List of fusion power technologies

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The following is a list of fusion power technologies that have been practically attempted:

Pioneers[edit]

  • Beam-target (Oliphant, 1934)
  • Convergent shock-waves (Huemul, Argentina)
  • Magneto-electrostatic toroid trap (ATOLL, Artsimovich)
  • Tokamak (T-1 to 10, Kurchatov Institute)
  • Toroidal z-pinch (ZETA)

Magnetic[edit]

  • Accelerated FRC (TCS-U)
  • Bumpy torus (ELMO, EBT, ORNL)
  • Galatea (Tornado)
  • Magnetic suspension (Levitron)
  • High beta tokamak (HBT-EP)
  • LDX
  • Odd-parity RMF
  • Reversed field pinch (RFX-Mod Italy)
  • Spherical tokamak (MAST)
  • Spheromak (SSPX Lawrence Livermore)
  • Stellarator (Wendelstein W 7-X)
  • Non-neutral plasma (Columbia Non-neutral Torus)[1]
  • Compact (NCSX Princeton [cancelled])
  • Tandem mirror (Gamma-10 Japan)

Inertial[edit]

  • Laser Inertial (NIF)
  • Heavy Ion fusion (HIFAR Lawrence Berkeley)
  • Wire array Z-pinch (Z-machine, Sandia)

Z-Pinch[edit]

  • Pulsed z-pinch (Saturn, Sandia)
  • Staged Z-pinch (MIFTI)
  • High density Z-pinch (MAGPIE Imperial College)
  • Inverse Z-pinch

Inertial Electrostatic Confinement (IEC)[edit]

  • Fusor (Fusor, Farnsworth)
  • IEC (Fusor, Hirsch-Meeks)
  • IEC with Periodically Oscillating Plasma Sphere (POPS, LANL)
  • IEC with plasma electrode (PoF, Sanns)
  • IEC with beam/spherical capacitor (STAR, Sesselmann)
  • Polywell (Fusor and Magnetic mirror hybrid)
  • IEC with Penning Trap (Penning Fusion Experiment - PFX, LANL)

Electro-Dynamic Confinement (EDC)[edit]

  • Elmore, Tuck, Watson
  • IEC with Virtual Central Cathode

Other/Combinatorial[edit]

  • Flow Pinch (ZAP, Uni Washington)
  • CT Accel (CTIX, UC Davis)
  • magneto-kinetic (PHDX, Plasma Dynamic Lab)
  • magnetized target (AFRL, LANL)
  • magneto-inertial (OMEGA laser, LLE, Rochester)
  • levitated dipole [superconducting] (LDX, MIT, PSGC)
  • Maryland Centrifugal (MCX)
  • Sheared magnetofluid/Bernoulli confinement (MBX, Uni Texas)
  • Penning fusion (PFX, LANL)
  • plasma jets (HyperV, Chantilly)
  • Magnetized target fusion with mechanical compression (General Fusion, Burnaby)
  • Field-reversed colliding beams (Tri-Alpha)
  • multi-beam accelerator (MIGMA)
  • Piezo/Lithium tantalate (UCLA, Putterman)
  • sonofusion (ORNL, Taleyarkhan)
  • LENR/electrolysis cell
  • Muon-catalyzed fusion (Berkeley, Alvarez)
  • Dense Plasma Focus (Focus fusion, Lawrenceville Plasma Physics, Lerner)
  • Rotating lithium wall (RWE, Maryland)

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1]

See also[edit]