List of grape varieties

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This list of grape varieties includes cultivated grapes, whether used for wine, or eating as a table grape, fresh or dried (raisin, currant, sultana).

The term grape variety actually refers to cultivars rather than botanical varieties according to the International Code of Nomenclature for Cultivated Plants, because they are propagated by cuttings and may have unstable reproductive properties. However, the term variety has become so entrenched in viticulture that any change to usage of the term cultivar is unlikely.

Single species grapes[edit]

While some of the grapes in this section are hybrids, they are hybridized within a single species (for example, Niagara). For those grapes hybridized across species, see the section on multispecies hybrid grapes below.

Vitis vinifera grapes (wine)[edit]

Red grapes[edit]

Name Country/region of origin Origins and crosses Hectares under cultivation (year) Year of introduction
Abbuoto / Aboto / Cecubo Italy, Lazio region 717 (2000)
Abouriou / Beaujolais / Early Burgunder / Early Burgundy / Gamay Beaujolais / Gamay du Rhône / Gamay St-Laurent / Malbec Argente Negret de la Canourgue / Noir Hatif / Plant Abouriou / Plant Précoce / Précoce Naugé / Précoce Noir / Pressac de Bourgogne France, Southwest
Abrusco Italy, Tuscany 6 (2000)
Acitana Italy, Sicily
Acolon Germany Blaufränkisch x Dornfelder 135 1971
Agiorgitiko/Aghiorghitiko Greece
Aglianico Greece/Italy, Basilicata and Campania
Aglianicone Italy, Basilicata and Campania 140 ha (2000)
Aladasturi Georgia
Albaranzeuli nero Italy, Sardinia
Albarossa Italy, Veneto region 10 (2000) 1938
Aleatico/Agliano Italy
Alexandrouli Georgia
Alfrocheiro Preto Portugal
Alicante Bouschet France 1866
Alicante Ganzin France 1886
Alvarelhão / Brancelho Portugal 470
Ancellotta Italy, Emilia-Romagna 19 (Switzerland 2009)
André Czech, 1960
Aragónez see Tempranillo Spain 170,000 (2004)
Aramon France, Languedoc 9,100 (France 2000)
Areni Armenia
Arrouya noir France, Jurançon AOC
Aspiran France, Languedoc 7 (1988)
Aubun France, Rhone valley 1,400 (2000)
Avanà Italy, Piedmont 30 (2000)
Avarengo Italy, Piedmont
Băbească neagră Romania 6,300 (2005)
Baga Portugal
Barbarossa Italy
Barbaroux France
Barbera Italy 28,000 (2000)
Barbera del Sannio Italy, Campania
Barbera Sarda Italy, Sardinia
Barsaglina Italy, Tuscany and Liguria 30 (2000)
Bastardo/ Trousseau Portugal
Bellone Italy 3,000 (1990)
Béquignol noir France, Argentina
Black Muscat Germany
Blatina Bosnia
Blauburger Austria Blauer Portugieser x Blaufränkisch 1923
Blauer Portugieser / Blauer Portuguiser / Oporto / Kékoportó / Portugais/ Kékoporto/ |Portugieser Austria 4,551 (Germany 2007)
Blaufränkisch / Lemberger / Franconia / Kékfrankos / Gamé Austria Gouais blanc x Frankish grapes 3,340 (Austria), 1,729 (Germany), 1,742 (Slovakia), 8,000 (Hungary), 891 (Romania), 880 (Croatia), 127 (Italia), 30 (USA)
Bobal, Provechon Spain, Utiel-Requena 90,000
Boğazkere Turkey, Elazığ Province
Bombino nero Italy
Bonamico Italy, Tuscany 100 (2000)
Bonarda Piemontese Italy, Piedmont
Bonda Italy, Valle d'Aosta 3 (2000)
Bondola Switzerland, Ticino
Bouchalès see Grapput France, Gironde
Bouteillan noir France, Provence
Bovale Italy, Sardinia
Borgonja Crna Croatia, Croatian wine
Bracciola nera Italy, Liguria
Brachetto or Braquet Italy, Piedmont
Brancellao Spain, Galician wine
Brugnola Italy, Lombardy
Brun Fourca France, Palette AOC
Cabernet Cubin Germany 1970's
Cabernet Franc France, Loire Valley 36,000 (France), 7,000 (Italy), 1,400 (USA), 210 (New Zealand), 1,000 (South Africa), 1,180 (Chile), 300 (Argentina)
Cabernet Mitos Germany, Württemberg (wine region) 317 (Germany 2006) 1970
Cabernet Sauvignon France, Bordeaux, Tuscany, Napa Valley, Sonoma County, Australia 262,000 (2004) 17th century
Cabernet Severny Russia
Caddiu/Caddiu Nieddu/ Niedda/ Perda /Serra Italy, Sicily
Cagnulari see Graciano Spain, Rioja (wine) 395
Caiño tinto Spain, Galician wine
Caladoc France, Languedoc 1958
Calitor France, Provence wine
Callet Spain, Mallorca
Caloria Italy
Camaraou noir Southwest France, Galicia
Canaiolo Italy, Tuscan wine 3,000 (2006)
Canari noir France
Canina nera Italy,Emilia-Romagna
Catanese nero Italy, Sicily
Carcajolo nero Italy, Sardinia
Carignan / Carignane / Cariñena / Carignano /Mazuelo Spain, Province of Zaragoza 95,700 (EU 2006)
Carménère France, Médoc 8,800 (Chile 2009)
Carmine USA 1946
Carnelian USA, California 1972
Castelão / Periquita Portugal
Castets France, Aveyron nearly extinct
Catanese nero Italy, Sicily 80 (2000)
Centurian USA, California 1975
Cesanese Italy, Lazio 1,000 (2006)
César France, Burgundy wine
Cienna Australia Sumoll x Cabernet Sauvignon 2000
Ciliegiolo Italy 5,000 (2006)
Cinsaut / Cinsault/ Ottavianello France, Languedoc-Roussillon
Colombana nera Italy, Tuscany and Emilia-Romagna
Colorino Italy, Tuscany
Complexa Portugal 1960s
Cornalin see Rouge du Pays Switzerland, Valais 116 (2009)
Cornifesto Portugal
Corvina / Corvinone Italy, Veneto wine
Counoise France, Rhône wine 638 (2006)
Croatina Italy, Lombardia (wine)
Darkenuša Croatia, Hvar
Dobričić Croatia, Šolta
Dolcetto Italy, Piedmont
Domina Germany, Palatinate (wine region) 1927
Dornfelder Germany, Württemberg (wine region) 8,231 (2006) 1955
Douce noir/Charbono/Bonarda/Turca France, Savoy wine, California, Argentina
Douce Noire grise France
Dunkelfelder Germany 372 (2006) 1930s
Duras France, Tarn (river)
Dureza France, Ardèche
Durif / Petite Sirah France, Montpellier 300 (Australia),
Ederena France Merlot x Abouriou 1952
Enfariné noir France, Jura
Espadeiro Portugal, Minho VR
Étraire France, Rhone, Savoy
Farana Algeria
Fer France, South West France (wine region)
Ferrón Spain, Galicia
Fetească neagră Romania
Forcallat tinta Spain, Castile-La Mancha
Fortana Italy, Emilia-Romagna
Frappato Italy, Sicily
Freisa Italy, Piedmont
Frühroter Veltliner Austria, Weinviertel
Fumin Italy, Valle d'Aosta DOC
Gaglioppo Italy, Calabria
Gamashara Azerbaijan
Gamay / Gamay noir France, Loire valley
Gamaret Switzerland 1970
Garanoir Switzerland 203 (2009) 1970
Garnatxa / Grenache / Garnacha / Cannonau /Lladoner Pelut / Lledoner Pelut Spain 82,300 (Spain), 95,700 (France),
Girò Italy, Sardinia 552
Gouget noir France
Graciano/ Moristel/ Juan Ibáñez / Miguel del Arco Spain, Rioja 395 (Spain)
Grand noir de la Calmette France
Grisa nera Italy, Piedmont
Greco nero Italy 3,200
Grignolino Italy, Piedmont
Gropello Italy, Lombardia (wine)
Grolleau / Groslot France, Loire valley 5,500
Gros Verdot France, Gironde
Gueuche noir France, Franche-Comté
Helfensteiner Germany 20 1931
Heroldrebe Germany 155 (2008) 1929
Hondarribi Beltza Spain, Basque
Hron Slovakia Abouriou x Castets (grape) 5 (2011) 1976
Humagne Rouge / Cornalin d'Aoste Italy, Aosta 128 (Switzerland 2009)
Joubertin / Jaubertin France, Savoy wine
Juan Garcia Spain, Galicia (Spain)
Jurancon noir France, Southwest
Kadarka Hungary
Kakhet Armenia
Kalecik Karasi Turkey, Ankara Province
Kindzmarauli/ Saperavi Georgia
Kotsifali Greek, Crete
Kratosija Macedonia
Lacrima di Morro / Lacrima nera Italy, Marche
Lagrein Italy, South Tyrol
Lambrusco Italy, Emilia-Romagna
Liatiko Greece, Crete
Limnio Greece, Lemnos
Listan negro Spain, Canary Islands
Madrasa/ Matrassa Azerbaijani wine
Magarach Bastardo/Bastardo Magarach Ukraine
Magaratch Ruby / Magarach Ruby Ukraine 1928
Magliocco Canino|/Maiolica Italy, Calabrian wine 1,500
Magliocco Dolce|/Marsigliana nera Italy, Calabria
Magyarfrankos Hungary 1953
Malbec / Auxerrois / Cot France 1,400 (France), 20,000 (Argentina), 7,000 (USA), 1,235 (Australia)
Malvasia di Schierano/Malvasia nera Greece
Mammolo Italy, Tuscany
Mandelaria / Mandelari / Amorghiano Greece
Mandolari Greece
Manseng noir France, Basque Country (greater region)
Manto negro Spain, Majorca
Mara Switzerland 2008
Maratheftiko Cyprus 125
Marselan France, Languedoc 1961
Marsigliana Italy, Calabrian wine
Marzemino Italy, South Tyrol
Mauzac noir Southwest France
Mavro Cyprus
Mavrodafni/ Mavrodaphne Greece, Achaea
Mavrud / Mavroudi Bulgaria, Thrace
Mayorquin France, Provence wine
Meghrabujr Armenia
Melnik Bulgaria
Mencia/ Jaen Spain, Galicia
Merenzao Spain, Galicia, Valdeorras (DO)
Merille France, South West France (wine region)
Merlot France 260,000 (2004)
Milgranet France, South West France (wine region)
Millot /Léon Millot France, Alsace 1911
Mission Spain 400
Molinara Italy, Veneto wine
Mondeuse France, Savoy wine 200 (2000)
Monica Spain, Italy-Sardinia
Montepulciano Italy, Abruzzo (wine)
Montù / Montuni Italy, Emilia (region of Italy)
Moreto Portugal, Alentejo wine
Moristel Spain, Aragon
Mornen noir France, Rhone
Morrastel Bouschet France, Aude
Mourisco tinto Portugal
Mourvèdre / Monastrell / Mataro/ Rossola nera/Garrut Spain 260 (France), 1000 (Australia)
Mouyssaguès France, Marcillac nearly extinct
Mujuretuli Georgia
Muscardin France, Southern Rhone
Muscat Bouschet France
Muscat Hamburg Germany
Nebbiolo Italy, Piedmont 5,100 (Italy), 1,100 (USA), 81 (Argentina)
Negoska Greece, Central Macedonia
Negrara Italy, Veneto wine
Négrette/ Pinot St. George France, South West France (wine region)
Negroamaro Italy, Puglia
Negru de Dragasani Romania, Romanian wine
Nerkarat Armenia, Tavush Region
Nero Buono di Cori Italy
Nero d'Avola Italy, Sicily
Nerello Mascalese/ Nerello Cappuccio Italy, Sicily
Neretto di Bairo Italy
Neyret Italy, Valle d'Aosta DOC
Nielluccio France, Corsica 1,500 (Corsica)
Nincusa Croatia, Croatian wine
Nocera Italy, Calabrian wine
Notardomenico Italy, Brindisi
Oeillade noire France, Languedoc and Provence
Ojaleshi Georgia, Georgian wine
Öküzgözü Turkey, Elâzığ Province
Oseleta Italy, Verona
Pais Spain
Pallagrello nero Campania, Italy
Pamid Bulgaria
Pascale di Cagliari Italy, Sardinia
Pelaverga Italy, Piedmont
Peloursin France, Rhône-Alpes
Perdal Portugal
Perricone/Guarnaccia Italy, Sicily 1,000
Persan France, Savoy wine
Petit Bouschet France, Spain, Portugal, North Africa 1824
Petit Rouge Italy, Valle d'Aosta DOC
Petit Verdot France, South West 1,600 (Australia 2000), 137 (Chile 2009), 360 (USA 2000)
Piccola nera Italy, Trieste
Piedirosso Italy, Campania
Pignerol France, Provence wine
Pignola Valtellinese Italy, Valtellina
Pignolo Italy, Friuli-Venezia Giulia wine
Pineau d'Aunis France, Loire Valley (wine)
Pinot Meunier / Schwarzriesling / Müllerebe France 2,424 (Germany 2006)
Pinot noir / Spätburgunder / Blauburgunder / Pinot nero France
Pinotage South Africa 1925
Piquepoul noir France, Rhone Valley and Languedoc
Plassa Italy, Piedmont
Plavina / Brajda Mala / Brajdica / Bratkovina / Jurkovica / Marasovka /Modrulj / Plavac Plavina /Plavinac /Plavina Mala / Plavina Sitnah / Plavina Velka / Plavka / Plavka Mala / Velika Plavka Croatia, Dalmatia
Pollera nera Italy, Liguria wine
Portan France, Languedoc-Roussillon wine
Poulsard/ Plousard France, Jura wine
Prieto Picudo Spain, Province of León
Prokupac Serbia
Raboso Italy, Veneto
Ramisco Portugal, Colares DOC
Reberger Germany Blaufränkisch x Regent 1986
Refosco / Refošk Italy, Friuli-Venezia Giulia wine
Rimava Slovakia
Roesler Austria Zweigelt x (Seyve-Villard 18-402 x Blaufränkisch) 1970
Rondinella Italy, Veneto
Rossese Italy, Liguria wine
Rossignola Italy, Veneto 1818
Rossolino nero Italy, Valtellina, Lombardy wine
Rotberger Germany 1928
Rouchet/ Ruché / Roche Italy, Piedmont
Rubintos Hungary 1951
Ruby Cabernet USA, California 1936
Rufete / Tinta Pinheira / Tinta Carvalha / Rufeta Portugal, Douro DOC
Sagrantino Italy, Umbria
Sangiovese Italy, Tuscany 63,000 (Italy), 2,800 (Argentina), 1,700 (Romania), 1,600 (France), 1,400 (California), 440 (Australia)
San Giuseppe nero Italy, Lazio
Saperavi Georgia
Schiava / Trollinger Italy, Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol wine 2,300 (Germany)
Schioppettino Italy, Friuli-Venezia Giulia wine
Schönburger Germany Pinot noir x (Chasselas x Muscat Hamburg) 1979
Sciacarello Italy
Sciascinoso / Olivella nera Italy, Campania 440 (1999)
Segalin / Ségalin France 1957
Servanin France, Isère
Sgaretta/Sgavetta Italy, Emilia-Romagna
Shiraz / Syrah France, South West 142,600 (2004)
Shiroka Melnishka Losa / Melnik Bulgaria
Sousão/Souzão/Sousón Portugal, Minho Province
St. Laurent / Svatovavrinecke France 1,730 (Czech Republic), 800 (Austria)
Saint-Macaire France, South-West
Sumoll Spain, Catalonia 100
Susumaiello Italy, Puglia
Tannat France, South West France (wine region) 150 (California)
Tarrango Australia Touriga Nacional x Sultana 1965
Tazzelenghe Italy, Friuli-Venezia Giulia wine
Tempranillo / Tinta Roriz / Ull de Llebre / Cencibel / Tinta del Pais Spain, Rioja (wine)
Termarina rossa Italy, Emilia-Romagna
Teroldego / Teroldego Rotaliano Italy, Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol wine 390 (Italy)
Terret noir France, Rhone valley Vitis vinifera x Terret 189 (2007)
Thiniatiko Greece
Tibouren France, Provence
Tinta Amarela Portugal
Tinta Barroca Portugal, Douro
Tinta Caiada Portugal
Tinta Carvalha Portugal, Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro Province
Tinta Francisca Portugal, Douro DOC
Tinta Madeira Portugal
Tinta Miuda Portugal, Oeste Subregion
Tinta Negra Mole / Preto Martinho Portugal, Madeira
Tinto Cão Portugal, Douro
Touriga Franca / Touriga Francesa Portugal, Dão DOC Mourisco de Semente x Touriga Nacional 7,440 (Portugal)
Touriga Nacional / Azal Espanhol / Preto de Mortágua Portugal, Douro 2,760 (Portugal 1990)
Trepat Spain, Conca de Barberà (DO) 1500
Trevisana nera Italy, Veneto
Trincadeira/ Castelão / Torneiro Portugal, Alentejo wine
Usakhelauri Georgia, Racha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti
Uva di Troia /Nero di Troia/ Sumarello/ Uva di Canosa/ Uva di Barletta/ Troiano/ Tranese / Uva della Marina. Italy, Apulia
Uvalino Italy, Piedmont
Uva Rara Italy, Piedmont and Lombardy 608 (2000)
Uva Tosca Italy, Emilia-Romagna 115 (2000)
Vaccarese / Vaccarèse/ Brun Argenté France, Rhone
Valdiguié / Brocol / Napa Gamay / Gamay 15 France, Languedoc-Roussillon 1874
Valentino nero Italy, Piedmont Chatus x Dolcetto
Vermentino nero Italy, Tuscany 199 (2000)
Vespolina Italy, Piedmont Nebbiolo x ?
Vien de Nus Italy, Valle d'Aosta DOC
Volidza/Volitsa Greece, high altitudes in the Peloponnese region ancient
Vranac Macedonia
Vuillermin Italy, Aosta Valley Fumin x ? 0.10 ha (2000)
Wildbacher/Blauer Wildbacher Austria
Wrothham Pinot France
Xynomavro Greece, Imathia 1800
Žametovka Slovenia
Zinfandel / Crljenak Kaštelanski / Primitivo Croatia
Zweigelt / Zweigeltrebe / Rotburger Austria St. Laurent (grape) x Blaufränkisch 6,512 (Austria 2008) 1922

White grapes[edit]

Vitis vinifera (wine and table)[edit]

Red table grapes[edit]

White table grapes[edit]

Vitis labrusca (wine and table)[edit]

Many commercial varieties commonly called labrusca are actually complex interspecies hybrids.

Wine grapes[edit]

Red table grapes[edit]

Purple/Blue table grapes[edit]

Varied/Other[edit]

Vitis riparia (wine grape rootstock and hybridization source)[edit]

Vitis rotundifolia (table and wine)[edit]

Vitis rupestris[edit]

Vitis aestivalis (wine)[edit]

Vitis mustangensis (wine)[edit]

Multispecies hybrid grapes[edit]

Vinifera hybrids (wine)[edit]

Hybrid grape varieties (see Hybrid grapes) or "hybrids" is, in fact, the popular term for a subset of what are properly known as hybrids, specifically crossings between one species of the genus vitis and another. The scientific definition of a hybrid grape is any crossing (intra- or inter-specific) of two grape varieties. In keeping with the popular definition, however, the ones listed below are inter-specific hybrids where one parent is a European grape. Most of these are complex mixtures of three or more species and all parents are not always clearly known.

Vinifera hybrids (table)[edit]

Non-vinifera hybrids (table and wine)[edit]

Non-vinifera hybrids (rootstock)[edit]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]