List of heads of state of Albania

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President of the Republic of Albania
Presidential flag of Albania.svg
Presidential Standard
Bujar Nishani at meeting with Michael Spindelegger.jpg
Incumbent
Bujar Nishani

since 24 July 2012
Residence Presidential Palace, Tirana
Term length Five years, renewable once
Inaugural holder Ahmet Zogu (the first republic)
Ramiz Alia (the second and current republic)
Formation 21 January 1925 (the first republic)
30 April 1991 (the second and current republic)
Salary 257.000 Lekë
Website president.al
Coat of arms of Albania.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Albania

This is a list of heads of state of Albania since the Declaration of Independence of Albania in 1912.

Heads of State of Albania (1912–Present)[edit]

Provisional Government of Albania (1912–1914)[edit]

Name Portrait Born-Died Term start Term end Political Party
Chairman of the National Assembly
1912
Ismail Qemali Bej Ismail Qemali.jpg 1844–1919 28 November 1912 29 November 1912 Non-party
Chairman of the Provisional Government
1912 – 1914
Ismail Qemali Bej Ismail Qemali.jpg 1844–1919 29 November 1912 22 January 1914 Non-party
Chairman of the Central Government
1914
Fejzi Bej Alizoti No image.svg 1876–1945 22 January 1914 7 March 1914 Non-party

Principality of Albania (1914–1925)[edit]

Name Portrait Born-Died Reign start Reign end
King of Albania (House of Wied)
1914
Vidi I, Skanderbeg II WilhelmPrinceAlbania.jpg 1876–1945 7 March 1914 3 September 1914
Name Portrait Born-Died Term start Term end Political Party
Chairmen of the Provisional Government
1914 – 1916
Essad Pasha Toptani Essad Pasha Toptani.jpg 1863–1920 5 October 1914 24 February 1916 Non-party
No national government (24 February 1916 – 28 December 1918)
Turhan Pasha Përmeti Turhan Pasha.jpg 1846–1927 28 December 1918 28 January 1920 Non-party
Chairmen of the National Government
1920
Sulejman Bej Delvina SulejmanDelvina.jpg 1884–1932 28 January 1920 30 January 1920 Non-party
High Council of Regency (30 January 1920 – 31 January 1925)
Fan S. Noli
(acting for High Council)
FAN NOLI.jpg 1882–1965 2 July 1924 24 December 1924 Democratic Party

Albanian Republic (1925–1928)[edit]

Name Portrait Born-Died Term start Term end Political Party
President
1925 – 1928
Ahmet Zogu Ahmet-Zogu-1895---1961.jpg 1895–1961 1 February 1925 1 September 1928 Non-party

Albanian Kingdom (1928–1939)[edit]

Name Portrait Born-Died Reign start Reign end
King of Albania (House of Zogu)
1928 – 1939
Zog I, Skanderbeg III Ahmet-Zogu-1895---1961.jpg 1895–1961 1 September 1928 7 April 1939

Italian Occupation (1939–1943)[edit]

Standard of the Lieutenant-General of the King in Albania.
Name Portrait Born-Died Reign start Reign end
King of Albania (House of Savoy)
1939 – 1943
Victor Emmanuel III
represented by:-
Vitorioemanuel.jpg 1869–1947 16 April 1939 8 September 1943
Francesco Jacomoni
di San Savino
,
Lieutenant-General
No image.svg 1893–1973 22 April 1939 18 March 1943
Alberto Pariani,
Lieutenant-General
No image.svg 1876–1955 March 1943 6 September 1943

German Occupation (1943–1944)[edit]

Name Portrait Born-Died Term start Term end Political Party
Chairman of the High Council of Regency
1943 – 1944
Mehdi Bej Frashëri MehdiFrasheri.jpg 1872–1963 20 October 1943 28 November 1944 Balli Kombëtar

Socialist Albania (1944–1991)[edit]

Standard of the President, 1946–1992
Name Portrait Born-Died Term start Term end Political Party
Chairman of the Presidium of the Antifascist Council of National Liberation
1944 – 1946
Omer Nishani No image.svg 1887–1954 26 May 1944 12 January 1946 Communist Party of Albania
Chairman of the Presidium of the Constituent Assembly
1946
Omer Nishani No image.svg 1887–1954 12 January 1946 16 March 1946 Communist Party of Albania
Chairmen of the Presidium of the People's Assembly
1946 – 1991
Omer Nishani No image.svg 1887–1954 16 March 1946 1 August 1953 Communist Party of Albania
(until 1948)
Party of Labour of Albania
(from 1948)
Haxhi Lleshi No image.svg 1913–1998 1 August 1953 22 November 1982 Party of Labour of Albania
Ramiz Alia No image.svg 1925–2011 22 November 1982 30 April 1991 Party of Labour of Albania

First Secretaries of the Albanian Communist/Labour Party (1941–1991)[edit]

# Name Portrait Born-Died Term start Term end Political Party Notes
1 Enver Hoxha Enver Hoxha November 1984.jpg 1908–1985 8 November 1941 11 April 1985 PKSh/PPSh also Prime Minister (1944-1954)
2 Ramiz Alia No image.svg 1925–2011 13 April 1985 4 May 1991 PPSh also Chairman of the Presidium of the People's Assembly (1982-1991)

Republic of Albania (1991–Present)[edit]

Standard of the President
Name Portrait Born-Died Term start Term end Political Party
(at time of appointment)
Presidents
1991 onwards
Ramiz Alia No image.svg 1925–2011 30 April 1991 3 April 1992 Party of Labour of Albania
(until 1991)
Socialist Party of Albania
(from 1991)
Kastriot Islami
(acting)
No image.svg 1952– 3 April 1992 6 April 1992 Socialist Party of Albania
Pjetër Arbnori
(acting)
No image.svg 1935–2006 6 April 1992 9 April 1992 Democratic Party of Albania
Sali Berisha Sali Berisha, October 2008.jpg 1944– 9 April 1992 24 July 1997 Democratic Party of Albania
Skënder Gjinushi
(acting)
No image.svg 1949– 24 July 1997 (several hours) Social Democratic Party of Albania
Rexhep Meidani Rexhep Meidani.jpg 1944– 24 July 1997 24 July 2002 Socialist Party of Albania
Alfred Moisiu AlfredMoisiu.png 1929– 24 July 2002 24 July 2007 Non-party
Bamir Topi Bamir Topi 2.jpg 1957– 24 July 2007 24 July 2012 Democratic Party of Albania
Bujar Nishani Bujar Nishani at meeting with Michael Spindelegger.jpg 1966– 24 July 2012 Incumbent Democratic Party of Albania

Living former Presidents[edit]

Name Term Date of birth
Sali Berisha 1992–1997 10 October 1944
Rexhep Meidani 1997–2002 17 August 1944
Alfred Moisiu 2002–2007 1 December 1929
Bamir Topi 2007–2012 24 April 1957

Latest election[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]