List of individual elephants
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This is a list of historical elephants by name.
A - F
- Annabelle, an Asian Elephant, was born in India in 1964. In 1966, in a Chiffon Tissue contest sponsored by Crown Zellerbach, the winner was given the option to choose between "$3,000 or a baby elephant". The prize-winner, Anchorage grocer Jack Snyder, chose the elephant. Annabelle was initially kept at the Diamond H Horse Ranch, located in the Hillside area of Anchorage and owned by Sammye Seawell, which had the only heated stalls available. Annabelle was one of the first animals housed in the Alaska Zoo in Anchorage when it was founded as the Alaska Children's Zoo in 1969, along with several orphaned and injured animals in need of homes, including a black bear, seal, Arctic fox, and petting zoo goats.
- Anne, "Britain's most famous elephant" and the last circus elephant in the UK. She became cause célèbre for animal rights activists. The owner of Super Circus in Polebrook, Cambridgeshire was convicted of failing to prevent an employee from repeatedly beating the elderly elephant, but is given conditional discharge as judge strongly criticises the animal rights activists' tactics. Anne retired to Longleat Safari Park in Wiltshire, arriving in April 2011, where there are plans to create an elephant sanctuary that can be home for as many as four elephants including Anne.
- Ayed, female elephant favoured by Tipoo Sultan the Tiger of Mysore. She was killed in 1799: the British cut her heels to make her kneel even though suspected to be pregnant[clarification needed] but the dignity of the elephant was such that she died on foot.
- Abul-Abbas - Charlemagne's elephant
- Baby Roger, purchased at age two by the children of Providence for the Roger Williams Park Zoo in 1893. in 1901, a Long Island filmmaker made a short about him, "A Visit to Baby Roger". He was much loved until he grew older and became irritable and was sold to a circus in 1915. He toured Europe and was killed in Georgia after attacking his keeper and killing a female elephant who was stealing his hay feed.
- Bandoola, an elephant in the Burma Campaign of WWII (named after the Burmese general Maha Bandula); incidents in his life are described in the books Elephant Bill and Bandoola by Lt. Col. J. H. Williams, (who concludes that he was killed by his mahout)
- Balarama, lead elephant of the Mysore Dasara procession and carries the statue of the goddess Chamundeshwari on the Golden Howdah
- Batyr (1970–93), the "talking elephant" of Karagandy Zoo in Kazakhstan
- Betty the Learned Elephant, the third elephant and first trained elephant in the United States. After her owner claimed that even bullets could not pierce her hide, she was shot by local men in Chepachet, Rhode Island on May 25, 1826.
- Black Diamond, Indian elephant with Al G. Barnes Circus; killed four people and was subsequently shot in 1929
- Castor and Pollux, served up to the wealthy citizens of Paris during the siege in 1870
- Chunee, an elephant in the menagerie at Exeter Exchange; executed by soldiers from Somerset House in March 1826
- The Cremona elephant, given to Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II by the Sultan of Egypt in 1229
- Columbia, the first captive-born circus elephant. P. T. Barnum attempted to buy her from the Bailey Circus, and the refusal resulted in the merging of the two circuses.
- Drona, preceded Balarma (see above); died from accidentally electrocuting himself in 1998
- Echo, the "most studied elephant in the world, the subject of several books and documentaries, including two NATURE films"
- Fanny the elephant, a former circus elephant that resided in Slater Park Zoo in Pawtucket, Rhode Island from 1958–93. She was moved to the Cleveland Amory Black Beauty Ranch sanctuary in 1993 because the city closed the zoo exhibits due to financial crises. She lived the last ten years of her life at the sanctuary and died in 2003. A statue to her memory stands in Slater Park.
G - O
- Gypsy , (a.k.a. Empress) a circus elephant of the W. H. Harris World-Famous Nickel Plate Show was shot and killed by the local Chief of Police in November 1902 after she killed her trainer and went on a rampage for several hours in Valdosta, Georgia at the circus' winter quarters. Originally known as Empress with the Forepaugh circus, she had reportedly killed at least five people before being sold and renamed.
- Hanno the elephant, pet elephant of Pope Leo X
- Hansken, toured many European countries from 1637 to 1655 demonstrating circus tricks
- Hattie of New York City's Central Park Zoo, in 1903 was described as the "most intelligent of all elephants"
- Icy Mike, an elephant that lived and died on Mount Kenya, 4.4 km (14,000 ft) above sea level. This is unusual as it demands high energy consumption.
- John L. Sullivan (1860? – 1932), the boxing elephant in Adam Forepaugh's circus. In 1922, he made a pilgrimage from Madison Square Garden to the Elephant Hotel in Somers, New York to pay tribute to Old Bet the elephant.
- Jumbo, P. T. Barnum's elephant whose name is the origin of the word jumbo (meaning "very large" or "over-sized"). The African elephant was given the name Jumbo by zookeepers at the London Zoo. The name was most likely derived from the Swahili word jumbe meaning "chief". The Tufts University mascot is named after Jumbo. In Mysore, India Vijayadashami Elephant procession during Dasara is called as Jumbo Savari (referred to as Jumbo Savari by the British during their control of Mysore State). The original name to this procession is Jumbi Savari (going to the Banni(Shami)tree). Now Goddess Chamundeshwari is taken in procession on an Elephant. But the "Jumbo" name is still intact. Jumbo was the name of another elephant, used by John Hoyte et al. to cross the Alps in 1959 to retrace Hannibal's march across the Alps.
- Kandula, the legendary royal war elephant of Sri Lanka was given to the infant prince Dutugamunu in the 2nd century BC. The king and his elephant grew up together. A Sri Lankan elephant born November 25, 2001, at the National Zoo in Washington, D.C. is named after Kandula.
- Kesavan, an Indian elephant which was associated with the Guruvayur temple in Kerala, India. The elephant was known for its extremely devout behaviour.
- The Kilimanjaro Elephant, recognized for the enormousness of its tusks. His tusks weighed 237 and 225 lb; no other tusk in history ever weighed more than 190 lb. Each are more than ten feet long and two feet in circumference at the base. It was believed that he was killed on the northern slopes of Mount Kilimanjaro in 1898. The British Museum of Natural History bought the pair of tusks in 1932, and after an attempt was made to steal them in 1937, they were taken off exhibit. Inspiration for Mike Resnick's book Ivory: A Legend of Past and Future.
- Kolakolli, an Indian rogue elephant from Peppara sanctuary that died in captivity in 2006.
- Lallah Rookh, an elephant with Dan Rice's circus. She died in 1860 soon after swimming across the Ohio River.
- Lizzie, who in 1916-1918 worked hauling goods in Sheffield in England.
- Lin Wang, a Burmese elephant that served with the Chinese Expeditionary Force during the Sino-Japanese War (1937-1945) and later moved to Taiwan with the Kuomintang army. Lin Wang became a fond childhood memory among many Taiwanese. When he died in 2003, he was (and still is) the longest-living captive elephant at 86.
- Mahmoud, the lead elephant in the army of Abraha, which attacked the Kaaba in Mecca. Thus, the year became known as the Year of the Elephant and provided a historical ready-reference for the birth date of the Islamic prophet, Muhammad.
- Mamie, an African elephant at the Knoxville Zoo who painted. She died March 10, 2006 at 45 years old.
- Mary a.k.a. "Mighty Mary" and "Murderous Mary", a circus elephant executed on September 13, 1916 in Erwin, Tennessee. She was hanged by a railroad derrick car at the Clinchfield Railroad yard. This is the only known elephant hanging in history. Mary, who toured with the Sparks World Famous Shows circus, killed her inexperienced keeper, Walter "Red" Eldridge, on September 12, 1916 during a circus parade in Kingsport, Tennessee. Eldridge had supposedly hit Mary's tusk or ear when she wandered from the parade line to eat a piece of discarded watermelon.
- Modoc,an Indian Elephant who performed in the North Circus in New York,N.Y., and later starred on Ralph Helfer's famous 1960's show,Daktari. Two books involve her, The Beauty of the Beasts, and Modoc, both by Ralph Helfer.
- Mona - euthanized June 21, 2007 at the Birmingham Zoo in Birmingham, Alabama. Thought, at 60, to have been the oldest Asian elephant in the United States. After the death of her companion, Susie, Mona's health and living conditions were the subject of a long campaign to have her transferred out of the zoo to a sanctuary.
- Motty, the only confirmed Asian/African hybrid elephant; survived for just 12 days
- Norma Jean, struck by lightning, c. 1972, during a circus parade in Oquawka, Illinois. She was buried where she died, and a marker now lies on this spot.
- Old Bet, an early American circus elephant owned by Hachaliah Bailey. On July 24, 1816, she was shot and killed while on tour near Alfred, Maine by a farmer who thought it was sinful for poor people to waste money on a traveling circus. Old Bet's owner responded by building a three story memorial called the Elephant Hotel which now serves as a town hall.
- Osama bin Laden, a rogue elephant which killed at least 27 people in India from 2004 to 2006.
P - Z
- Packy (1962— ), resident of Oregon Zoo (formerly Washington Park Zoo, originally Portland Zoo) in Portland, Oregon. First Asian elephant born in the Western Hemisphere in 44 years. Now the patriarch of the zoo's herd and has sired seven offspring (although four have died).
- Elefante Pino, (12/15/1981–present) Cuba's most famous elephant. Was housed in the Camaguey zoo since in captivity. Pino is best known for its love affair with a goat that entered its enclosure from a neighboring exhibit.
- Queenie (elephant) (—1944), gave rides for children at Melbourne Zoo for 40 years.
- Queenie (waterskiing elephant) (1952—2011), noted in the late 1950s and early 1960s for waterskiing for entertainment.
- Raja, elephant who carried the holiest Buddhist shrine in Kandy, Sri Lanka
- Raja Gaj, a bull elephant that lived in the Bardiya National Park, Nepal who was considered to be the world's largest Asian Elephant of modern times
- Rajje (1951?-1963) A performing elephant that escaped into the streets of Lansing, Michigan, and was killed by gunfire.
- Renee, Toledo Zoo's master elephant artist; received formal art training in 1995
- Rogue elephant of Aberdare Forest, a ferocious bull elephant killed by J. A. Hunter in the Aberdare Range, Kenya
- Rosie the Elephant, famous for promoting Miami Beach, Florida
- Ruby, (1973–1998), elephant artist, resided at the Phoenix Zoo; at least one painting by her was sold for $100,000
- Salt and Sauce, considered the most famous British elephants of their era and mentioned in several circus books
- Shanthi at the National Zoo in Washington D.C. plays the harmonica and various horn instruments, ending her songs with a crescendo.
- Sissy, an elephant at the El Paso Zoo. In 1999, a videotape showed trainers beating Sissy. After a long public debate, it was determined that Sissy would be sent to an Elephant Sanctuary in Tennessee.
- Suleiman the elephant, presented in 1551 to Maximilian II, the Holy Roman Emperor, by John III, the King of Portugal, and named after the Ottoman Sultan, Suleiman the Magnificent
- Surapa, Buffalo Zoo's abstract elephant artist
- Surus ("the Syrian"), mentioned as the bravest of Hannibal's 37 war elephants which crossed the Alps in 218 BC during the Second Punic War, by Cato the Elder in his book Origines.
- Suzi, the only African bush elephant in Pakistan, residing in Lahore Zoo
- Tai, known for featuring in the films Larger than Life and Water for Elephants
- Tarra, first elephant to retire at the Elephant Sanctuary in Tennessee
- Timur, first elephant to be photographed in the wild (May 6, 1896)
- Topsy, (circa 1867 – January 4, 1903). In 1902, while with the Forepaugh Circus, she killed a spectator who burned her trunk with a lit cigar. In 1903 the owners of a Coney Island park where she ended up publicly executed her via poison, electrocution, and strangling. The Edison Manufacturing movie company shot a film of the execution called Electrocuting an Elephant.
- Tuffi, a young female elephant who fell from Wuppertal's suspended monorail into the river Wupper on July 21, 1950 (and survived the fall)
- Toung Taloung, "the Sacred White Elephant of Burma", purchased by P. T. Barnum from the King of Siam for $250,000 – said to be the origin of the expression White Elephant meaning something "more expensive to keep than its worth"
- Tusko, billed as the meanest elephant
- Tyke, a circus elephant who on August 20, 1994 in Honolulu, Hawaii, killed her trainer Allen Campbell and gored her groom Dallas Beckwith, causing severe injuries during a Circus International performance before hundreds of horrified spectators. Tyke then bolted from the arena and ran through downtown streets of Kakaako for more than 30 minutes. Police fired 86 shots at Tyke, who eventually collapsed from the wounds and died.
- Ziggy, a famously rebellious elephant at Brookfield Zoo
- Captive elephants
- History of elephants in Europe
- List of fictional elephants
- Lists of fictional animals
- Cultural depictions of elephants
- Usborne, Simon (1 December 2012). "So what happened to Anne the elephant after she packed her trunk and left the Bobby Roberts circus?". independent.co.uk. Retrieved 10 March 2013.
- Cawley, Laurence (23 November 2012). "Anne the Elephant and the end of circus animals". BBC News. Retrieved 10 March 2013.
- Morris, Steven (6 April 2011). "Anne the elephant says goodbye to the circus". Guardian News and Media. Retrieved 10 March 2013.
- Evans, Natalie (23 Nov 2012). "Animal campaigners slam sentence after circus trainer found guilty of causing unnecessary suffering to elephant". Mirror Online. Retrieved 10 March 2013.
- Morris, Steven (23 November 2012). "Anne the elephant's owner found guilty of causing suffering". Guardian News and Media. Retrieved 10 March 2013.
- "Anne the Elephant enjoys Christmas at Longleat". Longleat Safari and Adventure Park. 22 December 2012. Retrieved 10 March 2013.
- "Longleat Adventure and Safari Park, Warminster has unveiled plans to build a new Elephant sanctuary.". Warminster People. Local World. 20 February 2013. Retrieved 10 March 2013.
- Williams, J.H. (2001). Elephant Bill. [S.l.]: Long Riders' Guild Press. ISBN 1590480775.
- Williams, James Howard (1953). Bandoola (2nd ed.). Hart-Davis.
- "CHEPACHET GLOCESTER, RI - Walking Tour" (PDF). Heritage Corridor Commission. p. 3. Retrieved 27 February 2013.
- Kent, Edna M. "Betty The Learned Elephant". Chepachet.com. Retrieved 27 February 2013.
- "Columbia (Young America) at Barnum and Bailey Circus". Elephant database. Elephant Encyclopedia. Retrieved 8 November 2013.
- W. Henry Sheak (September–October 1922). "The Elephant in Captivity". Pick from the Past. Natural History Magazine. Retrieved 8 November 2013.
- "Echo: An Elephant to Remember". NATURE. Educational Broadcasting Corporation; PBS ONLINE. Retrieved 23 February 2013.
- "Empress (Gypsy) at Harris Nickel Plate Shows". Elephant database. Absolute Elephant Information Encyclopedia. Retrieved 25 July 2014.
- "Gypsy". New Georgia Encyclopedia. University of Georgia Press. Retrieved 25 July 2014.
- "Bloody History of Gypsy the Elephant". Ray City Community Library. WordPress. Retrieved 25 July 2014.
- Powers, Shelly. "List of US-Based Elephant Incidents" (PDF). Burningbird. Retrieved 25 July 2014.
- "Gypsy the Elephant". Lowndes County Historical Society and Museum. Retrieved 25 July 2014.
- "Her Cleverness is a Revelation to Trainers: why, she understands English" (PDF). The New York Times. June 19, 1904. Retrieved 2009-07-24.
- Cheung, Louisa (29 July 2006). "African elephants hate the hills". BBC News. Retrieved 3 December 2013.
- Resnick, Mike (1988). Ivory (1st ed. ed.). New York, NY: T. Doherty Associates. ISBN 0312930933.
- Scigliano, Eric. Love, War, and Circuses: the age old relationship between elephants and humans, Houghton Mifflin, 2002, p. 182.
- Lanka Library page
- Largest Asian Elephant May Be Dead
- Shanthi (elephant) (2012-05-01). Shanthi, the National Zoo's Musical Elephant, Plays the Harmonica!. The National Zoo, Smithsonian Institution, Washington DC: YouTube.
- Harding, Les (1999). "Appendix 2 — Famous Elephants". Elephant story : Jumbo and P.T. Barnum under the big top. Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland. ISBN 0786406321.; p. 110