List of heads of state of Algeria

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President of Algeria
رئيس الجزائر
Presidential Standard of Algeria.svg
Presidential Standard
Bouteflika (Algiers, Feb 2006).jpeg
Incumbent
Abdelaziz Bouteflika

since 27 April 1999
Residence El Mouradia
Appointer The Electorate
Term length 5 years, renewable indefinitely
Inaugural holder Ahmed Ben Bella
Formation 15 September 1963
Website Official Webpage
Seal of Algeria.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Algeria

This is a list of heads of state of Algeria since the country gained independence in 1962, at the end of the Algerian War.

Background[edit]

The first head of state of independent Algeria was Abderrahmane Farès, with the title Chairman of the Provisional Executive who took office on 3 July 1962, the day on which Algeria was declared an independent country. He was succeeded by Ferhat Abbas, with the title President of the National Constituent Assembly, on 25 September 1962.

The first President of Algeria was Ahmed Ben Bella, who took office on 15 September 1963. Since then the office of President has been held by four further people: Houari Boumediene, Chadli Bendjedid, Liamine Zéroual, and current President Abdelaziz Bouteflika. In addition, six people acted as head of state when the office of President was vacant: Houari Boumediene as Chairman of the Revolutionary Council (19 June 1965–10 December 1976), Rabah Bitat as Interim President (27 December 1978–9 February 1979), Abdelmalek Benhabyles as Chairman of the Constitutional Council (11–14 January 1992), Mohamed Boudiaf (14 January–29 June 1992) and Ali Kafi (2 July 1992–31 January 1994) as Chairman of the High Council of State and Liamine Zéroual as Head of State (31 January 1994–27 November 1995).

Current President Bouteflika took office on 27 April 1999, following the 1999 election.

List of heads of state of Algeria[edit]

      National Liberation Front (FLN)
      Party of Socialist Revolution (PRS)
      National Rally for Democracy (RND)

# Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
(Title)
Term of Office Party
Abderrahmane Farès.jpg Abderrahmane Farès
عبدالرحمن فارس
(1911–1991)
Chairman of the Provisional Executive
3 July 1962 25 September 1962 FLN
Ferhat Abbas - algerischer Staatspräsident.jpg Ferhat Abbas
فرحات عباس
(1899–1985)
President of the National Constituent Assembly
25 September 1962 15 September 1963 FLN
1 Benbella.jpg Ahmed Ben Bella
أحمد بن بلّة
(1916–2012)
President[1]
15 September 1963 19 June 1965[2] FLN
Houari Boumediene's Portrait.jpg Houari Boumediene
هواري بومدين
(1932–1978)
Chairman of the Revolutionary Council
19 June 1965 10 December 1976 Military / FLN
2 Houari Boumediene
هواري بومدين
(1932–1978)
President[3]
10 December 1976 27 December 1978[4]
Rabah Bitat.jpg Rabah Bitat
رابح بيطاط
(1925–2000)
Interim President
27 December 1978 9 February 1979 FLN
3 Chadli.jpg Chadli Bendjedid
شاذلي بن جديد
(1929–2012)
President[5]
9 February 1979 11 January 1992[6] FLN
Abdelmalek Benhabylès.png Abdelmalek Benhabyles
عبد المالك بن حبيلس
(b. 1921)
Chairman of the Constitutional Council
11 January 1992 14 January 1992 FLN
Le jeun Mohamed Boudiaf.jpg Mohamed Boudiaf
محمد بوضياف
(1919–1992)
Chairman of the High Council of State
14 January 1992 29 June 1992[7] PRS
Ali Kafi.JPG Ali Kafi
علي حسين كافي
(1928–2013)
Chairman of the High Council of State
2 July 1992 31 January 1994 FLN
Liamine Zeroual.jpg Liamine Zéroual
اليمين زروال
(b. 1941)
Head of State
31 January 1994 27 November 1995 Independent
4 Liamine Zéroual
اليمين زروال
(b. 1941)
President[8]
27 November 1995 21 February 1997 Independent
(4) 21 February 1997 27 April 1999 RND
5 Bouteflika (Algiers, Feb 2006).jpeg Abdelaziz Bouteflika
عبد العزيز بوتفليقة
(b. 1937)
President[9]
27 April 1999 Incumbent FLN

For details of the post of President of Algeria see: President of Algeria

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Elected unopposed by presidential elections in 1963
  2. ^ Deposed in a coup d'état
  3. ^ Elected unopposed by presidential elections in 1976
  4. ^ Died in office
  5. ^ Served three terms. Elected unopposed by presidential elections in 1979, 1984 and 1988
  6. ^ Resigned
  7. ^ Assassinated
  8. ^ Served one term. Elected by contested presidential elections in 1995
  9. ^ Currently serving his fourth term. Elected by contested presidential elections in 1999, 2004, 2009 and 2014

See also[edit]

External links[edit]