List of heads of government of Ethiopia

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Prime Minister of the
Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia
Coat of arms of Ethiopia.svg
Coat of Arms
Hailemariam Desalegn - Closing Plenary- Africa's Next Chapter - World Economic Forum on Africa 2011.jpg
Hailemariam Desalegn

since 20 August 2012
Residence Menelik Palace, Addis Ababa
Appointer Mulatu Teshome,
as President of Ethiopia
Term length No term limit
Inaugural holder Habte Giyorgis
(Chief Minister)
Makonnen Endelkachew
(Prime Minister)
Formation 1909 (Chief Minister)
1942 (Prime Minister)
Coat of arms of Ethiopia.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of

This page contains a list of the Prime Ministers of Ethiopia.

Heads of Government of Ethiopia (1909–Present)[edit]

(Dates in italics indicate de facto continuation of office)

Tenure Portrait Incumbent Affiliation Notes
Ethiopian Empire
(Mängəstä Ityop'p'ya)
1909 to 1927 Fitawrari Habte Giyorgis.JPG Fitawrari Habte Giyorgis, Chief Minister n-p Died in office
1927 to 1 May 1936 Selassie restored.jpg Ras Tafari Makonnen, Chief Minister n-p From 3 April 1930, Emperor Haile Selassie I
1 May 1936 to 1942 Wolde Tzaddick, Chief Minister n-p In exile from 1936 until 1941
1942 to 1 November 1957 Ras Betwoded Makonnen Endelkachew, Prime Minister n-p
27 November 1957 to 15 December 1960 Ras Abebe Aregai, Prime Minister n-p Killed during a coup attempt
12 December 1960 to 15 December 1960 Ras Leul Imru Haile Selassie, Prime Minister n-p In rebellion during a coup attempt
15 December 1960 to 17 April 1961 Vacant
17 April 1961 to 1 March 1974 Aklilu Habte Wold.jpg Tsehafi Taezaz Aklilu Habte-Wold, Prime Minister n-p Resigned after mass protests
1 March 1974 to 22 July 1974 Endalkachew Makonnen.jpg Lij Endelkachew Makonnen, Prime Minister n-p Removed from office by the Derg
3 August 1974 to 12 September 1974 Mikael Imru, Ambassador of Ethiopia, 1961 (JFKWHP-AR6379-A).jpg Lij Mikael Imru, Prime Minister n-p Removed from office by the Derg
Derg  (Provisional Military Government of Socialist Ethiopia)
(ye-Hebratasabʼāwit Ītyōṗṗyā Gizéyāwi Watādarāwi Mangeśt)
12 September 1974 to 10 September 1987 Post abolished
People's Democratic Republic of Ethiopia
(ye-Ītyōṗṗyā Həzbāwī Dīmōkrāsīyāwī Rīpeblīk)
10 September 1987 to 8 November 1989 Fikre Selassie Wogderess, Prime Minister EWP Removed from office by President Mengistu
8 November 1989 to 26 April 1991 Hailu Yimenu, Acting Prime Minister EWP
26 April 1991 to 27 May 1991 Tesfaye Dinka, Prime Minister EWP
Transitional Government of Ethiopia
(ye-Ītyōṗṗyā Yašegeger Mangeśt)
6 June 1991 to 22 August 1995 Tamirat Layne, Acting Prime Minister ANDM
Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia
(ye-Ītyōṗṗyā Fēdēralāwī Dīmōkrāsīyāwī Rīpeblīk)
23 August 1995 to 20 August 2012 Meles Zenawi - World Economic Forum Annual Meeting 2012.jpg Meles Zenawi, Prime Minister TPLF / EPRDF Died in office
20 August 2012 to 21 September 2012 Hailemariam Desalegn - Closing Plenary- Africa's Next Chapter - World Economic Forum on Africa 2011.jpg Hailemariam Desalegn, Acting Prime Minister SEPDM / EPRDF
21 September 2012 to Present Hailemariam Desalegn, Prime Minister


OLF Oromo Liberation Front
ONLF Ogaden National Liberation Front
ESPDP Ethiopian Somali People's Democratic Party
AAPO All-Amhara People's Organisation
ANDM Amhara National Democratic Movement
EPRDF Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front
OPDO Oromo People's Democratic Organization    Oromo regionalist
TPLF Tigrayan People's Liberation Front    Tigray regionalist
SEPDM Southern Ethiopian People's Democratic Movement
EPRP Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Party    socialist, 1974-1991
EWP Workers' Party of Ethiopia    Communist Party - only legal party 1984-1990, renounced Marxist-Leninism 7 March 1990
MEISON All-Ethiopia Socialist Movement    1976-1991, socialist, only legal party 1976-1978
WSLF Western Somali Liberation Front    Ogaden regionalist, Somali separatist 1974-1989
n-p non-partisan

See also[edit]

External links[edit]