This is a
list of named geological features on . Official names for these features have only been announced very recently, as Titan's surface was virtually unknown before the arrival of the Saturn's moon Titan probe. Cassini–Huygens Some features were known by informal nicknames beforehand; these names are noted where appropriate. [1 ]
Albedo features [ edit ]
Albedo features on Titan are named after sacred or enchanted places in world mythologies and literature.
Bright albedo features [ edit ]
Dark albedo features [ edit ]
arcūs (arc-shaped features) are named after deities of happiness.
Craters [ edit ]
Craters on Titan are named after deities of wisdom.
Faculae [ edit ]
Faculae (bright spots) are named after islands on Earth that are not politically independent. Groups of faculae are named after archipelagos on Earth.
11°00′S 187°00′W / 11.0°S 187.0°W
Antillia, mythical Atlantic archipelago
11°36′N 16°06′W / 11.6°N 16.1°W
Bazaruto, Mozambique island
11°06′S 29°12′W / 11.1°S 29.2°W
Coats Island, Canada
9°24′N 150°06′W / 9.4°N 150.1°W
Crete, Greek island
10°48′S 1°12′W / 10.8°S 1.2°W
Elba, Italian island
5°24′S 151°00′W / 5.4°S 151.0°W
Kerguelen Islands, French subantarctic island
6°36′S 174°12′W / 6.6°S 174.2°W
Mindanao, Philippine island 'Ireland'
2°00′N 159°00′W / 2.0°N 159.0°W
Nicobar Islands, Indian archipelago
5°00′N 166°42′W / 5.0°N 166.7°W
Oahu, Hawaiian island
2°24′N 145°36′W / 2.4°N 145.6°W
Santorini, Greek island
10°24′S 164°06′W / 10.4°S 164.1°W
Shikoku, Japanese island 'Great Britain'
12°30′S 39°48′W / 12.5°S 39.8°W
Sotra, Norwegian island 'The Rose'
11°30′S 182°36′W / 11.5°S 182.6°W
Texel, Dutch island 'Manhattan'
8°48′N 143°06′W / 8.8°N 143.1°W
Tortola, British Virgin Islands 'The Snail'
7°00′N 138°24′W / 7.0°N 138.4°W
Vis, Croatian island
Fluctūs [ edit ]
The term "
fluctus" refers to flow terrain. Fluctūs on Titan are named after mythological figures associated with beauty.
Flumina [ edit ]
A flumen is a feature that looks like a channel carved by liquid. There is one named group of flumina on Titan.
Insulae [ edit ]
Insulae are islands within Titan's 'seas'. They are named after legendary islands.
Labyrinthi [ edit ]
Labyrinthi (complexes of intersecting valleys or ridges [1 ] ) are named after [2 ] planets from the fictional created by Dune universe Frank Herbert. [3 ]
Lakes of Titan
(plural form of [1 ] lacus used in Titan geological nomenclature) are hydrocarbon lakes.
Large ringed features [ edit ]
Large ring features are named after deities of wisdom in world mythology.
Maculae [ edit ]
maculae (dark spots) are named after deities of happiness, peace, and harmony in world mythology.
Lakes of Titan
Maria (plural of mare) are hydrocarbon seas.
Mountains are named after
mountains from the fictional Middle-Earth created by J.R.R. Tolkien.
Planitia [ edit ]
Planitia (low plains) are named after
planets from the fictional created by Dune universe Frank Herbert. [4 ] [5 ]
Regiones [ edit ]
Regiones (regions distinctly different from their surroundings) are named after deities of peace and happiness.
Virgae (streaks of colour) are named after rain gods in world mythologies.
Informal names for unnamed features [ edit ]
Because the exact nature of many surface features remain mysterious, a number of features have not yet received formal names and are known by nicknames. In most cases, indications of brightness and darkness refer not to visible light, but to the
infrared images used to look through Titan's obscuring haze. Cassini has also begun to map portions of Titan using radar.
See also [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
^ a b c "Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature: Titan Features". Planetarynames.wr.usgs.gov . Retrieved . September 8, 2010
^ Greeley, Ronald (2013). Introduction to Planetary Geomorphology. Cambridge University Press. p. 32. ISBN 978-0-521-86711-5.
^ a b "Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature: Sikun Labyrinthus". Planetarynames.wr.usgs.gov. January 6, 2010 . Retrieved . September 8, 2010
^ Blue, Jennifer (August 4, 2009). "USGS Astrogeology Hot Topics: New Name, Descriptor Term, and Theme Approved for Use on Titan". Astrogeology.usgs.gov . Retrieved . September 8, 2010
^ "Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature: Titan Planitia". Planetarynames.wr.usgs.gov . Retrieved . September 8, 2010
^ "Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature: Arrakis Planitia". Planetarynames.wr.usgs.gov. April 5, 2010 . Retrieved . September 8, 2010
^ "Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature: Chusuk Planitia". Planetarynames.wr.usgs.gov. August 4, 2009 . Retrieved . September 8, 2010
External links [ edit ]