List of free ports

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A free port (porto franco) or free zone (zona franca), sometimes also called a bonded area (US: Foreign-Trade Zone) is a port or other area with relaxed jurisdiction of customs or related national regulations.

Most commonly a free port is a special customs area or small customs territory with generally less strict customs regulations (or no customs duties and/or controls for transshipment). Earlier in history, some free ports like Hong Kong enjoyed political autonomy. Many international airports have free ports, though they tend to be called customs areas, customs zones, or international zones.

A Free economic zone (a specific type of special economic zone) may also be called a free port.

Free ports and Free Zones by country[edit]

Africa[edit]

Libya[edit]

Misrata Free Zone

Liberia[edit]

Free Port of Monrovia

Egypt[edit]

Eritrea[edit]

Morocco[edit]

Mauritius[edit]

Nigeria[edit]

Registered Free Zones in Nigeria

Although the enabling Act came into effect in 1992, the pioneer Free Zone (the Calabar Free Trade Zone) was not fully completed until 1999, and commenced operation after official commissioning in November 2001. Since then, the Free Zones Scheme has been used as a vehicle for industrial and commercial development of the country. Private Sector participation and partnership with the Federal Government and other tiers of government has helped spread the scheme. This has culminated in the establishment of specialised Free Zones and other types of Zones, namely:

S/N NAME LOCATION STATUS OWNERSHIP
1 Calabar Free Trade Zone (CFTZ) CRS Operational Fed. Govt.
2 Kano Free Trade Zone (KFTZ) Kano State Operational Fed. Govt.
3 Onne oil & Gas Free Zone River State Operational Under Parallel Authority
4 Tinapa Free Zone & Tourism Resort CRS Operational Private/Public
5 Snake Island Integrated Lagos Operational Private
6 Maigatari Border Free Zone Jigawa State Operational State
7 LADOL Free Zone Lagos Operational Private
8 Airline Services Export Proc. Zone Lagos State Operational Private
9 ALSCON Export Processing Zone Akwa Ibon Operational Private
10 Ogun Guangdong Free Trade Zone Ogun State Operational Public/ Private
11 Sebore Farms Export Processing Zones Adamawa State Operational Private
12 Ibom Science & Tech. Park Free Zone Akwa Ibom Under Cons. Public/Private
13 Living Spring Free Zone Osun State Under Cons. State
14 Lekki Free Zone Lagos State Under Cons. State/ Private
15 Brass LNG Free Zone Bayelsa Under Cons. Public/Private
16 Abuja Technological Village Free Zone Abuja Under Cons. Public/Private
17 Specialized Railway Industrial FTZ - Kajola Ogun State Under Cons. Public/Private
18 Imo Guangdong FTZ Imo State Under Cons. Public/Private
19 OK Free Trade Zone Ondo & Ogun Under Cons. States/ Private
20 Lagos Free Zone Lagos State Under Cons. Private
21 Kwara Free Zone Kwara State Declaration State Govt.
22 Oluyole Free Trade Zone Oyo State Declaration State Govt.
23 Koko Free Trade Zone Delta State Declaration State Govt.
24 OILSS Logistics Free Zone Lagos Declaration Private
25 Banki Border Free Zone Borno State Declaration State

The introduction of Free Zones has played a large role in increasing the amount of investment into Nigeria. When all the Free Zones are fully operational, Nigeria is projected to play a large role in expanding export-driven manufacturing activities in Africa. [1]

Asia[edit]

Bahrain[edit]

Indonesia[edit]

Iran[edit]

Israel[edit]

Japan[edit]

Thailand[edit]

  • Port of Laem Chabang
  • Port of Bangkok
  • Port of Chieng Saen
  • Port of Chiang Kong
  • Port of Ranong

Lebanon[edit]

Malaysia[edit]

Pakistan[edit]

People's Republic of China[edit]

Philippines[edit]

Singapore[edit]

South Korea[edit]

Taiwan[edit]

Turkey[edit]

United Arab Emirates[edit]

Europe[edit]

Andorra[edit]

Austria[edit]

(member of the European Union)

Belarus[edit]

Croatia[edit]

(member of the European Union)

  • Rijeka, 1723
  • Zadar, 1922-1947 (Porto Franco della città di Zara)

Denmark[edit]

(member of the European Union)

Finland[edit]

(member of the European Union)

  • Free zone of Lappeenranta (Lappeenrannan Vapaa-alue)
  • Freeport of Hanko (Hangon Vapaasatama)

France[edit]

(member of the European Union)

  • Free Zone of Le Verdon - Port de Bordeaux (Zone franche du Verdon — Port de Bordeaux)

Germany[edit]

(member of the European Union)

  • Freeport of Bremerhaven (Freihafen Bremerhaven)
  • Freeport of Cuxhaven (Freihafen Cuxhaven), since 1896
  • Freeport of Deggendorf (Freihafen Deggendorf), since 1989
  • Freeport of Duisburg (Freihafen Duisburg), since 1989

Georgia[edit]

Gibraltar[edit]

Greece[edit]

(member of the European Union)

Ireland[edit]

(member of the European Union)

Isle of Man[edit]

Italy[edit]

(member of the European Union)

Latvia[edit]

(member of the European Union)

Lithuania[edit]

(member of the European Union)

Luxembourg[edit]

  • Luxembourg Freeport

Malta[edit]

(member of the European Union)

Monaco[edit]

  • Monaco Freeport

Portugal[edit]

(member of the European Union)

  • Free Zone of Madeira - Caniçal (Zona franca da Madeira - Caniçal)

Romania[edit]

(member of the European Union)

Russia[edit]

Spain[edit]

(member of the European Union)

Sweden[edit]

(member of the European Union)

Switzerland[edit]

Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus[edit]

  • Famagusta Free Zone[8]
  • Gemikonağı Free Zone [8]

(The ports of Northern Cyprus are not registered to International Maritime Organization)

Ukraine[edit]

  • free port and free economic zone Odessa
    • 1819-1858
    • Trade sea port of Odessa, January 1, 2000 for 25 years

United Kingdom[edit]

(member of the European Union)[9]

The Americas[edit]

Argentina[edit]

The Bahamas[edit]

Bermuda[edit]

Brazil[edit]

Canada[edit]

Chile[edit]

Colombia[edit]

Dominican republic[edit]

  • Mega Port of Punta Caucedo

Panama[edit]

Puerto Rico[edit]

  • Zona Franca Saret

Uruguay[edit]

United States[edit]

Venezuela[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nigeria Export Processing Zones Authority
  2. ^ "Gazzetta Ufficiale Serie Generale n.81 del 6-4-2013". 
  3. ^ Malta Freeport
  4. ^ a b Ports Francs et Entrepôts de Genève SA
  5. ^ Magazzini Generali con Punto Franco SA
  6. ^ PESA - Port-Franc et Entrepôts de Lausanne-Chavornay SA
  7. ^ SEV - Société des Entrepôts Vevey SA
  8. ^ a b EU Enlargement Commissioner EU Enlargement Commissioner Olli Rehn (A reply to a question of European MP Marios Matsakis; on 18 January 2008): "..the use of ports in the north was not prohibited. Based on the general principles of international law, entry and exit of vessels from sea ports in the northern part of Cyprus is not prohibited"
  9. ^ Free Zones; HMRC Reference:Notice 334
  10. ^ Sitio Oficial Zona Franca La Pampa

External links[edit]