List of historical swords
This is a list of famous, historical, named swords.
- Early medieval swords and Viking swords
- Sword of Attila – The sword of Attila the Hun, said to have been sent by the gods.
- Legbiter – A gaddhjalt sword of the viking King Magnus Barelegs killed in battle at County Down in 1103.
- Sword of Mercy – Edward the Confessor's Curtana sword, is a symbolically broken sword that is part of the Crown Jewels of the United Kingdom. The sword has a blade cut off short and square, indicating thereby the quality of the mercy of the sovereign.
- Grus – The sword of Boleslaw Krzywousty (Boleslaus the Wrymouthed), medieval prince of Poland.
- Joyeuse – The sword of Charlemagne (Charles the Great), the famed medieval king of the Franks and first emperor of the Holy Roman Empire.
- Tizona – El Cid's personal sword, purported to exist in Spain as a national treasure.
- Colada – The other sword of El Cid.
- Lobera – The sword of the king Saint Ferdinand III of Castile
- Szczerbiec – The coronation sword of the kings of Poland
- The Wallace Sword – A large Scottish Claymore alleged to have been used by famous Scottish patriot and knight William Wallace, when leading the resistance against England in the late 13th century.
- Sword of Osman (Ottoman Turkish: Taklide-Seif) – The sword of Osman I, the founder of the Ottoman Empire, used as a sword of state by all later sultans of the Empire in their coronation ceremonies.
- Middle Eastern swords
- Dhu al-Fiqar - The sword of the Islamic leader Ali (AS). In Arabic the name is commonly transliterated as Zulfiqar, Thulfeqar, Dhulfiqar, Zoulfikar, Zulfeqhar etc. Given to him by the Islamic Prophet Muhammad (SAAS)
- Asian swords
- Sword of Goujian – A historical artifact from the Spring and Autumn Period.
- Kusanagi-no-tsurugi (草薙の剣) / Ame no Murakumo no Tsurugi (天叢雲剣 lit. Sword of the heaven of the clustering clouds) / Kusanagi ("Grasscutter" or more probably "sword of snake"). It may also be called Tsumugari no Tachi (都牟刈の太刀) – Both a mythical and real sword of equivalent importance to Japan as Excalibur is to England.
- Empress Jitō was handed the Sugari no Ontachi (須賀利御太刀) as part of the regalia.
- Honjo Masamune – represented the Tokugawa shogunate, a feudal military dictatorship of Japan during most of the Edo period. It was passed down from one Shogun to the next. It is one of the best known of the swords created by Masamune and is believed to be one of the finest Japanese swords ever made.
- Seven-Branched Sword, which Wa received from Baekje.
- Sword of Tippu Sultan
- Nitta Yoshisada – A famous Samurai, offered his gold-mounted sword to Ryūjin for permission to let his army pass through the surf. Later, he used a shorter sword to cut off his own head, when hopelessly exposed to enemies.
- Modern swords
- Battle sword: Curved saber of San Martín – The sword of General Don José de San Martín, one of the great libertadores of South America.
- Religious sword: Vatican Broadsword – Ceremonial sword carried by members of Vatican City's Papal Swiss Guard.
- State sword: Jewelled Sword of Offering – The sword presented to the Sovereign of the United Kingdom during the Coronation, and part of the Crown Jewels of the United Kingdom.
- Executioner's sword: Unnamed – The sword of Muhammad Saad al-Beshi, the Saudi state executioner, who uses it to behead people convicted of capital crimes.
- In describing this event, Japanese sources say Nitta Yoshisada prayed to a sea-god or Ryūjin, English sources almost always refer to Sun Goddess Amaterasu. The Taiheiki itself (稲村崎成干潟事) says:
Dismounting from his horse, Yoshisada removed his helmet and prostrating himself across the distant seas prayed to Ryūjin. "It is said that the lord of Japan from the beginning, Amaterasu Ōmikami, enshrined at Ise Jingū, hid herself within a Vairocana and appeared as Ryūjin of the vast blue seas. My lord (Emperor Go-Daigo) is her descendant, and drifts upon waves of the western sea due to rebels. I Yoshisada, in an attempt to serve as a worthy subject, will pick up my axes and face the enemy line. That desire is to aid the nation and bring welfare to the masses. Ryūjin of the Eight Protectorate Gods of the (seven) Inner Seas and the Outer Sea, witness this subject’s loyalty and withdraw the waters afar, open a path to the lines of the three armies.
He therefore speaks to Ryūjin who, he has heard, is manifestation of Amaterasu.
- "El sable corvo de San Martín", Epoca, AF Pombo, Difusora de Informacion Periodica, July 28, 2005
- Uniform of the Swiss Guards, The Roman Curia, undated (retrieved January 30, 2012)
- Saudi executioner tells all, BBC News, June 5, 2003