List of heirs to the Monegasque throne

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

These are the individuals who, at any given time, were considered next in line to inherit the throne of Monaco, should the incumbent monarch die. Those who actually succeeded (at any time) are shown in bold. Stillborn children and infants surviving less than a month are not shown.

This list begins with the sole reign of Catalan, Lord of Monaco, whose father Jean (or Giovanni) I first set out a law of succession in his will in 1454. Until 1427 Monaco was effectively a condominium with up to three rulers simultaneously; after Jean I became sole ruler he sought to keep the throne for one person, of the Grimaldi family.[1] This succession included the stipulation that while a woman could inherit if there were no male heirs in her immediate family, she must marry a Grimaldi cousin to keep the inheritance in the family. The first Lady of Monaco, Claudine Grimaldi, abdicated in favour of her cousin and later married him; a later Princess of Monaco, however, would defy this law. It was ignored, however, and the throne continued to pass to their descendants, who adopted the name Grimaldi in place of their own.

Lords of Monaco (1454 to 1612)[edit]

Heir Relationship to Monarch Became heir Reason Ceased to be heir Reason Next in succession Monarch
Lamberto Grimaldi cousin July 1457 cousin became Lady 1458 became Lord Gaspare Grimaldi d'Antibes
brother
Claudine
Gaspare Grimaldi d'Antibes brother 1458 brother became Lord 1468 son born to Lord Nicola Grimaldi d'Antibes
brother
Lamberto
Jean Grimaldi eldest son 1468 born March 1494 became Lord Gaspard Grimaldi d'Antibes
1468–1482, uncle
Augustine Grimaldi
1482–1494, brother
Augustine Grimaldi brother 1494 brother became Lord before 1505 became abbot and bishop Lucien Grimaldi
brother
Jean II
Lucien Grimaldi brother before 1505 brother gave up his succession rights 1505 became Lord Nicholas II, Lord d'Antibes
first cousin
Nicholas II, Lord d'Antibes first cousin 1505 cousin became Lord 1519 died Gaspard Grimaldi d'Antibes
son
Lucien
Gaspard II, Lord d'Antibes first cousin once removed 1519 father died 16 December 1522 son born to Lord Renato Grimaldi d'Antibes
son
Honoré Grimaldi eldest son 16 December 1522 born 22 August 1523 became Lord Gaspard II, Lord d'Antibes
second cousin
Gaspard II, Lord d'Antibes second cousin 22 August 1523 cousin became Lord 1555 son born to Lord Renato Grimaldi d'Antibes Honoré I
Charles Grimaldi eldest son 1555 born 7 October 1581 became Lord Gaspard II, Lord d'Antibes
1555–1557, second cousin once removed
François Grimaldi
1557–1581, brother
François Grimaldi brother 7 October 1581 brother became Lord 1586 died Hercule Grimaldi
brother
Charles II
Hercule Grimaldi brother 1586 brother died 17 May 1589 became Lord Renato, Lord d'Antibes
third cousin
Renato, Lord d'Antibes third cousin 17 May 1589 cousin became Lord 1594 died Honoré Grimaldi d'Antibes
son
Hercule
Honoré I, Lord d'Antibes third cousin once removed 1594 father died 24 December 1597 son born to Lord Alexandre Grimaldi d'Antibes
brother
Honoré Grimaldi eldest son 24 December 1597 born 29 November 1604 became Lord Giovanna Grimaldi
sister

Princes of Monaco (1612–present)[edit]

Heir Relationship to Monarch Became heir Reason Ceased to be heir Reason Next in succession Monarch
Princess Giovanna Grimaldi sister 29 November 1604 brother became Lord 26 December 1623 son born to Prince Honoré I, Lord d'Antibes
1604–1618, fourth cousin
Honoré II
Jean-Henri, Lord d'Antibes
1618–1623, fourth cousin once removed
Prince Ercole, Marquis of Baux eldest son 26 December 1623 born 2 August 1651 died Giovanna Grimaldi
1623–1642, aunt
Prince Louis Grimaldi
1642–1651, son
Prince Louis, Marquis of Baux grandson 2 August 1651 father died 10 January 1662 became Prince Princess Maria Ippolita Grimaldi
1651–1661, sister
Prince Antoine Grimaldi
1661–1662, son
Prince Antoine, Marquis of Baux eldest son 10 January 1662 father became Prince 3 January 1701 became Prince Princess Maria Teresa Grimaldi
1662–1669, sister
Louis I
Prince François Grimaldi
1669–1691, brother
Princess Caterina Charlotte Grimaldi
1691–1696, daughter
Prince François Grimaldi
1696–1697, brother
Princess Louise Hippolyte Grimaldi
1697–1701, daughter
Princess Louise Hippolyte Grimaldi eldest daughter 3 January 1701 father became Prince 20 February 1731 became Princess Princess Elisabeth Grimaldi
1701–1702, sister
Antoine I
Princess Margherita Grimaldi
1702–1717, sister
Prince Antoine, Marquis of Baux
1717–1718, son
Princess Margherita Grimaldi
1718–1719, sister
Princess Charlotte Grimaldi
1719–1720, daughter
Prince Honoré Grimaldi
1720–1731, son
Prince Honoré, Marquis of Baux eldest son 20 February 1731 mother became Princess 7 November 1733 became Prince Prince Charles, Count of Carladès
brother
Louise Hippolyte
Jacques I
Prince Charles, Count of Carladès brother 7 November 1733 brother became Prince 24 August 1749 died Prince Charles-Maurice, Count of Valentinois
brother
Honoré III
Prince Charles-Maurice, Count of Valentinois brother 24 August 1749 brother died 17 May 1758 son born to Prince no further eligible heirs of the House of Grimaldi
Prince Honoré, Marquis of Baux eldest son 17 May 1758 born 21 March 1795 became Prince Prince Charles-Maurice, comte de Valentinois
1758–1763, uncle
Prince Joseph Grimaldi
1763–1778, brother
Prince Honoré Grimaldi
1778–1795, son
Prince Honoré, Marquis of Baux eldest son 21 March 1795 father became Prince 16 February 1819 became Prince Prince Florestan Grimaldi
brother
Honoré IV
Prince Florestan Grimaldi brother 16 February 1819 brother became Prince 2 October 1841 became Prince no further eligible heirs of the House of Grimaldi Honoré V
Prince Charles Grimaldi
1818–1841, son
Prince Charles, Marquis of Baux eldest son 2 October 1841 father became Prince 20 June 1856 became Prince Princess Florestine Grimaldi
1841–1848, sister
Florestan I
Prince Albert Grimaldi
1848–1856, son
Hereditary Prince Albert eldest son 20 June 1856 father became Prince 10 September 1889 became Prince Princess Florestine, Duchess of Urach
1856–1870, aunt
Charles III
Prince Louis Grimaldi
1870–1889, son
Hereditary Prince Louis eldest son 10 September 1889 father became Prince 26 June 1922 became Prince Princess Florestine, Duchess of Urach
1889–1897, great-aunt
Albert I
Prince Wilhelm, Duke of Urach
1897–1919, first cousin once removed
Princess Charlotte, Duchess of Valentinois
1919–1922, (legitimated) daughter
Hereditary Princess Charlotte eldest daughter 26 June 1922 father became Prince 30 May 1944 renounced her rights Princess Antoinette Grimaldi
1922–1923, daughter
Louis II
Prince Rainier Grimaldi
1923–1944, son
Hereditary Prince Rainier grandson 30 May 1944 mother ceded her rights 9 May 1949 became Prince Princess Antoinette Grimaldi
sister
Princess Charlotte, Duchess of Valentinois mother 9 May 1949 son became Prince 23 January 1957 daughter born to Prince Princess Antoinette Grimaldi[2] daughter Rainier III
Hereditary Princess Caroline eldest daughter 23 January 1957 born 14 March 1958 son born to Prince Princess Charlotte, Duchess of Valentinois
grandmother
Hereditary Prince Albert eldest son 14 March 1958 born 6 April 2005 became Prince Princess Caroline, Princess of Hanover
sister
Hereditary Princess Caroline, Princess of Hanover elder sister 6 April 2005 brother became Prince 10 December 2014 daughter born to prince Andrea Casiraghi
son
Albert II
Hereditary Prince Jacques son 10 December 2014 born incumbent Princess Gabriella, Countess of Carladès
sister

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The House of Grimaldi: A Branch Set Root Permanently in Monaco
  2. ^ The Constitution of Monaco from 1918 to 2002 allowed only descendants of the Sovereign Prince to take the throne on his death. This case is an exception; when Charlotte renounced her rights it was on the condition that her son outlive her, so hypothetically if he died she might have become Princess with her daughter Antoinette as her heir. As Rainier had heirs and outlived his mother, this scenario was never tested.