maryland (2005)||GMC Safari, Chevrolet Astro||1935||2005||?||Purchased by Duke Realty. Being redeveloped as an industrial park known as the Chesapeake Commerce Center.|
|General Motors||Lansing, Michigan||Pontiac Grand Am, Chevrolet Malibu, Oldsmobile Alero||1902/1920||2005||Harbour Consulting rated it as the sixth most efficient auto plant in North America in 2006, after its closure (see article)||Demolished 2007|
|General Motors||Oklahoma City, Oklahoma (2006)||GM X-Platform, GMT360 Platform||1979||2006||?||Purchased by the voters of Oklahoma County for lease to Tinker Air Force Base|
|Frigidaire Plant; General Motors Moraine Assembly Plant||Moraine, Ohio||Chevrolet S-10, GMC S-15, GMT360 Platform SUVs||1951||2008||Workers represented by IUE-CWA, not the United Auto Workers||?|
Doraville Assembly Plant
|Doraville, Georgia||Oldsmobile Cutlass Supreme (1988–1995), Chevrolet Venture (1997–2005), Pontiac Trans Sport / Pontiac Trans Sport (1997–2005), Oldsmobile Silhouette (1997–2004), Buick Terraza (2005–2007), Saturn Relay (2005–2007), Chevrolet Uplander (2005–2009), Pontiac Montana SV6 (2005–2009), Buick GL8||1947||2008-09-25||Closing on the purchase by a redevelopment group is expected to occur by August 2014.|
|General Motors||Linden, New Jersey||Oldsmobiles, Pontiacs, Buicks Chevrolet S-10 Blazer, GMC Jimmy, GMC Truck and Bus Division||1937||2005||Purchased by Duke Realty. Being redeveloped as an industrial park known as the Legacy Commerce Center.|
|General Motors Chevrolet-Pontiac-Canada Division
Van Nuys Assembly Plant
|Van Nuys, California||Chevrolet Corvair, Chevrolet Nova, Chevrolet Camaro, Pontiac Firebird.||?||1992||Redeveloped as The Plant shopping center. GM maintains a test track adjacent to the shopping center.|
|General Motors||Sainte-Thérèse, Quebec||Chevrolet Camaro, Pontiac Firebird, Oldsmobile Cutlass, Chevrolet Vega, Pontiac Trans Am, Pontiac Bonneville, Pontiac LeMans||1966||2002||Redeveloped as a mixed commercial/residential space known as Faubourg Boisbriand.|
|General Motors Canada||Oshawa, Ontario||Chevrolet Silverado, GMC Sierra, Chevrolet C/K pickup trucks||1965||2009-05-14||Site is part of GM Oshawa Autoplex, where the Oshawa Car plant continues operations.|
|MG Rover Group||Longbridge, Birmingham, UK||Austin, Rover, Morris, MG, Mini, Triumph, Nash/Rambler Metropolitan||1904||2005||Featured in the music video of The Chemical Brothers song, Believe||Large amounts demolished, small scale production has restarted with the MG brand.|
|Zama, Kanagawa, Japan||1965||1995||currently Global Production Engineering Center and storage unit for its historic models|
|Packard Automotive Plant, Detroit||East Grand Boulevard and Concord Avenue||Packard||1907||1956||?||(From 1960) Subdivided as industrial park
(Present day) Urban ruins
|Studebaker Corporation, South Bend||Chippewa Avenue||Studebaker||18??||1963||?||(From 1964) Assembly facilities taken over by Kaiser Jeep
(Present day) Other uses, partially demolished and urban ruins
|Studebaker Corporation, New York, New York||615 West 131st St
Manhatthanville, New York City
|Studebaker||1923||1937||?||(From 1937) Borden Milk processing plant
(Present day) Columbia University finance department building
|Volkswagen of America||New Stanton, Pennsylvania||Rabbit/Golf, Caddy, Jetta||1978||1988||The facility was originally built by Chrysler in the 1960s, but was not completed until VW began operations.||Sony took over the site in 1990 and began production of televisions from 1990-2008. Automobile production was transferred to the Chattanooga Assembly Plant and to Puebla, Mexico|
|Volkswagen of America||Sterling Heights, Michigan||N/A||1953||1983||The facility was originally built to manufacture jet engines and was operated as the Michigan Ordnance Missile Plant by the U.S. Army. Acquired by Volkswagen in 1980 and converted to automobile production.||Chrysler took over the site in 1983 and began production of their own vehicles. Still in use by Chrysler today.|
Volvo Halifax Assembly Plant
|Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada||Volvo PV544, 120, 240, 740, 940, 850, S70, V70 and S80||1963||1998-12-18||Volvo's only car assembly plant in North America.||Volvo Halifax Assembly - Bayer's Lake Plant still stands and is now used as an office complex.|
|Volvo North America Corporation
|Volvo Parkway & Greenbriar Parkway,||Volvo B10M and other transit buses (Plant originally planned for cars)||Ground broken 1974-07-02||1986-10||One of the first foreign-owned automotive manufacturing plants in the U.S., soon followed by Volkswagen and others.||Volvo Penta Marine retains facilities in the area. Redeveloped as "Crossways Commerce Center" shopping center.|
- list of automobile manufacturers
- Brownfield land
- Piquette Plant
- Flint, Michigan Auto Industry
- list of GM factories
- list of Volkswagen Group factories
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- It Takes Many Arrows to Kill an Elephant. Jerry Flint, Forbes, 29 November 2005. Retrieved on 1 December 2005. Many references to historic, closed facilities.
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- Once teeming with auto plants, Detroit now home to only a few nameplates. Richard A. Wright, The Detroit News. Retrieved on 1 December 2005.
- General Motors--Brownfield Redevelopment