List of helicopter prison escapes

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Mountjoy Prison where on October 31, 1973 three IRA members escaped in a hijacked helicopter.[1]
Prison de la Santé where on May 26, 1986 Michel Vaujour was flown out of the prison by his wife.[2]

A helicopter prison escape is made when an inmate is taken from a prison by means of a helicopter. The helicopter's vertical lift is ideal for prison escapes because of the limited space to land and take off in prisons. This list includes prisoner escapes where a helicopter was used in an attempt to free prisoners from a place of internment, a prison or correctional facility.

One of the earliest instances of using a helicopter to escape a prison was the escape of Joel David Kaplan, nicknamed "Man Fan", on August 19, 1971 from the Santa Martha Acatitla in Mexico.[3] Kaplan was a New York businessman who not only successfully escaped the prison but eventually escaped Mexico and went on to write a book about his experience, The 10-second jailbreak.[4]

France has had more recorded helicopter escape attempts than any other country, with at least 11.[5] One of the most notable French jail breaks occurred in 1986, when the wife of bank robber Michel Vaujour studied for months to learn how to fly a helicopter. Using her new-found skills, she rented a white helicopter and flew low over Paris to pluck her husband off the roof of his fortress prison. Michel was later seriously wounded in a shoot out with police, and his pilot wife was arrested.[2]

The record for most chopper escapes goes to convicted murderer Pascal Payet, who has used helicopters to escape from prisons in 2001, 2003, and most recently 2007.[6]

Another multiple chopper escapee is Vasilis Paleokostas who on February 22, 2009 escaped for the second time from the same prison.[7] Because of this, many prisons have taken applicable precautions, such as nets or cables strung over open prison courtyards.[8]

Actual attempts[edit]

Date Prison name Country Success or failure[key] Escapee(s) Details
August 19, 1971 Santa Martha Acatitla  Mexico Successful attempt Kaplan, Joel DavidJoel David Kaplan

Contreras Castro, Carlos AntonioCarlos Antonio Contreras Castro

Joel David Kaplan was a New York businessman and nephew of molasses tycoon Jacob M. Kaplan.[3] His trust fund, J.M. Kaplan Fund, was named in a 1964 Congressional investigation as a conduit for CIA money to Latin America. In 1962 he was convicted of killing his New York business partner, Louis Melchior Vidal, Jr., in Mexico City. Kaplan always maintained his innocence and on August 19, 1971, a helicopter landed in the Santa Martha Acatitla prison yard where he made his escape accompanied by Carlos Antonio Contreras Castro, a Venezuelan counterfeiter. Both men were flown to America and then different planes flew Kaplan to California and Castro to Guatemala.[3] The escape is told in a book, The 10-Second Jailbreak: The Helicopter Escape of Joel David Kaplan.[4] It also inspired the 1975 movie Breakout, which starred Charles Bronson and Robert Duvall.
October 31, 1973 Mountjoy Jail  Ireland Successful attempt O'Hagan, JBJB O'Hagan

Seamus Twomey
Kevin Mallon

On October 31, 1973 an IRA member hijacked a helicopter and forced the pilot to land in the exercise yard of Dublin's Mountjoy Jail's D Wing at 3.40pm, October 31, 1973. Three members of the IRA were able to escape, JB O'Hagan, Seamus Twomey and Kevin Mallon. Another prisoner who also was in the prison was quoted as saying, "One shamefaced screw apologised to the governor and said he thought it was the new Minister for Defence (Paddy Donegan) arriving. I told him it was our Minister of Defence leaving."

The Mountjoy helicopter escape became Republican lore and was immortalized by "The Helicopter Song", which contains the lines "It's up like a bird and over the prison. There's three men a'missing I heard the warder say".[1]

May 24, 1978 United States Penitentiary, Marion  USA Failed attempt Garrett Brock Trapnell
Martin Joseph McNally
James Kenneth Johnson
43-year-old Barbara Ann Oswald hijacked a Saint Louis based charter helicopter and forced the pilot to land in the yard at USP Marion. While landing the aircraft the pilot Allen Barklage, who was a Vietnam War veteran, struggled with Oswald and managed to wrestle the gun away from her. Barklage then shot and killed Oswald thwarting the escape.[9] A few months later Oswald's daughter hijacked TWA Flight 541 in an effort to free Trapnell.
May 7, 1981 Orsainville Prison, Quebec City  Canada Failed attempt Marina Paquet (highjacker)
Giles Arseneault (prisoner)
With a sawed off shotgun pushing up against the back of his head, Brian Jenner nonetheless refused his passenger's demand that he land in the Orsainville prison courtyard, where her boy friend (awaiting extradition to California on a murder charge) was set to escape. To get his point across clearly, Jenner feigned a panic attack, put the helicopter through some rough maneuvers and was then able to convince the girl, in the back seat of the Jet Ranger, to turn over her shotgun and her knife. Jenner then gave her the choice of any landing spot, except the prison. She chose to go back to the airport.

The pilot then explained, in great detail, exactly where they were and where they would be landing on arrival at the Quebec City airport. He added that the police would surely be aware by then, that she had highjacked the helicopter but would not yet be aware that she had given up her arms to the pilot. All the time Jenner was squeezing the transmit button on his cyclic stick and the tower was picking up all the details. The moment they touched down at the airport, the girl bailed from the helicopter but the police, who had been advised of the situation by the control tower, were hiding out all over the place and captured the girl within seconds.

January, 1983 Pentridge (HM Prison)  Australia Failed attempt McMillan, DavidDavid McMillan Arrests were made for the 1983 attempted helicopter escape from Melbourne’s Pentridge Prison in Australia.[10] The three, all held on drug-importation charges, had hired a former SAS soldier, then living in the Philippines, to lift the prisoners from the jail’s tennis court to a nearby van fitted with panels to hide them for the 600 kilometre road trip to Sydney, where a yacht was to take them to Manila.

The plan was thwarted when Lord Tony Moynihan, himself an exile in the Philippines, informed the Australian Federal Police, who then ran it as a sting operation. Tony Moynihan would later become an informer against Howard Marks in a Florida trial.

Of the accused, only David McMillan and his accountant friend who had visited the prison, stood trial. During the hearings, few prosecution witnesses used their real names as they were mostly from Moynihan’s former West African MI6 unit. Those on trial were convicted and sentenced.[11]

December 19, 1985 Perry Correctional Institution, Pelzer, South Carolina  USA Successful attempt James Rodney Leonard
William Douglas Ballew
Jesse Glenn Smith
One murderer, James Rodney Leonard, and two armed robbers, William Douglas Ballew and Jesse Glenn Smith, fled in a helicopter with a pilot and a woman hijacker with a pistol to a getaway car 4 to 5 miles away.[12] The 3-passenger helicopter was so overloaded with 5 occupants that it barely cleared the fence, while flying away in a hail of gunfire that injured one guard. Two other men attempted to escape as well, but either jumped or were pushed off when the pilot told the escapees that the helicopter could not take off.[13]
May 26, 1986 Prison de la Santé  France Successful attempt Vaujour, MichelMichel Vaujour Vaujour had 28 years to serve for attempted murder and armed robbery; this was his fourth escape attempt. He made his way to the roof by threatening guards with a fake pistol and nectarines painted as grenades. On top of the jail he was picked up by his wife Nadine, who had taken helicopter pilot lessons especially for the escape.[5] They landed at a nearby football pitch and fled in a waiting car.[2] Paris-Match published amateur photos of the escape, which was made into a film starring Béatrice Dalle in 1991.[14]
November 5, 1986 Federal Correctional Institution, Dublin  USA Successful attempt Lopez, SamanthaSamantha Lopez Ronald J. McIntosh walked away from a minimum security prison on October 28 and then rented a helicopter on November 5.[15] He used the helicopter to free Samantha Lopez from the Federal Correctional Institution at Dublin, east of San Francisco. Both were later caught on November 15 when they arrived to pick up wedding rings from a California shopping mall. The authorities were monitoring the account McIntosh used to write the check and the police were waiting for them.

Ron McIntosh for his role in the escape was sentenced to 25 years in prison. Samantha Lopez was given five years added to her 50 year sentence for a 1981 bank robbery in Georgia.[16] As they were driven away to their separate prisons McIntosh was able to lean out of a car window and yell, I love you! to Lopez.[17] Samantha Lopez was released from prison on 20 April 2010.[18]

November 23, 1986 Prigione di Rebibbia, Roma  Italy Successful attempt Besse, FrançoisFrançois Besse

Myszka, Jean-ClaudeJean-Claude Myszka Bellaïche, AndréAndré Bellaïche

A red cross helicopter was hijacked and forced to land in the maximum-security Rebibbia Prison courtyard. About 50 inmates were exercising when the helicopter hovered about three feet off the ground. While the hijackers laid covering fire three inmates tried to board the helicopter Andre Bellaiche, 36, a Tunisian-born Frenchman, who was in jail for murder and bank robbery. The other escapee, Gianluigi Esposito, 30, was an arms smuggler accused of providing weapons to Italian terrorists. The third man, Luciano Cipollari, 24, an Italian extradited from France in 1985 for murder, slipped and fell preventing him from escaping. The helicopter flew to a nearby soccer field scattering an ongoing game. The men ran out of the helicopter and hijacked a car to escape.[19]
December 10, 1987 Gartree (HM Prison)  United Kingdom Successful attempt Draper, SydneySydney Draper
John Kendall
At 3.16pm on December 10, 1987, John Kendall and Sydney Draper were sprung from Gartree's exercise yard with the aid of a hijacked Bell 206L helicopter. Kendall was a gangland boss serving eight years while Draper was jailed for murder and serving a life sentence.[20] The escape caused great controversy at the time and led to a tightening of security at the jail. Kendall was recaptured 10 days later but Draper remained at large for 13 months.
July 11, 1988 Santa Fe prison  USA Successful attempt Danny , MahoneyMahoney Danny
Francis Mitchell
Randy Lackey
Pilot Charles Bella was hired to fly a real estate agent around the Santa Fe area. As he was flying his Aerospatiale Gazelle helicopter she pulled a gun and forced him to land in the courtyard of the Santa Fe prison. Three inmates jumped in and he flew the plane to another site. Police helicopters claimed the Bella tried to force them down through aggressive maneuvers however the other helicopters were able to tail him and agents were able to greet the helicopter every time it touched down.[8][21] Two of the prisoners, Francis Mitchell and Randy Lackey, were captured almost right away while Danny Mahoney was later captured with assistance from a canine unit.[8]
April 17, 1989 Federal Holding Facility, Miami, FL  USA Failed attempt Kramer, BenBen Kramer Famous Apache Boat Builder and racer Ben Kramer tried to escape by helicopter from a Federal Holding Facility in Miami on April 17, 1989. The escape failed when too many other inmates jumped on the helicopter and the helicopter crashed from being overloaded. Ben Kramer was serving life without parole for Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act (RICO) charges resulting from drug trafficking, and also pled guilty to the murder of fellow boat builder and racer Don Aronow owner of Cigarette Off Shore Boats.[22]
August 19, 1989 Arkansas Valley Correctional Facility  USA Successful attempt Brown, RalphRalph Brown
Freddie Gonzales
Colorado prison inmates Ralph Brown and Freddie Gonzales were able to escape via helicopter. Two women, Rebecca Brown and Patricia Gonzales chartered a helicopter out of Denver Colorado. Once air born the women held semi-automatic pistols to pilot Tim Graves head and ordered him to land in the prison yard to pick up the two men. They were recaptured in Holdrege, Nebraska that night after firing shots at law enforcement officers.[23]
June 19, 1990 Kent Penitentiary, British Columbia  Canada Successful attempt Ford, RobertRobert Ford
David Thomas
Two prisoners, Robert Ford and David Thomas, escape when a hijacked helicopter lands in the courtyard. Captured by RCMP at Harrison Lake two days later. Correctional Officer R. KIRBY was shot during the incident and survived. The pilot, Fred Fandrich of Valley Helicopters, was not injured. Bell 206 helicopter was damaged by gunfire from prison guards.
1991 Rio Piedras State Penitentiary, Puerto Rico  USA Successful attempt William Lane Inmates were able to escape when a helicopter plucked them from the prison. The escape prompted the Puerto Rico House Government Committee to pass a regulation that allowed penal officials to fire on any helicopter aiding an escape attempt.[24]
1992 Lyon Prison  France Successful attempt After a successful helicopter escape from this prison, cables were strung across the central yard at five-metre intervals.[5]
December 1992 Touraine Central Prison, Tours  France Failed attempt The would-be escapee was shot dead by prison guards; three others were wounded.[14]
June 17, 1993 Touraine Central Prison, Tours  France Failed attempt Vaujour, MichelMichel Vaujour Vaujour and his wife were imprisoned in 1991. A man and woman hijacked a helicopter and held the pilot's family hostage. The wife alerted police and the prison was locked down before the helicopter arrived. It returned to its base, from where the hijackers escaped in a car.[14]
December 30, 1996  Chile Successful attempt Four members of the Manuel Rodriguez Patriotic Front Two women suspected of involvement were Irish citizens, raising suspicions of a Provisional IRA link to the left-wing rebel escapees.[25]
September 18, 1997 De Geerhorst jail  Netherlands Failed attempt A September 18, 1997 escape attempt ended in failure when the helicopter crashed into the prison ground of the Dutch prison, De Geerhorst. The helicopter had been stolen earlier in Belgium. The pilot was killed and the Colombian prison escapee, who was serving a long-term sentence for drug trafficking, walked away with slight injuries.[26]
March 25, 1999 Metropolitan Remand and Reception Centre  Australia Successful attempt Killick, JohnJohn Killick On March 25, 1999, librarian Lucy Dudko hired a helicopter under the pretence of checking out the upcoming Olympic site in Sydney.[27] Using a gun she forced pilot Tim Joyce to land on the Metropolitan Remand and Reception Centre grounds. Waiting was John Killick, who was serving 28 years for armed robberies. He jumped in the helicopter making an escape while being fired on by guards and cheered on by inmates. They landed in a park where Killick hijacked a taxi at gunpoint. The two were able to elude authorities for six weeks before being arrested at the Bass Hill Tourist Park.

Lucy Dudko, dubbed Red Lucy by the media, was sentenced to the maximum of 10 years and was sent to Mulawa Correctional Centre women's prison. On May 9, 2006 she was released on parole after serving 7 years of her sentence. John Killick is eligible for parole in 2013 when he will be 71.[28]

June 5, 2000 Martin Treatment Center for Sexually Violent Predators, Martin County Florida  USA Successful attempt Whitsett, StevenSteven Whitsett Steven Whitsett was serving a civil commitment as a Sexually Violent Predator at the Martin Treatment Center. On June 5, 2000, at approximately 1:00 pm, correctional officers patrolling the perimeter of the treatment center reported a helicopter approaching from south of the facility. Piloted by Clifford Burkhart, a former lover of Whitsett, the helicopter landed inside the fenced compound.[29] While Whitsett was climbing aboard, the helicopter struck an object. As a result of the damage the helicopter crashed about 100 yards south of the perimeter fence. Twenty-six hours from the time of the escape, a Martin County Sheriff’s deputy spotted Whitsett & Burkhart from a search helicopter. The two men were in a canal, in shoulder-deep water, four miles east of the treatment facility. For the escape and weapons charges stemming from the escape Whitsett received a criminal sentence of 25 years. Whitsett was awaiting a retrial when his conviction was overturned in 2007. Burkhart, for his part in the escape was sentenced to 7 years, followed by 10 years of probation. Burkhart was released from prison in 2007.[30]
2000 Lyon prison  France Successful attempt Three men were able to escape a prison near Lyon by having an accomplice fly a hijacked helicopter over the prison. A net was lowered and the three inmates were able to grab hold and lifted to freedom. Guards were able to fatally shoot one of the convicts. The remaining two were recaptured after a gun battle with police.[5]
2001 Luynnes prison  France Successful attempt Payet, PascalPascal Payet Pascal Payet escaped from Luynnes prison using a hijacked helicopter.[6]
March 24, 2001 Draguignan prison  France Successful attempt Carnous, AbdelhamidAbdelhamid Carnous
Emile Forma-Sari
Jean-Philippe Lecase
On March 24, 2001, an armed man hijacked a helicopter from a nearby airfield. The pilot was forced to land in the courtyard of the prison. Three convicts managed to get aboard before flying 60 kilometres (37 mi) away. Landing in the village of Auribeau-sur-Siagne, the pilot was released and the men got into a waiting getaway car. The escapees were later identified as convicted armed robbers Emile Forma-Sari, Jean-Philippe Lecase and Abdelhamid Carnous.[31]
May 28, 2001 Fresnes prison  France Failed attempt (Although not a helicopter escape in the truest sense, it is listed here because of the large role a helicopter played in the incident). In May 2001 a hijacked helicopter flew over Fresnes prison, south of Paris and dropped weapons in the exercise yard. Two prisoners armed with a bulletproof vest, an automatic pistol and a Kalashnikov dropped by the copter were able to take three guards hostage in an attempt to escape from prison. The hostage drama lasted about 24 hours before the prisoners surrendered.[32]
January 17, 2002 Parada Neto Penitentiary  Brazil Successful attempt One of the most daring prison escapes in Brazil happened when a helicopter was flown into Parada Neto Penitentiary, freeing two inmates serving time for murder and bank robbery.

Earlier in the day two men rented a helicopter pretending to be tourists wanting a panoramic ride over the city. While in the air they drew guns and forced the pilot to land in the central yard of the prison. The inmates jumped aboard, and when the pilot took off again guards opened fire. The helicopter was found abandoned on a football pitch 50 kilometres (31 mi) away full of bullet holes.[33]

December 30, 2002 Las Cucharas prison, Puerto Rico  USA Successful attempt Orlando Cartagena

Jose Rodriguez
Victor Diaz
Hector Diaz
Jose Tapia

In Puerto Rico five prisoners escaped from Las Cucharas prison in Ponce. Two men had earlier rented the helicopter saying they wanted to inspect construction sites. They forced the pilot at gunpoint to land on the roof of the jail where they picked up the five convicts. To reach the roof the inmates cut a hole in the chain link fence. One was forced to hang on to the skids outside the helicopter as there was no room inside.

The escapees were:

  • Orlando Valdes Cartagena, who was serving a 254-year sentence for murder
  • Jose A. Perez Rodriguez, who was serving a 319-year sentence for murder
  • Victor Gonzalez Diaz, who was serving a 113-year sentence
  • Hector Marrero Diaz, who was serving 109-year sentence
  • Jose M. Rojas Tapia, who was serving a 100-year sentence.

Of the five, only Victor Gonzalez Diaz wasn't recaptured immediately. The inmates claimed to have killed him soon after the break-out. He later surrendered himself to authorities in January 2003.[34]

2003 Luynnes prison  France Successful attempt Eric Alboreo
Franck Perletto
Michel Valero
Pascal Payet organized the helicopter escape of three men, Franck Perletto, Eric Alboreo, and Michel Valero from Luynnes prison using a hijacked helicopter.[35] Payet himself escaped from the same Luynnes prison in 2001.[6] He and the three men were later captured but in July 2007 again escaped by helicopter from Grasse prison in south-east France.
July 2005 France  France Failed attempt A helicopter escape attempt was foiled when alarms were set off as the helicopter tried to land on the roof.[5]
December 10, 2005 Aiton Prison  France Successful attempt On December 10, 2005, two men rented a helicopter under the pretense of using it to do some back-country cross-country skiing. Brandishing guns, the men forced the pilot to land in the yard of the Aiton prison where three inmates boarded the helicopter. One inmate was serving time for a drugs-related conviction, one for armed robbery and the third for leading a robbery. The helicopter landed in open country near Grenoble where they left the pilot after relieving him of his phone and radio.[5]
June 6, 2006 Korydallos Prison  Greece Successful attempt Paleokostas, VassilisVassilis Paleokostas On June 6, 2006, Nikos Paleokostas and another man hijacked a helicopter, forcing it to land on the roof of the Korydallos Prison. Two convicts scrambled on, Nikos’s brother, Vassilis Paleokostas who was sentenced to a 25-year sentence for kidnapping and bank robbery and Alket Rizai, who was serving a life sentence for manslaughter. The helicopter flew to a nearby graveyard from where they fled on motorcycles.[7]
April 15, 2007 Lantin Prison, Liege  Belgium Successful attempt Ferdinand, EricEric Ferdinand Two men hijacked a small helicopter and forced Pilot Eric Mathieu to land in the courtyard to pick up inmate Eric Ferdinand. Earlier the hijackers paid for the flight at an airfield near the city of Sint-Truiden saying they were tourists from Marseilles but eventually pulled out a pistol & grenade. Eric said he landed around 200 inmates. One climbed on board while the hijackers threw tear gas canisters into the crowd. The helicopter then landed less than a half-mile from the prison, where Ferdinand and the two hijackers got in a waiting car and drove off. Eric Ferdinand was waiting to be extradited when he escaped Lantin Jail was arrested before in Belgium after escaping from a Spanish jail where he had been serving a sentence for theft, forgery and embezzlement.[36][37][38][39]

Ferdinand was later arrested and was extradited from Italy to Belgium.[40] In February 2008, he was sentenced to six years in prison for the escape. Three of his accomplices also received prison terms.[41]

July 15, 2007 Grasse prison  France Successful attempt Payet, PascalPascal Payet Pascal Payet, 43, escaped for the third time from Grasse prison using a helicopter that was hijacked by four masked men from Cannes-Mandelieu airport (CEQ).[6] The helicopter landed some time later at Brignoles, 38 kilometres (24 mi) north-east of Toulon, France on the Mediterranean coast.

Payet & his accomplices then fled the scene and the pilot was released unharmed. Payet gained notoriety for using a helicopter in 2001 to escape from Luynes prison in southern France and then while still on the run in 2003 organized another escape for fellow inmates from the same Luynes prison. Payet had been serving a 30-year sentence for a murder committed during a robbery on a security van.[42]

October 28, 2007 Ittre prison  Belgium Failed attempt Benallal, NordinNordin Benallal On Oct 28, 2007, Nordin Benallal, self-styled "escape king", arranged accomplices to hijack a helicopter near a prison in Ittre, 30 kilometres (19 mi) south of Brussels, Belgium.[39] However, the helicopter was swarmed by other prisoners, floundered and crashed. Benallal and his cohorts then seized two prison guards as hostages and fled in a car parked nearby. He was arrested again two days later by Dutch police in The Hague.[43]

Nordin Benallal faces over 50 years of jail time has several convictions for armed robbery, carjacking, and previous escape attempts. He has previously run from a prison van, walked out of jail wearing a wig and sunglasses and scaled a prison wall with a rope ladder.[44]

February 22, 2009 Korydallos Prison  Greece Successful attempt Paleokostas, VasilisVasilis Paleokostas
Alket Rizai
On February 22, 2009 Vasilis Paleokostas and another man (Alket Rizai) escaped from Korydallos Prison by helicopter. They had escaped in a similar manner during 2006 but they were eventually arrested. Their new prison break took place while their trial for the 2006 helicopter-assisted escape was ongoing. They were transferred to Korydallos Prison just one day before their new escape, in order to attend their trial.[45] Alket Rizai was recaptured in November 2009. Vasilis Paleokostas remains a fugitive.
April 27, 2009 Domenjod Prison, Réunion  France Successful attempt
Alexin Jismy
Fabrice Michel
Juliano Verbard was a guru of the Sorrowful and Immaculate Heart of Mary launched in 2002 on the island of Réunion, a French territory in the Indian Ocean. He was arrested and jailed 15 years[46] in February 2008 for attacks on children aged nine and 13.[47]

On April 27, 2009, Juliano Verbard escaped from the Domenjod Prison near Saint-Denis on the island of Réunion. Three armed accomplices, posing as tourists, hijacked a helicopter and landed in the exercise yard of the prison.[48] He escaped with two followers, father and son duo, Alexin Jismy and Fabrice Michel. Once the three were aboard they took off and landed in a nearby clearing where a van was waiting.[48] He was recaptured on May 6, 2009.[49]

July 23, 2009 Bruges  Belgium Successful attempt Sekkaki, AshrafAshraf Sekkaki plus three other criminals A man hijacked a helicopter and forced its pilot to land in a prison outside the city of Bruges. The helicopter picked up four men including Ashraf Sekkaki, a 26-year-old convicted bank robber who has been described as one of the most dangerous criminals in Belgium. Sekkaki escaped from another prison in 2003. The escapees then flew to the town of Aalter, then seized a black Mercedes from its female driver and robbed a service station before heading for the Belgian coast.[50] He was captured in Morocco two weeks later.[51]
June 25, 2010 Isle of Wight  United Kingdom Failed attempt Lawrence , BrianBrian Lawrence While never actually reaching the execution phase of the plan, Lawrence communicated with his collaborators via a code written in "invisible ink" hidden in sudoku puzzles. Officers grew suspicious and eventually discovered the code after a message "more heat less light" was found. The escape attempt was planned during the Isle of Wight Festival where it was thought it would arouse less suspicion.[52]
March 22, 2012 Sheksna, Penal colony N17  Russia Successful attempt Shestakov , AlexeyAlexey Shestakov Shestakov was whisked away from a penal colony on a Mi-2 helicopter hijacked by his accomplices, and re-captured shortly after his escape.[53]
February 24, 2013 Trikala, Trikala Prison  Greece Failed attempt Vlastos , PanagiotisPanagiotis Vlastos The chartered helicopter - carrying two armed passengers, a pilot and a technician - first tried to rip off the chicken-wire fence surrounding Trikala prison with a hook dangling from a rope. But that didn't work, so a rope was lowered down to whisk away Panagiotis Vlastos. Another prisoner, an unnamed Albanian national also in the courtyard at the time, may also have been part of the escape plan.

At the same time, the armed passengers used AK47 assault rifles and Uzi submachine gun to fire on the prison guards. One guard, who was inside a post, was slightly injured by shards of flying glass. He and others returned fire, injuring Vlastos, who had managed to climb into the helicopter, as well as the helicopter's technician. Vlastos fell from a height of about 3 meters (10 feet) into the courtyard, and the helicopter was eventually grounded in the parking lot.

Prison officials told TV stations Mega and NET that they recovered well over 500 bullets fired from the helicopter. The Ministry of Justice, in statements describing the escape attempt, added that the helicopter passengers also carried, but did not use, "improvised explosive devices."

March 17, 2013 Saint-Jérôme Detention Facility, Quebec  Canada Successful attempt Benjamin Hudon-Barbeau
Danny Provençal
Two inmates successfully escaped from the Saint-Jérôme Detention Facility by clambering up a rope from an awaiting helicopter. The helicopter had been hijacked at gunpoint by two accomplices and took them to a waiting vehicle, in which they drove to a chalet in the Chertsey area and forced their way in. Local residents reported the incident, and only a few hours later the suspects again drove off but were soon surrounded by police vehicles, at which point they exited their vehicle and opened fire, with the police returning fire. Fleeing on foot, they were soon captured and the last of the suspects was apprehended overnight. There were no serious injuries reported.[54]
June 7, 2014 Orsainville Detention Facility, Quebec  Canada Successful attempt Yves Denis
Denis Lefebvre
Serge Pomerleau
Three detainees awaiting trial for murder successfully escaped from a Quebec City prison at around 7:45 p.m. ET. The three detainees were identified as Yves Denis, 35, Denis Lefebvre, 53, and Serge Pomerleau, 49.[55] The three men were arrested a couple weeks later and returned to the same facility from which they previously escaped.[56]
a b Key
Symbol helicopter.svg Indicates successful prison escape by helicopter
Symbol helicopter red.svg Indicates failure to escape prison by helicopter

Escapes in fiction[edit]

Media type Title Release date Success or failure[key] Details
TV The Prisoner 1967 Failed attempt The episodes "Arrival" and "The Schizoid Man" feature attempts by Number Six to escape The Village via robotic helicopter. Both attempts end with the helicopters being turned around and Number Six being deposited back into The Village.
Film Breakout 1975 Successful attempt Breakout is a 1975 film starring Charles Bronson and Robert Duvall, in which a helicopter is used to escape a prison.[57]
Book Superman: Last Son of Krypton 1979 Failed attempt Near the middle of the book, a philologist named John Lightfoot is sprung from prison by one of Lex Luthor's henchman, but is killed when the helicopter crashes moments later.
TV Prisoner 1984 Successful attempt In the Australian soap opera Prisoner, Marie Winter (Maggie Millar) escaped in a 1984 episode by dangling from the landing gear from a helicopter.[58]
Film Cry Baby 1990 Failed attempt In the John Waters film, Cry-Baby (Johnny Depp) is incarcerated after a gang fight between the Drapes and the Squares. Fellow Drape members Milton and Hatchet-Face attempt to free him by landing a helicopter in the prison yard. Their attempt is thwarted by the armed prison guards and the two would be liberators flee the grounds in the rear of a laundry truck.
Film Amerikanskaya doch (American Daughter) 1995 Successful attempt In the end of the film Amerikanskaya doch (American Daughter) an adolescent American girl (played by Allison Whitbeck) helps her Russian father Alexei (Vladimir Mashkov) and another inmate escape from the prison using a helicopter.
TV Walker, Texas Ranger
"Codename: Dragonfly"
1996 Successful attempt In the Walker, Texas Ranger season 4 episode 7 show "Codename: Dragonfly", a drug dealer is freed from a prison by an ex-Marine mercenary flying a stolen army stealth helicopter.
Film Spy Game 2001 Successful attempt Spy Game is a 2001 drama film, directed by Tony Scott, and starring Robert Redford and Brad Pitt who played Tom Bishop. Bishop is rescued from a Chinese prison by a helicopter merely 15 minutes prior to his scheduled execution.[59]
TV Walker, Texas Ranger
"The Final Showdown"
2001 Successful attempt In the Walker, Texas Ranger season 8 episode 23 part 1 show "The Final Showdown", the first episode of the two-part series finale, a violent motorcycle gang is sprung from a prison in Huntsville, Texas via a helicopter flown by their leader, who had been declared insane and was subsequently presumed to have died in a fire.
TV CSI: Miami
"Body Count"
2003 Successful attempt In the CSI:Miami season 1 episode 24 show "Body Count" Horatio Caine and his team pursue three inmates who escaped from the Miami Detention Center via a helicopter after another inmate was murdered as a distraction.
Film xXx: State of the Union 2005 Successful attempt In the film xXx: State of the Union, the character Darius Stone (played by Ice Cube) escapes the U.S. disciplinary barracks by jumping to a waiting helicopter.[19]
Video Game Tom Clancy's Splinter Cell: Double Agent 2006 Successful attempt In the video game Tom Clancy's Splinter Cell: Double Agent Sam Fisher, working undercover for the NSA helps break Jamie Washington out of Ellsworth Prison in Kansas in order to infiltrate his terrorist organization as a double agent. They escape by staging a prison riot, working their way up to the roof and then hijacking a news reporter's helicopter[60]
TV Prison Break
"Bang & Burn"
2007 Failed attempt The third season of the television series Prison Break features an aborted attempt to escape by helicopter from the fictional Sona prison in Panama.[61]
Film Escape Plan 2013 Successful attempt

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Chopper escape from Mountjoy". Republican News. 2001. Retrieved May 14, 2009. 
  2. ^ a b c "The Helicopter Caper". TIME. June 9, 1986. Retrieved May 28, 2009. 
  3. ^ a b c "Whirlaway". TIME. August 30, 1971. Retrieved May 2, 2009. 
  4. ^ a b Eliot Asinof. The 10-second jailbreak;: The helicopter escape of Joel David Kaplan (1973 ed.). Holt, Rinehart and Winston; 1st edition. p. 268. ISBN 0-03-001011-X. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f Campbell, Matthew (December 11, 2005). "French jailbirds stage yet another helicopter escape". London: Times Online. Retrieved 11 December 2005. 
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