List of governments by development aid

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This is a list of governments giving development aid based on official development assistance (ODA) provided to developing countries.

Most ODA comes from the 28 members of the Development Assistance Committee (DAC), or about $135 billion in 2013. A further $15.9 billion came from the European Commission and seven non-DAC countries (not listed below) gave an additional $9.4 billion.[1]

Official development assistance by country in absolute terms in 2013[edit]

To qualify as official development assistance, a contribution must contain three elements:

  1. Be undertaken by the official sector (that is, a government or government agency);
  2. With promotion of economic development and welfare as the main objective;
  3. At concessional financial terms (that is, with favorable loan terms.)

Thus, by definition, ODA does not include private donations.

According to the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, the countries giving the highest amounts of ODA (in absolute terms) are as follows:[1]

  1.  United States – $31.55 billion
  2.  United Kingdom – $17.88 billion
  3.  Germany – $14.06 billion
  4.  Japan – $11.79 billion
  5.  France – $11.38 billion
  6.  Sweden – $5.83 billion
  7.  Norway – $5.58 billion
  8.  Netherlands – $5.44 billion
  9.  Canada – $4.91 billion
  10.  Australia – $4.85 billion
  11.  Italy – $3.25 billion
  12.   Switzerland – $3.20 billion
  13.  Denmark – $2.93 billion
  14.  Belgium – $2.28 billion
  15.  Spain – $2.20 billion
  16.  South Korea – $1.74 billion
  17.  Finland – $1.44 billion
  18.  Austria – $1.17 billion
  19.  Ireland – $0.82 billion
  20.  Portugal – $0.48 billion
  21.  Poland – $0.47 billion
  22.  New Zealand – $0.46 billion
  23.  Luxembourg – $0.43 billion
  24.  Greece – $0.31 billion
  25.  Czech Republic – $0.21 billion
  26.  Slovak Republic – $0.09 billion
  27.  Slovenia – $0.06 billion
  28.  Iceland – $0.04 billion

European Union countries together gave $70.73 billion and EU Institutions gave a further $15.93 billion.[1]

Official development assistance by country as a percentage of Gross National Income in 2013[edit]

The Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development also lists countries by the amount of ODA they give as a percentage of their gross national income. Five countries met the longstanding UN target for an ODA/GNI ratio of 0.7% in 2013:[1]

  1.  Norway – 1.07%
  2.  Sweden – 1.02%
  3.  Luxembourg – 1.00%
  4.  Denmark – 0.85%
  5.  United Kingdom – 0.72%
  6.  Netherlands – 0.67%
  7.  Finland – 0.55%
  8.   Switzerland – 0.47%
  9.  Belgium – 0.45%
  10.  Ireland – 0.45%
  11.  France – 0.41%
  12.  Germany – 0.38%
  13.  Australia – 0.34%
  14.  Austria – 0.28%
  15.  Canada – 0.27%
  16.  New Zealand – 0.26%
  17.  Iceland – 0.26%
  18.  Japan – 0.23%
  19.  Portugal – 0.23%
  20.  United States – 0.19%
  21.  Spain – 0.16%
  22.  Italy – 0.16%
  23.  South Korea – 0.13%
  24.  Slovenia – 0.13%
  25.  Greece – 0.13%
  26.  Czech Republic – 0.11%
  27.  Poland – 0.10%
  28.  Slovak Republic – 0.09%

European Union countries that are members of the Development Assistance Committee gave 0.42% of GNI (excluding the $15.93 billion given by EU Institutions).[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Aid to developing countries rebounds in 2013 to reach an all-time high". OECD. 8 April 2014. Retrieved 18 October 2014.