List of highest towns by country

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This article is about the highest settlements by country. For a list of highest cities, see List of highest cities in the world.

This is a list of the highest settlements by country. Only permanent settlements occupied year-round are included. The locally claimed elevation above sea level is given; this may be the highest point in the settlement, the lowest point, an average height or the elevation of a particular central point.

The high elevation of the towns or cities affects the social and physical arrangement of the place. In many cases, the cold climate in winter necessitates a particular style of house; the type of agriculture practised and the domestic animals kept there are limited; or, the type of work carried on is specialised.

Sovereign, fully recognized countries[edit]

Rank Country Town / City Region / State Height (m) Height (ft) Comment
1  Peru La Rinconada Puno 5,100 16,728 [1] The highest in the world according to National Geographic magazine (May 2003); pop. 30,000.
2  China Wenquan Qinghai 5,019 16,467 [1] Highest city in the world according to The Guinness Book of World Records.[2]
3  Argentina El Aguilar Jujuy Province 4,895 16,062 (Mining company town, with 3,655 inhabitants- 2001 census). [3]
4  India Hikkim Himachal Pradesh, Lahaul and Spiti district 4,572 15,000
5  Chile Parinacota Arica-Parinacota 4,400 14,435
6    Nepal Dolpa Karnali Zone 4,360 14,301 Gorakshep (with an elevation of 5,100 m - 16,728 ft) is a base camp near Mount Everest. Gokyo, at 4750 metres (15,583 ft), and Dughla, at 4593 metres (15,075 ft),[4] are higher, but likely not permanently inhabited as they cater to trekkers during season. Chharchung, at 4502 metres (14,770 ft) however, appears to be a permanent settlement, with an area under cultivation.
7  Bolivia Colquechaca Potosí Department 4,170 13,680 http://dateandtime.info/citycoordinates.php?id=3919720
8  Afghanistan Qarabolaq Wakhan District 4,139 13,579
9  Kyrgyzstan Chatyndy Osh Province 4,013 13,166
10  Bhutan Laya Gasa District 3,820 12,533
11  Tajikistan Murghab Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region 3,650 11,975
12  Mexico Raíces Mexico 3,531 11,919 [2]
13  Venezuela Apartaderos Mérida 3,505 11,502
14  Ethiopia Mizma at Ras Dejen 3,500 11,483 [citation needed]
15  Colombia Vetas Santander 3,350 10,990 [5]
16  Ecuador Papallacta Napo 3,300 10,827 [citation needed]
17  United States Alma Colorado 3,224 10,578 [3]
18  Turkey Kapıköy Van 3,220 10,564 Population: 635
19  Pakistan Shimshal Gilgit-Baltistan 3,200 10,449
20  Guatemala Ixchiguán San Marcos Department 3,185 10,449 highest town in Central America
21  Lesotho Khalahali Mokhotlong District 3,158 10,361
22  Costa Rica Villa Mills Cartago Province 3,100 10,173 Near Cerro de la Muerte, Talamanca Range. Permanent population: 65
23  Indonesia Mulia Papua Province 2,706 8,881
24  Cameroon Ndu Southwest Region 2,611 8,566
25  Eritrea Adi Keyh Debub 2,500 8,202 [citation needed]
26  Iran Fereydunshahr Isfahan Province 2,490 8,169 [6]
27  Russia Kurush Dokuzparinskiy rayon, Dagestan 2,480 8,134 [citation needed]
28  Azerbaijan Khinalug Quba Rayon 2,375 7,710 Population: 2,075
29  Kenya Nyahururu Rift Valley Province 2,360 7,741 [citation needed]
30  Yemen Sana'a Sana'a Governorate 2,250 7,382
31  Rwanda Byumba Northern Province 2,237 7,342
32  Andorra Pas de la Casa Encamp 2,219 7,316
33  Italy Trepalle Lombardy 2,209 7,247 Cited as highest parish in Europe by its Tourism board[7]
34  Saudi Arabia Abha Asir 2,200 7,218 population about 680,912
35  Papua New Guinea Wabag Enga Province 2,182 7,162
36  Mongolia Altai Yesönbulag, Govi-Altai 2,181 7,156
38  Syria Rankous Rif Dimashq Governorate 2,150 7,052 Population: 19,900
39   Switzerland Juf Graubünden 2,126 6,973 [8] population about 24, highest in Europe according to the municipality's (Avers) web page][8]
40  Georgia Ushguli Svaneti 2,120 6,955 population about 200, bordering Europe/Asia boundary[citation needed]
41  France Saint-Véran Hautes-Alpes 2,040 6,692 Known as the highest commune of France - and the highest commune of Europe,[9]
42  Uganda Kabale Western Region 2,000 6,560 [citation needed]
42  Panama Cerro Punta Chiriquí Province 2,000 6,560
42  East Timor Hatu-Builico Ainaro District 2,000 6,560
45  South Africa Belfast Mpumalanga 1,970 6,462 [citation needed]
46  Austria Obergurgl Tyrol 1,930 6,332 Hochgurgl is at 2150m (7,054 feet), but is not recognized as an independent village, but as a part of Obergurgl.
47  Burundi Muramvya Muramvya Province 1,924 6,315
48  Armenia Sevan Gegharkunik Province 1,905 6,250 [citation needed]
49  Sri Lanka Nuwara Eliya Nuwara Eliya District, Central Province 1,868 6,128
50  Algeria Tazrouk Tazrouk District, Tamanrasset Province 1,827 5,994
51  Kazakhstan Narynkol Almaty Province 1,819 5,971
52  Madagascar Soanindrariny Vakinankaratra 1,817 5,964
53  Somalia Erigavo Sanaag 1,788 5,869
54  Comoros La Convalescence Grande Comore 1,787 5,866
55  Oman Saiq Ad Dakhiliyah Governorate 1,755 5,758
56  Lebanon Beqaa Kafra North Governorate 1,750 5,740 [4]
57  Namibia Windhoek Khomas Region 1,728 5,669
58  Angola Huambo and Lubango Huambo and Huíla 1,721 5,646
60  Honduras La Esperanza Intibucá Department 1,700 5,577
60  Tanzania Mbeya Mbeya Region 1,700 5,577
62  Spain Valdelinares Teruel, Aragon 1,693 5,553 http://www.panageos.es/teruel/valdelinares
63  El Salvador Apaneca Ahuachapán Department 1,683 5,523 [10]
64  Canada Lake Louise Alberta 1,661 5,449 Several ski towns & villages are higher than Lake Louise.
65  Djibouti Airolaf Tadjourah Region 1,667 5,468
66  Morocco Ifrane Meknès-Tafilalet 1,665 5,460
67  Democratic Republic of the Congo Masisi North Kivu Province 1,651 5,419
68  Zimbabwe Marondera Mashonaland East 1,630 5,348
69  Brazil Campos do Jordão São Paulo 1,628 5,341 [5]
70  Vietnam Sa Pa Lào Cai Province 1,600 5,249
71  Malaysia Brinchang Pahang 1,592 5,226 Kundasang, located in Sabah, is higher (with 1,884 m), but it is a small village of the town of Ranau.
72  Malawi Dedza Central Region 1,590 5,216
73  Egypt Saint Catherine South Sinai Governorate 1,586 5,203
74  Niger Inignaouei Agadez Region, Arlit Department 1,556 5,108
75  Swaziland Sandlane Manzini District 1,503 4,934
76  Philippines Baguio Benguet 1,500 4,921
76  Uzbekistan Yangiabad Tashkent Province 1,500 4,921
76  Cape Verde Estância Roque Fogo Island 1,500 4,921
79  Bosnia and Herzegovina Lukomir Herzegovina-Neretva Canton, Konjic municipality 1,495 4,905 Also highest in the Balkans
80  Australia Cabramurra New South Wales 1,475 4,839 Highest on continent Several ski towns & villages are higher than Cabramurra. The highest town without a ski lift network is Dinner Plain at 1,570 metres
81  Thailand Ban Na Yang Chiang Mai Province 1,467 4,816
82  Montenegro Žabljak Žabljak Municipality 1,456 4,777
83  Greece Samarina, Seli and Aetomilitsa Epirus and Macedonia (Greece) 1,450 4,800
84  Guinea Mali Labé Region 1,441 4,712
85  Burma Taunggyi Shan State 1,436 4,730
86  Liechtenstein Rotenboden Balzers 1,416 4,645
87  Cyprus Prodromos Limassol District 1,380 4,528
88  Iraq Penjwin Sulaymaniyah Governorate 1,368 4,491
89  Mozambique Lichinga Niassa Province 1,360 4,462
90  Bulgaria Dospat Smolyan Province 1,358 4,455
91  North Korea Samjiyŏn Ryanggang Province 1,356 4,452
92  Republic of Macedonia Kruševo Kruševo Municipality 1,350[11] 4.429 Kruševo is the highest town/ city in Macedonia, not considering the villages.
93  Turkmenistan Khodzhai-Fil'ata Lebap Province 1,346 4,416
95  Laos Phongsali Phongsali Province 1,334 4,379
96  Botswana Kanye Southern District 1,306 4,288
97  Vanuatu Nokowoula Sanma Province, Espiritu Santo Island 1,291 4,238
98  Zambia Lusaka Lusaka Province 1,279 4,196
99  Germany Feldberg Baden-Württemberg 1,277 4,190 highest German village
100  Nigeria Jos Plateau State 1,238 4,062
101  Norway Finse Western Norway 1,222 4,000
102  Nicaragua San José de Cusmapa Madriz Department 1,184 3,887
103  Dominican Republic Constanza La Vega Province 1,164 3,819
104  Albania Moscopole Korçë County 1,160 3,806
105  Sudan Kutum North Darfur 1,127 3,700
106  Serbia Nova Varoš Zlatibor District 1,111 3,648
108  Chad Aouzou Borkou-Ennedi-Tibesti Prefecture 1,074 3,526
109  Central African Republic Bocaranga Ouham-Pendé 1,072 3,517
110  Croatia Begovo Razdolje Primorje–Gorski Kotar County 1,060 3,478 [12]
111  Portugal Guarda Guarda District 1,056 3,464 Penhas da Saúde is higher (with 1,500 m), but it is a small village of the Covilhã Municipality.
113  Romania Predeal Braşov County 1,033 3,389 [6]
114  Czech Republic Boží Dar Karlovy Vary Region 1,028 3,372
115  Tunisia Thala Kasserine Governorate 1,017 3,337
116  Poland Ząb Lesser Poland Voivodeship 1,013 3,326 [citation needed]
116  Equatorial Guinea Moka Bioko Island 1,013 3,326
118  Slovakia Vysoké Tatry Prešov Region 1,010 3,314
120  São Tomé and Príncipe M. Vilela São Tomé Island 991 3,254
121  Belize Baldy Beacon Cayo District 978 3,211
122  Slovenia Zgornje Jezersko Carinthia 973 3,195
123  Haiti Fonds-Verrettes Ouest Department 950 3,117
124  Israel Beit Jann Northern District 940 3,084
125  Gabon Ndindi Ngounié Province 932 3,061
126  Ukraine Yasinia Zakarpattia Oblast, Rakhiv Raion 931 3,054
127  Solomon Islands Kamanjikoko Guadalcanal Province 913 2,998
128  Sierra Leone Dawule Northern Province 890 2,923
129  Japan Fujikawaguchiko Minamitsuru District, Yamanashi Prefecture 875 2,874
130  Samoa Afiamalu Upolu Island 863 2,834
131  Cambodia Phumi Popok Vil Kampot Province 842 2,765
132  Sweden Högvålen Härjedalen 835 2,739
133  South Sudan Torit Eastern Equatoria 829 2,723
134  New Zealand National Park Village Manawatu-Wanganui Region 825 2,706 [7]
135  Hungary Mátraszentimre Heves County 810 2,657 [citation needed]
136  Republic of the Congo Edzouanseke Plateaux Department 803 2,637 [citation needed]
137  Togo Sadomé Plateaux Region 798 2,621
138  Jordan Ajloun Ajloun Governorate 760 2,508
139  Fiji Navai Viti Levu 738 2,424
141  Libya Gharyan Jabal al Gharbi District 700 2,296
142  Ghana Amedzofe Volta Region 677 2,224
143  San Marino City of San Marino Castello della Città di San Marino 675 2,215
144  Trinidad and Tobago Brasso Seco Tunapuna-Piarco Regional Corporation 673 2,211
145  Liberia Saniquellie Nimba County 671 2,204
146  Paraguay Pedro Juan Caballero Amambay 670 2,201
147  Belgium Rocherath Liège 650 2,133 [8]
147  South Korea Taebaek Gangwon-do 650 2,133
149  Jamaica Mandeville Manchester Parish 628 2,061
150  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Fancy Saint Vincent Island 612 2,007
151  Guyana Ipichau Potaro-Siparuni 611 2,004
152  Mali Sadegue Mopti Region 604 1,984
154  Côte d'Ivoire Biankouma Biankouma Department 600 1,971
155  United Arab Emirates Masafi Ras al-Khaimah and Fujairah 567 1,863
158  Finland Kilpisjärvi Lapland 490 1,607 excursionmap.fi
159  Mauritania Zouérat Tiris Zemmour Region 488 1,604
161  Federated States of Micronesia Pwoaipwoai Pohnpei 478 1,571
162  Cuba Yateras Guantánamo Province 470 1,542
163  Iceland Möðrudalur á Fjöllum Northwestern Region 469 1,539
163  Luxembourg Troisvierges Clervaux 469 1,539
165  United Kingdom
 England
Flash Staffordshire 463 1,519 Verified by Ordnance Survey
166  Burkina Faso Diali Cascades Region 456 1,499
167  Saint Lucia Migny Soufrière Quarter 454 1,492
168  Benin Aledjo-Koura Donga Department 451 1,482
169  Mauritius Curepipe Plaines Wilhems District 446 1,466
172  Suriname Anapi Sipaliwini District 398 1,309
174  Grenada Constantine Saint George Parish 396 1,302
176  Moldova Bălăneşti Nisporeni District 324 1,066
177  Uruguay Santa Clara de Olimar Treinta y Tres Department 320 1,050
178  Barbados White Hill Saint Andrew Parish 304 1,000
179  Ireland Glencullen County Dublin 300[13] 980
181  Malta Dingli Malta Island, Western District 250 820
185  Bangladesh Rulkippara Chittagong Division 237 780
187  Guinea-Bissau Bolabá Gabú Region 226 744
188  Lithuania Švenčionys Utena County 230 755
189  Belarus Lahojsk Minsk Region 220 725
190  Latvia Alūksne Vidzeme 217 712 List of highest towns in Latvia
192  Brunei Rumah Supon Tutong District 203 669
193  Netherlands Vaals Limburg 198 650
194  Tonga Pangai 'Eua Island 184 606
195  Kuwait Wafra Al Ahmadi Governorate 168 554
197  Palau Ngatpang Ngatpang State, Babeldaob Island 162 534
198  Denmark Ejer Region Midtjylland 160 520 [9]
199  Senegal Nepen Diakha Kédougou Region 153 502
200  Estonia Otepää Valga County 152 499 [citation needed]
207   Vatican City Vatican City 75 246
208  Qatar Umm Bab Jariyan al Batnah 68 226
210  Bahrain Awali Awali Municipality 62 206
211  The Gambia Bani Upper River Division, Kantora District 50 164
212  Nauru Uaboe Uaboe District 35 118
213  The Bahamas Freeport Grand Bahama, Freeport District 10 36
214  Dominica None 0 0
214  Saint Kitts and Nevis None 0 0
214  Seychelles None 0 0
214  Antigua and Barbuda None 0 0
214  Singapore None 0 0
214  Monaco None 0 0
214  Kiribati None 0 0
214  Marshall Islands None 0 0
214  Tuvalu None 0 0
214  Maldives None 0 0

Countries with disputed sovereignty[edit]

Rank Country Claimant Town / City Region / State Height (m) Height (ft) Comment
37  South Ossetia  Georgia Leti Dzau district 2,179 7,152
59  Kosovo  Serbia Restelica District of Prizren, Dragaš Municipality 1,717 5,636
107  Republic of China (Taiwan)  China Wutai Pingtung County 1,075 3,530
112  Abkhazia  Georgia Pskhu Sukhumi District 1,047 3,438
119  Palestinian territories  Israel Halhul Hebron Governorate 1,004 3,297
160  Western Sahara  Morocco Hasi Chor Oued Ed-Dahab-Lagouira 483 1,584

Dependent countries and overseas territories[edit]

This section includes all countries and territories that are listed by ISO 3166-1 but not listed in the above sections.

Rank Country Mother country Town / City Region / State Height (m) Height (ft) Comment
94  Réunion  France Hell-Bourg Salazie Commune 1,344 4,412
140  Puerto Rico  United States Aibonito San Juan–Caguas–Guaynabo metropolitan area 731 2,401
153  Martinique  France Le Morne-Vert Le Morne-Vert Commune 601 1,975
156  Greenland  Denmark Illorsuit Qaasuitsup 548 1,801
157  Guadeloupe  France Saint-Claude Saint-Claude Commune 544 1,788
170  Scotland  United Kingdom Wanlockhead Dumfries and Galloway 432 1,417
171  Wales  United Kingdom Garn-yr-erw Torfaen 400 1,312 cited by the Ordnance Survey[14]
173  Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha  United Kingdom Longwood Saint Helena, Longwood District 397 1,305
175  United States Virgin Islands  United States Dorothea and Resolution Saint Thomas 371 1,220
180  American Samoa  United States A'oloau Tutuila 264 869
181  Mayotte  France Vahibé Commune of Mamoudzou 250 820
181  New Caledonia  France Farino South Province 250 820
184  Montserrat  United Kingdom Saint John's Northern Zone 239 787
186  French Guiana  France Saül Arrondissement of Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni 230 757
189  Christmas Island  Australia Drumsite 219 721
191  Northern Mariana Islands  United States Capital Hill Saipan 214 705
196  South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands  United Kingdom Grytviken South Georgia Island 163 538
201  Isle of Man  United Kingdom Foxdale Glenfaba 151 498
202  Northern Ireland  United Kingdom Pomeroy County Tyrone 142 469
203  Guam  United States Santa Rita 131 433
204  Aruba  Kingdom of the Netherlands Shiribana 127 419
206  Svalbard  Norway Nybyen Spitsbergen 100 300
209  Curaçao  Netherlands Sint Willibrordus 67 223
214  French Polynesia  France None 0 0
214  Hong Kong  China None 0 0
214  Faroe Islands  Denmark None 0 0
214  Falkland Islands  United Kingdom None 0 0 Claimed by Argentina
214  Cook Islands  New Zealand None 0 0
214  Wallis and Futuna  France None 0 0
214  British Virgin Islands  United Kingdom None 0 0
214  Gibraltar  United Kingdom None 0 0
214  Saint-Martin  France None 0 0
214  Pitcairn Islands  United Kingdom None 0 0
214  Sint Maarten  Netherlands None 0 0
214  Norfolk Island  Australia None 0 0
214  Saint-Barthélemy  France None 0 0
214  Saint Pierre and Miquelon  France None 0 0
214  Macau  China None 0 0
214  Jersey  United Kingdom None 0 0
214  Guernsey  United Kingdom None 0 0
214  Bermuda  United Kingdom None 0 0
214  Niue  New Zealand None 0 0
214  Anguilla  United Kingdom None 0 0
214  Turks and Caicos Islands  United Kingdom None 0 0
214  Cayman Islands  United Kingdom None 0 0
214  British Indian Ocean Territory  United Kingdom None 0 0
214  Cocos (Keeling) Islands  Australia None 0 0
214  Tokelau  New Zealand None 0 0
 Antarctica None, territorial claims There are no towns, cities or villages in this place (only research stations).

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ 1World2travel - All Continents - basic facts and extremes Walter Vaerewijck, 1world2travel.com, 2006-07-13
  2. ^ http://www.infoplease.com/askeds/highest-city-world.html
  3. ^ El Aguilar, Argentina page, Fallingrain, accessed on 07/06/2012.
  4. ^ Bezruchka, Stephen (1985). A guide to trekking in Nepal. Mountaineers. p. 218. ISBN 978-0-89886-094-8. Retrieved 13 May 2012. 
  5. ^ http://www.vetas-santander.gov.co/nuestromunicipio.shtml?apc=mIxx-1-&m=f#geografia Vetas municipality geographical information in Spanish
  6. ^ "Fereydunshahr, Iran Page" (online). Global Gazetteer Version 2.2. Retrieved 9 October 2011. 
  7. ^ Livigno Tourist Office www.livigno.eu
  8. ^ a b Gemeinde Avers Avers official commune website (German)
  9. ^ Page 505, Chapter Hautes Alpes, book France, Collection Guide vert, publisher Le Michelin, 2009
  10. ^ Discover Cuscatlan El Salvador Multi-Sport Tour, retrieved 2011-09-29.
  11. ^ Information about Krusevo on travel2macedonia.com.mk
  12. ^ Ostroški, Ljiljana, ed. (December 2013). "Statistički ljetopis Republike Hrvatske 2013" [2013 Statistical Yearbook of the Republic of Croatia] (PDF). Statistical Yearbook of the Republic of Croatia (in Croatian and English) (Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics) 45: 45. ISSN 1334-0638. Retrieved 17 February 2014. 
  13. ^ Ordnance Survey Ireland: Public Map Viewer (centered on Glencullen)
  14. ^ Ordnance Survey. "MapZone". Retrieved 2007-03-04.