List of gymnasts

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Gymnasts are people who participate in the sport of gymnastics.[1] This sport contains disciplines that include, but are not limited to:

This list is of those who are considered to be notable in their chosen discipline.

See gymnasium (ancient Greece) for the origin of the word gymnast from gymnastikos.


Artistic gymnasts[edit]

Female (artistic)[edit]

 Australia
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Georgia Bonora 19 May 1990 Georgia Bonora
Ashleigh Brennan 18 January 1991 Ashleigh Brennan
Daria Joura 2 May 1990 Daria Joura
Emily Little 29 March 1994 Emily Little
Lauren Mitchell 23 July 1991 Lauren Mitchell
Monette Russo 4 August 1988 Monette Russo
Lisa Skinner 17 February 1981 Lisa Skinner
Allana Slater 3 April 1984 Allana Slater
 Azerbaijan
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Yulia Inshina 15 April 1995 Yulia Inshina
Anna Pavlova 6 September 1987 Anna Pavlova
 Belarus
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Svetlana Boguinskaya[note 1] 19 February 1973 Svetlana Boguinskaya
Nellie Kim[note 2] 29 July 1957 Nellie Kim
Olga Korbut 16 May 1955 Olga Korbut
 Brazil
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Jade Barbosa 1 July 1991 Jade Barbosa
Daniele Hypólito 8 September 1984 Daniele Hypólito
Daiane dos Santos 10 February 1983 Daiane dos Santos
 Canada
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Ellie Black 9 August 1995 Ellie Black
Elyse Hopfner-Hibbs 12 September 1989 Elyse Hopfner-Hibbs
Victoria Moors 5 November 1996 Victoria Moors
Kate Richardson 27 June 1984 Kate Richardson
Elfi Schlegel 17 May 1964 Elfi Schlegel
 Czechoslovakia
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Eva Bosáková 12 December 1912[note 3]
18 December 1931[note 4]
Eva Bosáková
Věra Čáslavská 3 May 1942 Věra Čáslavská
Vlasta Děkanová 5 September 1909 [citation needed]
Jana Komrsková 6 May 1983 Jana Komrsková
 China
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Cheng Fei 29 May 1988 Cheng Fei
Deng Linlin 21 April 1992 Deng Linlin
Fan Ye 22 October 1986 Fan Ye
He Kexin 1 January 1992 He Kexin
He Ning 13 November 1990 He Ning
Kui Yuanyuan 23 June 1981 Kui Yuanyuan
Li Li 26 February 1975 Li Li
Li Shanshan 31 August 1996 Li Shanshan
Li Ya 13 June 1988 Li Ya
Liu Xuan 12 March 1979 Liu Xuan
Lu Li 1976[citation needed] Lu Li
Jiang Yuyuan 1 November 1991 Jiang Yuyuan
Ma Yanhong 1964[citation needed] Ma Yanhong
Mo Huilan 11 July 1979 Mo Huilan
Sang Lan 1981[citation needed] [citation needed]
Sui Lu 1 April 1992 Sui Lu
Xiao Sha 15 June 1992 Xiao Sha
Yang Yilin 26 August 1991 Yang Yilin
Yao Jinnan 8 February 1995 Yao Jinnan
Zhang Nan 30 April 1986 Zhang Nan
Zhou Zhuoru 14 September 1988 Zhou Zhuoru
 Dominican Republic
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Yamilet Peña 14 December 1992 Yamilet Peña
 France
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Ludivine Furnon 4 October 1980 Ludivine Furnon
Émilie Le Pennec 31 December 1987 Émilie Lepennec
Elvire Teza 23 March 1981 Elvire Teza
 Germany
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Daria Bijak 12 November 1985 Daria Bijak
Anja Brinker 18 January 1991 Anja Brinker
Karin Büttner-Janz 17 February 1952 Karin Büttner-Janz
Oksana Chusovitina[note 5] 19 June 1975 Oksana Chusovitina
Maxi Gnauck 10 October 1964 Maxi Gnauck
Dagmar Kersten 28 October 1970 Dagmar Kersten
Steffi Kraker 1960[citation needed] [citation needed]
Erika Zuchold 13 March 1947 Erika Zuchold
 Guatemala
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Ana Sofía Gómez 24 November 1995 Ana Sofía Gómez
 Hungary
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Ágnes Keleti 9 June 1921 Ágnes Keleti
Margit Korondi 24 June 1932 Margit Korondi
Henrietta Ónodi 22 May 1974 Henrietta Ónodi
 Italy
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Carlotta Ferlito 15 February 1995 Carlotta Ferlito
Vanessa Ferrari 10 November 1990 Vanessa Ferrari
 Mexico
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Elsa García 8 February 1990 Elsa García
Denisse López 18 December 1976 Denisse López
Brenda Magaña 27 July 1977 Brenda Magaña
Laura del Carmen Moreno 16 November 1978 Laura del Carmen Moreno
 Netherlands
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Céline van Gerner 1 December 1994 Celine van Gerner
 North Korea
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Kim Gwang-Suk circa 1976/8[citation needed] Kim Gwang Suk
Hong Su Jong 9 March 1986 Hong Su Jong
Hong Un Jong 9 March 1989 Hong Un Jong
 Poland
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Helena Rakoczy 1921[citation needed] Helena Rakoczy
Marta Pihan-Kulesza 23 July 1987
 Romania
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Lavinia Agache 11 February 1966 Lavinia Agache
Simona Amânar 7 October 1979 Simona Amânar
Oana Ban 11 January 1986 Oana Ban
Cristina Bontaș 5 December 1973 Cristina Bontaș
Diana Bulimar 22 August 1995 Diana Bulimar
Diana Chelaru 15 August 1993 Diana Chelaru
Nadia Comăneci 12 November 1961 Nadia Comăneci
Laura Cutina 1968[citation needed] [citation needed]
Aurelia Dobre 16 November 1972 Aurelia Dobre
Emilia Eberle 4 March 1964 Emilia Eberle
Alexandra Eremia 19 February 1987 Alexandra Eremia
Gina Gogean 9 November 1977 Gina Gogean
Anca Grigoraș 8 November 1957 Anca Grigoraș
Larisa Iordache 19 June 1996 Larisa Iordache
Sandra Izbașa 18 June 1990 Sandra Izbașa
Lavinia Miloșovici 21 October 1976 Lavinia Miloșovicin
Steliana Nistor 15 September 1989 Steliana Nistor
Maria Olaru 4 June 1982 Maria Olaru
Cătălina Ponor 20 August 1987 Cătălina Ponor
Celestina Popa 1970[citation needed] [citation needed]
Ana Porgras 18 December 1993 Ana Porgras
Claudia Presăcan 1979[citation needed] [citation needed]
Andreea Răducan 30 September 1983 Andreea Răducan
Monica Roşu 11 May 1987 Monica Roşu
Daniela Silivaș 9 May 1970 Daniela Silivaș
Daniela Sofronie 12 February 1988 Daniela Sofronie
Silvia Stroescu 8 May 1985 Silvia Stroescu
Ecaterina Szabo 22 January 1967 Ecaterina Szabo
Corina Ungureanu 29 August 1980 Corina Ungureanu
Teodora Ungureanu 13 November 1960 Teodora Ungureanu
Camelia Voinea 27 January 1930[note 6]
1 March 1970[note 7]
Camelia Voinea
 Russia
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Ksenia Afanasyeva 13 September 1991 Ksenia Afanasyeva
Elena Dolgopolova 23 January 1980 Elena Dolgopolova
Anna Dementyeva 28 December 1994 Anna Dementyeva
Ludmila Ezhova 4 March 1982 Ludmila Ezhova
Rozalia Galiyeva[note 8] 28 April 1977 Rozalia Galiyeva
Anastasia Grishina 16 January 1996 Anastasia Grishina
Maria Kharenkova 29 October 1998 Maria Kharenkova
Svetlana Khorkina 19 January 1979 Svetlana Khorkina
Anastasiya Kolesnikova 6 March 1984 Anastasiya Kolesnikova
Viktoria Komova 30 January 1995 Viktoria Komova
Dina Kochetkova 27 July 1977 Dina Kotchetkova
Ekaterina Kramarenko 22 April 1991 Ekaterina Kramarenko
Natalia Kuchinskaya[note 9] 12 March 1949[note 10] Natalia Kuchinskaya
Yekaterina Lobaznyuk 10 July 1983 Yekaterina Lobaznyuk
Yulia Lozhechko 14 December 1989 Yulia Lozhechko
Sofia Muratova[note 11] 13 July 1929 – 25 September 2006 Sofia Muratova
Aliya Mustafina 30 September 1994 Aliya Mustafina
Tatiana Nabieva 21 November 1994 Tatiana Nabieva
Maria Paseka 18 July 1995 Maria Paseka
Anna Pavlova 6 September 1987 Anna Pavlova
Yelena Produnova 15 February 1980 Yelena Produnova
Ksenia Semenova 20 October 1992 Ksenia Semenova
Natalia Shaposhnikova[note 12] 24 June 1961[note 13] Natalia Shaposhnikova
Seda Tutkhalyan 15 July 1999 Seda Tutkhalyan
Elena Zamolodchikova 19 September 1982 Elena Zamolodchikova
 South Korea
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Jo Hyun-Joo 13 December 1992 Jo Hyun Joo
 Spain
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Elena Gómez 14 November 1985 Elena Gómez
Patricia Moreno 7 January 1988 Patricia Moreno
Ana Maria Izurieta 13 January 1993
 Ukraine
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Polina Astakhova[note 14] 30 October 1936 – 5 August 2005[note 15] Polina Astakhova
Nina Bocharova[note 16] 24 September 1924[note 17] Nina Bocharova
Olesya Dudnik[note 18] 15 August 1974[note 19] [citation needed]
Maria Gorokhovskaya[note 20] 17 October 1921 – 22 July 2001[citation needed] Maria Gorokhovskaya
Tatiana Gutsu[note 21] 5 September 1976 Tatiana Gutsu
Viktoria Karpenko 15 March 1981 Viktoria Karpenko
Larisa Latynina[note 22] 27 December 1934 Larisa Latynina
Lilia Podkopayeva 15 August 1978 Lilia Podkopayeva
Oksana Omelianchik[note 23] 31 December 1969[citation needed]
2 January 1970[note 24]
Oksana Omelianchik
Ludmilla Tourischeva[note 25] 7 October 1952 Ludmilla Tourischeva
Irina Yarotska 29 October 1985 Irina Yarotska
Stella Zakharova[note 26] 12 July 1963[note 27] Stella Zakharova
 United Kingdom
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Sophie Brundish 17 May 1993 Sophie Brundish
Imogen Cairns 26 January 1989 Imogen Cairns
Becky Downie 24 January 1992 Becky Downie
Marissa King 20 April 1991 Marissa King
Lisa Mason 1982[citation needed] Lisa Mason
Annika Reeder 1979[citation needed] Annika Reeder
Joanna Sime 1962[citation needed] [citation needed]
Beth Tweddle 1 April 1985 Elizabeth Tweddle
Hannah Whelan 1 July 1992 Hannah Whelan
 USA
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Mohini Bhardwaj 29 September 1978 Mohini Bhardwaj
Rebecca Bross 11 July 1993 Rebecca Bross
Amy Chow 15 May 1978 Amy Chow
Dominique Dawes 20 November 1976 Dominique Dawes
Gabby Douglas 31 December 1995 Gabby Douglas
Annia Hatch 14 June 1978 Annia Hatch
Katie Heenan 26 November 1985 Katie Heenan
Terin Humphrey 14 August 1986 Terin Humphrey
Shawn Johnson 19 January 1992 Shawn Johnson
Bailie Key 16 March 1999 Bailie Key
Courtney Kupets 28 July 1986 Courtney Kupets
Mattie Larson 20 May 1992 Mattie Larson
Nastia Liukin 30 October 1989 Nastia Liukin
Kristen Maloney 1981[citation needed] Kristen Maloney
McKayla Maroney 9 December 1995 McKayla Maroney
Chellsie Memmel 23 June 1988 Chellsie Memmel
Ashley Miles 3 March 1985 Ashley Miles
Shannon Miller 10 March 1977 Shannon Miller
Phoebe Mills 1972[citation needed] Phoebe Mills
Dominique Moceanu 30 September 1981 Dominique Moceanu
Carly Patterson 4 February 1988 Carly Patterson
Aly Raisman 25 May 1994 Aly Raisman
Mary Lou Retton 24 January 1968 Mary Lou Retton
Kyla Ross 24 October 1996 Kyla Ross
Alicia Sacramone 3 December 1987 Alicia Sacramone
Bridget Sloan 23 June 1992 Bridget Sloan
Kerri Strug 19 November 1977 Kerri Strug
Kristal Uzelac 27 June 1985 [citation needed]
Jordyn Wieber 12 July 1995 Jordyn Wieber
Kim Zmeskal 6 February 1976 Kim Zmeskal
 USSR
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Polina Astakhova[note 14] 30 October 1936 – 5 August 2005[note 15] Polina Astakhova
Olga Bicherova 1966 or 1967[citation needed] Olga Bicherova
Nina Bocharova[note 16] 24 September 1924[note 17] Nina Bocharova
Svetlana Boginskaya[note 1] 19 February 1973 Svetlana Boguinskaya
Oksana Chusovitina[note 5] 19 June 1975 Oksana Chusovitina
Olesya Dudnik[note 18] 15 August 1974[note 19] [citation needed]
Maria Filatova 1961[citation needed] Maria Filatova
Rozalia Galiyeva[note 8] 28 April 1977 Rozalia Galiyeva
Maria Gorokhovskaya[note 20] 17 October 1921 – 22 July 2001[citation needed] Maria Gorokhovskaya
Svetlana Grozdova 1959[citation needed] Svetlana Grozdova
Tatiana Gutsu[note 21] 5 September 1976 Tatiana Gutsu
Natalia Ilienko 1967[citation needed] Natalia Ilienko
Nellie Kim[note 2] 29 July 1957 Nellie Kim
Natalia Kuchinskaya[note 9] 12 March 1949[note 10] [citation needed]
Larisa Latynina[note 22] 27 December 1934 Larisa Latynina
Tamara Lazakovich 1954-1992[citation needed] Tamara Lazakovich
Tatiana Lysenko 23 June 1975 Tatiana Lysenko
Tamara Manina 1934[citation needed] Tamara Manina
Olga Mostepanova 1970[citation needed] Tamara Manina
Elena Mukhina 1 June 1960 – 2006[citation needed] Elena Mukhina
Sofia Muratova[note 11] 13 July 1929 – 25 September 2006 Sofia Muratova
Oksana Omelianchik[note 23] 31 December 1969[citation needed]
2 January 1970[note 24]
Oksana Omelianchik
Galina Shamrai 1931[citation needed] Galina Shamrai
Natalia Shaposhnikova[note 12] 24 June 1961[note 13] Natalia Shaposhnikova
Yelena Shushunova 1969[citation needed] Elena Shushunova
Ludmilla Tourischeva[note 25] 7 October 1952 Ludmilla Tourischeva
Zinaida Voronina 1947-2001[citation needed] Zinaida Voronina
Natalia Yurchenko 26 January 1955 Natalia Yurchenko
Stella Zakharova[note 26] 12 July 1963[note 27] Stella Zakharova
 Uzbekistan
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Oksana Chusovitina[note 5] 19 June 1975 Oksana Chusovitina
Rozalia Galiyeva[note 8] 28 April 1977 Rozalia Galiyeva

Male (artistic)[edit]

 Armenia
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Albert Azaryan[note 28] 11 February 1929 Albert Azaryan
Artur Davtyan 8 August 1992 Artur Davtyan
 Australia
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Philippe Rizzo 9 February 1981 Philippe Rizzo
Joshua Jefferis 29 August 1985 Joshua Jefferis
Damian Istria 24 August 1982 Damian Istria
 Belarus
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Ivan Ivankov 10 April 1975 Ivan Ivankov
Vitaly Scherbo 13 January 1972 Vitaly Scherbo
 Brazil
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Diego Hypólito 19 June 1986 Diego Hypólito
Arthur Zanetti 16 April 1990 Arthur Zanetti
 Bulgaria
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Yordan Yovchev 24 February 1973 Yordan Yovchev
 Canada
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Kyle Shewfelt 6 May 1982 Kyle Shewfelt
 China
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Chen Yibing 19 December 1984 Chen Yibing
Li Ning 10 March 1963 Li Ning
Li Xiaopeng 27 Jul5 1981 Li Xiaopeng
Lou Yun 1964[citation needed] Lou Yun
Xiao Qin 1 January 19853 Xiao Qin
Yang Wei 8 February 1980 Yang Wei
Zou Kai 25 February 1988 Zou Kai
 Egypt
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Mahmoud Safwat[note 29] 16 November1929 [citation needed]
 France
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Louis Ségura 23 July 1889[note 30]–1963[note 31] Louis Ségura
Marco Torrès 22 January 1888 – 15 January 1963[note 32] Marco Torrès
 Finland
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Paavo Aaltonen 11 December 1919 – 9 September 1962[citation needed] Paavo Aaltonen
Veikko Huhtanen 5 June 1919 – 29 January 1976[citation needed] Veikko Huhtanen
Heikki Savolainen 1907[note 33]
7 September 1928[note 33]–29 November 1997[citation needed]
Heikki Savolainen
 Germany
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Valery Belenky[note 34] 5 September 1969 Valery Belenky
Philipp Boy 23 July 1987 Philipp Boy
Roland Brückner[note 35] 14 December 1955 Roland Brückner
Konrad Frey[note 36] 24 April 1909 Konrad Frey
Eberhard Gienger 21 July 1951 Eberhard Gienger
Fabian Hambüchen 25 October 1987 Fabian Hambüchen
Sylvio Kroll[note 37] 29 April 1965 Sylvio Kroll
Marcel Nguyen 8 September 1987 Marcel Nguyen
Sven Tippelt[note 38] 3 June 1965 Sven Tippelt
Andreas Wecker 2 January 1970 Andreas Wecker
 Greece
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Vlasios Maras 31 March 1983 Vlasios Maras
 Hungary
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Szilveszter Csollány 13 April 1970 Szilveszter Csollány
Zoltán Supola 25 September1970 Zoltán Supola
 Italy
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Alberto Braglia 1883[citation needed] Alberto Braglia
Igor Cassina 15 August 1977 Igor Cassina
Yuri Chechi 11 October 1969 Yuri Chechi
Franco Menichelli 1941[citation needed] Franco Menichelli
Romeo Neri 1903[citation needed] Romeo Neri
Giorgio Zampori 1887[citation needed] Giorgio Zampori
 Japan
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Takehiro Kashima 6 July 1980 Takehiro Kashima
Sawao Kato 11 October 1946 Sawao Kato
Ryohei Kato 9 September 1993 Ryohei Kato
Hisashi Mizutori 27 July 1980 Hisashi Mizutori
Akinori Nakayama 1943[citation needed] Akinori Nakayama
Takashi Ono 1931[citation needed] Takashi Ono
Masao Takemoto 29 September 1919 Masao Takemoto
Yusuke Tanaka 29 November 1989 Yusuke Tanaka
Mitsuo Tsukahara 22 December 1947 Mitsuo Tsukahara
Naoya Tsukahara 25 June 1977 Naoya Tsukahara
Hiroyuki Tomita 21 November 1980 Hiroyuki Tomita
Kōhei Uchimura 3 January 1989 Kōhei Uchimura
Isao Yoneda 20 August 1977 Isao Yoneda
 Latvia
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Evgeni Sapronenko 11 November 1978 Evgeni Sapronenko
Igors Vihrovs 6 June 1978 Igors Vihrovs
 Mexico
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Daniel Corral 25 January 1990 Daniel Corral
 Netherlands
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Yuri van Gelder 20 April 1993 Yuri van Gelder[note 39]
Jeffrey Wammes 24 April 1987 Jeffrey Wammes
Epke Zonderland 16 April 1986 Epke Zonderland
 North Korea
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Pae Gil Su 4 March 1972 Pae Gil Su
 Romania
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Marian Drăgulescu 18 December 1980 Marian Drăgulescu
Ioan Silviu Suciu 24 November 1977 Ioan Silviu Suciu
Marius Urzică 30 September 1975 Marius Urzică
 Russia
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Denis Ablyazin 3 August 1992 Denis Ablyazin
Nikolai Andrianov[note 40] 14 October 1952 – 21 March 2011 Nikolai Andrianov
Aleksandr Balandin 20 June 1989 Aleksandr Balandin
David Belyavskiy 23 February 1992 David Belyavskiy
Dmitry Bilozerchev[note 41] 22 December 1966 Dmitry Bilozerchev
Alexei Bondarenko 23 August 1978 Alexei Bondarenko
Emin Garibov 9 August 1990 Emin Garibov
Anton Golotsutskov 28 July 1985 Anton Golotsutskov
Yuri Korolev[note 42] 28 August 1962 Yuri Korolev
Nikolai Kryukov 11 November 1978 Nikolai Kryukov
Nikolai Kuksenkov 2 June 1989 Nikolai Kuksenkov
Nikita Nagornyy 12 February 1997 Nikita Nagornyy
Alexei Nemov 28 April 1976 Alexei Nemov
Valeri Liukin[note 43] 5 September 1969 Valeri Liukin
Yuri Ryazanov 21 March 1987 – 20 October 2009 Yuri Ryazanov
Boris Shakhlin[note 44] 27 January 1932 – 27 May 2008[note 45] Boris Chakhline[note 44]
Yuri Titov[note 46] 27 November 1935 Yuri Titov
Alexander Tkachyov[note 47] 4 October 1957[note 48] Alexander Tkachyov
Mikhail Voronin[note 49] 26 March 1945 – 22 May 2004[note 50] Mikhail Voronin
 Slovenia
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Mitja Petkovšek 16 February 1977 Mitja Petkovšek
Miro Cerar 28 October 1939 Miro Cerar
Aljaž Pegan 2 June 1974 Aljaž Pegan
Leon Štukelj 12 November 1998 Leon Štukelj
 South Korea
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Kim Dae-Eun 17 September 1984 Kim Dae-Eun
Yang Hak-Seon 6 December 1992 Yang Hak-Seon
Yang Tae-Young 8 July 1980 Yang Tae-Young
 Spain
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Joaquín Blume 21 June 1933–29 Apri 1959[note 51] [citation needed]
Gervasio Deferr 7 November 1980 Gervasio Deferr
Rafael Martinez 10 December 1983 Rafael Martinez
  Switzerland
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Eugen Mack 21 September 1907[note 52]–29 October 1978[citation needed] Daniel Keatings
 Ukraine
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Alexander Beresch[note 53] 12 October 1977 – 29 February 2004 Alexander Beresch
Valeri Goncharov 19 September 1977 Valeri Goncharov
Igor Radivilov 19 October 1992 Igor Radivilov
Oleg Stepko 15 March 1994 Oleg Stepko
Oleg Verniaiev 29 September 1993 Oleg Verniaiev
 United Kingdom
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Daniel Keatings 4 January 1990 Daniel Keatings
Sam Oldham 17 February 1993 Sam Oldham
Daniel Purvis 13 November 1990 Daniel Purvis
Giarnni Regini-Moran 2 August 1998 Giarnni Regini-Moran
Louis Smith 24 April 1989 Louis Smith
Max Whitlock 13 January 1993 Max Whitlock
Nile Wilson 17 January 1996 Nile Wilson
 USA
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Alexander Artemev 29 August 1985 Alexander Artemev
Raj Bhavsar 7 September 1980 Raj Bhavsar
Bart Conner 3 March 1958 Bart Conner
Tim Daggett 22 April 1965 Tim Daggett
Jacob Dalton 19 August 1991 Jacob Dalton
George Eyser[note 54] 31 August 1870, death unknown George Eyser
Mitch Gaylord 10 March 1961 Mitch Gaylord
Morgan Hamm 24 September 1982 Morgan Hamm
Paul Hamm 24 September 1982 Paul Hamm
Anton Heida[note 55] 1878[citation needed]
Johnathan Horton 31 December 1985 Johnathan Horton
Danell Leyva 30 October 1991 Danell Leyva
Sam Mikulak 13 October 1992 Sam Mikulak
John Orozco 30 December 1992 John Orozco
Justin Spring 11 March 1984 Justin Spring
Kevin Tan 24 September 1981 Kevin Tan
Kurt Thomas 29 March 1956 Kurt Thomas
Peter Vidmar 3 June 1961 Peter Vidmar
Blaine Wilson 3 August 1974 Blaine Wilson
 USSR
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Nikolai Andrianov[note 40] 14 October 1952 Nikolai Andrianov
Albert Azaryan[note 28] 30 November 1993 Albert Azaryan
Valery Belenky[note 34] 5 September 1969 Valery Belenky
Dmitry Bilozerchev[note 41] 22 December 1966 Dmitry Bilozerchev
Viktor Chukarin 9 November 1921 – 1984[citation needed] Viktor Chukarin
Alexander Dityatin 7 August 1957 Alexander Dityatin
Yuri Korolev[note 42] 28 August 1962 Yuri Korolev
Valeri Liukin[note 43] 5 September 1969 Valeri Liukin
Boris Shakhlin[note 44] 27 January 1932 – 27 May 2008[note 45] Boris Chakhline[note 44]
Yuri Titov[note 46] 27 November 1935 Yuri Titov
Alexander Tkachyov[note 47] 4 October 1957[note 48] Alexander Tkachyov
Mikhail Voronin[note 49] 26 March 1945 – 22 May 2004[note 50] Mikhail Voronin

Rhythmic gymnasts[edit]

Female (rhythmic)[edit]

 Australia
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Penelope Blackmore 23 April 1984 Penelope Blackmore
Naazmi Johnston 28 November 1988 Naazmi Johnston
Kimberly Mason 19 September 1989 Kimberly Mason
Janine Murray 10 March 1990 Janine Murray
Kasumi Takahashi 6 May 1980 Kasumi Takahashi
 Austria
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Caroline Weber 31 May 1986 Caroline Weber
 Azerbaijan
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Marina Durunda 12 June 1997 Marina Durunda
Dinara Gimatova 18 November 1986 Dinara Gimatova
Anna Gurbanova 24 September 1986 Anna Gurbanova
Aliya Garayeva 1 January 1988 Aliya Garayeva
Zeynab Javadli 19 July 1991 Zeynab Javadli
Zhala Piriyeva 10 May 2000 Zhala Piriyeva
Lala Yusifova 16 October 1996 Lala Yusifova
 Belarus
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Liubov Charkashyna 23 December 1987 Liubov Charkashyna
Arina Charopa 18 October 1995 Arina Charopa
Olga Gontar 11 January 1919 Olga Gontar
Katsiaryna Halkina 25 February 1997 Katsiaryna Halkina
Nataliya Leshchyk 25 July 1995 Nataliya Leshchyk
Marina Lobatch 26 June 1970 Marina Lobatch
Larissa Loukianenko 7 August 1973 Larissa Loukianenko
Aliaksandra Narkevich 22 December 1995 Aliaksandra Narkevich
Tatiana Ogrizko 28 May 1976 Tatiana Ogryzko
Evgenia Pavlina 20 July 1978 Evgenia Pavlina
Yulia Raskina 19 April 1982 Yulia Raskina
Melitina Staniouta 15 November 1993 Melitina Staniouta
Elena Tkachenko 31 July 1983 Elena Tkachenko
Mariya Trubach 15 November 1999 Mariya Trubach
Alina Tumilovich 21 April 1990 Alina Tumilovich
Inna Zhukova 6 September 1986 Inna Zhukova
 Brazil
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Angélica Kvieczynski 1 September 1991 Angélica Kvieczynski
 Bulgaria
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Boyanka Angelova 28 October 1994 Boyanka Angelova
Diliana Gueorguieva 18 February 1965 Diliana Georguieva
Adriana Dunavska 21 April 1969 Adriana Dunavska
Maria Gigova 21 April 1947 Maria Gigova
Kristina Guiourova 17 February 1959 Kristina Guiourova
Lilia Ignatova 17 May 1975 Lilia Ignatova
Reneta Kamberova 12 September 1990 Reneta Kamberova
Elizabeth Koleva 11 November 1972 Elizabeth Koleva
Katerina Marinova 13 July 1999 Katerina Marinova
Mila Marinova 3 June 1975 Mila Marinova
Sylvia Miteva 24 June 1986 Sylvia Miteva
Elizabeth Paisieva 12 December 1986 Elizabeth Paisieva
Bianka Panova 27 May 1969 Bianka Panova
Maria Petrova 13 November 1975 Maria Petrova
Simona Peycheva 14 May 1985 Simona Peycheva
Diana Popova 10 December 1976 Diana Popova
Anelia Ralenkova 25 January 1964 Anelia Ralenkova
Iliana Raeva 15 March 1963 Iliana Raeva
Neshka Robeva 25 May 1946 Neshka Robeva
Julia Trashlieva 3 February 1936 Julia Trashlieva
Neviana Vladinova 23 February 1994 Neviana Vladinova
 Canada
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Patricia Bezzoubenko 21 February 1997 Patricia Bezzoubenko
Lori Fung 21 February 1963 Lori Fung
Maria Kitkarska 13 July 1995 Maria Kitkarska
Alexandra Orlando 19 January 1987 Alexandra Orlando
Mary Sanders[note 56] 26 August 1985 Mary Sanders
 China
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Deng Senyue 15 February 1992 Deng Senyue
Sun Dan 4 September 1986 Sun Dan
Zhong Ling 30 October 1983 Ling Zhong
Zhang Shuo 5 January 1984 Zhang Shuo
 Cyprus
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Chrystalleni Trikomiti 30 November 1993 Chrystalleni Trikomiti
 Czech Republic
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Dominika Červenková 18 April 1988 Dominika Cervenkova
Dominika Cervenkova[note 57]
Monika Mickova 29 July 1991 Monika Míčková
Hana Mičechová 25 January 1946 Hana Mičechova-Sitnianská
 France
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Nathalie Fauquette 23 March 1987 Nathalie Fauquette
Delphine Ledoux 15 April 1985 Delphine Ledoux
Kseniya Moustafaeva 8 June 1995 Kseniya Moustafaeva
Eva Serrano 228 April 1978 Eva Serrano
 Georgia
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Irina Gabashvili 15 August 1960 - 23 March 2009 Irina Gabashvili
Salome Phajava 3 September 1997 Salome Phajava
 Germany
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Jana Berezko-Marggrander 17 October 1995 Jana Berezko-Marggrander
Lisa Ingildeeva 4 December 1988 Lisa Ingildeeva
Laura Jung 25 June 1995 Laura Jung
Carmen Rischer 16 May 1956 Carmen Rischer
Regina Weber 12 April 1963 Regina Weber
 Greece
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Eleni Andriola 9 November 1986 Eleni Andriola
Varvara Filiou 29 December 1994 Varvara Filiou
 United Kingdom
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Laura Halford 25 February 1996 Laura Halford
Francesca Jones 9 November 1990 Francesca Jones
 Israel
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Linoy Ashram 13 May 1999 Linoy Ashram
Olena Dvornichenko 3 November 1990 Olena Dvornichenko
Victoria Veinberg Filanovsky 23 February 1995 Victoria Veinberg Filanovsky
Katia Pisetsky 26 February 1986 Katia Pisetsky
Irina Risenzon 14 January 1988 Irina Risenzon
Neta Rivkin 19 June 1991 Neta Rivkin
Maria Savenkov 2 August 1988 Maria Savenkov
Rahel Vigdozchik 1 May 1989 Rahel Vigdozchik
Veronika Vitenberg 9 September 1988 Veronika Vitenberg
Polina Zakaluzny 21 February 1992 Polina Zakaluzny
 Italy
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Elisa Blanchi 13 October 1987 Elisa Blanchi
Julieta Cantaluppi 24 January 1985 Julieta Cantaluppi
Romina Laurito 4 April 1987 Romina Laurito
Marta Pagnini 21 January 1991 Marta Pagnini
Elisa Santoni 10 December 1987 Elisa Santoni
Anzhelika Savrayuk 23 August 1989 Anzhelika Savrayuk
Andreea Stefanescu 13 December 1993 Andreea Stefanescu
 Japan
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Kaho Minagawa 20 August 1997 Kaho Minagawa
Sakura Hayakawa 17 March 1997 Sakura Hayakawa
 Kazakhstan
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Anna Alyabyeva 13 November 1993 Anna Alyabyeva
Aliya Yussupova 15 April 1984 Aliya Yussupova
 Mexico
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Cynthia Valdez 11 December 1987 Cynthia Valdez
 Poland
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Joanna Mitrosz 21 August 1988 Joanna Mitrosz
Aleksandra Szutenberg 15 October 1988 Aleksandra Szutenberg
 Romania
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Irina Deleanu 12 November 1975 Irina Deleanu
Ana Luiza Filiorianu 10 July 1999 Ana Luiza Filiorianu
Alexandra Piscupescu 10 June 1994 Alexandra Piscupescu
Doina Stăiculescu 27 January 1967 Doina Stăiculescu
 Russia
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Margarita Aliychuk 10 August 1990 Margarita Aliychuk
Daria Anenkova 2 April 1999 Daria Anenkova
Irina Annenkova 22 February 1999 Irina Annenkova
Arina Averina 13 August 1998 Arina Averina
Dina Averina 13 August 1998 Dina Averina
Yulia Barsukova 31 December 1978 Yulia Barsukova
Yanina Batyrchina 7 October 1979 Yanina Batyrchina
Galina Beloglazova 10 June 1967 Galina Beloglazova
Olga Belova 22 January 1983 Olga Belova
Anastasia Bliznyuk 28 June 1994 Anastasia Bliznyuk
Yulia Bravikova 17 July 1999 Yulia Bravikova
Irina Devina 8 May 1959 Irina Devina
Daria Dmitrieva 22 June 1993 Daria Dmitrieva
Uliana Donskova 24 August 1992 Uliana Donskova
Tatiana Druchinina 18 April 1969 Tatiana Druchinina
Daria Dubova 29 January 1999 Daria Dubova
Ksenia Dudkina 25 February 1995 Ksenia Dudkina
Anna Gavrilenko 10 July 1990 Anna Gavrilenko
Zarina Gizikova 20 June 1985 Zarina Gizikova
Tatiana Gorbunova 23 January 1990 Tatiana Gorbunova
Olga Ilina 3 January 1995 Olga Ilina
Victoria Ilina 28 March 1999 Victoria Ilina
Alina Kabaeva 12 May 1983 Alina Kabaeva
Evgenia Kanaeva 2 April 1990 Evgenia Kanaeva
Olga Kapranova 6 December 1987 Olga Kapranova
Daria Kondakova 30 July 1991 Daria Kondakova
Elena Karpuchina 21 March 1951 Elena Karpuchina
Oxana Kostina 15 April 1973 - 11 February 1993 Oxana Kostina
Yana Kudryavtseva 30 September 1997 Yana Kudryavtseva
Natalia Lavrova 4 August 1984 – 23 April 2010 Natalia Lavrova
Natalia Lipkovskaya 24 April 1979 Natalia Lipkovskaya
Margarita Mamun 1 November 1995 Margarita Mamun
Alina Makarenko 14 January 1995 Alina Makarenko
Anastasia Maksimova 27 June 1991 Anastasia Maksimova
Alexandra Merkulova 25 November 1995 Alexandra Merkulova
Anastasia Nazarenko 17 January 1993 Anastasia Nazarenko
Yelena Posevina 13 February 1986 Yelena Posevina
Natalia Safonova 17 July 1999 Natalia Safonova
Vera Sessina 23 February 1986 Vera Sessina
Karolina Sevastyanova 25 April 1995 Karolina Sevastyanova
Daria Shkurikhina 3 October 1990 Daria Shkurikhina
Galima Shugurova 8 November 1953[citation needed] Galima Shugurova
Sofya Skomorokh 18 August 1999 Sofya Skomorokh
Aleksandra Soldatova 1 June 1998 Aleksandra Soldatova
Daria Svatkovskaya 4 December 1996 Daria Svatkovskaya
Irina Tchachina 24 April 1982 Irina Tchachina
Maria Titova 19 August 1997 Maria Titova
Laysan Utiasheva 28 June 1985 Laysan Utiasheva
Amina Zaripova 10 August 1976 Amina Zaripova
 South Africa
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Grace Legote 2 May 1992 Grace Legote
 South Korea
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Shin Soo-ji 8 January 1991 Shin Soo-ji
Son Yeon-Jae 28 May 1994 Son Yeon-Jae
 Spain
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Carmen Acedo 5 January 1975[note 58] Carmen Acedo
Marta Baldó 8 April 1979[note 59] Marta Baldó
Nuria Cabanillas 9 August 1980[note 60] Nuria Cabanillas
Almudena Cid 15 June 1980 Almudena Cid
Estela Giménez 29 March 1979[note 61] Estela Giménez
Lorena Guréndez 7 May 1981[note 62] Lorena Guréndez
Tania Lamarca 30 April 1980[note 63] Tania Lamarca
Estíbaliz Martínez 9 May 1980[note 64] Estíbaliz Martínez
Carolina Pascual 17 June 1976[citation needed] Carolina Pascual
Carolina Rodríguez 24 May 1986 Carolina Rodríguez
 Ukraine
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Anna Bessonova 29 July 1984 Anna Bessonova
Irina Deriugina 11 January 1958 Irina Deriugina
Natalia Godunko 5 December 1984 Natalia Godunko
Alina Maksimenko 10 July 1991 Alina Maksimenko
Viktoria Mazur 15 October 1994 Viktoria Mazur
Ludmila Savinkova 1 January 1936 Ludmila Savinkova
Oxana Skaldina[note 65] 24 October 1972 Oxana Skaldina
Ekaterina Serebrianskaya 25 October 1977 Ekaterina Serebrianskaya
Alexandra Timoshenko[note 66] 18 February 1972 Alexandra Timoshenko
Olena Vitrichenko 25 November 1976 Olena Vitrichenko
Ganna Rizatdinova 16 July 1993 Ganna Rizatdinova
Eleonora Romanova 17 August 1998 Eleonora Romanova
Tamara Yerofeeva 4 March 1982 Tamara Yerofeeva
 United States
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Jasmine Kerber 12 April 1996 Jasmine Kerber
Mary Sanders[note 56] 26 August 1985 Mary Sanders
Laura Zeng 14 October 1999 Laura Zeng
Julie Zetlin 30 June 1990 Julie Zetlin
 Soviet Union
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Galina Beloglazova 10 June 1967 Galina Beloglazova
Irina Deriugina 11 January 1958 Irina Deriugina
Irina Devina 8 May 1959 Irina Devina
Tatiana Druchinina 18 April 1969 Tatiana Druchinina
Irina Gabashvili 15 August 1960 Irina Gabashvili
Elena Karpuchina 21 March 1951 Elena Karpuchina
Oxana Kostina 15 April 1973 Oxana Kostina
Anna Kotchneva 25 January 1970 Anna Kotchneva
Dalia Kutkaitė 11 February 1965 Dalia Kutkaite
Tatiana Kravtchenko 13 June 1936 Tatiana Kravtchenko
Marina Lobatch 26 June 1970 Marina Lobatch
Alfia Nazmutdinova 29 April 1949 Alfia Nazmutdinova
Ludmila Savinkova 1 January 1936 Ludmila Savinkova
Galima Shugurova 8 November 1953[citation needed] Galima Shugurova
Oxana Skaldina[note 65] 24 October 1972 Oxana Skaldina
Alexandra Timoshenko[note 66] 18 February 1972 Alexandra Timoshenko
Elena Tomas 11 January 1961 Elena Tomas
 Uzbekistan
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Valeriya Davidova 15 December 1997 Valeriya Davidova
Elizaveta Nazarenkova 17 August 1995 Elizaveta Nazarenkova
Anastasiya Serdyukova 29 May 1997 Anastasiya Serdyukova
Djamila Rakhmatova 19 September 1990 Djamila Rakhmatova
Ulyana Trofimova 28 February 1990 Ulyana Trofimova
 Yugoslavia
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Milena Reljin 25 May 1967 Milena Reljin

Trampoline gymnasts[edit]

Female (trampoline)[edit]

 Canada
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Karen Cockburn 2 October 1980 Karen Cockburn
Rosie MacLennan 28 August 1989 Rosie MacLennan
 China
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
He Wenna 19 January 1989 He Wenna
Huang Shanshan 18 January 1986 Huang Shanshan
Li Dan 19 September 1988 Li Dan
 Germany
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Anna Dogonadze 15 February 1973 Anna Dogonadze
 Russia
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Irina Karavayeva 18 May 1975 Irina Karavaeva

Male (trampoline)[edit]

 China
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Dong Dong 13 April 1989 Dong Dong
Lu Chunlong 8 April 1989 Lu Chunlong
 Germany
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Henrik Stehlik 29 December 1980 Henrik Stehlik
 Russia
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Alexander Moskalenko 4 November 1969 Alexander Moskalenko
Dmitry Ushakov 15 August 1988 Dmitry Ushakov
 Ukraine
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Yuri Nikitin 15 July 1978 Yuri Nikitin

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Svetlana Boguinskaya has represented Belarus, and the USSR
  2. ^ a b Nellie Kim has represented Belarus, and the USSR
  3. ^ Eva Bosáková states Eva Bosáková's birthdate as 12 December 1912
  4. ^ "Eva Bosáková-Věchtová Biography and Olympic Results | Olympics at Sports-Reference.com". Retrieved 15 November 2012.  states Eva Bosáková's birthdate as 18 December 1931
  5. ^ a b c Oksana Chusovitina has represented Germany, The USSR and Uzbekistan
  6. ^ Camelia Voinea shows her date of birth as 27 January 1930
  7. ^ "GymnasticGreats.com: Whatever happened to Camelia Voinea?". 5 January 2004. Retrieved 16 November 2012.  shows Camelia Voinea's date of birth as 1 March 1970
  8. ^ a b c Rozalia Galiyeva has represented Russia, the USSR and Uzbekistan
  9. ^ a b Natalia Kuchinskaya has represented Russia, and the USSR
  10. ^ a b "International Gymnastics Gym". Retrieved 16 November 2012. 
  11. ^ a b Sofia Muratova has represented Russia, and the USSR
  12. ^ a b Natalia Shaposhnikova has represented Russia, and the USSR
  13. ^ a b "GymnasticGreats.com: Whatever happened Natalia Shaposhnikova?". 22 December 1999. Retrieved 16 November 2012. 
  14. ^ a b Polina Astakhova has represented Ukraine, and the USSR
  15. ^ a b "Gymn Forum: Polina Astakhova Biography". 23 November 2006. Retrieved 16 November 2012. 
  16. ^ a b Nina Bocharova has represented Ukraine, and the USSR
  17. ^ a b "Gymn Forum: Nina Bocharova biography". 6 September 2004. Retrieved 16 November 2012. 
  18. ^ a b Olesya Dudnik has represented Ukraine, and the USSR
  19. ^ a b "GymnasticGreats.com: Whatever happened to Olesya Dudnik?". Retrieved 16 November 2012. 
  20. ^ a b Maria Gorokhovskaya has represented Ukraine, and the USSR
  21. ^ a b Tatiana Gutsu has represented Ukraine, and the USSR
  22. ^ a b Larisa Latynina has represented Ukraine, and the USSR
  23. ^ a b Oksana Omelianchik has represented Ukraine, and the USSR
  24. ^ a b "GymnasticGreats.com: Whatever happened to Oksana Omelianchik?". Retrieved 16 November 2012.  shows Oksana Omelianchik's date of birth as 2 January 1970
  25. ^ a b Ludmilla Tourischeva has represented Ukraine, and the USSR
  26. ^ a b Stella Zakharova has represented Ukraine, and the USSR
  27. ^ a b "Gymn Forum: Stella Zakharova Biography". Retrieved 16 November 2012. 
  28. ^ a b Albert Azaryan has represented Armenia and the USSR
  29. ^ "OLYMPIC GAMES OF HELSINKI 1952". Retrieved 18 November 2012. 
  30. ^ "Louis Ségura Olympic medals and stats". databaseOlympics.com. Retrieved 19 November 2012. 
  31. ^ "Louis Ségura Biography and Olympic Results". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Retrieved 19 November 2012. 
  32. ^ "Marco Torrès Biography and Olympic Results". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Retrieved 19 November 2012. 
  33. ^ a b Heikki Savolainen's date of birth in his FIG record conflicts with his stated age of 44 at the 1952 Olympics
  34. ^ a b Valery Belenky represented Germany and the USSR
  35. ^ Roland Brückner represented East Germany
  36. ^ Konrad Frey represented Germany before it was divided into East and West Germany after World War II
  37. ^ Sylvio Kroll represented East Germany
  38. ^ Sven Tippelt represented East Germany
  39. ^ Yuri van Gelder's FIG revord is in his given name of Lambertus van Gelder
  40. ^ a b Nikolai Andrianov has represented Russia and the USSR
  41. ^ a b Dmitry Bilozerchev has represented Russia and the USSR
  42. ^ a b Yuri Korolev has represented Russia and the USSR
  43. ^ a b Valeri Liukin has represented Russia and the USSR
  44. ^ a b c d Boris Chakhline appears to show Boris Shakhlin, but represemting the Ukraine
  45. ^ a b "Borys Shakhlin Biography and Olympic Results". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Retrieved 22 November 2012. 
  46. ^ a b Yuri Titov has represented Russia and the USSR
  47. ^ a b Alexander Tkachyov has represented Russia and the USSR
  48. ^ a b "Gymn Forum: Alexander Tkachev Biography". Gymn Forum. Retrieved 22 November 2012. 
  49. ^ a b Mikhail Voronin has represented Russia and the USSR
  50. ^ a b "Mikhail Voronin Biography and Olympic Results". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Retrieved 22 November 2012. 
  51. ^ "50 años sin Joaquim Blume - Más Deporte - deportes - elmundo.es". El Mundo (in Spanish). 29 April 2009. Retrieved 22 November 2012. 
  52. ^ "Eugen Mack Olympic medals and stats". Retrieved 19 November 2012. 
  53. ^ "GYMmedia.com - Tragic Accident: Alexander Beresch died!". Retrieved 21 November 2012. The day after the spring Ukrainian Cup finished, a tragic automobile accident has taken the life of Olympian and European Champion 2000, Alexander Beresch at Sunday evening. 
  54. ^ "George Eyser Biography and Olympic Results". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Retrieved 22 November 2012. 
  55. ^ "Anton Heida Olympic medals and stats". databaseOlympics.com. Retrieved 22 November 2012. 
  56. ^ a b Mary Sanders holds dual US and Canadian nationality started her career representing Canada and then represented the USA
  57. ^ Dominika Cervenkova has two FIG records with differing levels of detail, but identical personal data
  58. ^ "100 Greatest Rhythmic Gymnast - Carmem Acedo of Spain". Nicole Mezheritsky. Retrieved 20 November 2012. 
  59. ^ "Marta Baldó". SR/Olympic Sports. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 30 December 2008. 
  60. ^ "Nuria Cabanillas". SR/Olympic Sports. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 30 December 2008. 
  61. ^ "Estela Giménez". SR/Olympic Sports. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 6 July 2011. 
  62. ^ "Lorena Guréndez". SR/Olympic Sports. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 9 August 2009. 
  63. ^ "Tania Lamarca". SR/Olympic Sports. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 30 December 2008. 
  64. ^ "Estíbaliz Martínez". SR/Olympic Sports. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 9 August 2009. 
  65. ^ a b Oxana Skaldina has represented the Ukraine and the USSR
  66. ^ a b Alexandra Timoshenko has represented the Ukraine and the USSR

References[edit]

  1. ^ "List of gymnastics disciplines". Fédération Internationale de Gymnastique. Retrieved 5 October 2012. 
  2. ^ "Fédération Internationale de Gymnastique : About Acrobatic". Fédération Internationale de Gymnastique. Retrieved 18 November 2012. Practised by both men and women, Acrobatic Gymnastics (ACRO) is among the oldest known disciplines since already practiced at the ancient Egyptian period, as evidenced by certain frescos. But its name comes from the Greek acrobateo, meaning to rise or go forth. 
  3. ^ "Fédération Internationale de Gymnastique : About Aerobic". Fédération Internationale de Gymnastique. Retrieved 18 November 2012. Aerobic has not only been a great form of physical training for the general public since the end of the 1980's, but also a top-level competitive sport. Aerobic Gymnastics presents dynamic moves, strength, flexibility, co-ordination and musicality in a routine, lasting up to 1 minute 50 seconds (1’30 for all categories from 2013). 
  4. ^ "Fédération Internationale de Gymnastique : About MAG". Fédération Internationale de Gymnastique. Retrieved 18 November 2012. 
  5. ^ "Fédération Internationale de Gymnastique : About WAG". Fédération Internationale de Gymnastique. Retrieved 18 November 2012. The competition program of women's artistic gymnastics includes the vaulting table, the uneven bars, the beam, and the floor. 
  6. ^ "Fédération Internationale de Gymnastique : About Rhythmic". Retrieved 18 November 2012. Women only compete in Rhythmic Gymnastics, although in Japan and some other countries, men also practice the sport. 
  7. ^ "Fédération Internationale de Gymnastique : About Trampoline". Fédération Internationale de Gymnastique. Retrieved 18 November 2012. Trampoline, an Olympic discipline, symbolizes freedom, flying and space. Multiple somersaults and twists are performed at a height of 8 meters and require precise technique and perfect body control. The Trampoline is also used as a basic training device for all sports that contain acrobatic elements 

External links[edit]