List of heritage buildings in Perth, Western Australia

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This is a list of heritage buildings in Perth, Western Australia. The list is in chronological order and includes extant and notable buildings situated in the Perth metropolitan area that were generally built before 1920. Notable buildings are those that are in a good state of preservation and are included in the State Register of Heritage Places at the Heritage Council of Western Australia (HCWA). Generally, residential buildings are not included in this list unless they are no longer used as such, or are of particularly high heritage value.

Prosperity generated by the gold rushes of the 1890s resulted in considerable development of the city and port during that period. The style of some of the buildings reflects the higher level of opulence, e.g., the Palace Hotel, Perth and the Esplanade Hotel, Fremantle.

Until about the mid-1970s, little effort was made towards conservation of early buildings in Western Australia. Since then however, a concerted program of government policies to retain and preserve the remaining structures has been made. Registers of important buildings are maintained by the Heritage Council of W.A. and local councils.

List[edit]

Building Construction period HCWA
link
Notes Image

1830s[edit]

The Round House
Fremantle
1830 [1] Built as a prison shortly after the establishment of the Swan River Colony in 1829. Fremantle-RoundHouse.jpg
The Old Mill
South Perth
1835 [2] also known as Shenton's Mill. Original building built in 1833 was destroyed in 1834. Oldmill sthperth 1 gnangarra.jpg
The Old Court House
Supreme Court Gardens, Perth
Built between 1836 and 1837 [3] The city's oldest surviving public building. Designed by HW Reveley. Currently house the Francis Burt Law Education Centre and Museum. Old Courthouse, Perth.jpg
Tranby House
Maylands
Built in 1839 [4] Built by a group of devout Methodists known as the Tranby People who arrived in the Swan River Colony in 1830.[5] Tranby House1.jpg

1840s[edit]

All Saints Church
Upper Swan
Built between 1838 and 1840 [6] The oldest still-standing church in Western Australia. All saints church.jpg
St John's Pro-Cathedral
18 Victoria Avenue, Perth
Between 1843 and 1844 [7] The earliest Roman Catholic church building constructed in Western Australia. St John's pro-cathedral.jpg

1850s[edit]

Old Perth Boys School
139 St. Georges Terrace, Perth
1854 [8] Taken over by the Technical College in 1898 - owned by the National trust (WA) and now occupied by a cafe/restaurant. Old Boys School, Perth.jpg
Perth Gaol
Northbridge, behind Western Australian Museum
Built in 1856 [9] Perth Gaol3.jpg
The Cloisters
200 St. Georges Terrace, Perth
Built in 1858 [10] Designed by Richard Roach Jewell for Bishop Mathew Blagden Hale. Served as W.A.'s first boys' secondary school Cloisters, Perth.jpg
Fremantle Prison
Fremantle
Between 1852 and 1859 [11] RestoredGatehouse.jpg
The Deanery
Corner of St. Georges Terrace and Pier Street, Perth
Built in 1859 [12] Built as a residence for the first Dean of Perth. Perth Deanery.jpg
Bishop's House
Corner Spring Street and Mounts Bay Road, Perth.
Built in 1859 [13] Residence of Bishop Mathew Blagden Hale Bishop Hales House, Perth.jpg

1860s[edit]

Archbishop's Palace
41 Victoria Square, Perth
First stage completed 1860 [14] Built by Bishop Joseph Serra who became Catholic Bishop of Perth Archibishops palace, Perth.jpg
Barracks Arch
266 St. Georges Terrace, Perth
Built in 1863 [15] Built to house the retired Pensioner Forces. The two wings on each side of the entrance were demolished in the 1960s to make way for the Mitchell Freeway. The Government of the day - led by David Brand - intended to demolish the entire structure, but the public outrage was so great they were, reluctantly, forced into a compromise, and the arch was saved. Students who formed a human ring around the arch were labelled hooligans by the Government. BarracksArchWesternAustralia gobeirne.jpg
Government House
St. Georges Terrace, Perth
Between 1859 and 1864 [16] Official residence of the Governor of Western Australia WAGovernmentHouse1crop gobeirne.JPG
Fremantle Arts Centre
Finnerty Street, Fremantle
Between 1861 and 1864 [17] Originally built as the Fremantle Lunatic Asylum Fremantle Arts Centre.jpg
Trinity Church
72 St. Georges Terrace, Perth
Partly obscured Trinity congregational chapel was built in 1865. Church (foreground pictured) built in 1897. [18] Chapel designed by Richard Roach Jewell. Hosted the first meeting of the Karrakatta Club in 1894. Trinty church, Perth.jpg
St Mary's Cathedral
41 Victoria Square, Perth
Western end was begun in 1865 [19] Currently undergoing major renovations St Mary's cathedral, Perth2.jpg

1870s[edit]

Perth Town Hall
Corner Barrack and Hay Streets, Perth
Between 1868 and 1870 [20] Built using convict labour PerthTownHall gobeirne.jpg
Wesley Church
75 William Street, corner Hay Street
1870 [21] Wesley Church 001.jpg
St. Mary's Church
Middle Swan
1870 [22] Located near the site of an earlier octagonal church which had been built in 1839 St. Mary's Church, Middle Swan.jpg
Central Government Offices
Barrack Street, Perth
1874 [23] Comprises the former Treasury buildings and Titles Office buildings bounded by Barrack St, St Georges Tce and Cathedral Avenue. Central Government offices.jpg

1880s[edit]

Fremantle Grammar School
200 High Street, Fremantle
1885 [24] Established by Henry Briggs as an Anglican public school Fremantle grammar school gnangarra.jpg
Fremantle Town Hall
8 William Street, Fremantle
1887 [25] FremantleTownHall1 gobeirne.jpg
Court Hotel
Beaufort Street, Northbridge
1888 [26] Court hotel, Perth.jpg
St George's Cathedral
2 Cathedral Avenue, Perth
Completed in 1888 [27] Currently undergoing a major renovation St Georges cathedral, Perth3.jpg

1890s[edit]

St George's House
235-239 St George's House, Perth
1892 [28] designed by Talbot Hobbs[29]
The Weld Club
4 Barrack Street, Perth
1892 [30] designed by Talbot Hobbs Weld club2.jpg
Perth Railway Station
Wellington Street, Perth
1893 to 1894 [31] designed by George Temple-Poole Transperth Perth Train Station.jpg
The Palace Hotel
William Street and St. Georges Terrace, Perth
1896 [32] Currently offices for Bank of Western Australia Palace Hotel, Perth.jpg
The Esplanade Hotel
Marine Terrace, Fremantle
1896 [33] [34] Esplanade Hotel, Fremantle.jpg
Beaufort Street Terraces
235-241 Beaufort Street, Highgate
1897 [35] Currently used as doctors' and dentists' surgeries, and private residences 237 Beaufort St, Perth2.jpg
Fremantle Markets
Market Street, Fremantle
Commenced in 1897 [36] Design - H.J. Eales and Charles Oldham. Fremantle Market.jpg
Perth Mint
310 Hay Street, Perth
Foundation stone was laid in 1896 and competed in 1899 [37] Australia's oldest operating mint Perth Mint.jpg
Old Perth Observatory
4 Havelock St, West Perth
Construction completed 1896 and officially opened in 1900 [38] National Trust, WA branch Headquarters. Design - George Temple-Poole Old Perth Observatory.jpg
Jubilee Building
North Perth
completed in 1899 [39] Part of the Western Australian Museum Jubilee building.jpg
The Cliffe
Peppermint Grove
constructed in 1894 [40] designed by Talbot Hobbs Cliffe east verandah.jpg

1900s[edit]

The Old Perth Fire Station
Perth
1900 [41] First purpose-built fire station in WA, operated until 1979. Now the FESA Fire Safety Education Centre & Museum FireSafetyEducationCentreMuseum Perth smc.JPG
His Majesty's Theatre
Perth
1904 [42] Constructed at the time of the Western Australian gold rush, it was the largest theatre in Australia, and had seating for over 2,500 people. It is believed to be the only remaining working Edwardian theatre in Australia. His Majesty's Theatre, Perth.jpg
The North Mole Lighthouse
Fremantle
1906 [43] This cast iron light tower, together with its southern twin, are the only remaining navigation lights of this design in this State. Fremantle North Mole Lighthouse.jpg

1910s[edit]

The Old Perth Technical School
Perth
1910 [44] First tertiary institution in WA. Designed by Hillson Beasley. Perth Techncial School.jpg
Wireless Hill Telecommunications Museum 1912 [45] Originally built as the Applecross Wireless Station Wireless Hill Telecommunications Museum
The Albany Bell Castle 1914 [46] Bakehouse Factory, expression with considerable elaboration of details, towers, battlements, generous natural lighting and garden setting, is uncommon in the Western Australian community Albany Bell Castle.jpg

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://register.heritage.wa.gov.au/viewplace.html?offset=1&place_seq=896
  2. ^ http://register.heritage.wa.gov.au/viewplace.html?offset=1&place_seq=2394
  3. ^ http://register.heritage.wa.gov.au/viewplace.html?offset=26&place_seq=1948
  4. ^ http://register.heritage.wa.gov.au/viewplace.html?offset=2&place_seq=2411
  5. ^ http://www.ntwa.com.au/places/perthproperties/tranbyHeritage.shtml
  6. ^ http://register.heritage.wa.gov.au/viewplace.html?offset=2&place_seq=2492
  7. ^ http://register.heritage.wa.gov.au/viewplace.html?offset=0&place_seq=2130
  8. ^ http://register.heritage.wa.gov.au/viewplace.html?offset=0&place_seq=2117
  9. ^ http://register.heritage.wa.gov.au/viewplace.html?offset=8&place_seq=1965
  10. ^ http://register.heritage.wa.gov.au/viewplace.html?offset=0&place_seq=2119
  11. ^ http://register.heritage.wa.gov.au/viewplace.html?offset=1&place_seq=1014
  12. ^ http://register.heritage.wa.gov.au/viewplace.html?offset=1&place_seq=2100
  13. ^ http://register.heritage.wa.gov.au/viewplace.html?offset=0&place_seq=2093
  14. ^ http://register.heritage.wa.gov.au/viewplace.html?offset=0&place_seq=2126
  15. ^ http://register.heritage.wa.gov.au/viewplace.html?offset=0&place_seq=2120
  16. ^ http://register.heritage.wa.gov.au/viewplace.html?offset=0&place_seq=2095
  17. ^ http://register.heritage.wa.gov.au/viewplace.html?offset=0&place_seq=875
  18. ^ http://register.heritage.wa.gov.au/viewplace.html?place_seq=2105&offset=19&view=description
  19. ^ http://register.heritage.wa.gov.au/viewplace.html?place_seq=2124
  20. ^ http://register.heritage.wa.gov.au/viewplace.html?offset=1&place_seq=1953
  21. ^ http://register.heritage.wa.gov.au/viewplace.html?offset=0&place_seq=2003
  22. ^ http://register.heritage.wa.gov.au/viewplace.html?offset=20&place_seq=2496
  23. ^ http://register.heritage.wa.gov.au/viewplace.html?offset=0&place_seq=1973
  24. ^ http://register.heritage.wa.gov.au/viewplace.html?offset=0&place_seq=894
  25. ^ http://register.heritage.wa.gov.au/viewplace.html?offset=1&place_seq=1015
  26. ^ http://register.heritage.wa.gov.au/viewplace.html?offset=1&place_seq=1966
  27. ^ http://register.heritage.wa.gov.au/viewplace.html?offset=1&place_seq=2102
  28. ^ http://register.heritage.wa.gov.au/viewplace.html?place_seq=30383&offset=28&view=location
  29. ^ Associations at Heritage Council of WA
  30. ^ http://register.heritage.wa.gov.au/viewplace.html?offset=0&place_seq=1950
  31. ^ http://register.heritage.wa.gov.au/viewplace.html?offset=2&place_seq=2133
  32. ^ http://register.heritage.wa.gov.au/viewplace.html?offset=5&place_seq=2114
  33. ^ http://register.heritage.wa.gov.au/viewplace.html?offset=3&place_seq=947
  34. ^ http://www.esplanadehotelfremantle.com.au/index.history.4082.html A short history of the building
  35. ^ http://register.heritage.wa.gov.au/viewplace.html?offset=46&place_seq=25349
  36. ^ http://register.heritage.wa.gov.au/viewplace.html?offset=0&place_seq=1006
  37. ^ http://register.heritage.wa.gov.au/viewplace.html?offset=0&place_seq=2166
  38. ^ http://register.heritage.wa.gov.au/viewplace.html?offset=0&place_seq=2240
  39. ^ http://register.heritage.wa.gov.au/viewplace.html?offset=1&place_seq=1962
  40. ^ http://register.heritage.wa.gov.au/PDF_Files/The%20Cliffe%2007-05(P-AD).PDF
  41. ^ http://www.fesa.wa.gov.au/internet/default.aspx?MenuID=87
  42. ^ http://www.hismajestystheatre.com.au/
  43. ^ "Entry AHD16653". Australian Heritage Database. Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities. 
  44. ^ http://register.heritage.wa.gov.au/viewplace.html?offset=0&place_seq=2116
  45. ^ http://inherit.stateheritage.wa.gov.au/Public/Inventory/Details/1c94de2e-665a-4c13-85e1-0c3f51bb80e9
  46. ^ http://register.heritage.wa.gov.au/PDF_Files/A%20Reg/Albany%20Bell%20Castle%20(I).PDF

Further reading[edit]

  • Austen, Tom The Streets of Old Perth St George Books. 1988. ISBN 0-86778-038-X
  • Stannage, C. T The people of Perth : a social history of Western Australia's capital city Perth : Carroll's for Perth City Council, 1979. ISBN 0-909994-86-2
  • Le Page, J. S. H. Building a state : the story of the Public Works Department of Western Australia 1829-1985 Leederville, W.A : Water Authority of Western Australia, 1986. ISBN 0-7244-6862-5

External links[edit]