List of fuel cell vehicles
|This article is outdated. (February 2014)|
A fuel cell vehicle is a vehicle that uses a fuel cell to power an electric drive system. There are also hybrid vehicles meaning that they are fitted with a fuel cell and a battery or a fuel cell and an ultracapacitor. For HICEV see List of hydrogen internal combustion engine vehicles. For a discussion of the advantages and disadvantages of fuel cell vehicles, see Hydrogen vehicle.
List of fuel cell vehicles
- 2000 - Jeep Commander II-hybrid vehicle-Commercial
- 2001 - Chrysler Natrium-hybrid vehicle
- 2003 - Jeep Treo-Fuel cell
- 1994 - Mercedes-Benz NECAR 1
- 1996 - Mercedes-Benz NECAR 2
- 1997 - Mercedes-Benz NECAR 3
- 1999 - Mercedes-Benz NECAR 4
- 2000 - Mercedes-Benz NECAR 5
- 2002 - Mercedes-Benz F-Cell based on the Mercedes-Benz A-Class
- 2005 - Mercedes-Benz F600 Hygenius
- 2009 - Mercedes-Benz F-CELL Roadster
- 2009 - Mercedes-Benz F-Cell based on the Mercedes-Benz B-Class
- 2001 - Fiat Seicento Elettra H2 Fuel Cell-hybrid vehicle
- 2003 - Fiat Seicento Hydrogen-hybrid vehicle
- 2005 - Fiat Panda Hydrogen-Fuel cell
- 2008 - Fiat Phyllis-Fuel cell
- 2008 - Fiat Panda-Fiat Panda HyTRAN
- 2000 - Ford Focus FCV. Note however that Ford Motor Company has dropped its plans to develop hydrogen cars, stating that "The next major step in Ford’s plan is to increase over time the volume of electrified vehicles".
- 2006 - F-250 Super Chief a Tri-Flex engine concept pickup.
- 1966 - GM Electrovan-Fuel cell
- 2001 - HydroGen3-Fuel cell
- 2002 - GM HyWire-Fuel cell
- 2005 - GM Sequel-hybrid vehicle
- 2006 - Chevrolet Equinox Fuel Cell
- 2007 - HydroGen4
- 1991 - Mazda HR-X Hydrogen Wankel Rotary.
- 1993 - Mazda HR-X2 Hydrogen Wankel Rotary.
- 1993 - Mazda MX-5 Miata Hydrogen Wankel Rotary.
- 1995 - Mazda Capella Cargo, first public street test of the hydrogen Wankel Rotary engine.
- 1997 - Mazda Demio FC-EV Methanol-Reducing Fuel Cell
- 2001 - Mazda Premacy FC-EV - First public street test of the Methanol-Reducing Fuel Cell vehicle in Japan
- 2003 - Mazda RX-8 Hydrogen RE Hydrogen \ Gasoline hybrid Wankel Rotary.
- 2007 - Premacy Hydrogen RE Hybrid
- 2009 - Mazda 5 Hydrogen RE Hybrid
- 2004 - Mitsubishi FCV
- 2002 - Nissan X-Trail FCHV-hybrid vehicle. In 2009, Nissan announced that it's cancellation of its hydrogen car R&D efforts. However, in January 2013, Daimler AG, Ford Motor Company and Nissan Motor Co., Ltd., under the Alliance with Renault, have signed a unique three-way agreement for the joint development of common fuel cell system. The goal of the collaboration is to jointly develop a common FCEV system while reducing investment costs associated with the engineering of the technology, and deriving efficiencies through economies of scale, and will help to launch the world's first affordable, mass-market FCEVs as early as 2017.
- 2009 - Riversimple Urban Car
Ronn Motor Company:
- 2008 - Ronn Motor Scorpion
- 2002 - Toyota FCHV-hybrid vehicle
- 2003 - Toyota Fine-S-concept car
- 2003 - Toyota Fine-N-concept car
- 2005 - Toyota Fine-T-concept car
- 2005 - Toyota Fine-X-concept car
- 2008 - Toyota FCHV-adv-preproduction vehicle
- 2014 - Toyota FCV-commercial release in 2015
- 2000 - VW Bora Hy-motion-Fuel cell
- 2002 - VW Bora Hy-power-Fuel cell
- 2004 - VW Touran Hy-motion-Fuel cell
- 2007 - VW space up! blue
- Ford E350 fuel cell shuttle bus
University of Glamorgan, Wales:
- New Flyer H40LFR (21 produced)
- 2005 - Yamaha FC-me
- Hydrogen ship:
- 2008 - Element One- fuel cell vehicle- an American fuel cell-powered race vehicle built for the 2008 Formula Zero Championship, the world's first hydrogen race series.
- 2008 - Zero Emission Racing Team - fuel cell vehicle - Belgian team for Formula Zero Racing series.
- 2008 - Forze I - fuel cell vehicle - Dutch team for Formula Zero Racing series.
- 2009 - Forze II - fuel cell vehicle - Dutch team for Formula Zero Racing series.
- 2009 - Buckeye Bullet 2 - fuel cell vehicle - American team for land speed records.
- 2010 - Forze III - fuel cell vehicle - Dutch team for Formula Zero Racing series.
- 2011 - Forze IV - fuel cell vehicle - Dutch team for Formula Student competition.
- 2012 - Forze V - fuel cell vehicle - Dutch team for Formula Student competition.
- 2013 - Concept Green GT H2 - fuel cell vehicle - French team for 24h of Le Mans.
- 2013 - Concept Forze VI - fuel cell vehicle - Dutch team for CCRC Competition.
- Fuel cell vehicle
- List of hydrogen internal combustion engine vehicles
- Timeline of hydrogen technologies
- Neil, Dan (2009-02-13). "Honda FCX Clarity: Beauty for beauty's sake". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2009-03-11.
- "Ford Motor Company Business Plan", December 2, 2008
- Eberle, Ulrich; Mueller, Bernd; von Helmolt, Rittmar (2012-07-15). "Fuel cell electric vehicles and hydrogen infrastructure: status 2012". Royal Society of Chemistry. Retrieved 2013-01-08.
- Dennis, Lyle. "Nissan Swears Off Hydrogen and Will Only Build Electric Cars", All Cars Electric, February 26, 2009
- Hoffrichter, Andreas (3024). Hydrogen as an energy carrier for railway traction. Birminhgam, UK: University of Birmingham.
- Morrie's Mazda Blog post: 15 Years of hydrogen development
- Brennstoffzellenfahrzeuge h2cars