List of historical makeup of the Politburo Standing Committee of the Communist Party of China

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

A List of Historical makeup of the Politburo Standing Committee of the Communist Party of China since 1927–present.

5th PSC (1927–1927)[edit]

6th PSC (1928–1945)[edit]

7th de facto PSC (1945–1956)[edit]

Often known as the "Big Five". Note: PSC originally termed the Party "Secretariat"

Name Image Party position(s) State position(s)
1 Mao Zedong Mao.jpg Chairman of the Communist Party of China,
Chairman of the CPC Central Military Commission
Chairman of the People's Republic of China
2 Zhou Enlai Cropped ZhouAndDeng.png - Premier of the Government Administration Council,
Foreign Minister of the People's Republic of China,
Chairman of the People's Political Consultative Conference
3 Ren Bishi
(died in office)
1938 Chinese Comintern Ren Bishi.jpg - -
3* Chen Yun Chen Yun.jpg - -
4 Liu Shaoqi LiuShaoqi Colour.jpg President of the Central Party School Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress
5 Zhu De Zhu De.jpg - Vice President of the People's Republic of China

8th PSC (1956–1969)[edit]

First makeup (1956–1966)[edit]

Name Image Party position(s) State position(s)
1 Mao Zedong Mao.jpg Chairman of the CPC Central Committee,
Chairman of the CPC Central Military Commission
-
2 Liu Shaoqi LiuShaoqi Colour.jpg Vice Chairman of the CPC Central Committee Chairman of the People's Republic of China, Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress
3 Zhou Enlai Cropped ZhouAndDeng.png Vice Chairman of the CPC Central Committee,
Vice Chairman of the CPC Central Military Commission
Premier of the State Council,
Foreign Minister of the People's Republic of China,
Chairman of the People's Political Consultative Conference
4 Zhu De Zhu De.jpg Vice Chairman of the CPC Central Committee, Vice Chairman of the CPC Central Military Commission Vice Chairman of the People's Republic of China, Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress
5 Chen Yun Chen Yun.jpg Vice Chairman of the CPC Central Committee First Vice Premier of the State Council
6 Deng Xiaoping Deng Xiaoping.jpg General Secretary of the Secretariat of the Communist Party of China -
7 Lin Biao
(appointed, 1958)
Lin biao xiao.png Vice Chairman of the CPC Central Committee,
first-ranking Vice Chairman of the CPC Central Military Commission
Minister of National Defense(after 1959),
First Vice Premier of the State Council

Second makeup (1966–1969)[edit]

The Politburo Standing Committee was extensively changed in composition and importance of members by the 11th Plenary Session of the 8th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (August 1966). Particularly, Lin Biao was elected only Vice-Chairman of the Central Committee, with Liu Shaoqi falling from 2nd member in importance to 8th.

Name Image Party position(s) State position(s)
1 Mao Zedong Mao.jpg Chairman of the CPC Central Committee,
Chairman of the CPC Central Military Commission
-
2 Lin Biao Lin biao xiao.png Vice Chairman of the CPC Central Committee,
First-ranking Vice Chairman of the CPC Central Military Commission
Minister of National Defense,
First Vice Premier of the State Council
3 Zhou Enlai Cropped ZhouAndDeng.png Vice Chairman of the CPC Central Military Commission Premier of the State Council,
Chairman of the People's Political Consultative Conference
4 Tao Zhu
(removed, 1967)
F200712251046402986833271.jpg Head of the CPC Propaganda Department
5 Chen Boda Head of the Cultural Revolution Group
6 Deng Xiaoping
(removed, 1967)
Deng Xiaoping.jpg - -
7 Kang Sheng Kang Seng in Yan'an.jpg Head of the Organization and Propaganda Leading Group,
Advisor to the Cultural Revolution Group
-
8 Liu Shaoqi
(expelled, 1968)
LiuShaoqi Colour.jpg Chairman of the People's Republic of China
9 Zhu De Zhu De.jpg Vice Chairman of the CPC Central Military Commission Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress
10 Li Fuchun Li Fuchun in 2nd National People's Congress.jpg - -
11 Chen Yun Chen Yun.jpg - -

9th PSC (1969–1973)[edit]

Name Image Party position(s) State position(s)
1 Mao Zedong Mao.jpg Chairman of the Communist Party of China,
Chairman of the CPC Central Military Commission
-
2 Lin Biao
(died in office, September 1971)
Lin biao xiao.png Vice Chairman of the Communist Party of China,
First-ranking Vice Chairman of the CPC Central Military Commission
First Vice Premier of the State Council,
Minister of National Defense
3 Zhou Enlai Cropped ZhouAndDeng.png - Premier of the State Council,
Chairman of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference
4 Chen Boda
(suspended, 1970)
Propaganda chief,
editor-in-chief of Hongqi
-
5 Kang Sheng Kang Seng in Yan'an.jpg Head of the Organization and Propaganda Leading Group -

10th PSC (1973–1977)[edit]

Name Image Party position(s) State position(s)
1 Mao Zedong
(died in office, September 1976)
Mao.jpg Chairman of the CPC Central Committee,
Chairman of the CPC Central Military Commission
-
1 Hua Guofeng
(elected, 1976)
Hua Guofeng-1.jpg First Vice Chairman of the CPC Central Committee (April to October, 1976)
Chairman of the CPC Central Committee,
Chairman of the CPC Central Military Commission

Minister of Public Security,
Premier of the State Council
2 Zhou Enlai
(died in office, January 1976)
Cropped ZhouAndDeng.png Vice Chairman of the CPC Central Committee Premier of the State Council,
Chairman of the People's Political Consultative Conference
3 Wang Hongwen
(membership suspended, October 1976)
BLANK.jpg Vice Chairman of the CPC Central Committee -
4 Kang Sheng (died in office, December 1975) Kang Seng in Yan'an.jpg Vice Chairman of the CPC Central Committee,
Head of the CPC Propaganda Department
-
5
(2*)
Ye Jianying Ye Jianying.jpg Vice Chairman of the CPC Central Committee,
Vice Chairman of the CPC Central Military Commission
Minister of National Defense
6
Li Desheng
(resigned, January 1975)
Lidesheng.jpg Vice Chairman of the CPC Central Committee,
Vice Chairman of the CPC Central Military Commission,
Director of the PLA General Political Department
Commander of the Beijing (later, Shenyang) Military Regions
7
(3*)
Deng Xiaoping
(elected, January 1975; suspended, April 1976; reinstated, July 1977)
Deng Xiaoping.jpg Vice Chairman of the CPC Central Committee,
Vice Chairman of the CPC Central Military Commission
People's Liberation Army Chief-of-Staff
8 Zhu De
(died in office, July 1976)
Zhu De.jpg Vice Chairman of the CPC Central Military Commission Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress
9 Dong Biwu
(died in office, April 1975)
DONGBIWU.JPG - Standing Committee of the National People's Congress Vice Chair
10 Zhang Chunqiao
(membership suspended, October 1976)
Vice Chairman of the CPC Central Committee, PLA General Political Department Director Second Vice Premier of the State Council

11th PSC (1977–1982)[edit]

First makeup[edit]

Name Image Party position(s) State position(s)
1 Hua Guofeng Hua Guofeng-1.jpg Chairman of the CPC Central Committee,
Chairman of the CPC Central Military Commission
Premier of the State Council
2 Ye Jianying Ye Jianying.jpg Vice Chairman of the CPC Central Committee,
Vice Chairman of the CPC Central Military Commission
Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress
3 Deng Xiaoping Deng Xiaoping.jpg Vice Chairman of the CPC Central Committee,
Vice Chairman of the CPC Central Military Commission
Chairman of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference,
First Vice Premier of the State Council,
People's Liberation Army Chief-of-Staff
4 Li Xiannian Xiannian.jpg Vice Chairman of the CPC Central Committee -
5 Wang Dongxing (removed, 1980) Wang Dongxing.jpg Vice Chairman of the CPC Central Committee -
6 Chen Yun (appointed, 1978) Chen Yun.jpg Vice Chairman of the CPC Central Committee,
First Secretary of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection
-
7 Hu Yaobang (appointed, 1980) Hu Yaobang 1953.jpg General Secretary of the CPC Central Committee -
8 Zhao Ziyang (appointed, 1980) Zhao Ziyang Reagan cropped.jpg - First Vice Premier of the State Council

Second makeup[edit]

In the wake of Deng Xiaoping's ascension to "paramount leader", the Politburo Standing Committee was extensively changed in composition and importance of members by the Sixth Plenary Session of the 11th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (June, 1981)—the same meeting that adopted a resolution condemning Mao Zedong's role in the Cultural Revolution. Note that, although Deng held the 3rd position in the PSC, it was he who maintained the actual power, mainly because his ideas were now at the centre of China's new political and economic line.

Name Image Party position(s) State position(s)
1 Hu Yaobang (appointed, 1980) Hu Yaobang 1953.jpg Chairman of the CPC Central Committee,
General Secretary of the CPC Central Committee
-
2 Ye Jianying Ye Jianying.jpg Vice Chairman of the CPC Central Committee, Vice Chairman of the CPC Central Military Commission Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress
3 (de facto 1) Deng Xiaoping Deng Xiaoping.jpg Vice Chairman of the CPC Central Committee,
Chairman of the CPC Central Military Commission
Chairman of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference
4 Zhao Ziyang Zhao Ziyang Reagan cropped.jpg Vice Chairman of the CPC Central Committee Premier of the State Council
5 Li Xiannian Xiannian.jpg Vice Chairman of the CPC Central Committee -
6 Chen Yun Chen Yun.jpg Vice Chairman of the CPC Central Committee,
First Secretary of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection
-
7 Hua Guofeng Hua Guofeng-1.jpg Vice Chairman of the CPC Central Committee -

12th PSC (1982–1987)[edit]

Name Image Party position(s) State position(s)
1 Hu Yaobang Hu Yaobang 1953.jpg General Secretary of the Communist Party of China -
2 (de facto 1) Deng Xiaoping Deng Xiaoping.jpg Chairman of the CPC Central Military Commission Chairman of the PRC Central Military Commission
3 Zhao Ziyang Zhao Ziyang Reagan cropped.jpg - Premier of the State Council
4 Li Xiannian Li Xiannian - 1974.jpg - President of the People's Republic of China
5 Chen Yun Chen Yun.jpg Central Commission for Discipline Inspection -

13th PSC (1987–1992)[edit]

Name Image Party position(s) State position(s)
1 Zhao Ziyang
(membership suspended 1989)
Zhao Ziyang Reagan cropped.jpg General Secretary of the Communist Party of China (1987–1989),
First Vice Chairman of the CPC Central Military Commission (1987–1989)
Premier of the State Council (1987–1989)
1* Jiang Zemin Jiang Zemin St. Petersburg2002.jpg General Secretary of the Communist Party of China -
2 Li Peng Li Peng.png - Premier of the State Council (1989–1992)
3 Hu Qili BLANK.jpg Secretariat member; CCP General Office director -
4 Qiao Shi BLANK.jpg International Liaison Department Director; Secretariat Alternate; Secretary of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection,
Secretary of the Political and Legislative Affairs Committee
-
5 Yao Yilin BLANK.jpg - First Vice Premier of the State Council

14th PSC (1992–1997)[edit]

Name Image Party position(s) State position(s)
1 Jiang Zemin Jiang Zemin St. Petersburg2002.jpg General Secretary of the Communist Party of China,
Chairman of the CPC Central Military Commission
President of the People's Republic of China,
Chairman of the PRC Central Military Commission
2 Li Peng Li Peng.png - Premier of the State Council
3 Qiao Shi BLANK.jpg - Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress
4 Li Ruihuan Li Ruihuan.png - Chairman of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference
5 Zhu Rongji Cropped Rubin-greenspan-rongji.jpg - First Vice Premier of the State Council
6 Liu Huaqing Liu Huaqing 1955.jpg First Vice Chairman of the CPC Central Military Commission -
7 Hu Jintao Hu Jintao Cannes2011.jpg Top-ranked Secretary of the Secretariat of the Communist Party of China Central Committee, President of the Central Party School of CPC -

15th PSC (1997–2002)[edit]

Name Image Party position(s) State position(s)
1 Jiang Zemin Jiang Zemin St. Petersburg2002.jpg General Secretary of the Communist Party of China,
Chairman of the CPC Central Military Commission
President of the People's Republic of China,
Chairman of the PRC Central Military Commission
2 Li Peng Li Peng.png Party secretary of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress
3 Zhu Rongji Cropped Rubin-greenspan-rongji.jpg Party secretary of the State Council of the People's Republic of China Premier of the People's Republic of China
4 Li Ruihuan Li Ruihuan.png Party secretary of the People's Political Consultative Conference Chairman of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference
5 Hu Jintao Hu Jintao Cannes2011.jpg Top-ranked Secretary of the Secretariat of the Communist Party of China Central Committee,
President of the Central Party School of CPC,
Vice Chairman of the CPC Central Military Commission
Vice President of the People's Republic of China
6 Wei Jianxing BLANK.jpg Secretary of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection -
7 Li Lanqing BLANK.jpg Deputy Party secretary of the State Council of the People's Republic of China First Vice Premier of the State Council

16th PSC (2002–2007)[edit]

All nine members of the 16th PSC are university trained engineers.

Portrait Information Other party position(s) State position(s)
1st
Hu Jintao
Name Hu Jintao General Secretary of the CPC Central Committee
Chairman of the CPC Central Military Commission
President of the People's Republic of China
Chairman of the PRC Central Military Commission
Birthplace Jiangyan, Taizhou, Jiangsu
NPC Constituency Zhejiang At-large
2nd
Wu Bangguo
Name Wu Bangguo Party secretary of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress
Birthplace Feidong County, Anhui
NPC Constituency Anhui At-large
3rd
Wen Jiabao
Name Wen Jiabao Party secretary of the State Council of the People's Republic of China Premier of the State Council of the People's Republic of China
Birthplace Beichen District, Tianjin
NPC Constituency Gansu At-large
4th
Jia Qinglin
Name Jia Qinglin Party secretary of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference Chairman of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference
Birthplace Botou, Hebei
NPC Constituency Beijing At-large
5th
Zeng Qinghong
Name Zeng Qinghong Top-ranked Secretary of the Central Secretariat of the CPC
President of the Central Party School of the CPC
Vice President of the People's Republic of China
Birthplace Ji'an, Jiangxi
NPC Constituency Jiangxi At-large
6th
Huang Ju
Name Huang Ju (died in office, June 2007) Deputy Party secretary of the State Council of the People's Republic of China First-ranked Vice Premier of the State Council of the People's Republic of China
Birthplace Jiashan County, Zhejiang
NPC Constituency Shanghai At-large
7th
Wu Guanzheng
Name Wu Guanzheng Secretary of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection
Birthplace Yugan County, Jiangxi
NPC Constituency Shandong At-large
8th
Li Changchun
Name Li Changchun Chairman of the Central Guidance Commission for Building Spiritual Civilization
Birthplace Dalian, Liaoning
NPC Constituency Sichuan At-large
9th
Luo Gan
Name Luo Gan Secretary of the Central Political and Legislative Committee
Birthplace Jinan, Shandong
NPC Constituency Fujian At-large

17th PSC (2007–2012)[edit]

Portrait Information Other party position(s) State position(s)
1st
Hu Jintao
Name Hu Jintao General Secretary of the CPC Central Committee
Chairman of the CPC Central Military Commission
President of the People's Republic of China
Chairman of the PRC Central Military Commission
Birthplace Jiangyan, Taizhou, Jiangsu
NPC Constituency Zhejiang At-large
2nd
Wu Bangguo
Name Wu Bangguo Party secretary of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress
Birthplace Feidong County, Anhui
NPC Constituency Anhui At-large
3rd
Wen Jiabao
Name Wen Jiabao Party secretary of the State Council of the People's Republic of China Premier of the State Council of the People's Republic of China
Birthplace Beichen District, Tianjin
NPC Constituency Gansu At-large
4th
Jia Qinglin
Name Jia Qinglin Party secretary of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference Chairman of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference
Birthplace Botou, Hebei
NPC Constituency Beijing At-large
5th
Li Changchun
Name Li Changchun Chairman of the Central Guidance Commission for Building Spiritual Civilization
Birthplace Dalian, Liaoning
NPC Constituency Sichuan At-large
6th
Xi Jinping
Name Xi Jinping Top-ranked Secretary of the Central Secretariat of the CPC
Vice Chairman of the CPC Central Military Commission
President of the Central Party School of the CPC
Vice President of the People's Republic of China
Vice Chairman of the PRC Central Military Commission
Birthplace Xicheng District, Beijing
NPC Constituency Shanghai At-large
7th
Li Keqiang
Name Li Keqiang Deputy Party secretary of the State Council of the People's Republic of China First-ranked Vice Premier of the State Council of the People's Republic of China
Birthplace Dingyuan County, Anhui
NPC Constituency Liaoning At-large
8th
He Guoqiang
Name He Guoqiang Secretary of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection
Birthplace Xiangxiang, Hunan
NPC Constituency Hunan At-large
9th
Zhou Yongkang
Name Zhou Yongkang Secretary of the Central Political and Legislative Committee
Birthplace Wuxi, Jiangsu
NPC Constituency Heilongjiang At-large

18th PSC (2012-present)[edit]

Portrait Information Party position(s) State position(s)
1st
[1]
Xi Jinping
Name Xi Jinping General Secretary of the CPC Central Committee
Chairman of the CPC Central Military Commission
Leader of the Central Leading Group for Comprehensively Deepening Reforms
Chairman of the National Security Commission
President of the People's Republic of China
Chairman of the PRC Central Military Commission
Birthplace Xicheng District, Beijing
NPC Constituency Shanghai At-large
Member since 22 October 2007
2nd
[1]
Li Keqiang
Name Li Keqiang Party secretary of the State Council of the People's Republic of China
Deputy Leader of the Central Leading Group for Comprehensively Deepening Reforms
Vice Chairman of the National Security Commission
Premier of the State Council of the People's Republic of China
Birthplace Dingyuan County, Anhui
NPC Constituency Shandong At-large
Member since 22 October 2007
3rd
[1]
Zhang Dejiang
Name Zhang Dejiang Party secretary of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress
Vice Chairman of the National Security Commission
Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress
Birthplace Tai'an County, Liaoning
NPC Constituency Zhejiang At-large
Member since 15 November 2012
4th
[1]
Yu Zhengsheng
Name Yu Zhengsheng Party secretary of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference Chairman of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference
Birthplace Shaoxing, Zhejiang
NPC Constituency Hubei At-large
Member since 15 November 2012
5th
[1]
Liu Yunshan
Name Liu Yunshan Top-ranked Secretary of the Central Secretariat of the CPC
Chairman of the Central Guidance Commission for Building Spiritual Civilization
President of the CPC Central Party School
Deputy Leader of the Central Leading Group for Comprehensively Deepening Reforms
 
Birthplace Tumed Right Banner, Inner Mongolia
NPC Constituency Inner Mongolia At-large
Member since 15 November 2012
6th
[1]
Wang Qishan
Name Wang Qishan Secretary of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection  
Birthplace Tianzhen County, Shanxi
NPC Constituency Beijing At-large
Member since 15 November 2012
7th
[1]
Zhang Gaoli
Name Zhang Gaoli Deputy Party secretary of the State Council of the People's Republic of China
Deputy Leader of the Central Leading Group for Comprehensively Deepening Reforms
First Vice Premier of the State Council of the People's Republic of China
Birthplace Jinjiang, Fujian
NPC Constituency Tianjin At-large
Member since 15 November 2012

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "Xinhua Insight: China's new helmsmen". Xinhua. 15 November 2012. Retrieved 17 November 2012.