List of historical swords

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This is a list of notable individual swords, known either from historical record or from surviving artifacts.

Legendary swords[edit]

These swords do not survive as artifacts and their description (or indeed existence) may be of doubtful historicity.

  • Sword of Attila – The sword of Attila the Hun, said to have been sent by the gods.
  • Legbiter – A gaddhjalt sword of the viking King Magnus Barelegs killed in battle at County Down in 1103.
  • Dhu al-Fiqar, the sword of Ali, the cousin and son-in-law of Islamic prophet Muhammad.
  • Grus – The sword of Boleslaw Krzywousty (Boleslaus the Wrymouthed), medieval prince of Poland.
  • Joyeuse – The sword of Charlemagne (Charles the Great), the famed medieval king of the Franks and first emperor of the Holy Roman Empire.
  • Kusanagi-no-tsurugi (草薙の剣) / Ame no Murakumo no Tsurugi (天叢雲剣 lit. Sword of the heaven of the clustering clouds) / Kusanagi ("Grasscutter" or more probably "sword of snake"). It may also be called Tsumugari no Tachi (都牟刈の太刀) – Both a mythical and real sword of equivalent importance to Japan as Excalibur is to England.


These swords are preserved artifacts, and their attribution to historical characters may be doubtful.

European medieval swords
Near Eastern swords
Asian swords
Modern swords

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "El sable corvo de San Martín", Epoca, AF Pombo, Difusora de Informacion Periodica, July 28, 2005
  2. ^ Uniform of the Swiss Guards, The Roman Curia, undated (retrieved January 30, 2012)