List of heads of government of the Democratic Republic of the Congo

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Prime Minister of the
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Coat of arms of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.svg
Matata Ponyo Mapon.jpg
Incumbent
Augustin Matata Ponyo

since 18 April 2012
Appointer Joseph Kabila,
as President of the Democratic Republic of the Congo
Inaugural holder Patrice Lumumba
Formation 24 June 1960
Coat of arms of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
the Democratic Republic
of the Congo

This is the list of the Heads of Government of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (formerly Zaire) since independence in 1960. The current head of government is Prime Minister Augustin Matata Ponyo, since 18 April 2012.

Heads of Government[edit]

(Dates in italics indicate de facto continuation of office)

Tenure Portrait Incumbent Affiliation Notes
Republic of the Congo
(République du Congo)
24 June 1960 to 5 September 1960 PatricelumumbaIISG.jpg Patrice Lumumba, Prime Minister MNC (L) Deposed
5 September 1960 to 20 September 1960 Joseph Iléo, Prime Minister MNC (K) 1st Term
20 September 1960 to 3 October 1960 Albert Ndele, Chairman of the Board of Commissioners-General n-p
4 October 1960 to 9 February 1961 Anefo 911-6367 Aankomst op.jpg Justin Marie Bomboko, Chairman of the Board of Commissioners-General n-p
13 December 1960 to 5 August 1961 Antoine Gizenga.jpg Antoine Gizenga, Prime Minister MNC (L) Rebel government at Stanleyville
9 February 1961 to 2 August 1961 Joseph Iléo, Prime Minister MNC (K) 2nd Term
2 August 1961 to 30 June 1964 Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F017179-0014, Auswärtiges Amt, Besuch Ministerpräsident Kongo.jpg Cyrille Adoula, Prime Minister MNC
10 July 1964 to 1 August 1964 Moise Tshombe cropped.jpg Moise Tshombe, Prime Minister CONAKAT
Democratic Republic of the Congo
(République Democratique du Congo)
1 August 1964 to 13 October 1965 Moise Tshombe cropped.jpg Moise Tshombe, Prime Minister CONAKAT
18 October 1965 to 14 November 1965 Évariste Kimba, Prime Minister BALUBAKAT
25 November 1965 to 26 October 1966 Léonard Mulamba,[1] Prime Minister Mil
26 October 1966 to 27 October 1971 Post abolished
Republic of Zaire
(République du Zaire)
27 October 1971 to 6 July 1977 Post abolished
6 July 1977 to 6 March 1979 Mpinga Kasenda, First State Commissioner MPR
6 March 1979 to 27 August 1980 Bo-Boliko Lokonga Monse Mihambo, First State Commissioner MPR
27 August 1980 to 23 April 1981 Jean Nguza Karl-i-Bond, First State Commissioner MPR 1st Term; Fled into exile while on an official visit to Belgium
23 April 1981 to 5 November 1982 N'singa Udjuu Ongwabeki Untubu, First State Commissioner MPR
5 November 1982 to 31 October 1986 Kengo Wa Dondo, First State Commissioner MPR 1st Term
22 January 1987 to 7 March 1988 Mabi Mulumba, First State Commissioner MPR
7 March 1988 to 26 November 1988 Sambwa Pida Nbagui, First State Commissioner MPR
26 November 1988 to 4 May 1990 Kengo Wa Dondo, First State Commissioner MPR 2nd Term
4 May 1990 to 5 July 1990 Lunda Bululu, First State Commissioner MPR
5 July 1990 to 1 April 1991 Lunda Bululu, Prime Minister[2]
1 April 1991 to 29 September 1991 Mulumba Lukoji, Prime Minister MPR Resigned after the military riots in Kinshasa
29 September 1991 to 1 November 1991 Étienne Tshisekedi.jpg Étienne Tshisekedi, Prime Minister UDPS 1st Term
1 November 1991 to 25 November 1991 Bernardin Mungul Diaka, Prime Minister RDR
25 November 1991 to 15 August 1992 Jean Nguza Karl-i-Bond, Prime Minister UFERI 2nd Term
15 August 1992 to 18 March 1993 Étienne Tshisekedi.jpg Étienne Tshisekedi, Prime Minister UDPS 2nd Term
18 March 1993 to 14 January 1994 Faustin Birindwa, Prime Minister UDPS
6 July 1994 to 2 April 1997 Kengo Wa Dondo, Prime Minister UDI 3rd Time
2 April 1997 to 9 April 1997 Étienne Tshisekedi.jpg Étienne Tshisekedi, Prime Minister UDPS 3rd Term
9 April 1997 to 16 May 1997 Likulia Bolongo, Prime Minister Mil Deposed at the end of the First Congo War
Democratic Republic of the Congo
(République Democratique du Congo)
16 May 1997 to 30 December 2006 Post abolished
30 December 2006 to 10 October 2008 Antoine Gizenga.jpg Antoine Gizenga, Prime Minister PALU
10 October 2008 to 6 March 2012 Adolphe Muzito - 2009.jpg Adolphe Muzito, Prime Minister PALU
6 March 2012 to 18 April 2012 Louis Alphonse Koyagialo.jpg Louis Alphonse Koyagialo, Acting Prime Minister PALU
18 April 2012 to Present Matata Ponyo Mapon.jpg Augustin Matata Ponyo, Prime Minister PALU

Affiliations[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Chief of Staff since October 1964, until named Prime Minister after coup of 25 November 1965. Removed from premiership 26 October 1966, following pressure from army high command. Mobutu became head of government as well as head of state. Born Kasai 1930, Joined Force publique 1949, Sergeant Major by 1960, quickly became an officer. 1962 assigned to command the 3rd Groupement at Kisangani. 'Gained international fame for.. defence of Bukavu and for conducting one of the most decisive battles of the 1964 north-east revolution. When Kisangani was recaptured from rebel forces in 1964 he was named military governor of the entire northeastern region.' 'General Mulamba has always enjoyed great popularity with the troops. He is known for his straightforward approach to problems. He has a sizeable farm outside Kinshasa to which, he has said, he would like to retire some day.'(Sydney Taylor, The New Africans, 1967, p.102)
  2. ^ Note: After Law No. 90-002 of 5 July 1990 was promulgated, the position of "First State Commissioner" was replaced with "Prime Minister." See Articles 94 — 98 of the Constitution of Zaire (as amended by Law No. 90-002) for details. Source

External links[edit]