List of historical harbour cranes

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The list of historical harbour cranes includes historical harbour cranes from the Middle Ages to the introduction of metal cranes in the Industrial Revolution during the 19th century. Modern reconstructions are also listed.

Name Location Country River Comment Material Image
Żuraw (Krantor) Gdańsk (Danzig) Poland Motława (Mottlau) 1367, modification 1442–1444; oldest crane in the formerly German-speaking area Stone and wood
Pl gdansk zuraw dlugiepobrzeze2006.jpg
Stadskraan (Utrecht) Utrecht Netherlands Oudegracht 1402, treadwheeled city crane mainly used for wine barrels, several times upgraded, rebuilt on another location after it collapsed in 1837. Wood/stone
Utrechtse stadskraan aan de Oudegracht.jpg
Alter Krahnen Trier Germany Mosel 1413, in service until 1910, two booms, one to attach a counterweight Stone
Trier Alter Krahnen BW 1.JPG
Rheinkran Bingen Germany Rhine 1487, renovated in 1819, in service until 1890; after comprehensive renovation back in service (tourist demonstrations) since 2008 Wood
Alter Rheinkran, Bingen, Germany.jpg
Alter Krahnen Andernach Germany Rhine 1554–1561, in service until 1911 Stone
Alter Krahnen, Andernach, Germany.jpg
Oestricher Kran Oestrich-Winkel Germany Rhine 1744–1745, in service until 1926 Wood
Oestricher Kran im Rheingau.jpg
Mastekran (Mastekranen) Copenhagen Denmark Holmen, harbour 1748-1751 by Philip de Lange; for mounting masts to large sailing vessels Stone and wood
MastCraneCopenhagen.jpg
Alter Kranen Würzburg Germany Main 1767–1773 by Franz Neumann, two booms, each with chain and hook Stone
Alter Kranen Würzburg.jpg
Zollkran Trier Germany Mosel 1774, in service until 1900, two booms, one to attach a counterweight Stone
Zollkran Trier Germany.jpg
Alter Kranen Marktbreit Germany Main ca. 1750 (wood); rebuilt (stone) after the 1784 ice flood, in service til 1900 Stone Image
Alter Krahn
Alter Salzkran
Lüneburg Germany Ilmenau 1379; reconstructed in 1797 after ice flood, in service until 1860 Wood
Lueneburg KranKaufhaus.jpg
Harbour crane Rostock Germany Lower Warnow first crane in the 16th century; reconstruction from an 18th-century crane Wood
Rostock Hafentretkran.jpg
Alter Salzkran Stade Germany Schwinge 1661, in 1898 demolished, in 1977 reconstructed on the model of the Alter Krahn in Lüneburg Wood
TretkranStade.JPG
Alter Saarkran Saarbrücken Germany Saar 1762 by F.-J. Stengel, 1784 renovated; ruined state after 1865; reconstructed in 1989 Wood
Saarkran.jpg
Havenkraan, Hanzekraan Brugge Belgium Kraanplein
(CraenePlaetse)
1288, rebuilt in 1434, in service til 1767; modern small-scale reconstruction of the medieval crane at Brugge harbour depicted, two treadwheels; Wood
Old crane.jpg

References[edit]

  • Dienel, Hans-Liudger; Meighörner, Wolfgang (1997), "Der Tretradkran", Publication of the Deutsches Museum (Technikgeschichte series) (2nd ed.) (München) 
  • Matheus, Michael (1996), "Mittelalterliche Hafenkräne", in Lindgren, Uta, Europäische Technik im Mittelalter. 800 bis 1400. Tradition und Innovation (4th ed.), Berlin: Gebr. Mann Verlag, pp. 345–348, ISBN 3-7861-1748-9 
  • Matthies, Andrea (1992), "Medieval Treadwheels. Artists' Views of Building Construction", Technology and Culture 33 (3): 510–547, doi:10.2307/3106635 

See also[edit]