List of guns and mortars used by the Royal Regiment of Australian Artillery

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M198 Howitzers from the 8th/12th Medium Regiment firing during an exercise in 2001

The following is a list of guns and mortars used by the Royal Regiment of Australian Artillery (RAA) since its formation in 1901. The corps is currently undergoing a period of change, acquiring a new light air-portable 155 mm guns, precision guided munitions and a networked command and fire control system. Meanwhile, a number of Army Reserve regiments are re-equipping with mortars as part of a process of rationalisation.[1]

Guns and mortars used by the RAA[edit]

Weapon Calibre Origin Type In service Notes
Guns
18-pounder QF Gun 3.3 inch (84 mm)  United Kingdom Towed artillery 1906–1945 [1]
4.5-inch QF Howitzer 4.5 inch (114 mm)  United Kingdom Towed artillery 1916–1945 [1]
8-inch BL Howitizer 8 inch (203 mm)  United Kingdom Towed artillery 1916–1918 [1]
9.2-inch BL Howitzer 9.2 inch (234 mm)  United Kingdom Towed artillery 1916–1918 [1]
6-inch 26-cwt BL Howitzer 6 inch (152 mm)  United Kingdom Towed artillery 1920–1946 [1]
60-pounder BL Gun 5 inch (127 mm)  United Kingdom Towed artillery 1920–1944 [1]
18/25-pounder QF Gun 3.45 inch (87.6 mm)  United Kingdom Towed artillery 1940–1941 [1]
25-pounder QF Gun 3.45 inch (87.6 mm)  United Kingdom Towed artillery 1943–1946 [1]
M1917/M1918 Howitzer 155 mm  United States Towed artillery 1941–1945 [1]
Short 25-pounder QF Gun 3.45 inch (87.6 mm)  Australia /  United Kingdom Towed artillery 1943–1946 [1]
3.7-inch Mountain Howitzer 3.7 inch (94 mm)  United Kingdom Towed artillery 1942–1943 [1]
QF Pack Howitzer 75 mm  United Kingdom Towed artillery 1943–1955 [1]
M1 'Long Tom' Gun 155 mm  United States Towed artillery 1943–? [1]
5.5-inch BL Gun 5.5 inch (140 mm)  United Kingdom Towed artillery 1942–1983 [1]
Yeramba SP 25-pounder Gun 3.45 inch (87.6 mm)  Australia Self-propelled artillery 1949–1957 [1]
M2A2 Howitzer 105 mm  United States Towed artillery 1959–Present [1]
L5 Pack Howitzer 105 mm  Italy Towed artillery 1963–1992 [1][2]
M198 Howitzer 155 mm  United States Towed artillery 1983–Present [1]
L118/L119 Hamel Light Gun 105 mm  United Kingdom Towed artillery 1988–Present [1]
M777 Howitzer 155 mm  United Kingdom /  United States Towed artillery 2010–Present [3]
Mortars
2-inch Trench Mortar 2 inch (50.8 mm)  United Kingdom Mortar 1916–1918 [1]
6-inch Trench Mortar 6 inch (152 mm)  United Kingdom Mortar 1917–1918 [1]
9.45-inch Trench Mortar 9.45 inch (240 mm)  France Mortar 1916–1918 [1]
3-inch Trench Mortar 3.209 inch (81.5 mm)  United Kingdom Mortar 1940–1942 [1]
4.2-inch Mortar 4.2 inch (107 mm)  United States Mortar 1942–? [1]
F2 Mortar 81 mm  United Kingdom Mortar 2010–Present

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y Dennis et al 2008, pp. 50–51.
  2. ^ "Artillery Register: L5 Pack Howitzer Mangrove Mountain Memorial Club". Royal Australian Artillery Historical Company. 12 December 2012. Retrieved 13 September 2014. 
  3. ^ Bergmann, Kym (23 October 2010). "Push is on to bring out the big guns". The Australian (News Limited). Retrieved 4 January 2011. 

References[edit]

  • Dennis, Peter; Grey, Jeffrey; Morris, Ewan; Prior, Robin; and Jean Bou (2008). The Oxford Companion to Australian Military History (Second ed.). Melbourne, Victoria: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-551784-2.