List of gemstones
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For a list of gemstone species, see List of gemstone species.
A number of gemstones have gained fame, either because of their size and beauty or because of the people who owned or wore them. A list of famous gemstones follows.
- Smithsonian museums' Alexandrite, the largest cut alexandrite weighing 65.08 carats.
- The Dom Pedro - The world's largest cut and polished aquamarine. Housed in the permanent collection of the Houston Museum of Natural Science
- The Andamooka Opal, presented to Queen Elizabeth II, also known as the Queen's Opal
- The Aurora Australis Opal, considered to be the most valuable black opal
- The Black Prince Opal, originally known as Harlequin Prince
- The Empress of Australia Opal
- The Fire Queen Opal
- The Flame Queen Opal
- The Flamingo Opal
- The Halley's Comet Opal, the world's largest uncut black opal
- The Jupiter Five Opal
- The Olympic Australis Opal, reported to be the largest and most valuable gem opal ever found
- The Pride of Australia Opal, also known as the Red Emperor Opal
- The Red Admiral Opal, also known as the Butterfly Stone
- Arco Valley Pearl
- La Peregrina
- Satlada – A seven-stringed pearl necklace of the Nizams. Most pearls are white but can be other colors as well.
- The Pearl of Lao Tzu - Philippines
- The DeLong Star Ruby
- The Hixon Ruby Crystal
- The Midnight Star Ruby
- The Neelanjali Ruby
- The Rajaratna Ruby
- The Rosser Reeves Ruby
- The Logan sapphire
- The Queen Marie of Romania Sapphire
- The Ruspoli Sapphire
- The Star of Asia Star Sapphire
- The Star of Bombay, given to Mary Pickford by Douglas Fairbanks, Sr
- The Star of India
- The Stuart Sapphire
- The Black Star of Queensland, with a weight of 733 carats (146.6 g) The largest star sapphire in the world.
- The Black Prince's Ruby, actually a spinel mounted on the Imperial State Crown
- The Samarian Spinel, the world's largest spinel
- The Timur Ruby, believed to be a ruby until 1851, hence its name
- The American Golden Topaz, the largest cut yellow topaz, weighing nearly 23000 carats (4.6 kg).
- The Chalmers Topaz, a 5,899.5-carat (1.17990 kg) cut topaz.