List of heads of government of the Mexican Federal District

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Head of Government of Mexico City
Jefe de Gobierno de la Ciudad de México
Flag of Mexican Federal District.svg
Flag of Mexico City
Logotipo D.F. 2012-2018.jpg
Seal of the Head of Government Office
Miguel Ángel Mancera, jefe de gobierno de la Ciudad de México - 2.jpg
Incumbent
Miguel Ángel Mancera

since December 5, 2012
Appointer Party of the Democratic Revolution
Inaugural holder Cuauhtémoc Cárdenas
Formation December 5, 1997
Website www.df.gob.mx (Spanish)
Seal of the Government of Mexico.svg
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The Head of Government (Spanish: Jefe de Gobierno) wields executive power in the Mexican Federal District. The Head of Government serves a six-year term, running concurrently with that of the President of the Republic. The federal district, or D.F., is the seat of national executive, legislative, and judicial power, and is largely contiguous with the core of the sprawling Mexico City conurbation.

According to Article 122 of the Constitution, "the Head of Government of the Federal District shall be responsible for executive power and public administration in the district and shall be represented by a single individual, elected by universal, free, direct, and secret suffrage."

The title is commonly rendered in English as "Mayor of Mexico City" or (less frequently) as "Governor of the Federal District" (as the position was known in the early post-Revolution years), but in reality the position does not correspond exactly to either the mayor of a municipality (presidente municipal) or the governor of a state (gobernador) as they are understood in Mexican law.

For the greater part of the 20th century, the D.F. was administered directly by the President of the Republic, who delegated his authority to an appointed Head of the Federal District Department, known more commonly (and tersely) as the Regente ("Regent" in English). This non-democratic imposition was a source of constant and often bitter resentment among the inhabitants of Mexico City. Under the reforms of the state introduced by presidents Carlos Salinas and Ernesto Zedillo, the Regent was replaced by the first directly elected Head of Government in 1997.

On July 6, 1997, with a 47.7% share of the vote in an eight-horse race, Cuauhtémoc Cárdenas won the first direct Head of Government election (this first term was to last only three years, to bring the office into line with the presidential succession). Cárdenas, a former presidential candidate who was, according to many, cheated out of victory in the closely fought 1988 presidential election, later resigned to compete in the 2000 presidential campaign and left in his place Rosario Robles, who served out the remainder of his term as the first woman to govern Mexico City.

The Head of Government elected for the 2000–2006 term was Andrés Manuel López Obrador, elected with 39% of the popular vote in the same election that saw Vicente Fox of the PAN win the presidency. López Obrador was temporarily removed from office by the federal Congress on April 7, 2005 and was replaced, on an interim basis for a period of slightly over two weeks, by his secretary of government, Alejandro Encinas. See desafuero of AMLO.

All the Heads of Government to date have come from the ranks of the left-of-centre Party of the Democratic Revolution (PRD) (or from PRD-led coalitions of parties); all the Heads of the Federal District Department were members of the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI).

Contents

List of Governors of the Federal District's territory from 1824 to 2009[edit]

Governors of the Federal District (before the formal declaration)[edit]

Governors of the Federal District[edit]

Governors Mexico Department (Centralist Epoch)[edit]

Governors of the Federal District (Reinstatement)[edit]

City Council of Mexico (U.S. Invasion)[edit]

Head of the Federal District (American Invader)[edit]

Governors of the Federal District (Reinstatement)[edit]

Governors of the Federal District (Constitution of 1857)[edit]

Governors of the Department of Mexico (War of the Reform )[edit]

Conservatives

Governors of the Federal District (Constitution of 1857)[edit]

Governors of the Department of Mexico ( 2nd Empire )[edit]

Governors of the Federal District (Constitution of 1857, Restored Republic)[edit]

Governors of the Federal District (Constitution of 1857, Madero Revolution)[edit]

Governors of the Federal District (Constitution of 1857, Government of Victoriano Huerta )[edit]

Governors of the Federal District (Constitution of 1857 Constitutionalist Revolution)[edit]

Governors of the Federal District (Constitution of 1857, the Government Conventional )[edit]

Governor of Valle de Mexico (Const. 1857, Constitutional Government)[edit]

  • Gen. Cesar Lopez de Lara: August 3, 1915 (By the decrees of 3/12/1914 based on the Plan of Guadalupe, federal capital city of Veracruz and January 5, 1917 decree establishing the capital in the city of Querétaro. The changes of residence were never ratified by Congress)

Governors of the Federal District (Constitution of 1917)[edit]

Governors of the Federal District (Carrancistas)[edit]

Governors of the Federal District (Obregon)[edit]

Heads of the Federal District Department (Regents)[edit]

Governor of Federal District (Regents)[edit]

Heads of the Federal District Department (Regents)[edit]

Heads of Government of the Federal District[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]