List of high-speed trains

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The following is a list of high-speed trains, limited to conventional wheeled trains, that have been, are, or will be in commercial service.

A high-speed train is one intended for regular operations at speeds of over 200 km/h (125 mph), with a high level of service, and generally comprising multi-powered elements. Standard hauled trains, often able to reach 200 km/h, such as French Corail or German IC trains, unconventional trains, such as maglev and transrapid, and prototypes are excluded.

For this table, two "maximum speed" are given. The column operating speed refers to the maximum speed currently reached by the train in commercial operations. The column design speed refers to the theoretical maximum speed in commercial operations as announced by the manufacturer. Trains not yet in operation can't have operating speed.

High-speed trains (200 km/h or higher)
Name Operators Family Manufacturer Operating speed Design speed Service Records Picture
Acela Express United States Amtrak TGV-derived Alstom
Bombardier
240 km/h 266 km/h 2000 Acela S-B (13551598334).jpg
Afrosiyob Uzbekistan Uzbekistan Railways Talgo 250 Talgo 250 km/h 250 km/h 2011 255 km/h Hi-speed trains Afrosiyab (Uzbekistan).JPG
Alfa Pendular Portugal CP Pendolino Fiat Ferroviaria
Siemens
Sorefame
220 km/h [1] 220 km/h 1999[1] 236.6 km/h Portuguese Railways Alfa Pendular train at Lisboa-Santa Apolonia Railway Station.jpg
Alvia Class 120
Variable gauge
Spain RENFE CAF
Alstom
250 km/h 250 km/h 2004 Alvia 120-861 Madrid-Hendaya.jpg
Alvia Class 130
Variable gauge
Spain RENFE Talgo 250 Talgo
Bombardier
250 km/h 250 km/h 2007 Bf Córdoba C, Talgo 250.jpg
Alvia Class 730
Variable gauge
Spain RENFE Talgo 250 Talgo
Bombardier
250 km/h 250 km/h 2012 RENFE Class 730 Viaducto Martin Gil.jpg
Avant Class 104 Spain RENFE Pendolino Alstom
CAF
250 km/h 250 km/h 2003 S1860a Bf Córdoba, 9 104 905.jpg
Avant Class 114 Spain RENFE New Pendolino Alstom
CAF
250 km/h 250 km/h 2009 Serie 114 de Renfe en Valladolid-Campo Grande.jpg
AVE Class 100 Spain RENFE TGV Alstom
CAF
300 km/h 300 km/h 1992 357 km/h Renfe AVE S-100 Sevilla Santa Justa.JPG
AVE Class 102 Spain RENFE Talgo 350 Talgo
Bombardier
300 km/h 330 km/h 2005 365 km/h Renfe Serie 112.jpg
AVE Class 103 Spain RENFE Siemens Velaro Siemens 310 km/h 350 km/h 2006 403.7 km/h[2] S3274 Bf Madrid Atocha, 103 xxx.jpg
Avril
Variable gauge
Spain RENFE Avril Talgo - 380 km/h 2012 Talgo AVRIL.jpg
BR Class 43 (InterCity 125) United Kingdom CrossCountry
United Kingdom East Coast
United Kingdom East Midlands Trains
United Kingdom First Great Western
United Kingdom Grand Central Railway
HST BREL 200 km/h 200 km/h 1976 238 km/h Newport railway station MMB 16 43056.jpg
BR Class 91 (InterCity 225) United Kingdom East Coast APT BREL
Alstom
200 km/h 225 km/h 1988 262 km/h Class 91 At York Railway Station.jpg
BR Class 180 United Kingdom First Great Western
United Kingdom First Hull Trains
United Kingdom Grand Central Railway
Coradia Alstom 200 km/h 200 km/h 2002 Grand Central Class 180, Cromwell Moor.jpg
BR Class 220 United Kingdom CrossCountry Voyager Bombardier 200 km/h 200 km/h 2001 Langstone Rock MMB 02 220032.jpg
BR Class 221 United Kingdom CrossCountry
United Kingdom Virgin Trains
Voyager Bombardier 200 km/h 200 km/h 2002 Virgin trains 221113 glasgow.jpg
BR Class 222 United Kingdom East Midlands Trains Voyager Bombardier 200 km/h 200 km/h 2004 222015 and 222103 at St Pancras International.jpg
BR Class 390 United Kingdom Virgin Trains Pendolino Alstom 200 km/h 225 km/h 2002 390017 Rugby station.jpg
BR Class 395 United Kingdom Southeastern A-Train Hitachi 225 km/h 225 km/h 2009 252 km/h[3] Class395Javelin.JPG
CRH1A & CRH1B China China Railway Corporation Regina Bombardier
Sifang
250 km/h 250 km/h 2007 278 km/h China Railways CRH1 at Zhangmutou.jpg
CRH1E China China Railway Corporation Zefiro Bombardier
Sifang
250 km/h 250 km/h 2009 CRH1E shanghai Hongqiao Railway station2.JPG
CRH2A, CRH2B & CRH2E China China Railway Corporation Shinkansen Kawasaki
Sifang
250 km/h 250 km/h 2007 China Railways CRH2 March 2010.jpg
CRH2C China China Railway Corporation Shinkansen Sifang 300 km/h 350 km/h 2008 CRH2C & CRH3C 200808.jpg
CRH3C China China Railway Corporation Siemens Velaro Siemens
Tangshan
Changchun
300 km/h 350 km/h 2008 394.2 km/h CRH3 in Changsha.JPG
CRH5 China China Railway Corporation New Pendolino Alstom
Changchun
250 km/h 250 km/h 2007 CRH5 in Beijing Railway Station.jpg
CRH380A & AL China China Railway Corporation Shinkansen-derived Sifang 300 km/h 380 km/h 2010 486.1 km/h CRH380Afromshanghai.jpg
CRH380B, BL & CL China China Railway Corporation Siemens Velaro Siemens
Tangshan
Changchun
300 km/h 380 km/h 2011 487.3 km/h CRH380B-6410L at Hangzhou Railway Station.jpg
CRH380D & DL China China Railway Corporation Zefiro Bombardier
Sifang
300 km/h 380 km/h 2012 Zefiro 380 2.jpg
ED250 Poland PKP Intercity New Pendolino Alstom 250 km/h 250 km/h 2013 293 km/h[4] Polish Pendolino front 2.JPG
ETR 450 Italy Trenitalia Pendolino Fiat Ferroviaria 200 km/h 280 km/h 1988 ETR450.06.jpg
ETR 460 Italy Trenitalia Pendolino Fiat Ferroviaria 250 km/h 250 km/h 1994 ETR460-23-a.jpg
ETR 470 Italy Trenitalia
Switzerland SBB
Pendolino Fiat Ferroviaria 200 km/h 200 km/h 1997 FS ETR470004 Airolo 050214 EC12.jpg
ETR 480 Italy Trenitalia Pendolino Fiat Ferroviaria 250 km/h 250 km/h 1997 ETR 485 Frecciargento in Bolzano (08-2013).JPG
ETR 500 Italy Trenitalia Alstom
Bombardier
AnsaldoBreda
300 km/h 300 km/h 2000 362 km/h Etr500 frecciarossa roma tib.JPG
ETR 575 Italy NTV .Italo AGV Alstom 300 km/h 360 km/h 2011 2013-05-06 Alstom AGV NTV MI Rogoredo.jpg
ETR 600 Italy Trenitalia New Pendolino Alstom 250 km/h 250 km/h 2008 Trenitalia ETR600 Frecciargento.JPG
ETR 610 Italy Trenitalia
Switzerland SBB
New Pendolino Alstom 250 km/h 250 km/h 2008 293 km/h[4] ETR610 005 St-Saphorin 06-10-2010 EC34.jpg
ETR 1000 Italy Trenitalia Zefiro Bombardier
AnsaldoBreda
- 400 km/h[5] 2015[5] Bombardier ETR 1000 05 Innotrans 2014.JPG
Eurostar FranceUnited KingdomBelgium Eurostar TGV Alstom 300 km/h 300 km/h 1993 334.7 km/h Eurostar 3012 Waterloo.jpg
Eurostar e320 FranceUnited KingdomBelgium Eurostar Siemens Velaro Siemens 320 km/h 320 km/h 2014 Eurostar e320 at Kensington Gardens 105.jpg
IC4 Denmark DSB AnsaldoBreda 200 km/h 200 km/h 2007 Hugh llewelyn 5615 (5707052179).jpg
ICE 1 Germany DB ICE Siemens,
ABB, AEG,
Krauss-Maffei, Krupp,
Thyssen-Henschel
280 km/h 280 km/h 1991 310 km/h ICE1 Fahlenbach.jpg
ICE 2 Germany DB ICE Siemens
Adtranz
280 km/h 280 km/h 1996 316 km/h ICE-2-Halbzug Radbruch.jpg
ICE 3 Class 403 Germany DB Siemens Velaro Siemens
Bombardier
300 km/h 330 km/h 2000 368 km/h ICE 3 Oberhaider-Wald-Tunnel.jpg
ICE 3 Class 406 Germany DB
Netherlands NS
Siemens Velaro Siemens
Bombardier
320 km/h 330 km/h 2000 DB ICE 3MF 406 (8465394974).jpg
ICE 3 Class 407 Germany DB Siemens Velaro Siemens 320 km/h 320 km/h 2011 Baureihe 407 - Kopf.jpg
ICE T Germany DB
Austria ÖBB
Siemens Venturio Siemens
DÜWAG
Fiat Ferroviaria
230 km/h 230 km/h 2005 255 km/h ICE-T Kinding.jpg
ICE TD Germany DB
Denmark DSB
Siemens Venturio Siemens
DÜWAG
Fiat Ferroviaria
200 km/h 200 km/h 2001 222 km/h DB 605 007 KB.jpg
KTX-I South Korea Korail TGV-derived Alstom
Hyundai Rotem
305 km/h 330 km/h 2004 KTX.jpg
KTX-Sancheon South Korea Korail Hyundai Rotem 305 km/h 330 km/h 2010 KTX-Sancheon.jpg
KTX-III South Korea Korail Hyundai Rotem - 370 km/h 2015
GMB Class 71 Norway Flytoget X 2000 Adtranz
Strømmens
210 km/h 210 km/h 1998 GMB BFM 71104 1.jpg
NSB Class 73 Norway NSB X 2000 Adtranz
Strømmens
210 km/h 210 km/h 1999 NSB Class 73 near Dombås 2.jpg
RABDe 500 Switzerland SBB ICN Alstom
Bombardier
200 km/h 200 km/h 2000 InterCity-Neigezug am Hauenstein.jpg
Railjet Austria ÖBB
Czech Republic ČD
Taurus Siemens 230 km/h 230 km/h 2008 275 km/h[6] 8090 727 RJ Guntramsdorf.jpg
Sapsan Russia RZD Siemens Velaro Siemens 250 km/h 350 km/h 2009 290 km/h Malino Railstation - Sapsan.jpg
500 Series Shinkansen Japan JR West Shinkansen Hitachi
Kawasaki
Kinki Sharyo
Nippon Sharyo
300 km/h 320 km/h 1997 JRW-500-nozomi.jpg
700 Series Shinkansen Japan JR Central
Japan JR West
Shinkansen Hitachi
Kawasaki
Kinki Sharyo
Nippon Sharyo
285 km/h 285 km/h 1999 JR Central Shinkansen 700.jpg
N700 Series Shinkansen Japan JR Central
Japan JR Kyushu
Japan JR West
Shinkansen Hitachi
Kawasaki
Kinki Sharyo
Nippon Sharyo
300 km/h 330 km/h 2007 332 km/h JRC N700 series Z28.jpg
800 Series Shinkansen Japan JR Kyushu Shinkansen Hitachi 260 km/h 285 km/h 2004 Kyusyushinkansen type800 shinminamata.jpg
E2 Series Shinkansen Japan JR East Shinkansen Hitachi
Kawasaki
Nippon Sharyo
Tokyu Car
275 km/h 275 km/h 1997 362 km/h E2-1000 series on Hayate service at Iwate-Numakunai Station.jpg
E3 Series Shinkansen Japan JR East Shinkansen Kawasaki
Tokyu Car
275 km/h[7] 275 km/h 1997 E3inShizukuishi.JPG
E4 Series Shinkansen Japan JR East Shinkansen Hitachi
Kawasaki
240 km/h 240 km/h 1997 JR East Shinkansen E4.jpg
E5 Series Shinkansen Japan JR East Shinkansen Hitachi
Kawasaki
320 km/h[7] 320 km/h 2011 JRE-TEC-E5 omiya.JPG
H5 Series Shinkansen Japan JR Hokkaido Shinkansen Hitachi
Kawasaki
- 320 km/h 2016 H5 impression (E5 U3 Omiya 20110306).JPG
E6 Series Shinkansen Japan JR East Shinkansen Hitachi
Kawasaki
320 km/h[8] 320 km/h 2013 E6-E5-Coupling in omiya 20130320.jpg
E7 Series Shinkansen Japan JR East Shinkansen Hitachi
Kawasaki
J-TREC
260 km/h[9] 275 km/h[9] 2014 E7 F4 Asama 522 Omiya 20140419.jpg
W7 Series Shinkansen Japan JR West Shinkansen Hitachi
Kawasaki
Kinki Sharyo
- 275 km/h[9] 2015 W7 series set W1 Hakusan Depot 20140502.jpg
Sm3 Finland VR Group Pendolino FIAT Ferroviaria
Rautaruukki
Transtech
220 km/h 220 km/h 1995 242 km/h Green Sm3 at Jyväskylä.jpg
Sm6 FinlandRussia Karelian Trains Pendolino Alstom 220 km/h 220 km/h 2010 Sm6 Allegro 7053 Helsinki.JPG
TCDD HT65000 Turkey TCDD CAF 250 km/h 250 km/h 2009 YHT at Ankara.JPG
TGV Sud-Est France SNCF TGV Alstom 300 km/h 300 km/h 1981 380 km/h TGV Annecy-Paris quittant Aix-les-Bains.JPG
TGV Atlantique France SNCF TGV Alstom 300 km/h 300 km/h 1989 515.3 km/h TGV Gare Montparnasse.jpg
TGV Réseau France SNCF TGV Alstom 320 km/h 320 km/h 1993 TGV Artésia à Modane.JPG
TGV Duplex France SNCF TGV Alstom 320 km/h 320 km/h 1995 LGV Interconnexion Est - Moussy-le-Neuf 04.jpg
TGV POS France SNCF TGV Alstom 320 km/h 320 km/h 2006 574.8 km/h TGV POS Nuremberg Ingolstadt.jpg
Thalys PBA FranceBelgiumGermanyNetherlands Thalys TGV Alstom 320 km/h 320 km/h 1996 Thalys 4537 à BSM.JPG
Thalys PBKA FranceBelgiumGermanyNetherlands Thalys TGV Alstom 300 km/h 320 km/h 1997 Thalys Heide.jpg
THSR 700T Taiwan THSR Shinkansen Hitachi
Kawasaki
Nippon Sharyo
300 km/h 300 km/h 2007 THSR 700T TR17 20130907.jpg
X2 Sweden SJ X 2000 Adtranz
ABB
200 km/h 210 km/h 1989 276 km/h X2000 exteriör vid körning i Tormestorp SJ AB.jpg
X3 Sweden Arlanda Express Coradia Alstom 205 km/h 205 km/h 1998 Arlanda Express X3.JPG
X40 Sweden SJ Coradia Alstom 200 km/h 200 km/h 2006 X40.jpg
X50 - 55 Sweden SJ
Sweden Tågkompaniet
Sweden Västtrafik
Sweden Veolia Transport
Sweden Upplands Lokaltrafik
Regina Bombardier 200 km/h 200 km/h 2000 303 km/h Mittnabotåget regina.JPG
Z-TER France SNCF Alstom
Bombardier
200 km/h 200 km/h 2003 SNCF Z 21561 en gare d'Orléans.jpg
No longer in service
Name Operators Family Manufacturer Operating speed Design speed Service Records Picture
BR Class 370 United Kingdom InterCity APT BREL 200 km/h 250 km/h 1980-1986 261 km/h[10] APT at Crewe.jpg
ER200 Russia RZD RVR 200 km/h 200 km/h 1984-2009 220 km/h ЭР200 в пути.JPG
ETR.500 Italy Trenitalia AnsaldoBreda
Fiat Ferroviaria
Tecnomasio
Firema Trasporti
250 km/h 300 km/h 1992-2007 319 km/h Frecciabianca FS E.414 Cattolica.JPG
0 Series Shinkansen Japan JNR
Japan JR Central
Japan JR West
Shinkansen Hitachi
Kawasaki
Kinki Sharyo
Nippon Sharyo
Kisha
220 km/h 220 km/h 1964-2008 JR West Shinkansen 0 R27.jpg
100 Series Shinkansen Japan JNR
Japan JR Central
Japan JR West
Shinkansen Hitachi
Kawasaki
Kinki Sharyo
Nippon Sharyo
Tokyu Car
230 km/h 230 km/h 1985-2012 G1 Kodama 464 Nagoya 20030509.JPG
200 Series Shinkansen Japan JNR
Japan JR East
Shinkansen Hitachi
Kawasaki
Kinki Sharyo
Nippon Sharyo
Tokyu Car
240 km/h 275 km/h 1982-2013 200 K47 Yamabiko 931 Oyama 20070623.JPG
300 Series Shinkansen Japan JR Central
Japan JR West
Shinkansen Hitachi
Kawasaki
Kinki Sharyo
Nippon Sharyo
270 km/h 270 km/h 1992-2012 325.7 km/h JRW Shinkansen Series 300 F6.jpg
400 Series Shinkansen Japan JR East Shinkansen Hitachi
Kawasaki
Tokyu Car
240 km/h 240 km/h 1992-2010 345 km/h Shinkansen-400-tsubasa old-color.JPG
E1 Series Shinkansen Japan JR East Shinkansen Hitachi
Kawasaki
240 km/h 240 km/h 1994-2012 JR East Shinkansen E1(renewal).jpg
V250 Netherlands NS
Belgium SNCB/NMBS
AnsaldoBreda 250 km/h 250 km/h 2012-2013 Fyra V250 4806.jpg

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Automotoras Eléctricas Série: 4000 (4001-4010 e 4051-4060) :: CP :: (Versão Portuguesa)". Série 4000: CP official website (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2014-06-29. 
  2. ^ "Ficha de 9-103-005-5" (in Spanish). Listado del Material Ferroviario Español. Retrieved January 16, 2009. 
  3. ^ "Bullet train in milestone run on HS1". Railnews. 2008-06-10. Retrieved 2012-01-04. an earlier successful 'overspeed' test to check train stability and ride on 18th April, when the train achieved a maximum speed of 252 km/h 
  4. ^ a b 291 km/h – Pendolino sets new record by Dyspozytor
  5. ^ a b "ETR 1000: The Fastest European Train Unveiled at InnoTrans". Railway Signalling. 25 September 2014. 
  6. ^ oe24.at - ÖBB-Zug "railjet" mit Geschwindigkeitsrekord
  7. ^ a b "320-kph Hayabusa matches world speed record". The Japan Times. Japan: The Japan Times Ltd. 17 March 2013. Retrieved 11 September 2013. 
  8. ^ 2014年3月 ダイヤ改正について [March 2014 timetable revision details] (pdf). News release (in Japanese). Japan: East Japan Railway Company. 20 December 2013. p. 1. Retrieved 15 March 2014. 
  9. ^ a b c "E7系新幹線電車" [E7 series shinkansen EMU]. Japan Railfan Magazine (in Japanese) (Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd.) 54 (634): p.9–13. February 2014. 
  10. ^ "Train smashes speed record". BBC News. 2003-07-30. Retrieved 2010-06-02.