List of historical separatist movements

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For currently active movements, see Lists of active separatist movements.

This is a list of historical separatist movements around the world. Separatism includes autonomism and secessionism. Most separatist movements do not succeed in their goal, therefore only notable ones are listed here; however, not all listed here succeeded in their goal.

Contents

Africa[edit]

Algeria[edit]

(gained independence from France on July 5, 1962)

Angola[edit]

Botswana[edit]

Burundi[edit]

Cameroon[edit]

Cape Verde and Guinea-Bissau[edit]

Central African Republic[edit]

Democratic Republic of the Congo[edit]

Côte d'Ivoire[edit]

Egypt[edit]

Eritrea[edit]

France[edit]

Autonomist movement

[1]

Ghana[edit]

Katanga[edit]

Kenya[edit]

Mali[edit]

Mauritius[edit]

Morocco[edit]

Mozambique[edit]

Namibia[edit]

Niger[edit]

Nigeria[edit]

São Tomé and Príncipe[edit]

Seychelles[edit]

Sierra Leone[edit]

Somalia[edit]

Sudan[edit]

Tanganyika[edit]

Tunisia[edit]

Uganda[edit]

Zambia[edit]

Zanzibar[edit]

Zimbabwe[edit]

Asia[edit]

Bangladesh[edit]

Burma[edit]

Cambodia[edit]

India[edit]

Indonesia[edit]

Japan[edit]

Kazakhstan[edit]

Laos[edit]

Malaysia[edit]

Maldives[edit]

Mongolia[edit]

North Korea[edit]

Oman[edit]

Pakistan[edit]

Philippines[edit]

Singapore[edit]

South Korea[edit]

Sri Lanka[edit]

Sri Lankan Tamil people

Syria[edit]

Vietnam[edit]

Yemen[edit]

Europe[edit]

Albania[edit]

Armenia[edit]

Azerbaijan[edit]

Belarus[edit]

Belgium[edit]

Bulgaria[edit]

Cyprus[edit]

Czech Republic[edit]

Estonia[edit]

Finland[edit]

France[edit]

Germany[edit]

Georgia[edit]

Greece[edit]

(gained independence from Ottoman Empire after the Greek War of Independence)

Ireland[edit]

(See also under UK, for pre-division Ireland)

Italy[edit]

Latvia[edit]

Lithuania[edit]

Republic of Macedonia[edit]

Albanian-inhabited communities in SR Macedonia and Republic of Macedonia
Serbian-inhabited communities in SR Macedonia

Moldova[edit]

Poland[edit]

Slovakia[edit]

Spain[edit]

Ukraine[edit]

United Kingdom (and associated territories)[edit]

Yugoslavia[edit]

Republic of Croatia (SR Croatia, SFR Yugoslavia)
Republic of Kosovo (AP Kosovo and Metohija, SR Serbia, FR Yugoslavia)
Preševo Valley (SR Serbia, FR Yugoslavia)

North America[edit]

Antigua and Barbuda[edit]

Belize[edit]

Bahamas[edit]

British West Indies[edit]

Canada[edit]

Secessionist[edit]

Autonomist[edit]

Dominica[edit]

Guyana[edit]

Jamaica[edit]

Haiti[edit]

  • Cacos (anti-US occupation)

Mexico[edit]

Secessionist

Nicaragua[edit]

Panama[edit]

Trinidad and Tobago[edit]

United States[edit]

Puerto Rico[edit]

  • Autonomist Party
Popular Democratic Party (PPD)
  • Anti-Colonial National Liberation Movement
Puerto Rican Independence Movement
Partido Independentista Puertorriqueño (PIP)

South America[edit]

Brazil[edit]

Secessionist

Colombia[edit]

Peru[edit]

Spanish America[edit]

Oceania[edit]

Australia[edit]

Fiji[edit]

Kiribati[edit]

New Zealand[edit]

Papua New Guinea[edit]

  • Political party: Papua Besena
  • Regional separatist movements: Highlands Liberation Front, Wahgi Tuale, Wok Meri or Kafaina[4]

Samoa[edit]

Solomon Islands[edit]

Vanuatu[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cairn Article (in French) "De son côté, le parti communiste s’impose à La Réunion comme la principale formation politique après avoir abjuré son mot d’ordre d’autonomie"
  2. ^ Peacehalle.com
  3. ^ Petrow, Stefan (2006). "Secession". http://www.utas.edu.au/. University of Tasmania, Australia - Centre for Tasmanian Historical Studies. Retrieved 3 December 2013. 
  4. ^ [1]