List of heritage buildings in Perth, Western Australia

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This is a list of heritage buildings in Perth, Western Australia The places are listed in chronological order and include extant and significant buildings in the Perth metropolitan area that were generally built before 1920. This includes government, education, public infrastructure, early farming homesteads, churches, private and public organisations’ buildings. Places of identified heritage significance in metropolitan and regional Western Australia are listed in the official "InHerit" database which includes the State Register of Heritage Places, local government inventories and other lists, the Australian Government's heritage list, and other non-government lists and surveys.[1]

Western Australia’s settlements struggled in the 1800s with a lack of resources, labour and investment. The gold rushes of the 1890s resulted in a great influx of people from interstate and overseas, and considerable development arising from the new wealth. Many ornate and substantial buildings were constructed in the metropolitan area from the 1890s to the early-mid 1900s, including the Palace Hotel, Perth, the Esplanade Hotel, Fremantle, His Majesty's Theatre, Perth and the Old Perth Technical School.

In the late 1950s, a group of individuals who were concerned for the need to ‘preserve our heritage’ came together to form the National Trust of Australia (WA) in 1959.[2] The National Trust’s mandate was to educate the public on the importance of valuing our landscapes.[3] At this time, there was no legislation or a statutory body in WA to formally recognise and protect heritage places. The National Trust was able to promote and bring attention to the significance of the state's heritage places including natural landscapes and buildings which were supported by heritage assessments of buildings with a classification system.[4] In 1965, an Act of Parliament established the National Trust as a statutory body in WA and properties were able to be vested under the responsibility of the organisation.[5]

A mining boom in the 1960s-70s lead to another wave of intensive development in Perth and as a result the city lost many of its early 1900s buildings, particularly along St Georges Terrace. From this time, a greater awareness in the community of the loss of heritage places developed as demonstrated by several high profile public campaigns for the Pensioner Barracks (now the Barracks Arch), the Palace Hotel on St Georges Terrace and the Swan Brewery.

The lack of statutory protection for heritage places was a serious issue in WA and it wasn’t until the adoption of the Heritage Act of WA 1990 and the formation of the Heritage Council that post-colonial heritage places were given recognition and statutory protection under the State Register of Heritage Places. This work is undertaken by the State Heritage Office which supports the Heritage Council and Minister for Heritage.[6] Aboriginal heritage places are dealt with separately under the Aboriginal Heritage Act 1972.[7]

Further, under the Heritage Act of WA 1990, each local government in Western Australia is required to compile a Municipal Heritage Inventory which identifies places of heritage significance within their municipality.[8]

The National Trust of Australia (WA) since the early 1960s has maintained a List of Classified Places. Classification by the National Trust does not provide statutory protection; instead these assessments provide a record of heritage places (historic, natural and Aboriginal) and support the Trust’s education and advocacy programs.[9] The National Trust's List of Classified Places can be searched via Inherit.

Thousands of places across Western Australia have been recognised for their heritage significance. The recognition, protection and conservation of these heritage places has developed from individuals and communities who value these places and understand the contribution they make to WA’s history, culture and environment.


List[edit]

Building Construction period HCWA
link
Notes Image

1830s[edit]

The Round House
Fremantle
1830 [10] Built as a prison shortly after the establishment of the Swan River Colony in 1829. Fremantle-RoundHouse.jpg
The Old Mill
South Perth
1835 [11] also known as Shenton's Mill. Original building built in 1833 was destroyed in 1834. Oldmill sthperth 1 gnangarra.jpg
The Old Court House
Supreme Court Gardens, Perth
Built between 1836 and 1837 [12] The city's oldest surviving public building. Designed by HW Reveley. Currently house the Francis Burt Law Education Centre and Museum. Old Courthouse, Perth.jpg
Tranby House
Maylands
Built in 1839 [13] Built by a group of devout Methodists known as the Tranby People who arrived in the Swan River Colony in 1830.[14] Tranby House1.jpg

1840s[edit]

All Saints Church
Upper Swan
Built between 1838 and 1840 [15] The oldest still-standing church in Western Australia. All saints church.jpg
St John's Pro-Cathedral
18 Victoria Avenue, Perth
Between 1843 and 1844 [16] The earliest Roman Catholic church building constructed in Western Australia. St John's pro-cathedral.jpg

1850s[edit]

Old Perth Boys School
139 St. Georges Terrace, Perth
1854 [17] Taken over by the Technical College in 1898 - owned by the National trust (WA) and currently unoccupied. Old Boys School, Perth.jpg
Perth Gaol
Northbridge, behind Western Australian Museum
Built in 1856 [18] Perth Gaol3.jpg
The Cloisters
200 St. Georges Terrace, Perth
Built in 1858 [19] Designed by Richard Roach Jewell for Bishop Mathew Blagden Hale. Served as W.A.'s first boys' secondary school Cloisters, Perth.jpg
Fremantle Prison
Fremantle
Between 1852 and 1859 [20] RestoredGatehouse.jpg
The Deanery
Corner of St. Georges Terrace and Pier Street, Perth
Built in 1859 [21] Built as a residence for the first Dean of Perth. Perth Deanery.jpg
Bishop's House
Corner Spring Street and Mounts Bay Road, Perth.
Built in 1859 [22] Residence of Bishop Mathew Blagden Hale Bishop Hales House, Perth.jpg

1860s[edit]

Archbishop's Palace
41 Victoria Square, Perth
First stage completed 1860 [23] Built by Bishop Joseph Serra who became Catholic Bishop of Perth Archibishops palace, Perth.jpg
Barracks Arch
266 St. Georges Terrace, Perth
Built in 1863 [24] Built to house the retired Pensioner Forces. The two wings on each side of the entrance were demolished in the 1960s to make way for the Mitchell Freeway. The Government of the day - led by David Brand - intended to demolish the entire structure, but the public outrage was so great they were, reluctantly, forced into a compromise, and the arch was saved. Students who formed a human ring around the arch were labelled hooligans by the Government. BarracksArchWesternAustralia gobeirne.jpg
Government House
St. Georges Terrace, Perth
Between 1859 and 1864 [25] Official residence of the Governor of Western Australia WAGovernmentHouse1crop gobeirne.JPG
Fremantle Arts Centre
Finnerty Street, Fremantle
Between 1861 and 1864 [26] Originally built as the Fremantle Lunatic Asylum Fremantle Arts Centre.jpg
Trinity Church
72 St. Georges Terrace, Perth
Partly obscured Trinity congregational chapel was built in 1865. Church (foreground pictured) built in 1897. [27] Chapel designed by Richard Roach Jewell. Hosted the first meeting of the Karrakatta Club in 1894. Trinty church, Perth.jpg
St Mary's Cathedral
41 Victoria Square, Perth
Western end was begun in 1865 [28] Currently undergoing major renovations St Mary's cathedral, Perth2.jpg

1870s[edit]

Perth Town Hall
Corner Barrack and Hay Streets, Perth
Between 1868 and 1870 [29] Built using convict labour PerthTownHall gobeirne.jpg
Wesley Church
75 William Street, corner Hay Street
1870 [30] Wesley Church 001.jpg
St. Mary's Church
Middle Swan
1870 [31] Located near the site of an earlier octagonal church which had been built in 1839 St. Mary's Church, Middle Swan.jpg
Central Government Offices
Barrack Street, Perth
1874 [32] Comprises the former Treasury buildings and Titles Office buildings bounded by Barrack St, St Georges Tce and Cathedral Avenue. Central Government offices.jpg

1880s[edit]

Fremantle Grammar School
200 High Street, Fremantle
1885 [33] Established by Henry Briggs as an Anglican public school Fremantle grammar school gnangarra.jpg
Fremantle Town Hall
8 William Street, Fremantle
1887 [34] FremantleTownHall1 gobeirne.jpg
Court Hotel
Beaufort Street, Northbridge
1888 [35] Court hotel, Perth.jpg
St George's Cathedral
2 Cathedral Avenue, Perth
Completed in 1888 [36] Currently undergoing a major renovation St Georges cathedral, Perth3.jpg

1890s[edit]

St George's House
235-239 St George's House, Perth
1892 [37] designed by Talbot Hobbs[38]
The Weld Club
4 Barrack Street, Perth
1892 [39] designed by Talbot Hobbs Weld club2.jpg
Perth Railway Station
Wellington Street, Perth
1893 to 1894 [40] designed by George Temple-Poole Transperth Perth Train Station.jpg
The Palace Hotel
William Street and St. Georges Terrace, Perth
1896 [41] Currently offices for Bank of Western Australia Palace Hotel, Perth.jpg
The Esplanade Hotel
Marine Terrace, Fremantle
1896 [42] [43] Esplanade Hotel, Fremantle.jpg
Beaufort Street Terraces
235-241 Beaufort Street, Highgate
1897 [44] Currently used as doctors' and dentists' surgeries, and private residences 237 Beaufort St, Perth2.jpg
Fremantle Markets
Market Street, Fremantle
Commenced in 1897 [45] Design - H.J. Eales and Charles Oldham. Fremantle Market.jpg
Perth Mint
310 Hay Street, Perth
Foundation stone was laid in 1896 and competed in 1899 [46] Australia's oldest operating mint Perth Mint.jpg
Old Perth Observatory
4 Havelock St, West Perth
Construction completed 1896 and officially opened in 1900 [47] National Trust, WA branch Headquarters. Design - George Temple-Poole Old Perth Observatory.jpg
Jubilee Building
North Perth
completed in 1899 [48] Part of the Western Australian Museum Jubilee building.jpg
The Cliffe
Peppermint Grove
constructed in 1894 [49] designed by Talbot Hobbs Cliffe east verandah.jpg

1900s[edit]

The Old Perth Fire Station
Perth
1900 [50] First purpose-built fire station in WA, operated until 1979. Now the FESA Fire Safety Education Centre & Museum FireSafetyEducationCentreMuseum Perth smc.JPG
His Majesty's Theatre
Perth
1904 [51] Constructed at the time of the Western Australian gold rush, it was the largest theatre in Australia, and had seating for over 2,500 people. It is believed to be the only remaining working Edwardian theatre in Australia. His Majesty's Theatre, Perth.jpg
The North Mole Lighthouse
Fremantle
1906 [52] This cast iron light tower, together with its southern twin, are the only remaining navigation lights of this design in this State. Fremantle North Mole Lighthouse.jpg

1910s[edit]

The Old Perth Technical School
Perth
1910 [53] First tertiary institution in WA. Designed by Hillson Beasley. Perth Techncial School.jpg
Wireless Hill Telecommunications Museum 1912 [54] Originally built as the Applecross Wireless Station Wireless Hill Telecommunications Museum
The Albany Bell Castle 1914 [55] Bakehouse Factory, expression with considerable elaboration of details, towers, battlements, generous natural lighting and garden setting, is uncommon in the Western Australian community Albany Bell Castle.jpg

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Search Heritage Places at W.A. State Heritage Office
  2. ^ Barracks to the Burrup, p 49
  3. ^ Barracks to the Burrup, p 80
  4. ^ Barracks to the Burrup, p 90
  5. ^ Barracks to the Burrup, p 109
  6. ^ http://heritage.wa.gov.au/about-us/who-we-are/heritage-council
  7. ^ http://www.daa.wa.gov.au/en/Heritage-and-Culture/Aboriginal-heritage/Aboriginal-Heritage-Act-1972/
  8. ^ http://heritage.wa.gov.au/about-us/importance-of-heritage/local-government/heritage-lists-inventories
  9. ^ http://www.nationaltrust.org.au/wa/heritage-register
  10. ^ http://register.heritage.wa.gov.au/viewplace.html?offset=1&place_seq=896
  11. ^ http://register.heritage.wa.gov.au/viewplace.html?offset=1&place_seq=2394
  12. ^ http://register.heritage.wa.gov.au/viewplace.html?offset=26&place_seq=1948
  13. ^ http://register.heritage.wa.gov.au/viewplace.html?offset=2&place_seq=2411
  14. ^ http://www.ntwa.com.au/places/perthproperties/tranbyHeritage.shtml
  15. ^ http://register.heritage.wa.gov.au/viewplace.html?offset=2&place_seq=2492
  16. ^ http://register.heritage.wa.gov.au/viewplace.html?offset=0&place_seq=2130
  17. ^ http://register.heritage.wa.gov.au/viewplace.html?offset=0&place_seq=2117
  18. ^ http://register.heritage.wa.gov.au/viewplace.html?offset=8&place_seq=1965
  19. ^ http://register.heritage.wa.gov.au/viewplace.html?offset=0&place_seq=2119
  20. ^ http://register.heritage.wa.gov.au/viewplace.html?offset=1&place_seq=1014
  21. ^ http://register.heritage.wa.gov.au/viewplace.html?offset=1&place_seq=2100
  22. ^ http://register.heritage.wa.gov.au/viewplace.html?offset=0&place_seq=2093
  23. ^ http://register.heritage.wa.gov.au/viewplace.html?offset=0&place_seq=2126
  24. ^ http://register.heritage.wa.gov.au/viewplace.html?offset=0&place_seq=2120
  25. ^ http://register.heritage.wa.gov.au/viewplace.html?offset=0&place_seq=2095
  26. ^ http://register.heritage.wa.gov.au/viewplace.html?offset=0&place_seq=875
  27. ^ http://register.heritage.wa.gov.au/viewplace.html?place_seq=2105&offset=19&view=description
  28. ^ http://register.heritage.wa.gov.au/viewplace.html?place_seq=2124
  29. ^ http://register.heritage.wa.gov.au/viewplace.html?offset=1&place_seq=1953
  30. ^ http://register.heritage.wa.gov.au/viewplace.html?offset=0&place_seq=2003
  31. ^ http://register.heritage.wa.gov.au/viewplace.html?offset=20&place_seq=2496
  32. ^ http://register.heritage.wa.gov.au/viewplace.html?offset=0&place_seq=1973
  33. ^ http://register.heritage.wa.gov.au/viewplace.html?offset=0&place_seq=894
  34. ^ http://register.heritage.wa.gov.au/viewplace.html?offset=1&place_seq=1015
  35. ^ http://register.heritage.wa.gov.au/viewplace.html?offset=1&place_seq=1966
  36. ^ http://register.heritage.wa.gov.au/viewplace.html?offset=1&place_seq=2102
  37. ^ http://register.heritage.wa.gov.au/viewplace.html?place_seq=30383&offset=28&view=location
  38. ^ Associations at Heritage Council of WA
  39. ^ http://register.heritage.wa.gov.au/viewplace.html?offset=0&place_seq=1950
  40. ^ http://register.heritage.wa.gov.au/viewplace.html?offset=2&place_seq=2133
  41. ^ http://register.heritage.wa.gov.au/viewplace.html?offset=5&place_seq=2114
  42. ^ http://register.heritage.wa.gov.au/viewplace.html?offset=3&place_seq=947
  43. ^ http://www.esplanadehotelfremantle.com.au/index.history.4082.html A short history of the building
  44. ^ http://register.heritage.wa.gov.au/viewplace.html?offset=46&place_seq=25349
  45. ^ http://register.heritage.wa.gov.au/viewplace.html?offset=0&place_seq=1006
  46. ^ http://register.heritage.wa.gov.au/viewplace.html?offset=0&place_seq=2166
  47. ^ http://register.heritage.wa.gov.au/viewplace.html?offset=0&place_seq=2240
  48. ^ http://register.heritage.wa.gov.au/viewplace.html?offset=1&place_seq=1962
  49. ^ http://register.heritage.wa.gov.au/PDF_Files/The%20Cliffe%2007-05(P-AD).PDF
  50. ^ http://www.fesa.wa.gov.au/internet/default.aspx?MenuID=87
  51. ^ http://www.hismajestystheatre.com.au/
  52. ^ "Entry AHD16653". Australian Heritage Database. Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities. 
  53. ^ http://register.heritage.wa.gov.au/viewplace.html?offset=0&place_seq=2116
  54. ^ http://inherit.stateheritage.wa.gov.au/Public/Inventory/Details/1c94de2e-665a-4c13-85e1-0c3f51bb80e9
  55. ^ http://register.heritage.wa.gov.au/PDF_Files/A%20Reg/Albany%20Bell%20Castle%20(I).PDF

Further reading[edit]

  • Austen, Tom The Streets of Old Perth St George Books. 1988. ISBN 0-86778-038-X
  • Le Page, J. S. H. Building a state : the story of the Public Works Department of Western Australia 1829-1985 Leederville, W.A : Water Authority of Western Australia, 1986. ISBN 0-7244-6862-5
  • Stannage, C. T The people of Perth : a social history of Western Australia's capital city Perth : Carroll's for Perth City Council, 1979. ISBN 0-909994-86-2
  • Witcomb A and Gregory K From the Barracks to the Burrup: the National Trust in Western Australia University of New South Wales Press Ltd, Sydney. 2010. ISBN 9781-921410-24-6

External links[edit]